Questions about C++, a statically typed, free-form, multi-paradigm, compiled, general-purpose programming language.

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139
votes
19answers
139k views

Is there any reason to use C++ instead of C, Perl, Python, etc.? [closed]

As a Linux (server side) developer, I don't know where and why should I use C++. When I'm going for performance, the first and last choice is C. When "performance" isn't the main issue, programming ...
60
votes
13answers
31k views

What's the benefit of object-oriented programming over procedural programming?

I'm trying to understand the difference between procedural languages like C and object-oriented languages like C++. I've never used C++, but I've been discussing with my friends on how to ...
62
votes
11answers
8k views

Did the developers of Java consciously abandon RAII?

As a long-time C# programmer, I have recently come to learn more about the advantages of Resource Acquisition Is Initialization (RAII). In particular, I have discovered that the C# idiom: using (var ...
22
votes
22answers
9k views

Is learning how to use C (or C++) a requirement in order to be a good (excellent) programmer? [closed]

When I first started to learn how to program, real programmers could write assembly in their sleep. Any serious schooling in computer science would include a hefty bit of training and practice in ...
37
votes
9answers
7k views

Explanation on how “Tell, Don't Ask” is considered good OO

This blogpost was posted on Hacker News with several upvotes. Coming from C++, most of these examples seem to go against what I've been taught. Such as example #2: Bad: def ...
100
votes
11answers
33k views

What backs up the claim that C++ can be faster than a JVM or CLR with JIT? [closed]

A reoccurring theme on SE I've noticed in many questions is the ongoing argument that C++ is faster and/or more efficient than higher level languages like Java. The counter-argument is that modern JVM ...
39
votes
3answers
15k views

How could the first C++ compiler be written in C++?

Stroustrup claims that Cfront, the first C++ compiler, was written in C++ (Stroustrup FAQ). However, how is it even possible that the first C++ compiler be written in C++? The code that makes up the ...
8
votes
9answers
2k views

What is the way to understand someone else's giant uncommented spaghetti code? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: I’ve inherited 200K lines of spaghetti code — what now? I have been recently handled a giant multithreaded program with no comments and have been asked to understand ...
0
votes
6answers
1k views

Why languages that compile to C/C++ generate unreadable, cryptic code? [closed]

I'm willing to compile certain language to C or C++ for some speedups. My idea was, though, to generate readable code and use structures such std::vector and similar wherever I can, expecting CLANG to ...
185
votes
9answers
14k views

Why do many exception messages not contain useful details?

It seems there is a certain amount of agreement that exception messages should contain useful details. Why is it that many common exceptions from system components do not contain useful details? A ...
26
votes
6answers
6k views

How can I learn to write idiomatic C++?

I am a computer science student, and as a result, I was taught C++ as a better version of C with classes. I end up trying to reinvent the wheel whenever a solution to a complex problem is needed, only ...
44
votes
16answers
10k views

Languages on a resume: Is it better to put “C/C++” or “C, C++”? [closed]

I'm graduating in a couple of weeks, and my resume (as expected) lists the languages that I've had experience with. Previously I've put "C/C++", however back then I didn't have that much experience ...
12
votes
11answers
16k views

Avoid Postfix Increment Operator

I've read that I should avoid the postfix increment operator because of performance reasons (in certain cases). But doesn't this affect code readability? In my opinion: for(int i = 0; i < 42; ...
3
votes
5answers
2k views

What is the best method to start understanding BIG project source code? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How do you dive into large code bases? Sometimes before developing new products we need to understand some existing products or existing source code. Sometimes to ...
21
votes
3answers
31k views

what is message passing in OO?

I've been studying OO programming, primarily in C++, C# and Java. I thought I had a good grasp on it with my understanding of encapsulation, inheritance and polymorphism (as well as reading a lot of ...
18
votes
5answers
7k views

If a variable has getter and setter, should it be public?

If I have a class with a variable that is private and the class have getter and setter for that variable. Why don't make that variable public? The only case I think you have to use getters and ...
18
votes
4answers
1k views

Is there a measure of code rot? [duplicate]

I'm dealing, again, with a messy C++ application, tons of classes with confusing names, objects have pointers into each other and all over, longwinded Boost and STL data types, etc. (Pause and ...
25
votes
4answers
20k views

Where should I put functions that are not related to a class?

I am working on a C++ project where I have a bunch of math functions that I initially wrote to use as part of a class. As I've been writing more code, though, I've realized I need these math functions ...
18
votes
2answers
4k views

What's RAII? Examples?

Always when the term RAII is used, people are actually talking about deconstruction instead of initialisation. I think I have a basic understanding what it might mean but I'm not quite sure. Also: is ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

Fastest C++ XML parsing library

I have thousands of .xml files from size 1MB-45MB (no DTDs). I need to parse and further manipulate these XML files before generating separate .xml files with the results of my regex. What the ...
15
votes
7answers
4k views

Are header files actually good? [closed]

I find header files to be useful when browsing C++ source files, because they give a "summary" of all the functions and data members in a class. Why do so many other languages (like Ruby, Python, ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

c++ coding practice class vs. “free” functions

I am currently writing my first bigger project in c++. Its basic linear algebra. I am aware that boost libraries and others exist, but for various reasons I need to write my own. Purpose of the ...
2
votes
1answer
284 views

Design for migrating to Multitenant architecture

We are in a process of redesigning our product code in such a way so as to support multitenancy. Currently the implementation is such that one product deployment caters to only one customer. Thus ...
103
votes
15answers
20k views

Why did memory-managed languages like Java, Javascript, and C# retain the `new` keyword?

The new keyword in languages like Java, Javascript, and C# creates a new instance of a class. This syntax seems to have been inherited from C++, where new is used specifically to allocate a new ...
87
votes
14answers
15k views

Does auto make C++ code harder to understand?

I saw a conference by Herb Sutter where he encourages every C++ programmer to use auto. I had to read C# code some time ago where var was extensively used and the code was very hard to ...
33
votes
9answers
6k views

Is the algorithm more important than the programming language?

During the current (2013) Google Code Jam contest, there was a problem that took C++ and Java people 200+ lines of code as compared to Python people that solved the same problem only using 40 lines of ...
25
votes
3answers
5k views

Did C++11 address concerns passing std lib objects between dynamic/shared library boundaries? (ie dlls and so)?

One of my major complaints about C++ is how hard in practice it is to pass std library objects outside of dynamic library (ie dll/so) boundaries. The std library is often header-only. Which is great ...
29
votes
8answers
24k views

Are C and/or C++ viable/practical options for web development? [duplicate]

I am proficient in C, and I am learning C++ right now. I always played with websites (HTML/CSS), and I was wondering if it would be viable/practical to create some simple web apps using C and/or C++. ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

sqrt c# vs sqrt c++

Any idea why the C# version of sqrt (System.Math.Sqrt) is ~10 times slower than c++ version ? Furthermore, C# version seems to have one extra digit of precision. I have run my test under MSVC2012. I ...
12
votes
6answers
1k views

In general, is it worth using virtual functions to avoid branching?

There seems to be rough equivalents of instructions to equate to the cost of a branch miss virtual functions have a similar tradeoff: instruction vs. data cache miss optimization barrier If ...
9
votes
5answers
5k views

Interface and Inheritance: Best of both worlds?

I 'discovered' interfaces and I started to love them. The beauty of an interface is that it is a contract, and any object that fulfills that contract can be used wherever that interface is required. ...
18
votes
6answers
1k views

Does adding unit tests make sense for well-known legacy code?

I'm talking about unit tests in the TDD sense. (Not automated "integration", or what you like to call it tests.) Legacy code as in: (C++) code without tests. (see: Michael Feathers' Working ...
18
votes
9answers
2k views

Good design: How much hackyness is acceptable? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Prototyping vs. Clean Code at the early stages I'm right in front of a difficult decision. I have a problem in my codebase (it's in C++), which I could solve in two ...
15
votes
7answers
2k views

In C and C++, what methods can prevent accidental use of the assignment(=) where equivalence(==) is needed?

In C and C++, it is very easy to write the following code with a serious error. char responseChar = getchar(); int confirmExit = 'y' == tolower(responseChar); if (confirmExit = 1) { exit(0); } ...
12
votes
2answers
4k views

How does C++ handle multiple inheritance with a shared common ancestor?

I'm not a C++ guy, but I'm forced to think about this. Why is multiple inheritance possible in C++, but not in C#? (I know of the diamond problem, but that's not what I'm asking here). How does C++ ...
12
votes
7answers
12k views

What are some good open source c++ packages to study in order to learn advanced software construction? [closed]

I've heard that you should read 10 times more than you should write. This applies to both literature and source code. Therefore, I'd like to study the best c++ packages we've developed. I'm ...
27
votes
6answers
7k views

What does the latest “C++ Renaissance” mean? [closed]

There's recently some voice about C++ renaissance, among which the most noteworthy one is from Herb Sutter, Chairman of the C++ Standard Committee. You can search for "C++ renaissance" on Google and ...
11
votes
7answers
10k views

How to get started in opensource projects and programs [duplicate]

I am interested in starting to learn how to contribute to open source projects and Linux in general. I am a first year B.Sc. Computer Science student this year and we use c++ as our main programming ...
16
votes
4answers
2k views

Enhancing the level of my C/C++ code

I have been programming for 3-4 years now and feel I can no longer be called a beginner, but I read some questions on this site and think WTF are they talking about? I feel the same way when I pick up ...
42
votes
7answers
21k views

Why is there no 'finally' construct in C++?

Exception handling in C++ is limited to try/throw/catch. Unlike Object Pascal, Java, C# and Python, even in C++ 11, the finally construct has not been implemented. I have seen an awful lot of C++ ...
33
votes
8answers
4k views

Disadvantages of scoped-based memory management

I really like scope-based memory management (SBMM), or RAII, as it is more commonly (confusingly?) referred to by the C++ community. As far as I know, except for C++ (and C), there's no other ...
33
votes
17answers
13k views

How can I feel more confident about my programming skills? [closed]

Programming isn't alien to me. I first starting doing markup (HTML, now please don't laugh at me) when I was 12 and a little bit of BASIC when I was 13 (I knew much about Flowcharts, Pseudocodes at ...
24
votes
4answers
4k views

Why do C++ and Java both use the notion of “reference” but not in the same sense?

In C++ a reference argument to a function allows the function to make the reference refer to something else: int replacement = 23; void changeNumberReference(int& reference) { reference = ...
19
votes
7answers
6k views

Learning C++ properly (not C with classes) [duplicate]

The typical reason I hear to why people bash C++ is that they don't actually know C++, they just know "C with classes", which apparently is different. I am just beginning to learn C++, however, I want ...
26
votes
3answers
7k views

C++ strongly typed typedef

I've been trying to think of a way of declaring strongly typed typedefs, to catch a certain class of bugs in the compilation stage. It's often the case that I'll typedef an int into several types of ...
31
votes
10answers
11k views

I am a beginner. Can I directly start learning C++11? or I have to learn old C++? [closed]

I'm a beginner and have only little knowledge in programming. Would it be good if I directly learn C++ from books which cover new C++11 or should I study through the old best C++ books? Should I ...
19
votes
6answers
10k views

Dependency injection ; good practices to reduce boilerplate code

I have a simple question, and I'm not even sure it has an answer but let's try. I'm coding in C++, and using dependancy injection to avoid global state. This works quite well, and I don't run in ...
17
votes
3answers
2k views

How would you unit-test or perform the most effective automated testing on graphics code for OpenGL?

I'm writing a game and the accompanying graphics engine on top of OpenGL in C++. Im also a fan of good coding processes and automated testing. Graphics code + testing seems pretty immiscible, since ...
25
votes
7answers
2k views

Should a C++ program catch all exceptions and prevent exceptions from bubbling up past main()?

I was once advised that a C++ program should ultimately catch all exceptions. The reasoning given at the time was essentially that programs which allow exceptions to bubble up outside of main() enter ...
12
votes
8answers
16k views

How is C different from C++?

Many people have said that C++ is a completely different language than C, but Bjarne himself has said that C++ is a language that is extended from C hence that is where the ++ comes from. So why does ...