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Having worked on a failed project is one of the few things that most programmers have in common, regardless of language used, industry or experience.

These projects can be great learning experiences, soul-crushing disasters (or both!), and can occur for a multitude of reasons:

  • upper management change of heart
  • under-skilled / under-resourced team
  • emergence of superior competitor during dev cycle
  • over/under management

Once you've worked on a couple of such projects, is it possible to recognise at an early stage exactly when a project is doomed to fail?

For me, a big sign is having a hard & fast external deadline combined with feature creep. I've seen projects which were well planned out and proceeding right on schedule go horribly off the rails once the late feature requests started to roll in and get added to the final "deliverable". The proposers of these requests earned the nickname of Columbo, due to rarely leaving the room without asking for "just one more thing".

What are the warning signs you look out for that set off the alarm bells of impending doom in your head?

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closed as too broad by MichaelT, GlenH7, Kilian Foth, Bart van Ingen Schenau, amon Aug 15 at 12:14

There are either too many possible answers, or good answers would be too long for this format. Please add details to narrow the answer set or to isolate an issue that can be answered in a few paragraphs.If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

38 Answers 38

See this succinct article: When IT Projects Go Right.

An absence of any of the elements stated in the article should set alarm bells ringing:

So make sure your project has all of the following, if not then you should be concerned:

(to quote the above article:)

  1. "The first is that they are based on a clear vision of what is to be achieved."

  2. "The second characteristic concerns the support and commitment of the different parties involved across the business, especially senior management."

  3. "Third is an understanding of the problems to be tackled."

  4. "The final common characteristic is that sufficient resources and skills have been made available."

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Well, the best way to answer this is with an example:

Bob starts a project by coming up with a genius idea. He begins by creating a plan for the software project that begins with specific steps that need to be completed. However, the steps do not lead to the end-result, but only go a portion of the way there.

In the end, the project fails because the plans were incomplete. It's not so much lack of planning as it is insufficient planning.

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A project, and future projects are doomed when the company decides to write an in-house "framework" because all the available frameworks don't fit their need perfectly.

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Projects that are kind of ready for production, but features keep being added.

Long development time without clear commitment for release.

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When management has decided, and does not provide room for adjustment, in all of the following:

  • Deadline
  • Scope
  • Allocated resources
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The last professional project I worked on failed. One of the reasons I think it failed is a combination of all the other answers(especially no written spec). But I think the primary cause is a lack of decision making.

I was a primary developer and I'd ask my manager how he wanted some feature to work. His answer being "we need to collect more information from potential customers". So I worked on a different area of the project. Eventually it got to where I was rewriting components to be more clean because every other area of the project relied on unmade decisions. Near the end I began to make decisions myself. I was layed off due to the project being trashed about a month after I started making decisions.

I'll summarize a few things to watch out for:

  1. No written specification
  2. No decisions being made, or if they were being made they were only phrased like "we'll do it this way and reimplement it later the correct way"
  3. Several missed deadlines
  4. Inexperienced or understaffed team (This project was the first time I used .Net, and yet I was a primary developer!)
  5. Having to work in areas already complete because other areas need decisions made before work can begin. (of course, I'm talking refactoring for weeks just to stay busy)
  6. The idea that some new tool will shave off months of development time
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Among another signals, there is one important warning for me (maybe I'm wrong, and it is not common): double-digits in the minor version like "superproject version 3.16"

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Statistically a software project starting is a fair sign that it'll fail, as an overwhelming majority of them do...

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