Under an employer to employee relationship in most parts of North America it is illegal to transfer or transmit digital material (i.e. source code) from your employers equipment without prior legal authorization from the employer.
Part of the legal laws relating to the definition of an employee in the work place, is the description that the employee does not provide his/her own working equipment unless otherwise stated in the employee contract, with exception to trades which require the employee to purchase their own equipment (i.e. construction worker).
Most employment laws in North America define the employer as the principle risk taker in an employee to employer relationship. The employee is paid for his/her time while the employer provides materials, equipment and controls the work related activities of the employee.
At what time during this relationship does it make it ok to steal valuable material from the employer, who has paid for and taken risk in having said material created?
The key problem with this was the question "source code that you wrote?". No sir, it is not you who wrote it. Under guidance of your employer it is them who wrote it. You are just the hired hand who typed it out. There is no court in North America that will side with you should your employer take legal actions to secure their property. Just copying the source code to a USB thumb drive can get you into hot water.
With that said, if an employer allowed you to use your own equipment (i.e. laptop) or transmit the material, then it's a different matter. The employer must notify you upon termination that any materials should be returned/destroyed.
Just thought I would post this answer, because it seems like some people thought this was a gray area. I really don't think if you're a developer, that you should be going around the Internet posting that you keep copies of employer's materials. I mean, you clearly already knew the answer to this question because you created a new member account just to ask this question. ;)