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I have an interview coming up soon for a Business Analyst position and the recruiter mentioned some feedback from a prior candidate that was interviewed who said the interviewers asked him what the difference between a Windows and Linux development environment was. Are there some high level things I need to be aware of from a business point of view when working with a development team or designing an application on Windows vs Linux?

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closed as not constructive by Oded, GrandmasterB, George Stocker, gnat, Walter Sep 28 '12 at 12:47

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Oher than typically it means you need two different skill sets in people (linux admin vs windows admin), its not clear what you are after here. They are two different OS's - that is the difference. –  GrandmasterB Sep 27 '12 at 19:21
    
If environment refers to Integrated Development Environment then the answer could be "not much" IFF you use cross-platform IDEs such as Eclipse or NetBeans and you stick to features that look the same, from the IDE's user's point of view. If environment means the IDE and also the operating system then the answer could be "A lot!!" - as it is, it's not clear what they meant. –  FrustratedWithFormsDesigner Sep 27 '12 at 19:23
    
Yeah sorry my question is vague because the interview tip I got was vague. Not exactly sure what they're after or why a BA should need to know the difference. I suppose I'll find out more at the interview, although I hope this isn't a critical component. –  Ryan Sep 27 '12 at 19:24
    
Just another value-add that third-party recruiters bring to their clients, tipping candidates about the interview so they can pretend to have knowledge they don't. –  Mike Brown Sep 27 '12 at 19:35
    
"I need more" is how I would answer the question if it were asked to me like that. –  user16764 Sep 27 '12 at 22:23
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3 Answers 3

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Most of the differences between Windows and Linux should be transparent to you as a business analyst. The major things you should keep in mind are compatibility issues with products someone might have heard of at some conference or something and they want it added to your app. Also look and feel issues can crop up, you can generally tell when Linux things get ported to Windows and vice versa. Otherwise the differences are largely technical and should be able to be handled by the development team.

The last thing to keep in mind is that Linux and Windows people behave differently and have different thought processes, looking to Microsoft first for solutions vs looking for open source solutions and customizing from there.

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As someone who has worked professionally in both environments. I have to disagree with your last paragraph. I work in a linux environment now but I just came off of a year working in a pure windows environment and I have to say that where I look for solutions hasn't changed at all. –  ryan Sep 27 '12 at 20:53
    
@ryanOptini - Having done both, too, I'd agree with Ryathal except to say Windows people do look to Microsoft while *nix people look to each other and the response is far faster. –  Rob Sep 28 '12 at 0:06
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Usually the software stack for Linux is Open Source, made of LGPL/GPL licenses. You may want to read up on them to see if there's any implications in it for you. The discussion of open source is long, tedious, and out of scope for this question so I won't go into it. In Windows environments, open source plays a much smaller role and Microsoft's is the go-to solution for many things, providing a complete stack for pretty much all kinds of development.

The development environment itself is fairly different (in terms of IDEs, tools, how things work), and a lot of the developers have strong preferences in terms which environment they like to work with. People have been known to be deeply religious about this sort of stuff, but if you're talking about things like web applications then similar results can be achieved with either.

From a business perspective you typically want to go with whatever your team is most familiar with.

EDIT

I know that Business Analyst can be a fairly overloaded term, and you haven't specified exactly what the position you are applying for entails. Perhaps it is more on the technical side (in my current place of work BAs write Python scripts and know more about database schemas/relationships then devs). If this is the case then you might have to know about Linux (UNIX) in general, and I suggest downloading a distro (Ubuntu, OpenSUSE, Fedora) and poking around as well as doing some reading.

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Short Answer: Difference is in ecosystems they represent and client base that each refer.

I am pretty sure you have information about Windows and may be about its development world, that is mostly windows operating system with .NET framework and iconic products like MS office, outlook, etc. This world mainly tight to licencing.

While Linux (Unix )world is complete opposite to licencing with many open-source products like Open Office, Java, etc. Thus, Unix world developers always religiously oppose the Microsoft world (windows) as a corporate greed, where each product should be paid first.

However, there were drastic changes in Microsoft software development approach in terms of going open-source. Thanks to GitHub and similar software project hosting websites and community of developers that use and contribute to it. For example, ASP.NET MVC is an open source framework, NuGet packages are free as well.

Thus, main difference is in ecosystem that they do represent. However, in web development world these differences are insignificant.

From business analyst perspective it is more about the "client base" that each ecosystem serves.

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