In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is an effective method expressed as a finite list of well-defined instructions for calculating a function. Algorithms are used for calculation, data processing, and automated reasoning.

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Looking for a DP algorithm for a specific packing problem

I have the following problem to solve: Given a ferry with length d and a list of n cars conataining their length we must load the cars on the ferry in an order in which they appear in the list on 2 ...
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1answer
2k views

How to remove a middle element from queue?

I had a question, about how to remove an element from middle of the queue , without disturbing the order of other elements. E.g. Queue before operation:- <| a b c d e |< Queue after ...
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163 views

Greedy algorithms - minimising “parentheses rotatons” in order to get a valid expression

I'm preparing for an exam on which there will be problems solvable by DP, greedy algorithms. And one of the problem is - given a string containing parentheses in no particular order return a minimum ...
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2answers
661 views

How do personal assistants typically generate sentences?

This is sort of a follow up to this question about NLG research directions in the linguistics field. How do personal assistant tools such as Siri, Google Now, or Cortana perform Natural Language ...
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3answers
211 views

Method for determining if a line segment is an external edge of a Delauney triangulation?

I've created a Delauney triangulation of a set of points. Now I want to iterate over the triangulation and remove any line segments/edges on the exterior for which the following are true: The ...
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1answer
202 views

What algorithm can be used for a more complex version of the bin packing problem?

I'm currently developing a plugin for World of Warcraft in LUA to help optimize a recently introduced part of the game, namely Garrison missions. A Warcraft Garrison (basically a player fortress) has ...
2
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3answers
250 views

Test & remove, or always remove

I have a function to show or hide a certain UI control. In my example case below, the framework is jQuery I'm using for an event to show a tool tip that may fire a LOT (based on mouse movements) - but ...
4
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4answers
472 views

Why are return values from compare functions in many languages defined loosely?

Many languages define that compare functions should return ANY negative value, zero, or ANY positive value. Is there some reason that it shouldn't be clearly defined as -1 0 and 1? Does a wide range ...
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3answers
269 views

Big-O notation for other cases

I was just reading answers to a question Plain English explanation of Big O From that i came to know that Big-O notation is just an "upper bound" of the complexity of an algorithm? But can we apply ...
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2answers
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What is the simplest and universal algorithm for parsing C++ code? [closed]

I need to do some project specific automatic checking of source codes written in C++ Limitations: Algorithm and its implementation should be simple, easily maintainable, extendable and ...
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1answer
236 views

How to randomly get or find a sub-tree (include root node) from a given tree that contains n leaf-nodes

I have a non-binary tree. I want to randomly find a "sub-trees" that are connected from root to leaf which must have at least n leaf-nodes (leaf-nodes of sub-tree must be leaf-nodes of given tree). ...
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2answers
2k views

Lower and Upper bound of an algorithm

I am learning about analysis of algorithms. I came across the term "upper bound" and "lower bound" in "worst-case" running time of an algorithm. Are they applicable to only the "worst case" or can ...
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2answers
716 views

Is it possible to protect client side algorithms 100%? [duplicate]

If you had a pretty novel idea that involved a new algorithm. Like lets say you were the first person to think of orbitz.com or kayak.com (travel sites) and you were able to and wanted to implement ...
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2answers
142 views

Big O of 2 interesting Algorithmic functions [closed]

This is my homework(I have attempted it, and there are no references for questions like these) Determine whether or not these functions are polynomial run time and determine the constant c for ...
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1answer
278 views

Algorithm to find the closest summation of elements in a list to a given number [duplicate]

Say I have a list {1,3,7,2,11,8,2} and I want to take x elements from the list and get the value 15.5. Is there an algorithm that would give me x elements in a list that, when added together, get ...
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1answer
102 views

find the minimum number of sets

Let's explain my question with example I have some integer sets for example S1 = {2,3} S2 = {2, 5} S3 = {4, 5} S4 = {4} S5 = {5} And I have sample set Ssample with 4 elements {2, 3, 4, 5}. So ...
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1answer
3k views

run time of nested while loop inside for loop

I'm here to clarify my understanding of the run times of these 2 algorithms: Algorithm1(n): For i = 1 to n j = 1 while i+j < n j = j+1 and Algorithm2(n): For i = 1 to n j = ...
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3answers
5k views

Efficient algorithm to count number of substrings divisible by 3

Given a string of decimal digits, I have to find the number of all substrings divisible by 3 in the range L to R [both inclusive], where L & R are index[1-based] of the specified string string ...
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1answer
306 views

What is the minimum cost graph inside a strongly connected component, which connects every vertex?

So for MST there are 2 possible definitions in an undirected graph. Keep in mind that in an undirected graph the MST algorithm always has n - 1 edges and no cycles. In an undirected graph, it doesn't ...
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3answers
677 views

Is there an algorithm to determine the amount of work needed to keep workers busy?

I wrote a multi-threaded program that randomly generates strings, and after generating, checks to see if the string contains a certain value. Namely, StringGenerator and StringChecker. What I'm trying ...
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4answers
1k views

Range of values based on key values

I'm trying to implement a method of searching trough a large amount of 2D points for those that match a certain range. I'm thinking of creating HashMaps for <X, Point> and <Y, Point> but ...
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1answer
304 views

Solving a Sudoku variant with an unknown element

I recently stumbled upon a special Sudoku variant and am now struggling to effectively solve it programatically. Consider the following initial 6x6 grid: The rules The red question mark is ...
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1answer
83 views

Creating a tree of objects based on the commonness of its properties?

I have an algorithm problem. I'll simplify the issue, because most of what I'm dealing with has nothing to do with the algorithm I need. Basically, I have a list of objects that each have properties. ...
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2answers
11k views

Algorithm to merge two sorted arrays with minimum number of comparisons

Given are two sorted arrays a, b of type T with size n and m. I am looking for an algorithm that merges the two arrays into a new array (of maximum size n+m). If you have a cheap comparison ...
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0answers
162 views

Design an algorithm with network flow

Given a matrix A with 0 and 1 entries. Neighbours of a[i,j] are a[i-1,j], a[i+1,j], a[i,j-1] and a[i,j+1] (if exists any). Tow neigbour entries are an Improper pair if they have not equal values. if ...
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1answer
294 views

Hash function with uniqueness guarantees and controllable entropy

Is there a class of hash functions that meets the following specs: Upper and lower bound can be specified Uniqueness is guaranteed as long as the input is between the upper and lower bounds Amount ...
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1answer
192 views

Silverlight-based “area of influence” algorithm

I am in the process of developing a tool for a game called MechWarrior: Online which defines a map of an area of space called the Inner Sphere. Essentially, this map is a set of points (planets) on a ...
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1answer
440 views

Shortest path to visit all nodes [duplicate]

I am given a set of tourist attractions(nodes identified by x, y) and i need to find the shortest path to visit them. The way i thought of it, is i will ignore if there are streets available and ...
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260 views

Algorithm for sweeping a 2d shape along a curve?

I am trying to create a graphics application where the user can use an arbitrary shape as a "brush", which will be swept along the drawing path. The shape may be transformed along the path (rotated, ...
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3answers
204 views

How to code a one-sided virtual economy

I'm attempting to make an online game with a mini-economy in it. The challenge is that the only person selling anything will be the website itself, and hence the supply and demand curve doesn't apply ...
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1answer
122 views

Algorithm to find the fewest number of values (from a set of values) where the sum equals a value (+ one more condition)

The simplest way to explain this is with an example. You're given then number 19 and you have a set of numbers to choose from: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 When choosing values from the list (which can be ...
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Concept for dealing with recurring appointments

Our company implemented a calendar system a few months back with recurring appointments, using iCal strings to store the recurring appointment criteria. We are starting to run into performance ...
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7answers
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Is there any algorithm pattern to protect any content in the web to ensure I am the first one who created it?

A few years ago there was this hacker (don't remember who he was) that full disclosed a vulnerability in a given system, but to make sure nobody took credit for that, he created some kind of PGP key. ...
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2answers
340 views

Merge directed acyclic graphs minimizing number of nodes

I have some DAGs (directed acylic graphs) and I want to merge them in order to minimize the number of nodes (we could say that every node has a cost, while edges are free). These four different DAGs ...
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1answer
115 views

Permutting a list of numbers in order to get a list which satisfies given condition

Here is algorithmic problem I'm trying to solve: Given a list [x_1,x_2,...,x_n] return a permutation of elements of the list [y_1,y_2,...,y_n] (where for each i we have y_i = x_j for only one j) ...
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260 views

Porting an algorithm implementation licensed under GNU GPL v3

I'm working on a JavaScript port of a red-black tree implementation in Java from the book Algorithms 4th Edition, by Sedgewick and Wayne. I believe that my JavaScript port qualifies as a derivative ...
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1answer
469 views

Matching algorithms in context of data quality problems

I work for an organization that has lots of databases containing person information. The data quality is poor. One case was a surname I found like this (this is the worst-case scenario): Mark ...
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1answer
221 views

Matrices calculations on partial shape matching

I'm working in a shape recognition project where it is supposed for me to develop an application that receives two images: an original one and a sketch made by a user. I am supposed to detect contours ...
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142 views

Track a series of choices with a single number

I want to track a series of scored questions in a single number (the total score). Is that possible? and how? For example, I have 30 questions with either 3 or 2 choices. For any given question, the ...
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1answer
117 views

Finding same numbers in a matrix

I have a question here and I am trying to find a solution of it. But I want to see some other opinions as well. The problem is the following: There is a matrix NxN which holds integer numbers. ...
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1answer
359 views

Generate algorithm to solve peg solitaire

I know that with regression it is possible to generate a mathematical function based on experimental data. I was wondering, maybe there is a way to generate something more complex. I have a single ...
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2answers
348 views

How do I efficiently send notifications for different events to different users based on their preferences?

I'm creating a notification system for particular events. A user can set the criteria that match particular events (ie. New item, changed item, closed item etc) Items have different characteristics ...
2
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2answers
273 views

On-the-fly, random partition of a range of numbers [0,N] in groups of max M size

Suppose that you have a range of numbers from 0 to N that you want to randomly separate in groups of max M sequential numbers. This is easily done with a bitmap and a random number generator, but it ...
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3answers
171 views

Algorithm Analysis: In practice, do coefficients of higher order terms matter?

Consider an^2 + bn + c. I understand that for large n, bn and c become insignificant. I also understand that for large n, the differences between 2n^2 and n^2 are pretty insignificant compared to the ...
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0answers
222 views

Algorithm for sport tournament bracket tree

I would like to develop a library that: receive n players in input response with the tournaments brackets in output. I would ask you what kind of algorithm I have to use to choose the correct tree ...
2
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1answer
169 views

What algorithm-family or problem-space description fits? Industrial process feeding ingredients to process

Our process continuously feeds (normally <= 8) ingredients from a choice of hundreds, using 3 feeders only. So if ingredient count X is > 3, 3 through X are stirred together in a batch process and ...
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1answer
153 views

In a mutual credit network, how would you program an automatic jubilee?

A little explanation might be needed. I mean mutual credit the way that it's defined here: a type of alternative currency in which the currency used in a transaction can be created at the time of ...
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3answers
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Most Efficient way to Compute the sum of divisors of N (1 ≤ N ≤ 1 000 000 000)

I want to write a code which computes the sum of divisors of a number N(1 ≤ N ≤ 1 000 000 000), excluding the number itself. However, I need an efficient way to do it. It suppose to print the answer ...
2
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1answer
286 views

moving around virtual keyboard

I'm creating virtual keyboard using javascript/html/css. And I can't find a good algorithm for moving from one button to another in different directions (top-bottom, left-right). Lets say I ...
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1answer
277 views

Is this still a Greedy Algorithm

As a preface I will state this is for a homework assignment. I have already discussed this with the professor and will not be using this design. This purpose of this question is whether or not the ...