C is a general-purpose computer programming language used for operating systems, games and other high performance work.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

70
votes
5answers
86k views

How to write a very basic compiler

Advanced compilers like gcc compile codes into machine readable files according to the language in which the code has been written (e.g. C, C++, etc). In fact, they interpret the meaning of each codes ...
133
votes
19answers
130k views

Is there any reason to use C++ instead of C, Perl, Python, etc.? [closed]

As a Linux (server side) developer, I don't know where and why should I use C++. When I'm going for performance, the first and last choice is C. When "performance" isn't the main issue, programming ...
55
votes
12answers
27k views

What's the benefit of object-oriented programming over procedural programming?

I'm trying to understand the difference between procedural languages like C and object-oriented languages like C++. I've never used C++, but I've been discussing with my friends on how to ...
18
votes
5answers
3k views

When does it make sense to compile my own language to C code first?

When designing an own programming language, when does it make sense to write a converter that takes the source code and converts it to C or C++ code so that I can use an existing compiler like gcc to ...
20
votes
12answers
18k views

int* i; or int *i; or int * i; [closed]

What is your favorite method to declare a pointer? int* i; or int *i; or int * i; or int*i; Please explain why. see also: http://www.stroustrup.com/bs_faq2.html#whitespace
22
votes
22answers
8k views

Is learning how to use C (or C++) a requirement in order to be a good (excellent) programmer? [closed]

When I first started to learn how to program, real programmers could write assembly in their sleep. Any serious schooling in computer science would include a hefty bit of training and practice in ...
72
votes
15answers
29k views

What makes C so popular in the age of OOP? [closed]

I code a lot in both C and C++, but did not expect C to be the second most popular language, slightly behind Java. TIOBE Programming Community Index I'm curious as to why, in this age of OOP, C is ...
74
votes
4answers
40k views

How is a Java reference different from a C pointer?

C has pointers and Java has what is called references. They have some things in common in the sense that they all point to something. I know that pointers in C store the addresses they point to. Do ...
36
votes
3answers
15k views

How could the first C++ compiler be written in C++?

Stroustrup claims that Cfront, the first C++ compiler, was written in C++ (Stroustrup FAQ). However, how is it even possible that the first C++ compiler be written in C++? The code that makes up the ...
16
votes
2answers
5k views

Why does C use the asterisk for pointers? [closed]

I'm just now learning about C. I find it odd that the creators chose the asterisk (*) as the symbol for pointers rather than a symbol that actually looks like a pointer (->). Considering how ...
43
votes
16answers
9k views

Languages on a resume: Is it better to put “C/C++” or “C, C++”? [closed]

I'm graduating in a couple of weeks, and my resume (as expected) lists the languages that I've had experience with. Previously I've put "C/C++", however back then I didn't have that much experience ...
3
votes
5answers
2k views

What is the best method to start understanding BIG project source code? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How do you dive into large code bases? Sometimes before developing new products we need to understand some existing products or existing source code. Sometimes to ...
0
votes
6answers
1k views

Why languages that compile to C/C++ generate unreadable, cryptic code? [closed]

I'm willing to compile certain language to C or C++ for some speedups. My idea was, though, to generate readable code and use structures such std::vector and similar wherever I can, expecting CLANG to ...
34
votes
11answers
8k views

Is this a decent use-case for goto in C?

I really hesitate to ask this, because I don't want to "solicit debate, arguments, polling, or extended discussion" but I'm new to C and want to gain more insight into common patterns used in the ...
25
votes
13answers
7k views

Low level programming - what's in it for me? [closed]

For years I have considered digging into what I consider "low level" languages. For me this means C and assembly. However I had no time for this yet, nor has it EVER been neccessary. Now because I ...
2
votes
1answer
263 views

Design for migrating to Multitenant architecture

We are in a process of redesigning our product code in such a way so as to support multitenancy. Currently the implementation is such that one product deployment caters to only one customer. Thus ...
64
votes
17answers
91k views

Is the C programming language still used?

I am a C# programmer, and most of my development is for websites along with a few Windows application. As far as C goes, I haven't used it in a long time, as there was no need to. It came to me as a ...
78
votes
3answers
31k views

Why do programming languages, especially C, use curly braces and not square ones?

The definition of "C-Style language" can practically be simplified down to "uses curly braces ({})." Why do we use that particular character (and why not something more reasonable, like [], which ...
19
votes
7answers
7k views

Learning to program in C (coming from Python) [closed]

If this is the wrong place to ask this question, please let me know. I'm a Python programmer by occupation. I would love to learn C. Indeed, I have tried many times, but I always get discouraged. In ...
29
votes
8answers
22k views

Are C and/or C++ viable/practical options for web development? [duplicate]

I am proficient in C, and I am learning C++ right now. I always played with websites (HTML/CSS), and I was wondering if it would be viable/practical to create some simple web apps using C and/or C++. ...
16
votes
7answers
4k views

OO best practices for C programs [closed]

"If you really want OO sugar - go use C++" -- was the immediate response I got from one of my friends when I asked this. I know two things are dead wrong here. First OO is NOT 'sugar', and second, C++ ...
17
votes
5answers
7k views

What is the history of the C compiler?

When we say that "Dennis Ritchie developed C language", do we mean that he has created a compiler (using an 'already' developed other language) which can compile the source code written in C language? ...
13
votes
7answers
6k views

When should pointers be checked for NULL in C?

Summary: Should a function in C always check to make sure it is not dereferencing a NULL pointer? If not when is it appropriate to skip these checks? Details: I've been reading some books about ...
5
votes
6answers
6k views

Why should we use low level languages if a high level one like python can do almost everything? [closed]

I know python is not suitable for things like microcontrolers, make drivers etc, but besides that, you can do everything using python, companys get stuck with speed optimizations for real hard time ...
10
votes
6answers
5k views

Is there a language that transcompiles to C with a better syntax? [closed]

CoffeeScript is a language with a very clean Ruby-like syntax that transcompiles to JavaScript. Does the same thing exists with C? Then writing more readable and as fast as original C programs would ...
11
votes
8answers
12k views

Why does C dominate in the embedded software market? [closed]

Almost everyone will now say the blessing: performance! Okay, C does allow to write athletic code. But there are other languages that can do so, after all! And the optimising power of modern ...
3
votes
9answers
2k views

Confusion of scope of a variable: Is Global Variable a solution? [duplicate]

I am newly learning C Programming. When we have a C Program with lot of functions, parameter passing, calling and all - It becomes a great problem as to which variable must be declared where. My ...
5
votes
6answers
2k views

Addressable memory unit

From Wikipedia: the term endian or endianness refers to the ordering of individually addressable sub-components within a longer data item as stored in external memory (or, sometimes, as ...
146
votes
6answers
27k views

Is every language written in C?

Sometimes while programming in different languages (C/C++, C#), this thought comes to my mind: Is each and every language written in the C programming language? Is the C language the mother/father ...
12
votes
7answers
11k views

What are some good open source c++ packages to study in order to learn advanced software construction? [closed]

I've heard that you should read 10 times more than you should write. This applies to both literature and source code. Therefore, I'd like to study the best c++ packages we've developed. I'm ...
77
votes
16answers
12k views

Do the young minds need to learn the pointer concepts?

Why did the C master Dennis Ritchie introduce pointers in C? And why did the other programming languages like VB.NET or Java or C# eliminate them? I have found some points in Google, and I want to ...
126
votes
6answers
14k views

Why hasn't a faster, “better” language than C come out? [closed]

With all the new "modern" languages out today, how is it that C is still heralded as the fastest and "closest to the machine"? I don't really believe in there ever being only one correct way to do ...
59
votes
5answers
12k views

Why are there so few C compilers?

C is one of the most widely-used languages in the world. It accounts for a huge proportion of existing code and continues to be used for a vast amount of new code. It's beloved by its users, it's so ...
11
votes
7answers
9k views

How to get started in opensource projects and programs [duplicate]

I am interested in starting to learn how to contribute to open source projects and Linux in general. I am a first year B.Sc. Computer Science student this year and we use c++ as our main programming ...
16
votes
4answers
2k views

Enhancing the level of my C/C++ code

I have been programming for 3-4 years now and feel I can no longer be called a beginner, but I read some questions on this site and think WTF are they talking about? I feel the same way when I pick up ...
38
votes
6answers
4k views

How to think as a C programmer after biased with OOP language? [closed]

Previously, I've only used Object Oriented Programming languages (C++, Ruby, Python, PHP), and am now learning C. I'm finding it difficult to figure out the proper way to do things in a language with ...
38
votes
2answers
7k views

What is the purpose of NaN boxing?

Reading 21st Century C I arrived at chapter 6 at the section "Marking Exceptional Numeric Values with NaNs", where it explains the use of the bits in the mantissa to store some arbitrary bit patterns, ...
33
votes
17answers
12k views

How can I feel more confident about my programming skills? [closed]

Programming isn't alien to me. I first starting doing markup (HTML, now please don't laugh at me) when I was 12 and a little bit of BASIC when I was 13 (I knew much about Flowcharts, Pseudocodes at ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Adding unit tests to a legacy, plain C project

The title says it all. My company is reusing a legacy firmware project for a microcontroller device, written completely in plain C. There are parts which are obviously wrong and need changing, and ...
12
votes
8answers
15k views

How is C different from C++?

Many people have said that C++ is a completely different language than C, but Bjarne himself has said that C++ is a language that is extended from C hence that is where the ++ comes from. So why does ...
21
votes
9answers
2k views

Why is it so difficult to make C less prone to buffer overflows?

I'm doing a course in college, where one of the labs is to perform buffer overflow exploits on code they give us. This ranges from simple exploits like changing the return address for a function on a ...
16
votes
6answers
7k views

Why pointer symbol and multiplication sign are same in C/C++? [duplicate]

I am writing a limited C/C++ code parser. Now, multiplication and pointer signs give me really a tough time, as both are same. For example, int main () { int foo(X * p); // forward declaration ...
14
votes
4answers
1k views

Why do some programmers categorize C, Python, C++ differently? - regarding level

I am taking an introductory course on python and the instructor says that python is a high level language and C and C++ are low level languages. It's just confusing. I thought that C, C++, Python, ...
9
votes
4answers
4k views

GO instead of C/C++ with cgo

Is it possible to replace C and C++ with Go + cgo and interface frameworks such as Qt or DirectX with Go? Any potential pitfalls I should be aware of? UPDATE: I see that my question was not precise ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Writing generic code when your target is a C compiler

I need to write some algorithms for a PIC micro controller. AFAIK, the official tools support either assembler or a subset of C. My goal is to write the algorithms in a generic and reusable way ...
4
votes
6answers
9k views

When is C a better choice than C++? [closed]

I can't imagine that there's any reason not to use the OOP features of C++. It's is just as fast as C, and - what's more important to me - it's transparent, just as C. (I mean "transparent" that I ...
5
votes
7answers
8k views

Why do we need to include the .h while everything works when including only the .cpp file?

Why do we need to include both the .h and .cpp files , while we can make it works with making just a .cpp file and then including it . For example, Creating a file.h containing declarations, then ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Why would a C executable be smaller when compared to C++ executable

I'm trying to understand why the output file sizes are significantly different when using a C and a C++ compiler. I was writing a small hello world program in C and C++, I noticed that in C version, ...
2
votes
5answers
7k views

Reference vs dereference pointers in arguments C++/C

OK, I'm facing this all the time in many functions I write, which should I use? void sth(int* a) void sth(int& a) Which one is faster, regarding two separate occasions: a is a small variable or ...
2
votes
3answers
782 views

How can I effectively manage long-term feature development and short-term bug fixing at the same time?

We have a huge C, and C++ code base. There is a plan to add a new feature into the existing system, but, this should happen only after 3 to 4 months. So, we are looking for best possible options. ...