Coding standards, or coding conventions, are sets of rules or guidelines designed to govern the process of code production in a software project. They're usually based on industry best practices or generally accepted conventions. They include naming conventions, style, prohibited features, and more.

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Are there well-known PowerShell coding conventions?

Are there any well-defined conventions when programming in PowerShell? For example, in scripts which are to be maintained long-term, do we need to: Use the real cmdlet name or alias? Specify the ...
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2answers
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Helping to avoid first time implementation mistakes [closed]

I am getting close to "finishing" my first major, non-trivial PHP/MySQL website project, and while the code is generally fine and works properly, there are many problems with it considering the fact I ...
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1answer
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Where does the Liskov Substitution Principle generally lie in different constructor parameter lists?

There are two other questions I've posted that dealt with specific cases of this: Where does the Liskov Substitution Principle lie in a subclass passing extra arguments to similar, tightly-related ...
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4answers
370 views

Are `switch` statements generally used wrong? [closed]

I see most developers using switch statements with breaks in each and every case. Is this usage of switch statements inappropriate since a simple set of if-else statements would suffice? Is it OK for ...
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6answers
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Naming classes, methods, functions and variables [duplicate]

There are 3 important naming conventions: with_underscores PascalCased camelCased Other variants are not important because they are not commonly used. For variables it seems that the one with ...
12
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5answers
757 views

Evolution in coding standards, how do you deal with them?

How do you deal with evolution in the coding standards / style guide in a project for the existing code base? Let's say someone on your team discovered a better way of object instantiation in the ...
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2answers
47 views

Capitalizing custom methods in a SDK based project [closed]

In projects which need heavy SDK usage, like Android and iOS development, I want the methods/functions I write to be obvious and since the whole framework is written with lower case method names I ...
2
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2answers
314 views

Should we refactor our existing codebase to use functional programming, especially streams? [closed]

We have a large project written in PHP. It almost exclusively uses imperative operations, as in example 1. Should we refactor our existing code to use functional operations? Do you think that the code ...
2
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2answers
108 views

Is embedding data in a executable considered a good practice?

Embedding data (such as images) in a executable seems to have a few advantages, like easier distribution of the executable and easier compatibility with different OSes. But, is it a good practice? ...
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3answers
155 views

Coding convention question about AS3 duplicate variable definition

AS3's got some awkward rules about variable scope, due to its use of hoisting. I don't like pointlessly leaving a bunch of compiler warnings lying around, but it's more important to me for my code to ...
8
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4answers
480 views

Are there any actual drawbacks to self-referential method chaining?

I recently suggested a method of chaining be implemented for a certain class in a certain project so readability of the code could be improved. I got a "fluent interfaces should not be implemented ...
290
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9answers
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Why is 80 characters the 'standard' limit for code width?

Why is 80 characters the "standard" limit for code width? Why 80 and not 79, 81 or 100? What is the origin of this particular value?
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3answers
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Easy way to make old javascript files conform to new quoting standard?

We've just started putting linting in place at my workplace, and a lot of the devs didn't realize our standards called for double-quotes everywhere. About 50% of the codebase uses single-quotes, so ...
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1answer
144 views

What do you call classes that do arbitrary work in your project? [closed]

I work on a lot of projects with different teams. Every project has its own conventions, including what to call arbitrary classes that don't lend themselves to obvious names. As a counter-example, ...
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15answers
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I hate one of our coding standards and it drives me insane, how to process it? [closed]

Disclaimer: Not as exaggerated as the title suggests, but it still makes me uncomfortable. I'm just going to express honestly, so take it with a grain of salt. Just pretend that I'm talking about that ...
0
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1answer
73 views

What are the key areas to evaluate software (codebase) on? [closed]

I have been asked to do a code review of about 50 applications over a period of 6 weeks. (Management has changed and the new CTO asked for an full internal software audit) I am wondering, what are ...
3
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2answers
154 views

Are there any widely accepted sets of standards/practices for secure coding? [closed]

The title should be fairly self-explanatory. We need to update our coding standards, and as part of this process we've been asked to try and follow an industry standard from a ...
5
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1answer
175 views

Why is the use of JavaScript in HREF attributes discouraged?

Disclaimer: I came to Programmers.SE to ask this question because I understand this is the place to ask this type of question, and not necessarily stackoverflow. If I am wrong, please close the ...
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0answers
76 views

Improving the speed of coding in Fortran [duplicate]

I've got about 1.5 years of experience in writing Fortran 2003 codes for scientific applications (duh), and I'm finding myself now in the situation in which I need to write working code as fast as ...
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3answers
412 views

Should one value simpler code over performance when returning multiple values?

I'm too often facing situations where I need to get several types of information from a method. I usually think long and hard to circumvent these situations but I'm thinking it's pointless work that ...
550
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22answers
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Where did the notion of “one return only” come from?

I often talk to Java programmers who say "Don't put multiple return statements in the same method." When I ask them to tell me the reasons why, all I get is "The coding standard says so." or "It's ...
0
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2answers
165 views

C Linked List Implementation Pointer vs. Pointer-to-Pointer Consistency

To get some practice in C, I'm writing some basic functions for operating on a linked list of ints. I started out with functions that accepted as a "list" a pointer to the head node. Now, I find ...
72
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20answers
13k views

How important is it to reduce the number of lines in code?

I am a Software developer who works on J2SE (core java). Often during our code reviews we are asked to reduce the number of lines in our code. It's not about removing redundant code, it's about ...
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1answer
504 views

Project directory structure

Actually i'm using this project directory structure http://framework.zend.com/manual/1.12/en/project-structure.project.html But recently i started using namespaces in all my php-classes like: ...
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11answers
930 views

When, if ever, can code standards be ignored? [closed]

My company has decided to use stored procedures for everything dealing with the database (because they didn't know of any other way besides raw SQL), and as the saying goes "When in Rome..." so I try ...
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4answers
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Why is #include <iostream.h> bad?

I was reading another thread where a guy asked about C++ books for beginners, and one of the programmers answering wrote this: Some warnings: avoid all books that present an "hello world" stating ...
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1answer
121 views

Method Parameters Ordering [closed]

I was recently changing a method to add in an additional parameter, and I couldn't help but wonder if there were "best practices" or "generally accepted rules" in deciding what order parameters of a ...
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1answer
125 views

Is there a particular coding standard with comments between function name and body?

I'm integrating with a shipping API built in php. They have a strange coding standard where the comments are between the function name and the first curly bracket.. which - subjectively - makes the ...
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13answers
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Should I add an “Abstract” prefix to my abstract classes? [closed]

Suppose I have an abstract class named Task. Is there a standard or convention that would suggest I should name it AbstractTask instead?
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16answers
1k views

Do else blocks increase code complexity? [closed]

Here is a very simplified example. This isn't necessarily a language-specific question, and I ask that you ignore the many other ways the function can be written, and changes that can be made to it.. ...
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5answers
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What does it mean when some technology is a “standard”?

I started learning Java EE 7 and I am frequently coming across this term "standard", and I don't understand what it means. So, for example, here is a quotation from this book: Contrary to SOAP ...
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1answer
52 views

How to format Android view IDs

I struggle with this every time I work on a project. I am not entirely sure what the standard conventions are for creating view ids. I usually use something like view_more_button but then if we ...
0
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2answers
133 views

At what point should you start putting functions in a new file? [closed]

I'm currently writing a python script. It's currently about 400 lines long, and it seems like it's getting a bit long, as when I'm trying to scroll through it with eclipse it takes a bit to get from ...
0
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1answer
163 views

Should I continue stressing development standards? [closed]

I've been with my software team for about three years now, and just recently I brought up the concept of variable naming conventions (across all languages, but C#/VB.Net specifically). We really ...
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9answers
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Line break before/after operator [closed]

While Sun's Java code convention suggests to put line break before the operator many other guidelines disagree with it. I do not see any obvious pros and cons, so are there advantages of using one of ...
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2answers
785 views

How to Implement Error Handling [closed]

Even though I've programmed on a professional level for some years I still do not fully understand error handling. Although my applications work fine, the error handling isn't implemented at a ...
75
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14answers
20k views

Do I need to use an interface when only one class will ever implement it?

Isn't the whole point of an interface to for multiple classes to adhere to a set of rules and implementations?
0
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2answers
156 views

How to systematize tagging in code? [closed]

There are several almost standard tags used in comments: FIXME, TODO, BUGBUG. Which other tags do you use and for what? Are there any standards on using them, i.e. format (supplementing with date ...
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4answers
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The problems with Avoiding Smurf Naming classes with namespaces

I pulled the term smurf naming from here (number 21). To save anyone not familiar the trouble, Smurf naming is the act of prefixing a bunch of related classes, variables, etc with a common prefix so ...
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2answers
81 views

Generic Repositories with DI & Data Intensive Controllers

Usually, I consider a large number of parameters as an alarm bell that there may be a design problem somewhere. I am using a Generic Repository for an ASP.NET application and have a Controller with a ...
2
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4answers
726 views

Coding convention regarding the usage of underscores [closed]

There seems to be divided opinion on this subject, and I wanted to get people's insights on whether they've found using underscore prefixes and suffixes to be helpful with coding or not. You know, ...
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2answers
85 views

Erlang return value conventions

Should functions that return tuples, always return tuples? For example, I have a function is_user_name_allowed that returns a tuple in this he form if the username is not allowed: {false, ["Reason ...
40
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6answers
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Method vs Function vs Procedure

Simple question, but I often hear these three terms defined with such ferocity, but which have been known to me to mean different things over the years. What are the "correct" definitions of ...
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2answers
196 views

Is a try-catch-finally clause appropriate for production code?

While browsing around on SO, I came across an answer that suggested using a try-catch-finally clause to fix the problem he was having. (A rare bug that sometimes happened to his users). Someone ...
2
votes
1answer
323 views

Things developers do before the coding phase [closed]

I'm a new software developer, and in my internship my boss asked me to develop an application that allows him to manage his inventory. Something small but, for me, very enriching. The application is ...
6
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4answers
607 views

How do I introduce clean code?

My team has about 18 members and the code is generally good, using TDD and good specifications makes for working code. But I think they abuse comments in favor of writing cleaner, more readable code. ...
66
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17answers
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Coding Guideline : Methods shouldn't contain more than 7 statements?

I was looking through the AvSol Coding Guidelines for C# and I agree with nearly everything but I'm really curious to see what other think of one specific rule. AV1500 Methods should not ...
11
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3answers
649 views

Bugs that can be avoided with coding standards [closed]

I am looking for statistics (or estimations) that backup the claim that coding standards help reduce bugs. Hard-numbers would be nice, although I haven't had much look finding any. I've even looked ...
2
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3answers
480 views

invoking methods within a conditional expression

In an oft-cited (if dated) reference for C# coding standards (pdf; from Lance Hunt), the statement is made, 33. Avoid invoking methods within a conditional expression. I've not seen this ...
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16answers
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Coding standards and coding style, is it that much important? [closed]

There are a lot of ways of typing code, but I can't understand what is the good reason to adopt a certain standard or style if it does not change the way the code can be read and understood. Everyone ...