Which (if any) extreme-programming techniques would be appropriate to use in a research environment - where the goal is to produce prototypes, patentable, and/or publishable work?
closed as too broad by gnat, jwenting, GlenH7, MichaelT, Dan Pichelman Jul 1 '14 at 2:20
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Other than that, research programming is basically the same as any other. :) You still have to write unit tests. You still have to write documentation. And you still have a boss.
Your deadlines may be a bit more fluid.
Speaking from a background of algorithm research:
An example of how to use backlog in research: Suppose in the beginning there are items A, B, C, ..., X, Y, Z.
Over time, you worked on a number of items, and you have a sense of how promising each item is, not just the items you have worked but also those you don't. The updated backlog becomes:
Notice how item C sinked to the bottom because of research insights gained from working on A and B. Also notice how Z floats to the top. Learning about what other researchers are doing will also help floating items to the top.
At the end of one semester, do a backlog cleanup.
The ones that are working will be the result you publish.