In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is an effective method expressed as a finite list of well-defined instructions for calculating a function. Algorithms are used for calculation, data processing, and automated reasoning.

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MJRTY - A Fast Majority Vote Algorithm isn't work [closed]

The MJRTY algorithm sets out to solve the problem of finding the majority element in a stream (an element comprising more than 50% of the stream). Moore proposed to solve this by using only 2 pieces ...
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1answer
60 views

timed events to modulation of real-time audio

I am new very to audio programming and am having trouble figuring out the right kind of algorithm for converting control events (e.g. like MIDI) to real-time sound genesis with a buffer. At the ...
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1answer
57 views

Connected components of undirected graph

Suppose I have an undirected graph G with vertices v1...vn and edges. Right now it is in adjacency list representation. For every time moment I have as input some subset of vertices that are "active" ...
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55 views

A fast algorithm for a simple multi-objective minimization?

I have a set of n (arbitrary) integer numbers S which I want to partition into k subsets S_i each of size n/k (you can assume that k divides n). Let A be the arithmetic mean of elements of the set S. ...
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1answer
65 views

Should changes to FNV-1A's input exhibit the avalanche effect?

This is kind of related to Which hashing algorithm is best for uniqueness and speed?. In that question, the excellently written top answer notes, Randomnessification The other subjective ...
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1answer
152 views

Would adding more digits be a way to scale a order generation service? [closed]

I am working on interview questions from Amazon.com Software Development Engineer Intern Interview Questions. One of the interviewees was asked "give a scalable system design of Amazon.com's order ...
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2answers
136 views

c++11 random: why different range of int and real?

In the c++11, we now have <random> to produce random number. About uniform distributions, we have following int_distribution and double_distribution: uniform_int_distribution-produces integer ...
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2answers
119 views

What is a formal definition for an algorithm step?

Consider the following code to find the K th minimum element of an array: FindKthMin(A[], k) { A = Sort(A); return A[k]; } Could it be an algorithm without specifying the sort details? ...
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2answers
176 views

What benefit is there to using recursive binary search over iterative binary search or vice versa?

In a recent assignment for my programming 2 class we tested the efficiency of searches by populating a java ArrayList with 13,040 strings. The sequential search was obviously slower than the binary ...
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0answers
30 views

Finding the largest bundle of flagged points

I am currently working to develop a program that takes in an array of 4 columns and around 200,000 rows. Each column represents x, y, z (coordinates), and a flag denoting whether or not this point is ...
3
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2answers
185 views

How to iterate through all permutations of valid links between nodes

Imagine a 2D area, with a number (array) of nodes (or points) defined within it, in arbitrary (but known) positions (integer x,y coordinates), like this: From there I want to be able to, ...
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244 views

Abstraction in algorithms

I asked some questions about algorithms, and some replied they are abstract concepts, however I don't know what abstraction means for algorithms or how it applies. For objects, I know if we remove ...
3
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1answer
228 views

What is the most efficient / fastest way to keep a list in order?

I implemented Dijkstra's path finding algorithm in JavaScript and a big part of it involves storing the distances to nodes and fetching the smallest. The distances change often and the smallest is ...
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2answers
238 views

Is recursion a declarative approach to solve the problems?

I have noticed many problems in algorithms textbook are solved by recursion (divide and conquer, backtracking,...) As I tried to enhance my skills in writing them, I have noticed, I just need to ...
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2answers
49 views

Approaches to get stats like average latency in last N seconds

I am receiving messages with latency information (LI, {date, latency}). For statistical reasons: (I am open to approx. approaches, stats monitor will be updated in 6-60 seconds) I want to monitor ...
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10answers
2k views

Do algorithms depend on computer architectures?

I read somewhere (forgot which book it is) that algorithms are independent of computer architectures. Some even say algorithms are themselves computation (machines?)? On the other hand, books on ...
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2answers
128 views

Why is the “period of a (pseudo)random number generator” important?

I've been trying to understand (pseudo)random number generator code from various sources and the concept of the period continues to elude me. To satisfy the minimum level of understanding, I've tried ...
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1answer
74 views

Algorithm for a fast search

I am looking for an algorithm (pseudocode, R code) for my problem here. This looks like a lot to read but is actually very very easy to read, and I am just trying to be verbose. I have a list (say ...
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2answers
201 views

Number of strings containing a specific substring

I've seen numerous questions (and answers) concerning the number of binary strings (e.g "10010" containing some binary substring (e.g "00"). I'd like to know if there is a way to generalize this: ...
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1answer
83 views

worst case comparisons for special case insertion sort [closed]

Consider an Insertion Sort with a Sentinel on n values, where every value occurs exactly twice in the input (so n must be even). So the best case input for comparisons is when the elements are ...
3
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3answers
270 views

“Read user input”: Could it be a step of an algorithm?

Based on this definition of algorithm from Wikipedia: In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is a self-contained step-by-step set of operations to be performed. Algorithms exist that ...
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3answers
262 views

C# if statements

I am currently working on a C# checkers game for a university project in programming. But i have came to the point where i need to check whether a piece can be moved, or jump, but i feel like i'm ...
6
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3answers
166 views

number of strings, when each character must occur even times

I've been bashing my skull at this problem for some time now, and its really starting to frustrate me. The problem is: I have a set of characters, A, B, C, and D. I have to tell in how many ways a ...
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1answer
94 views

Dynamic Programming Problem - To find smallest integer number 'x' which contains only digits 1's and 0's such that x mod n = 0

To design an algorithm that will output the smallest integer number 'x' which contains only digits 1's and 0's such that x mod n = 0 and x > 0..... For example: 2 divides 10 3 divides 111 4 ...
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1answer
52 views

Accuracy proportional to size

I have lists of data I'm trying to organize where the list with the least variation/most precision/closest to the average and most amount of data is most highly rated. Some of the lists are like 2000 ...
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0answers
41 views

Dispatch Algorithm for logistics - Batch assignments

basically, I'm trying to implement an algorithm that dispatches drivers to deliver batches (a batch is a collection of orders). The algorithm takes all the batches and all the drivers available, then ...
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8answers
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Relation between object orientation and algorithms

As I read some algorithms textbooks, they are full of clever procedures for some problems (sorting, shortest path) or some general methods (recursive algorithms, divide and conquer, dynamic ...
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0answers
243 views

Find sequences in a big data set of integers

I am working on algorithm for solving the integer factorization problem. My goal is to be able to recognize sequence in a big data set of integers. This is my premise, it based on experiments. The ...
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4answers
132 views

What do polynomial algorithms entail?

From here, I know it is that an algorithm that... ...is said to be solvable in polynomial time if the number of steps required to complete the algorithm for a given input is O(n^k) for some ...
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2answers
112 views

Can we write algorithms without conditional statements? [closed]

Regarding turing completeness, i read that for a language/machine to be turing complete it is required that it has some sort of conditional. Consider the factorial problem, we would typically define ...
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1answer
52 views

Measure and locate areas of similar value in an image

I saw this picture online and wanted to see if I could create an algorithm to give ordinary images an effect like this: http://justinlivi.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/Living_In_Digital.jpg My idea ...
4
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2answers
95 views

Making a sequence strictly increasing by joining neighboring numbers using the smallest number of moves

I've got a following problem to solve: You are given a list of positive integers [x_1;x_2;...;x_n]. You are allowed to change 2 integers standing next to each other to one equal to their sum. (So ...
5
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4answers
239 views

How to convert the following node evaluation procedure to a non recursive solution?

I have the following recursive method. It evaluates a node (that represent a logical expression), using deep first search traversal : EvaluateNode(Node node) { bool result; switch(node.Type) ...
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2answers
185 views

Algorithm for merging multiple rows of data

I need an algorithm to merge multiple rows for data, where one column is the index column and if one or more rows have the same index value merge the column values into a single row, and lastly sort ...
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2answers
67 views

Resolve dependencies using before-after constraints

What i would like to do is the following. (Not sure if this question should go to StackOverflow, or here) Consider a datastructure like this: interface IAction { IAction[] afterActions() ...
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1answer
53 views

Closest Point to Moving Target

I have a target which is constantly moving, and only its current position is ever known. I have about one hundred objects surrounding it, also only who's current positions are ever known. I am ...
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0answers
60 views

Finding all Triangular Hulls in a 2D Point Cloud

My question: Given a set of 2D points, enumerate all triples of points such that no other points is inside the triangle formed by those 3 points. I'm looking for something better than this: // The ...
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3answers
214 views

Situations when O(n^2) better than O(n*log(n)) [duplicate]

Is there any situation a sorting algorithm of time complexity O(n2) could be better than an O(n log(n)) sorting algorithm in any way?
2
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2answers
152 views

Sudoku hidden sets algorithm

I am writing a solver for the game sudoku. I am trying to implement the hidden set check in it and I can't figure out a way to do it well. I need to find out if there is a set of cells of size N in ...
2
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1answer
182 views

Genetic Algorithm's Tournament Selection limit to be selected

I started working again on a Genetic Algorithm and i'm trying a lot of operators and ways of selection. When I made the Tournament Selection , I noticed that it gets really easy to always get the top ...
3
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1answer
107 views

Algorithm to assign edges to smallest possible polygons?

I'm designing a procedural city generator, and the first step of the generation process is the creation of city streets. These streets extend out in a straight line to a point, then they can either ...
5
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4answers
222 views

Most efficient way to generate all descendents of all nodes in a tree

I'm looking for the most efficient algorithm to take a tree (stored as either a list of edges; OR as a list of mappings from parent node to a list of child nodes); and produce, for EVERY node, a list ...
2
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2answers
261 views

Efficient method for finding closest point to a line segment from a set of points including line segment's vertices

Let's say I have a list of points (in my case, point objects in a Python implementation). I then have a line segment connecting two of these points. I want to know if there's a way to efficiently ...
3
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2answers
354 views

Looking for a DP algorithm for a specific packing problem

I have the following problem to solve: Given a ferry with length d and a list of n cars conataining their length we must load the cars on the ferry in an order in which they appear in the list on 2 ...
0
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1answer
167 views

How to remove a middle element from queue?

I had a question, about how to remove an element from middle of the queue , without disturbing the order of other elements. E.g. Queue before operation:- <| a b c d e |< Queue after ...
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2answers
79 views

Greedy algorithms - minimising “parentheses rotatons” in order to get a valid expression

I'm preparing for an exam on which there will be problems solvable by DP, greedy algorithms. And one of the problem is - given a string containing parentheses in no particular order return a minimum ...
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1answer
142 views

it is possible to implement keyloggers in java [closed]

I am researching on keyloggers and as a part of my research I would like to know if its possible to implement keyloggers in java edit * How can i create a keylogger in java or to be precise what ...
7
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1answer
303 views

How do personal assistants typically generate sentences?

This is sort of a follow up to this question about NLG research directions in the linguistics field. How do personal assistant tools such as Siri, Google Now, or Cortana perform Natural Language ...
3
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2answers
78 views

Method for determining if a line segment is an external edge of a Delauney triangulation?

I've created a Delauney triangulation of a set of points. Now I want to iterate over the triangulation and remove any line segments/edges on the exterior for which the following are true: The ...
3
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1answer
122 views

What algorithm can be used for a more complex version of the bin packing problem?

I'm currently developing a plugin for World of Warcraft in LUA to help optimize a recently introduced part of the game, namely Garrison missions. A Warcraft Garrison (basically a player fortress) has ...