C# is a multiparadigm, managed, garbage-collected object-oriented programming language created by Microsoft in parallel with the .NET platform

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178
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9answers
13k views

Why do many exception messages not contain useful details?

It seems there is a certain amount of agreement that exception messages should contain useful details. Why is it that many common exceptions from system components do not contain useful details? A ...
128
votes
6answers
18k views

SOLID Principles and code structure

At a recent job interview, I couldn't answer a question about SOLID -- beyond providing the basic meaning of the various principles. It really bugs me. I have done a couple of days worth of digging ...
118
votes
17answers
31k views

Are #regions an antipattern or code smell?

C# allows the use of #region/#endregion keywords to make areas of code collapsible in the editor. Whenever I do this though I do it to hide large chunks of code that could probably be refactored into ...
94
votes
7answers
145k views

Relationship between C#, .NET, ASP, ASP.NET etc [closed]

I'm really unclear on the difference between C#, C#.NET and the same for ASP and other '.NET' languages. From what I understand, .NET is a library/framework of... things. I think they're essentially ...
91
votes
8answers
70k views

How do you organize your projects? [closed]

Do you have any particular style of organizing projects? For example, currently I'm creating a project for a couple of schools here in Bolivia, this is how I organized it: TutoMentor (Solution) ...
84
votes
8answers
60k views

Is modern C++ replacing C#? Is Microsoft pushing developers to adopt C++? [closed]

I hear about modern C++ popularity and some talks about migrating back to C++ from C# or other C-like languages. I know about C++11 features but I would like to hear your experiences, especially from ...
84
votes
5answers
61k views

When do you use a struct instead of a class? [closed]

What are your rules of thumb for when to use structs vs. classes? I'm thinking of the C# definition of those terms but if your language has similar concepts I'd like to hear your opinion as well. I ...
81
votes
9answers
49k views

Don't Use “Static” in C#?

I submitted an application I wrote to some other architects for code review. One of them almost immediately wrote me back and said "Don't use "static". You can't write automated tests with static ...
77
votes
16answers
12k views

Do the young minds need to learn the pointer concepts?

Why did the C master Dennis Ritchie introduce pointers in C? And why did the other programming languages like VB.NET or Java or C# eliminate them? I have found some points in Google, and I want to ...
67
votes
17answers
16k views

Coding Guideline : Methods shouldn't contain more than 7 statements?

I was looking through the AvSol Coding Guidelines for C# and I agree with nearly everything but I'm really curious to see what other think of one specific rule. AV1500 Methods should not ...
66
votes
16answers
7k views

How much freedom should a programmer have in choosing a language and framework?

I started working at a company that is primarily C# oriented. We have a few people who like Java and JRuby, but a majority of programmers here like C#. I was hired because I have a lot of experience ...
63
votes
12answers
18k views

How can I convince my boss that ANSI C is inadequate for our new project? [closed]

A few months ago, we started developing an app to control an in-house developed test equipment and record a set of measurements. It should have a simple UI, and would likely require threads due to the ...
63
votes
9answers
48k views

Why use partial classes?

In my understanding, the partial keyword does nothing but allow a class to be split between several source files. Is there any reason to do this other than for code organization? I've seen it used for ...
60
votes
5answers
61k views

for vs. foreach vs. LINQ

When I write code in Visual Studio, ReSharper (God bless it!) often suggests me to change my old-school for loop in the more compact foreach form. And often, when I accept this change, ReSharper goes ...
60
votes
6answers
11k views

When to go Fluent in C#?

In many respects I really like the idea of Fluent interfaces, but with all of the modern features of C# (initializers, lambdas, named parameters) I find myself thinking, "is it worth it?", and "Is ...
59
votes
11answers
8k views

Did the developers of Java consciously abandon RAII?

As a long-time C# programmer, I have recently come to learn more about the advantages of Resource Acquisition Is Initialization (RAII). In particular, I have discovered that the C# idiom: using (var ...
58
votes
11answers
30k views

Is static universally “evil” for unit testing and if so why does resharper recommend it?

I have found that there are only 3 ways to unit test (mock/stub) dependencies that are static in C#.NET: Moles TypeMock JustMock Given that two of these are not free and one has not hit release ...
57
votes
11answers
7k views

Is it a bad practice to modify code strictly for testing purposes

I have a debate with a programmer colleague about whether it is a good or bad practice to modify a working piece of code only to make it testable (via unit tests for example). My opinion is that it ...
57
votes
5answers
5k views

Why would you not use the 'using' directive in C#?

The existing coding standards on a large C# project includes a rule that all type names be fully qualified, forbidding employment of the 'using' directive. So, rather than the familiar: using ...
56
votes
11answers
6k views

Does this class design violate the single responsibility principle?

Today I had an argument with someone. I was explaining the benefits of having a rich domain model as opposed to an anemic domain model. And I demoed my point with a simple class looking like that: ...
52
votes
9answers
32k views

A practical use of “yield” keyword in C# [closed]

After almost 4 years of experience, I haven't seen a code where yield keyword is used. Can somebody show me a practical usage (along explanation) of this keyword, and if so, aren't there other ways ...
50
votes
8answers
15k views

Why should I use a factory class instead of direct object construction?

I have seen the history of several С# and Java class library projects on GitHub and CodePlex, and I see a trend of switching to factory classes as opposed to direct object instantiation. Why should I ...
50
votes
7answers
49k views

When to use abstract classes instead of interfaces with extension methods in C#?

"Abstract class" and "interface" are similar concepts, with interface being the more abstract of the two. One differentiating factor is that abstract classes provide method implementations for derived ...
50
votes
4answers
13k views

Should I encourage junior developers to use explicit or implicit typing? [closed]

I am looking to solicit the community's opinion on whether or not it would be advisable to teach junior developers to code with implicit typing (using var) or should I encourage the use of explicit ...
47
votes
11answers
4k views

I don't understand how TDD helps me get a good design if I need a design to start testing it

I'm trying to wrap my head around TDD, specifically the development part. I've looked at some books, but the ones I found mainly tackle the testing part - the History of NUnit, why testing is good, ...
46
votes
8answers
19k views

Return magic value, throw exception or return false on failure?

I sometimes end up having to write a method or property for a class library for which it is not exceptional to have no real answer, but a failure. Something cannot be determined, is not available, not ...
46
votes
8answers
5k views

Why a static main method in Java and C#, rather than a constructor?

I’m Looking for a definitive answer from a primary or secondary source for why (notably) Java and C# decided to have a static method as their entry point, rather than representing an application ...
45
votes
6answers
12k views

Why was C# made with “new” and “virtual+override” keywords unlike Java?

In Java there are no virtual, new, override keywords for method definition. So the working of a method is easy to understand. Cause if DerivedClass extends BaseClass and has a method with same name ...
44
votes
3answers
10k views

Rich Domain Models — how, exactly, does behavior fit in?

In the debate of Rich vs. Anemic domain models, the internet is full of philosophical advice but short on authoritative examples. The objective of this question is to find definitive guidelines and ...
43
votes
11answers
12k views

Why are /// comment blocks important?

Someone once said we should prefix all our methods with the /// <summary> comment blocks (C#) but did not explain why. I started to use them and found they annoyed me quite a bit, so stopped ...
43
votes
1answer
4k views

Why does the .Net world seem to embrace magic strings instead of staticly typed alternatives?

So, I work in .Net. I make open source projects in .Net. One of my biggest problems with it isn't necessariyl with .Net, but with the community and frameworks around it. It seems everywhere that ...
42
votes
14answers
4k views

Is this a correct situation to use a constant?

So my professor was giving back some feedback on a project I've been working on. He docked a few marks for this code: if (comboVendor.SelectedIndex == 0) { createVendor cv = new createVendor(); ...
42
votes
16answers
14k views

Why use an OO approach instead of a giant “switch” statement?

I am working in a .Net, C# shop and I have a coworker that keeps insisting that we should use giant Switch statements in our code with lots of "Cases" rather than more object oriented approaches. His ...
42
votes
7answers
10k views

Single Responsibility Principle - How Can I Avoid Code Fragmentation?

I'm working on a team where the team leader is a virulent advocate of SOLID development principles. However, he lacks a lot of experience in getting complex software out of the door. We have a ...
41
votes
11answers
3k views

Should a developer always use version control [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Version control for independent developers? I've heard statements to the effect of: "Well it's just me working on this project so I don't need to put it under source ...
41
votes
12answers
2k views

Which C# practices should be avoided in C++?

I'm currently teaching myself C++. I'm very proficient at C#, and was wondering which common practices in C# can lead to difficulties in C++, and what a C++ programmer should do instead.
41
votes
2answers
38k views

Creating database connections - Do it once or for each query?

At the moment I create a database connection when my web page is first loaded. I then process the page and run any queries against that conection. Is this the best way to do it or should I be creating ...
40
votes
3answers
5k views

Are there numbers that are not representable in base 10 but can be represented in base 2?

C# has the decimal type which is used for numbers that needs exact representation in base 10. For instance, 0.1 cannot be represented in base 2 (e.g. float and double) and will always be an ...
40
votes
8answers
3k views

Can modern OO languages compete with C++'s array store performance?

I just noticed that every modern OO programming language that I am at least somewhat familiar with (which is basically just Java, C# and D) allows covariant arrays. That is, a string array is an ...
40
votes
12answers
6k views

Is C# development effectively inseparable from the IDE you use?

I'm a Python programmer learning C# who is trying to stop worrying and just love C# for what it is, rather than constantly comparing it back to Python. I'm caught up on one point: the lack of ...
40
votes
7answers
6k views

How do you encode Algebraic Data Types in a C#- or Java-like language?

There are some problems which are easily solved by Algebraic Data Types, for example a List type can be very succinctly expressed as: data ConsList a = Empty | ConsCell a (ConsList a) consmap f ...
38
votes
9answers
6k views

Should I accept empty collections in my methods that iterate over them?

I have a method where all logic is performed inside a foreach loop that iterates over the method's parameter: public IEnumerable<TransformedNode> TransformNodes(IEnumerable<Node> nodes) { ...
37
votes
6answers
7k views

Good example of complex code using TDD [closed]

What would be a good example of the use of TDD in large, real-life, complex, projects? All the examples I've seen so far are toy projects for the purpose of a book or a paper... Can you name an ...
36
votes
10answers
14k views

Why should your code not use 100% CPU? [closed]

I'm speaking specifically about a C# .NET 4 program running on Windows XP or higher, but general answers are also acceptable. Assume an already optimized and efficient program. The problem here is ...
36
votes
4answers
4k views

Why are structs and classes separate concepts in C#?

While programming in C#, I stumbled upon a strange language design decision that I just can't understand. So, C# (and the CLR) has two aggregate data types: struct (value-type, stored on the stack, ...
36
votes
10answers
10k views

WPF vs. WinForms - a Delphi programmer's perspective?

I have read most of the major threads on WPF vs. WinForms and I find myself stuck in the unfortunate ambivalence you can fall into when deciding between the tried and true previous tech (Winforms), ...
35
votes
11answers
17k views

Is catching general exceptions really a bad thing?

I typically agree with most code analysis warnings, and I try to adhere to them. However, I'm having a harder time with this one: CA1031: Do not catch general exception types I understand the ...
34
votes
2answers
8k views

Why is 'void' not allowed as a generic type in C#

What were the design decisions that argued in favour of void not being constructable and not being allowed as a generic type? After all it is just a special empty struct and would have avoided the ...
33
votes
4answers
63k views

Why and when should I make a class 'static'? What is the purpose of 'static' keyword on classes?

The static keyword on a member in many languages mean that you shouldn't create an instance of that class to be able to have access to that member. However, I don't see any justification to make an ...
33
votes
6answers
3k views

I'd like to write an “ultimate shuffle” algorithm to sort my mp3 collection

I'm looking for pseudocode suggestions for sorting my mp3 files in a way that avoids title and artist repetition. I listen to crooners - Frank Sinatra, Tony Bennett, Ella Fitzgerald etc. singing old ...