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I like LaTeX, but I find its macro system and logic both complex and weak. languages such as Schem/Lisp/Clojure are very good at macros. I imagine the entire document written in a lisp family language, which, when run, would emit LaTeX code and produce a document. Has this been done before? Any links?

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Yes, a quick Google search reveals Lisp-Augmented TeX. There are probably dozens of others. The LaTeX macro system is actually quite powerful, although not for the faint of heart. You can build your own, copying the design of XML-in-Lisp packages. – Macneil Jul 10 '11 at 3:46
Note there is a tex stackexchange as well: – Robert Anton Reese Jul 10 '11 at 23:05
By the way, LaTeX pays homage to Lisp by calling alternative versions of operators that do something slightly different with a * suffix. Lisp has let and let* and so on, LaTeX has \section and \section*. – Kaz Dec 16 '15 at 2:05

Racket does exactly that in Scribble, its documentation system. There are now thousands of documentation pages written in this system, and it's very much alive. Note specifically the syntax that is used, which makes lots of such hybrid commands via-spitting-out-text very conveniet.

Note, however, that while macros are used as usual in any Lisp/Scheme code, they are not a central point of this. Functions are just fine for most things -- they just happen to consume text and produce text. LaTeX (or more generally TeX) happens to have chosen a kind of low-level macro based evaluation strategy that fits some cases.

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So ... your comment on macros - are you saying that Python is just as good as Lisps at emitting Latex? – Job Jul 10 '11 at 13:32
Well, IMO Lisps are better than Python because of macros (among other things) -- so let's just say that for emitting latex, Python doesn't suffer from any new problems compared to lisps... – Eli Barzilay Jul 11 '11 at 17:56
@Eli What do you mean by "new problems"? – Mark C Jul 25 '11 at 23:55
Mark C: in both cases (a Lisp or Python) a system like this is writing code that generates (la)tex code. There's no particular reason that one would be better than the other other than the usual claim that Lispers will have that their language is better and vice versa. In that sense, there are no new problems on either side. – Eli Barzilay Jul 26 '11 at 1:49
Oh, thanks for answering. I misread that "compared to" means Lisps have problems doing this job. By the way, you need an "@" to send a notification. (You'll get one because this is your answer.) – Mark C Jul 29 '11 at 4:14

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