General guidelines on how to design classes with best known industry practices.

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2answers
104 views

Gathering IP address and workstation information; does it belong in a state class?

I'm writing an enterprisey utility that collects exception information and writes to the Windows Event Log, sends an email, etc. This utility class will be used by all applications in the corporation: ...
0
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2answers
150 views

How To Invoke A Method When It's Class is Accessed (Any Method) - “OnClassEnter”

I am working on a C# net micro framework project, in particular an I2C bus management/class. I have several different I2C devices each defined in separate classes which contain all of the devices' ...
-2
votes
1answer
43 views

calling an abstract method in abstract class

Suppose i have an abstract base class Parent which defines an abstract Method A(some parameter) taking a parameter, also it defines an instance Method B which calls method A(parameter) inside its ...
0
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1answer
41 views

System Communication: Avoiding Including a Large “HAS-A” Hierarchy Which Isn't Used

The situation: System A Huge, complicated system. Uses an important Message object with many other Message objects attached, many of which have further Message objects attached. In total, this is ...
2
votes
2answers
234 views

Should I expose a “computed” value as a property or a method?

I have a C# class that represents a content type in a web content management system. We have a field that allows a web content editor to enter an HTML template for how the object is displayed. It ...
0
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2answers
148 views

Thoughts and Best Practices on Static Classes and Members [closed]

I am very curious as to thoughts and industry best practices regarding static members, or entire static classes. Are there any downsides to this, or does it participate in any anti-patterns? I see ...
0
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2answers
139 views

Data structures VS Classes and what happens if they merge? [closed]

Alright so I've learned this: Classes have public methods that perform operations on the class's data and they hide away their implementations. Data structures on the other hand, completely expose ...
0
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1answer
67 views

how to manage new private variables introduced into class?

Whenever I want to add a new functionality, I introduce a new private variable into the class. Declare it just above the first method definition. leave a small comment. Set it in a certain method. And ...
16
votes
5answers
2k views

How can you decompose a constructor?

Lets say I have a Enemy class, and the constructor would look something like: public Enemy(String name, float width, float height, Vector2 position, float speed, int maxHp, int ...
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0answers
22 views

Principle to Group Related Data By Their Lifetimes [closed]

I saw a video recently where the presenter used an example like this: public class MyClass { private string html; public void LoadHtml(string url) { html = ...; } public ...
0
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3answers
129 views

“Property Container” design-pattern in-depth definition

Could anybody, please, explain what is a Property Container or at least where can I get information about that pattern on the Internet? I've found that it exists as one of the Fundamental patterns in ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

When should I pass setting-like value as class' variable and when as an assoc. array?

Following my other question, is there a general rule of thumb, when we should pass a setting-like value, that controls class' behavior (for example displayed texts) as as class' constant or variable, ...
1
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1answer
73 views

When should I pass value as class variable and when as a method argument?

Is there a general rule of thumb, when we should pass a value as as class variable and when as a method argument? Or is it just a choice of the developer? For example -- are there any reasons, why ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

How can I layout this class to make it easier to use for API developers?

I have an application that allows the user to place a string of text into a PDF document. I have three different ways that they can do this: Use a Form Field. Then they have four properties to ...
2
votes
4answers
513 views

Call the database every time, or create an object in memory, and if so, how and how often to update?

I'm creating an app in javascript/nodejs and using neo4j as database. Let's say I have an entity User in my database. It has a bunch of properties, like boxes_collected and places_visited, which keep ...
1
vote
1answer
337 views

A class with only methods

What's the name for a class that has only methods? There are no fields/properties. Just two methods with the ability to parse some file in two ways. I have named the class Parser, but it just doesn't ...
8
votes
4answers
572 views

Why define a Java object using interface (e.g. Map) rather than implementation (HashMap)

In most Java code, I see people declare Java objects like this: Map<String, String> hashMap = new HashMap<>(); List<String> list = new ArrayList<>(); instead of: ...
24
votes
10answers
6k views

Can we live without constructors?

Let's say in some reason all objects are created this way $obj = CLASS::getInstance(). Then we inject dependencies using setters and perform starting initialization using $obj->initInstance(); Are ...
2
votes
1answer
238 views

C# dynamically linking different libraries and/or external classes

tl;dr Is it possible to include an external library (and create instances of objects represented within that library) based on some condition? This must be done at compile-time, so separate builds? ...
1
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2answers
188 views

An alternative to having fields that might not be used in a class

I'm writing a card/ board game in Java. Since the game has lots of cards that interact in different ways, my Player class has become sort of bloated with all these different fields used for keeping ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

what's the proper way to organize code that straddles multiple objects?

Let's say I have the following classes: person, widget, foo_bars. A person can have multiple widgets and foo_bars. When an admin deletes a person, I want my code to do a cascading delete... and ...
13
votes
6answers
2k views

Should a class know about its subclasses?

Should a class know about its subclasses? Should a class do something that is specific for a given subclass for instance? My instincts tells me that is a bad design, it seems like an anti-pattern of ...
1
vote
0answers
259 views

JavaScript Class Module: How to avoid an antipattern

I've seen a number of different methodologies when it comes to applying class-based inheritance to JS/ECMA-based projects. Over the past several months, I've been applying IIFE Namespaces to my class ...
0
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1answer
200 views

PHP class data implementation

I'm studying OOP PHP and have watched two tutorials that implement user login\registration system as an example. But implementation varies. Which way will be more correct one to work with data such as ...
48
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9answers
3k views

Is there any “real” reason multiple inheritance is hated? [closed]

I've always liked the idea of having multiple inheritance supported in a language. Most often though it's intentionally forgone, and the supposed "replacement" is interfaces. Interfaces simply do ...
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2answers
311 views

OOP PHP make separate classes or one

I'm studying OOP PHP and working on a small personal project but I have hard time grasping some concepts. Let's say I have a list of items, each item belongs to subcategory, and each subcategory ...
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vote
3answers
412 views

C# vector class - Interpolation design decision

Currently I'm working on a vector class in C# and now I'm coming to the point, where I've to figure out, how i want to implement the functions for interpolation between two vectors. At first I came up ...
0
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0answers
31 views

Why use link classes in oql instead of classes that contain links

itop abstracts its very complex database design with an object query language (oql). For this there are classes definded, like 'Ticket' and 'Server'. Now a Ticket usually is linked to a Server. In my ...
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2answers
182 views

Subclassing to avoid line length

The standard line length of code is 80 characters per line. This is accepted and followed by the most of programmers. I working on a state machine of a character and is necessary for me follow this ...
3
votes
3answers
527 views

How bad is it to have two methods with the same name but different signatures in two classes?

I have a design problem related to a public interface, the names of methods, and the understanding of my API and code. I have two classes like this: class A: ... function collision(self): ...
2
votes
2answers
255 views

Class design for calling “the same method” on different classes from one place

Let me introduce my situation: I have Java EE application and in one package, I want to have classes which will act primarily as cache for some data from database, for example: class that will hold ...
0
votes
2answers
640 views

How to handle lookup data in a C# ASP.Net MVC4 application?

I am writing an MVC4 application to track documents we have on file for our clients. I'm using code first, and have created models for my objects (Company, Document, etc...). I am now faced with the ...
3
votes
2answers
553 views

How to deal with pointers from child to parent?

I have a class that represents a file in specific binary format on disk (the parent in the title) and another class that represents an object inside that file (child). When the object changes, it ...
4
votes
6answers
290 views

Fields vs method arguments [closed]

I just started writing some new class and it occurred to me that I was adding a lot of method arguments that are not strictly needed. This is following a habit to avoid having state in classes that is ...
1
vote
1answer
153 views

Class Design for special business rules

I'm developing an application that allows people to place custom manufacturing orders. However, while most require similar paperwork, some of them have custom paperwork that only they require. My ...
0
votes
1answer
198 views

Code design: is this specific case of monkeypatching in python acceptable?

I'm using python to do some research tasks. I have a class hierarchy for "tools", where each object is an instance of a particular tool. They all share some functionality and have many similarities in ...
0
votes
2answers
151 views

Is it valid to initialize an instance of a class within the same class?

I was wondering if it's valid to initialize an instance of a class within the same class? For example: public class Person() { string name; string age; public Person getPerson() { ...
0
votes
3answers
384 views

Have Superclass Contain List of Subclass?

For the GUI of a program, I want it to list several items, all of which are, from a programming side, just subclasses. They can add one of these items to a list. I don't want to hard-code which ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

What is good practice when inheriting static classes isn't possible/allowed

I am developing a project in C# and due to a design decision it is not possible to have a static class inherit another static class. But I have, in my opinion, a case where this would make sense. I ...
2
votes
5answers
583 views

Why is TDD not working here?

I want to write a class A that has a method calculate(<params>). That method should calculate a value using database data. So I wrote a class Test_A for unit testing (TDD). The database access ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Is it evil to model JSON responses to classes when they are mostly smilar?

Here's the problem : While implementing a C# wrapper for an online API (Discogs) I've been faced to a dilemma : quite often the responses returned have mostly similar members and while modeling these ...
0
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3answers
161 views

which style of member-access is preferable [duplicate]

the purpose of oop using classes is to encapsulate members from the outer space. i always read that accessing members should be done by methods. for example: template<typename T> class foo_1 { ...
2
votes
2answers
876 views

When to use inheritance or composition/aggregation?

In general, how do I decide whether to use make a class a super class, or to make it a private data member of another class? For example, given two classes, how does one decide whether to do this: ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

Refactoring classes with ref to themselves

How can I refactor this code? class Node { public Node Parent { get; set; } } class AVLNode { public AVLNode Parent { get; set; } } I tried to use inheritance, but then I have to use type ...
0
votes
3answers
194 views

How do you balance out code structuring (few big functions vs. many small ones)?

The golden rule of code structuring is always said as splitting into many sub functions is a good thing. Though I noticed it becomes a problem in complex applications when a class of e.g. 10 bigger ...
2
votes
2answers
298 views

Same constructor signature with different semantics?

Occasionally, I'm confronted with the problem that I have to provide some constructors in order to initialize objects with different sets of data. These sets can be mathematically transformed into ...
1
vote
2answers
109 views

When to store values in constants/finals

This might seem like an odd question, but I'm worried that I'm putting too many things as constants/finals at the top of my java class. I've started to put every value that is in my program into a ...
0
votes
2answers
169 views

What is the convention regarding class names that may already exist in the ORM?

This is a generic question about class names and ORMs, but for context; I'm working on a Flask web app in Python using SQLalchemy. I'm struggling with naming a new class that will contain the ...
5
votes
4answers
3k views

Is it a good practice to create a ClassCollection of another Class?

Lets says I have a Carclass: public class Car { public string Engine { get; set; } public string Seat { get; set; } public string Tires { get; set; } } Lets say we're making a system ...
3
votes
5answers
800 views

What classes to put exactly in a class diagram?

What classes must I put in a class diagram? Only classes used in Business Layer and associations between them? Or also other classes in the Data Access Layer, Service Layer, etc.?