C# is a multiparadigm, managed, garbage-collected object-oriented programming language created by Microsoft in parallel with the .NET platform

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42
votes
7answers
6k views

How do you encode Algebraic Data Types in a C#- or Java-like language?

There are some problems which are easily solved by Algebraic Data Types, for example a List type can be very succinctly expressed as: data ConsList a = Empty | ConsCell a (ConsList a) consmap f ...
55
votes
7answers
55k views

When to use abstract classes instead of interfaces with extension methods in C#?

"Abstract class" and "interface" are similar concepts, with interface being the more abstract of the two. One differentiating factor is that abstract classes provide method implementations for derived ...
63
votes
11answers
8k views

Did the developers of Java consciously abandon RAII?

As a long-time C# programmer, I have recently come to learn more about the advantages of Resource Acquisition Is Initialization (RAII). In particular, I have discovered that the C# idiom: using (var ...
132
votes
17answers
41k views

Are #regions an antipattern or code smell?

C# allows the use of #region/#endregion keywords to make areas of code collapsible in the editor. Whenever I do this though I do it to hide large chunks of code that could probably be refactored into ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

Choosing the right Design Pattern

I've always recognized the importance of utilizing design patterns. I'm curious as to how other developers go about choosing the most appropriate one. Do you use a series of characteristics (like a ...
16
votes
5answers
5k views

Would you rather make private stuff internal/public for tests, or use some kind of hack like PrivateObject?

I am quite a beginner in code testing, and was an assert whore before. One thing worrying me in unit testing is that is often requires you to make public (or at least internal) fields that would have ...
36
votes
11answers
19k views

Is catching general exceptions really a bad thing?

I typically agree with most code analysis warnings, and I try to adhere to them. However, I'm having a harder time with this one: CA1031: Do not catch general exception types I understand the ...
7
votes
4answers
850 views

Is the usage of internal scope blocks within a function bad style?

There are some (quite rare) cases where there is a risk of: reusing a variable which is not intended to be reused (see example 1), or using a variable instead of another, semantically close (see ...
45
votes
16answers
15k views

Why use an OO approach instead of a giant “switch” statement?

I am working in a .Net, C# shop and I have a coworker that keeps insisting that we should use giant Switch statements in our code with lots of "Cases" rather than more object oriented approaches. His ...
47
votes
8answers
6k views

Why a static main method in Java and C#, rather than a constructor?

I’m Looking for a definitive answer from a primary or secondary source for why (notably) Java and C# decided to have a static method as their entry point, rather than representing an application ...
51
votes
2answers
48k views

Creating database connections - Do it once or for each query?

At the moment I create a database connection when my web page is first loaded. I then process the page and run any queries against that conection. Is this the best way to do it or should I be creating ...
8
votes
1answer
582 views

Unit testing for a scientific computing library

I've had a bit of experience with unit testing before, in what I call (not pejoratively) the classic software engineering project: an MVC, with a user GUI, a database, business logic in the middle ...
100
votes
8answers
82k views

How do you organize your projects? [closed]

Do you have any particular style of organizing projects? For example, currently I'm creating a project for a couple of schools here in Bolivia, this is how I organized it: TutoMentor (Solution) ...
187
votes
9answers
14k views

Why do many exception messages not contain useful details?

It seems there is a certain amount of agreement that exception messages should contain useful details. Why is it that many common exceptions from system components do not contain useful details? A ...
60
votes
11answers
7k views

Is it a bad practice to modify code strictly for testing purposes

I have a debate with a programmer colleague about whether it is a good or bad practice to modify a working piece of code only to make it testable (via unit tests for example). My opinion is that it ...
59
votes
11answers
34k views

Is static universally “evil” for unit testing and if so why does resharper recommend it? [closed]

I have found that there are only 3 ways to unit test (mock/stub) dependencies that are static in C#.NET: Moles TypeMock JustMock Given that two of these are not free and one has not hit release 1....
5
votes
1answer
349 views

Derive from a base class but not include a condition in the base class's method

The current code looks like this: public class Details { Public void Populate() { WriteChapterDetails(); } public void WriteChapterDetails() { if ( ...
19
votes
11answers
22k views

Recommended .NET / C# coding standards? [closed]

What coding standards do you think are important for .NET / C# projects? This could be anything from dealing with curly braces and spacing and pedantry like that. Or it could be more fundamental ...
27
votes
2answers
22k views

Separating data access in ASP.NET MVC

I want to make sure I'm following industry standards and best practices with my first real crack at MVC. In this case, it's ASP.NET MVC, using C#. I will be using Entity Framework 4.1 for my model, ...
51
votes
8answers
21k views

Return magic value, throw exception or return false on failure?

I sometimes end up having to write a method or property for a class library for which it is not exceptional to have no real answer, but a failure. Something cannot be determined, is not available, not ...
44
votes
7answers
10k views

Single Responsibility Principle - How Can I Avoid Code Fragmentation?

I'm working on a team where the team leader is a virulent advocate of SOLID development principles. However, he lacks a lot of experience in getting complex software out of the door. We have a ...
22
votes
3answers
32k views

what is message passing in OO?

I've been studying OO programming, primarily in C++, C# and Java. I thought I had a good grasp on it with my understanding of encapsulation, inheritance and polymorphism (as well as reading a lot of ...
33
votes
6answers
3k views

I'd like to write an “ultimate shuffle” algorithm to sort my mp3 collection

I'm looking for pseudocode suggestions for sorting my mp3 files in a way that avoids title and artist repetition. I listen to crooners - Frank Sinatra, Tony Bennett, Ella Fitzgerald etc. singing old ...
7
votes
9answers
2k views

How can designing for inheritance cause extra cost? [closed]

So I wanted to inherit from a sealed class in csharp and got burned. There is just no way to unseal it unless you have access to the source. Then it got me thinking "why sealed even exists?". 4 ...
2
votes
4answers
3k views

MVC4 : How to create model at run time?

In my project I am dynamically creating table by giving table name (ex. student) and adding fields to that table and then save table. Now, my table is created in SQL Server database. Assume table ...
46
votes
11answers
187k views

For what reasons should I choose C# over Java and C++? [closed]

C# seems to be popular these days. I heard that syntactically it is almost the same as Java. Java and C++ have existed for a longer time. For what reasons should I choose C# over Java and C++?
66
votes
5answers
70k views

for vs. foreach vs. LINQ

When I write code in Visual Studio, ReSharper (God bless it!) often suggests me to change my old-school for loop in the more compact foreach form. And often, when I accept this change, ReSharper goes ...
66
votes
6answers
13k views

When to go Fluent in C#?

In many respects I really like the idea of Fluent interfaces, but with all of the modern features of C# (initializers, lambdas, named parameters) I find myself thinking, "is it worth it?", and "Is ...
42
votes
11answers
3k views

Should a developer always use version control [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Version control for independent developers? I've heard statements to the effect of: "Well it's just me working on this project so I don't need to put it under source ...
30
votes
8answers
25k views

Private variable vs property?

When setting a value to a variable inside of a class most of the time we are presented with two options: private string myValue; public string MyValue { get { return myValue; } set { myValue = ...
19
votes
5answers
13k views

When and why you should use void (instead of i.e. bool/int)

I occasionally run into methods where a developer chose to return something which isn't critical to the function. I mean, when looking at the code, it apparently works just as nice as a void and after ...
17
votes
5answers
9k views

What is the best way to initialize a child's reference to its parent?

I'm developing an object model that has lots of different parent/child classes. Each child object has a reference to its parent object. I can think of (and have tried) several ways to initialize the ...
6
votes
3answers
5k views

When should a class or module be in a separate Assembly/DLL?

Are there any guidelines for deciding when a class should be in its own assembly/DLL? I often see two schools of thought: 1) Every "grouping" of classes belongs in its own DLL e.g. Repositories, ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

sqrt c# vs sqrt c++

Any idea why the C# version of sqrt (System.Math.Sqrt) is ~10 times slower than c++ version ? Furthermore, C# version seems to have one extra digit of precision. I have run my test under MSVC2012. I ...
13
votes
6answers
540 views

Expected behavior when an request for a collection will have zero items

Let's say you are given the following... List<Thing> theThings = fubar.Things.All(); If there were nothing to return, what would you expect fubar.Things.All() to return? Edit: Thanks for the ...
28
votes
3answers
25k views

Which is a better practice - helper methods as instance or static?

This question is subjective but I was just curious how most programmers approach this. The sample below is in pseudo-C# but this should apply to Java, C++, and other OOP languages as well. Anyway, ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

Why are public and private accessors considered good practice? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When are Getters and Setters Justified Why exactly is having public and private accessors like these: private string foo; public string Foo { get { return ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How to refactor a method which breaks “The law of Demeter” principle?

I often find myself breaking this principle (not intentially, just through bad design). However recently I've seen a bit of code that I'm not sure of the best approach. I have a number of classes. ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Replace Type Code with Class (From Refactoring [Fowler])

This strategy involves replacing the likes of this: public class Politician { public const int Infidelity = 0; public const int Embezzlement = 1; public const int FlipFlopping = 2; ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Unit test SHA256 wrapper queries

I have the following SHA256 wrapper. public static string SHA256(string plainText) { StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(); SHA256CryptoServiceProvider provider = new ...
6
votes
3answers
773 views

Is structural typing in a hierarchical model necessary?

This is part of a series of questions which focuses on a project called the Abstraction Project, which aims to abstract the concepts used in language design in the form of a framework. Another ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How to handle exception in REST API

Given a REST API, which throws an exception when handling a request from a client. Whenever the REST API throws an exception, it's logged and the application (in this case a console application) ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Object Initializer in C# problem with readability

I wonder if object initializing have some performance gain in ASP.NET website. I have an office mate that told me that object initialization is much readable and faster than constructor. But one of my ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Foreach loop and variable initialization

Is there a difference between these two versions of code? foreach (var thing in things) { int i = thing.number; // code using 'i' // pay no attention to the uselessness of 'i' } int i;...
95
votes
5answers
72k views

When do you use a struct instead of a class? [closed]

What are your rules of thumb for when to use structs vs. classes? I'm thinking of the C# definition of those terms but if your language has similar concepts I'd like to hear your opinion as well. I ...
9
votes
10answers
10k views

Switch from C# to Java, which “gotchas” I should care?

I may have to switch to Java for new project. I have very little knowledge about Java, because I've mainly studied and used C#, and I'm afraid of the differences between these two language/platform ...
88
votes
9answers
58k views

Don't Use “Static” in C#?

I submitted an application I wrote to some other architects for code review. One of them almost immediately wrote me back and said "Don't use "static". You can't write automated tests with static ...
46
votes
5answers
15k views

As a C# developer, would you learn Java to develop for Android or use MonoDroid instead? [closed]

I'd consider myself pretty well versed in C#. It's my language of choice at the moment, and it's where basically all my professional experience lies. Still, I'm puzzled by the existence of the ...
34
votes
3answers
3k views

Why is an anemic domain model considered bad in C#/OOP, but very important in F#/FP?

In a blog post on F# for fun and profit, it says: In a functional design, it is very important to separate behavior from data. The data types are simple and "dumb". And then separately, you ...
23
votes
7answers
10k views

How far should 'var' and null coalescing operator '??' be entertained without hampering readability?

I know the title of the question is very subjective, but I was confronted with usage of ?? operator by my peers, where at the same time I was not very happy/comfortable with applying var in new up-...