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26
votes
5answers
3k views

Divide and Conquer algorithms – Why not split in more parts than two?

In divide and conquer algorithms such as quicksort and mergesort, the input is usually (at least in introductory texts) split in two, and the two smaller data sets are then dealt with recursively. It ...
16
votes
5answers
5k views

Algorithms: How do I sum O(n) and O(nlog(n)) together?

I have the follow algorithm which finds duplicates and removes them: public static int numDuplicatesB(int[] arr) { Sort.mergesort(arr); int numDups = 0; for (int i = 1; i < arr.length; ...
13
votes
2answers
518 views

Trying to understand the 2N lnN compares for quicksort

I was going through the analysis of quicksort in Sedgewick's Algorithms book. He creates the following recurrence relation for number of compares in quicksort while sorting an array of N distinct ...
10
votes
7answers
4k views

Big Oh notation does not mention constant value

I am a programmer and have just started reading Algorithms. I am not completely convinced with the notations namely Bog Oh, Big Omega and Big Theta. The reason is by definition of Big Oh, it states ...
9
votes
7answers
7k views

Why is binary search,which needs sorted data, considered better than linear search?

I have always heard that linear search is a naive approach and binary search is better than it in performance due to better asymptotic complexity. But I never understood why is it better than linear ...
8
votes
1answer
924 views

Possible Damerau-Levenshtein improvement?

I recently implemented the Damerau-Levenshtein distance algorithm from the pseudocode on Wikipedia. I couldn't find any explanation of exactly how it works and the pseudocode uses completely ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

Why Big Data Needs To Be Functional?

I started working on a new project lately related to Big Data for my internship. My managers recommended to start learning functional programming (They highly recommended Scala). I had a humbled ...
6
votes
2answers
953 views

Space complexity of Iterative Deepening DFS

We read on Wikipedia > Iterative deepening depth-first search that The space complexity of IDDFS is O(bd), where b is the branching factor and d is the depth of shallowest goal. Wikipedia also ...
5
votes
5answers
697 views

Why interviewers want Optimal Algorithms

In an interview with a software company they asked me some algorithm design questions. Being strong in mathematics I was able to solve it mathematically, but each time when I propose my algorithm ...
5
votes
4answers
797 views

Find the peak of each islands in sparse matrix

I have a sparse matrix that contains several islands of unknown size. I would like to find the highest peak of each islands. Consider this matrix as an example: 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 3 2 ...
5
votes
1answer
333 views

Compute Adjacent Pair

I was given the following problem: Integer V lies strictly between integers U and W if U < V < W or if U > V > W. A non-empty zero-indexed array A consisting of N integers is given. A ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

difference between accounting and potential methods in Amortized Analysis

I was going through the Introduction to Algorithms by Cormen et al.In the chapter titled Amortized Analysis,the difference between accounting and potential methods is given like this The ...
5
votes
1answer
244 views

Bin sorting problem - Please help categorize

I have a problem I am developing a solution for and currently I solve it with a brute force solution that checks all possibilities. It works for small numbers of bins but I'd like to work with a ...
4
votes
8answers
1k views

How meaningful is the Big-O time complexity of an algorithm?

Programmers often talk about the time complexity of an algorithm, e.g. O(log n) or O(n^2). Time complexity classifications are made as the input size goes to infinity, but ironically infinite input ...
4
votes
2answers
370 views

Loop runtime question

I had an exam today and I feel that I did pretty well, except I could not for the life of me figure out what appears to be an unbelievably simple question. We were asked to give theta notation run ...
4
votes
3answers
135 views

Algorithm Analysis: In practice, do coefficients of higher order terms matter?

Consider an^2 + bn + c. I understand that for large n, bn and c become insignificant. I also understand that for large n, the differences between 2n^2 and n^2 are pretty insignificant compared to the ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

A* Algorithm Completeness Proof

The A* Algorithm is the optimal (provided the heuristic function is underestimated), complete & admissible (provided some conditions). I know the proofs of admissibility & optimality. But how ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

How to discriminate from two nodes with identical frequencies in a Huffman's tree?

Still on my quest to compress/decompress files with a Java implementation of Huffman's coding (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huffman_coding) for a school assignment. From the Wikipedia page, I quote: ...
3
votes
1answer
209 views

Sentence Tree v/s Words List

I was recently tasked with building a Name Entity Recognizer as part of a project. The objective was to parse a given sentence and come up with all the possible combinations of the entities. One ...
3
votes
1answer
525 views

How this Fibonacci exponentiation by squaring algorithm works?

This is one of the best algorithms to calculate the nth Fibonacci sequence. it needs O(log(n)) time to do its job, so it's so efficient. I found it somewhere but don't know how it works! Can anyone ...
2
votes
4answers
365 views

Approach to simplifying an algorithm

For completely random reasons*, I wrote some code that calculates and displays the following expression: P=1*(2+2)(3+3+3)(4+4+4+4)..(n+n...… Which is equivalent to (n!)^2 The version I wrote ...
2
votes
3answers
219 views

Close to knapsack problem?

I think that I am trying to solve a problem somewhat similar to a knapsack problem. I am not sure though. Please see the input given below and my solution. There are three types of items and 4 ...
2
votes
2answers
127 views

Estimating run time of algorithm

For instance if i have an algorithm that is O(n2) and it will run for 10 seconds for a problem size of 1000. Now if i were to double the problem size to 2000 i want to know the approximate run time in ...
2
votes
1answer
221 views

Asymptotic running time of for-loops

I have this question which I need answered: What is the asymptotic running time for the following piece of code? if (N < 1000) for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) for (int j = 0; j < N; ...
2
votes
3answers
87 views

recalculation model for GUIs

I often come across this problem. Say to have a form with some controls: A B C = A + B D E = C * 2 ONLY IF D==TRUE F G = A - F The user fills A, then B. The system calculates C. The user fills D ...
2
votes
1answer
498 views

Sublinear Extra Space MergeSort

I am reviewing basic algorithms from a book called Algorithms by Robert Sedgewick, and I came across a problem in MergeSort that I am, sad to say, having difficulty solving. The problem is below: ...
2
votes
1answer
346 views

Why create a Huffman tree per character instead of a Node?

For a school assignment we're supposed to make a Java implementation of a compressor/decompresser using Huffman's algorithm. I've been reading a bit about it, specially this C++ tutorial: ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

What is the order analysis of the following (using a list of primes)

I have the following program: Iterate x from 1 to N. Check to see if x is prime. If it is, add it to a list of primes. The way I check to see if it is prime is iterating through the current list ...
2
votes
1answer
213 views

Algorithm in undirected BFS graph

I'm trying to put together an algorithm that will display the node degree for every node in a breadth first tree graph (assume BFS was called). Assume it's an undirected graph. I'm not sure how to ...
2
votes
1answer
255 views

How to compute amoritized cost for a dynamic array?

I am trying to understand how to do the amortized cost for a dynamic table. Suppose we are using the accounting method. Let A of size m be an array of n elements. When n = m, then we create a new ...
2
votes
1answer
188 views

How much times command executed? Looking for mistake

I have following piece of code: int sum = 0; for (int i = 1; i <= N; i++) for (int j = 1; j <= N; j++) for (int k = 1; k <= N; k = k*2) for (int h = 1; h <= k; ...
1
vote
2answers
331 views

How to approach program design with respect to data strucutres and algorimths - is there an equivelant of the OO design process for d.s.'s + algs? [closed]

My applogies for probably the worst written body of text I have produced in my life and many thanks to those willing to plough through it all. I was (and still am) not able to clearly express what I ...
1
vote
4answers
372 views

How to trace logical errors in algorithms [closed]

I am beginner in algorithms. Last year I participated in Google Code Jam. One of the major issues I faced during the competition was my code was working fine on my test cases, but when I submitted on ...
1
vote
1answer
218 views

Calculate Big-O for nested for loops

I found this nested loop to calculate the Big-O notation. for(i=0;i<n;i++) for(j=0;j<i*i;j++) for(k=0;k<j;k++) I got the time complexity for the algorithm with this polynomial ...
1
vote
1answer
150 views

How to calculate the worst-case runtime of this search-algorithm

I've written a special indexOf function for a list of unsorted unique values. I can search for one or multiple (unsorted) values, passed as array/list, and the function will return me an array/list ...
1
vote
2answers
111 views

What's the professional name for the software planning diagrams, those with ellipses and rhombuses?

What's the official name for a diagram like this one, used to structure a conditional plan. The shapes of the objects are by convention ellipse for an action, rhombus for a question, rectangle for a ...
1
vote
2answers
246 views

Lower and Upper bound of an algorithm

I am learning about analysis of algorithms. I came across the term "upper bound" and "lower bound" in "worst-case" running time of an algorithm. Are they applicable to only the "worst case" or can ...
1
vote
2answers
215 views

How to measure algorithm accuracy?

I have a few optimization algorithms (for finding function minimum) and I'd like to check how good they are. Suppose I build test cases and compare the actual results to theoretical ones. What ...
1
vote
2answers
338 views

Given two sorted array in ascending order with same length N, calculate the Kth min a[i]+b[j]. Time complexity O(N)

Given two sorted array in ascending order with same length N, calculate the Kth min a[i]+b[j]. Time complexity O(N). Another variant of the question goes like this: given a matrix with sorted rows, ...
1
vote
2answers
121 views

What is the algorithmic time complexity of this program?

I wrote a simple program in java to create and maintain Dynamic Arrays: public class DynamicArrays { private Integer[] input = new Integer[1]; private Integer length = 0; private Integer ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

Big O notation of randomness

I was thinking about inefficient algorithms based on randomness and wondered how to categorise them. For instance. Say you wanted to generate all the numbers from 1 to N in a random order but only ...
1
vote
3answers
264 views

Check distance between all elements in a list of numbers in O(n*lg(n))

I have an exercise for my algorithms and data structures class, where I basically have to implement a divide and conquer algorithm or function called check_distance to determine whether all numbers in ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Matrix Pattern Recognition Algorithm for a 2D space

I have a picture that I elaborate with my program to obtain a list of coordinates. There is a matrix represented in the image. In an ideal test I would get only the sixteen central points of each ...
1
vote
1answer
540 views

How should I compress a file with multiple bytes that are the same with Huffman coding?

On my great quest for compressing/decompressing files with a Java implementation of Huffman coding (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huffman_coding) for a school assignment, I am now at the point of ...
1
vote
2answers
192 views

need explanation on amortization in algorithm

I am a learning algorithm analysis and came across a analysis tool for understanding the running time of an algorithm with widely varying performance which is called as amortization. The autor quotes ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

More efficient alternative that checks if a list can be made a palindrome

I asked this question on Stackoverflow, but they told me this is the best place to ask. For my algorithms and data structures class, I have to write an algorithm that is more efficient in the worst ...
1
vote
2answers
116 views

Algorithm Space and Time Complexity with Consideration for I/O (eg cache)

Is there an expression of performance for an algorithm or data structure that attempts to consider cache and other hardware concerns? Context: in my class we're looking at binary trees and it seems ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Connected components of undirected graph

Suppose I have an undirected graph G with vertices v1...vn and edges. Right now it is in adjacency list representation. For every time moment I have as input some subset of vertices that are "active" ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Check word density within a document

Here is the situation: I have a Document(d) and a set of keywords (Set<String> keywords). I like to check the density of each words from set keywords with d. I have few solution but not really ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Confusion in understanding the theorem on Amortization

I was reading a book on Algorithm Analysis by Micheal T Goodrich. I came across amortization technique and I got struck in understanding the proof of theorem. I am putting the theorem and the proof ...