I think other than Google trends or SO questions (which as the comments above point out, might indicate curiosity or difficulty rather than usage), your best bet is to look at statistics where they are available, and weight them by source (how you do that is likely suggestive, though).
You can see the distribution of ALL version control systems on projects indexed with Ohloh.
Debian Popularity Contest shows a graph for stats for DVCS packages.
And it's a little outdated, but the GNOME DVCS Survey Results are interesting.
When it comes down to the numbers, I think Ohloh is the most general audience, so I'd go with that, personally... still a LOT of people using SVN and even CVS, though.
In terms of open source software, where the important issues are coordinating broadly distributed and asynchronous teams, Git is the hands-down winner. Especially when you look at Wikipedia's comparison by popularity of open-source project hosting sites (based on numbers of GitHub (git) vs. BitBucket (Hg)).