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I have recently seen a few URIs containing the query parameter "utf8=✓". My first impression (after thinking "mmm, looks cool") was that this could be used to detect a broken character encoding.

So, is this a better way to resolve potential problems with character encoding, or is it just a developer having fun with a hack?

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I disagree. There are schemes out there that look like URNs and that take query parameters - such as Bitcoin. URIs are not confined to browsers. See This question may also address the general case where character encoding is required when a browser accesses a protocol handler. – Gary Rowe Oct 19 '12 at 8:29
Give examples of these URLs or didn't happen. – hakre Oct 22 '12 at 12:59
Off topic, but OK. Here's my personal donation Bitcoin URI: bitcoin:1KzTSfqjF2iKCduwz59nv2uqh1W2JsTxZH?amount=0.5&label=Agile%20Stack. Notice that the scheme is essentially a URN with query parameters, but it hands off to a protocol handler. This kind of URI could probably benefit from the “utf8=✓” workaround as well. – Gary Rowe Oct 22 '12 at 17:47
up vote 729 down vote accepted

By default, older versions of IE (<=8) will submit form data in Latin-1 encoding if possible. By including a character that can't be expressed in Latin-1, IE is forced to use UTF-8 encoding for its form submissions, which simplifies various backend processes, for example database persistence.

If the parameter was instead utf8=true then this wouldn't trigger the UTF-8 encoding in these browsers.

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I didn't know that, really interesting! – Florian Margaine Oct 13 '12 at 12:50
Ah, so it's an IE workaround... nice. Saves a lot of validation too. – Gary Rowe Oct 13 '12 at 13:03
@LarsViklund I should have been clearer with my comment. I meant that the validation associated with character encoding is simplified, not bypassed. – Gary Rowe Oct 13 '12 at 13:48
Also see…. Apparently Ruby on Rails used to use a snowman character, and was changed to a checkmark which was less ambiguous but less funny. – Jack V. Oct 17 '12 at 10:06
@JohnLBevan it's ignored by the receiving end, it's done it's job to force the browser to send things in utf8 instead of latin1. I've also seen it as ie=💩 (that's the 'pile of poo' code point, looks like it's not rendering in comments.) – cabbey Oct 18 '12 at 19:54

protected by MichaelT Nov 18 '13 at 19:58

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