Coding style is a set of guidelines that helps readability and understanding of the source code.

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Check some value between each function call

Can you recommend a nice way of checking a particular value between calls to a set of functions? E.g. something like this in Python (might not be terribly 'Pythonic'): self.error_code = 0 # this ...
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1answer
73 views

Preferred Scala code style for several embedded brace sets

I was wondering the correct way to format a situation such as this, where I have a def, a foreach and an if clause all nested, requiring braces. Currently I find it hard to read, and there is no ...
32
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11answers
5k views

Is it okay to make coding style changes on an open source project that doesn't follow best practices?

Recently, I came across a number of open source Ruby (or majority of it was Ruby) projects on GitHub that when checked with a code analyzing tool like Rubocop, create a lot of offenses. Now, most of ...
0
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1answer
52 views

How using tab affects commands like diff

In the page at http://pear.php.net/manual/en/standards.indenting.php, it is advised to use space instead of tab as it causes issue with diff, patches. Here is the excerpt from the page. Use an ...
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2answers
131 views

Approach to coding algorithms to minimize rework [closed]

I find myself reworking my code quite a bit, especially when learning to write algorithms that involve keeping track of multiple attributes and labels. I feel that having the pseudo-code written up, ...
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2answers
427 views

How to really understand programming? [duplicate]

I have started to learn to program. I am interested in it and dont mind how long it takes to learn. But I am using books to start out and I find that there are some things I get and some things I have ...
19
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11answers
1k views

Are long functions acceptable if they have internal structure?

When dealing with complicated algorithms in languages with support for nested functions (such as Python and D) I often write huge functions (because the algorithm is complicated) but mitigate this by ...
15
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12answers
2k views

Teaching myself, as a physicist, to become a better programmer

I've always liked physics, and I've always liked coding, so when I got the offer for a PhD position doing numerical physics (details are not relevant, it's mostly parallel programming for a cluster) ...
2
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1answer
56 views

When should I pass setting-like value as class' variable and when as an assoc. array?

Following my other question, is there a general rule of thumb, when we should pass a setting-like value, that controls class' behavior (for example displayed texts) as as class' constant or variable, ...
1
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1answer
104 views

When should I pass value as class variable and when as a method argument?

Is there a general rule of thumb, when we should pass a value as as class variable and when as a method argument? Or is it just a choice of the developer? For example -- are there any reasons, why ...
0
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3answers
121 views

Long vs short scripts? Big vs small scripts? [closed]

As a programmer, I have always wondered whether it is preferable to write (a) short modular functions that are each stored in their own script (i.e., file) or (b) long comprehensive scripts that ...
15
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10answers
4k views

Passing member variable as a method parameter

In a project, I've found a code like this: class SomeClass { private SomeType _someField; public SomeType SomeField { get { return _someField; } set { _someField = value; ...
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4answers
2k views

Switch or a Dictionary when assigning to new object

Recently, I've come to prefer mapping 1-1 relationships using Dictionaries instead of Switch statements. I find it to be a little faster to write and easier to mentally process. Unfortunately, when ...
2
votes
1answer
177 views

How far to go when standardizing code [duplicate]

My small team and I have created a decent sized web application (~50k lines), with a fully featured API, all in Perl. As us perl hackers know.. it is easy to get sloppy. We had to port over a lot of ...
4
votes
4answers
424 views

Communicate to a junior developer about bad style

I have a friend who's managed to pick up comma first (best case might be made here: http://ajaxian.com/archives/is-there-something-to-the-crazy-comma-first-style) but it's 100% against our org's style ...
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2answers
84 views

Creating a large quantity of types VS using mostly the ones provided by the language [closed]

There are several times where you're coding a method which has two parameters with the same type, lets say, integers, NumberOfUnitA and NumberOfUnitB. Given that we're coding in a language that ...
4
votes
2answers
959 views

using unsigned integers in c, c++

I have a very simple question that baffles me for a long time. I am dealing with networks and databases so a lot of data I am dealing with are 32-bit and 64-bit counters (unsigned), 32-bit and 64-bit ...
2
votes
3answers
358 views

To store data or not?

I'd like to ask you about one simple thing. I have class A that do something (for example counts something ). There is also one class B that handle some parameters to this class (class A is member of ...
2
votes
3answers
190 views

What's the best way to retrieve a value and a status [closed]

Given that all else is equal, and there are no coding standards defining the best approach, what would be the recommended way in C++ to check that a value exists and return it if it does? For ...
23
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8answers
12k views

Why Should I Avoid Inline Scripting?

A knowledgeable friend recently looked at a website I helped launch, and commented something like "very cool site, shame about the inline scripting in the source code". I'm definitely in a position ...
0
votes
2answers
166 views

In which file types I should include the copyright header? [duplicate]

My manager told me to include 15 line copyright notice on top of every file. I am not sure whether I need to include in sql, xml, txt, documention, config files or even html templates. In which ...
31
votes
11answers
2k views

Intentional misspellings to avoid reserved words

I often see code that include intentional misspellings of common words that for better or worse have become reserved words: klass or clazz for class: Class clazz = ThisClass.class kount for count in ...
8
votes
3answers
669 views

Do code style guides increase productivity? [duplicate]

Our team of 12 is currently considering implementing a style guide. The question came up if long term productivity benefits outweigh the short term productivity loss as everyone adapts. What has been ...
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1answer
49 views

Use a setStatus($arg) function or have separate enable() and disable() functions?

I've got two functions at the moment: suspendGroupsAndUsers($groupId){} enableGroupsAndUsers($groupId) {} But the difference between the two is one variable/string. Should I just have: ...
2
votes
4answers
3k views

Is using `continue`, `break` in non-`switch` loops and `?:` bad practice? [duplicate]

Back in college I've been told that using break; and continue; outside switch statements (e.g. to escape for or while loops) is wrong, bad practice and bad habits at the same time because it only ...
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3answers
3k views

Style guide for C++

Right now I am using Google C++ Style Guide in my C++ code and I was pretty happy with it. Recently I was told that this guide is very bad: it is used internally by Google (I knew that), is outdated, ...
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6answers
500 views

Should if/else statements be arranged by rareness of cases or difficulty of dealing with them?

In some code I'm writing right now, I have something like this: if (uncommon_condition) { do_something_simple(); } else { do(); something(); long(); and(); complicated(); } ...
22
votes
8answers
2k views

Should comments say WHY the program is doing what it is doing? (opinion on a dictum by the inventor of Forth) [duplicate]

The often provocative Chuck Moore (inventor of the Forth language) gave the following advice[1]: Use comments sparingly! (I bet that's welcome.) Remember that program you looked through - the ...
12
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5answers
633 views

Reformatting and version control

Code formatting matters. Even indentation matters. And consistency is more important than minor improvements. But projects usually don't have a clear, complete, verifiable and enforced style guide ...
0
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3answers
186 views

Javascript Naming Convention [closed]

I've been using Javascript for quite a while, but I've always ignored the common naming conventions that I see online (camelCase). I know it all depends on the developer's preference, but why camel ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

DTOs matter on ASP.NET MVC JSON Action?

I recently came across an internal project where they were using DTOs throughout the solution, and when I sat down to implement a new MVC controller with a JSON REST endpoint I decided to use an ...
8
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4answers
467 views

Coding styles when using several disparate libraries

I am working on some C++ code that uses several libraries, including some C libraries, that all have different coding styles. It will be open sourced once it reaches a usable stage. Which would ...
0
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1answer
428 views

Should the helper function in class be defined before the usage or after

I need to do the code review of fellow members. One of the member always defined the helper functions at the bottom and use them at top e,g class Sample { public function SendFile(){ file = ...
6
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3answers
393 views

Is changing the type of a variable partway through a procedure in a dynamically typed language bad style?

In Python (and occasionally PHP) where variables do not have fixed types, I'll frequently perform 'type transformations' on a variable part-way through my code's logic. I'm not (necessarily) talking ...
3
votes
4answers
114 views

A metric to measure the cost of cut and paste programming

I'm hunting a metric to measure the cost of cut-and-paste programming. We already use tools to detect duplicated code - but if we don't clean up our duplicated code, how much will it cost us? We ...
31
votes
4answers
13k views

In Java, should I use “final” for parameters and locals even when I don't have to?

Java allows marking variables (fields / locals / parameters) as final, to prevent re-assigning into them. I find it very useful with fields, as it helps me quickly see whether some attributes - or an ...
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2answers
341 views

How to choose a code style for C++ [closed]

When starting to learn one new language, we have to choose perfect code style such as types or file name's first letter should be uppercase or lowercase, etc. But when I started to learn C++, I did ...
28
votes
15answers
6k views

Space around operators? a=b/2; or a = b / 2; What are the arguments? [closed]

Personally I prefer space around operators. For me it makes the code much more readable. What are the arguments not have space around them? Line length? An example from the Python style guide (I ...
12
votes
9answers
1k views

How important are code formatting guidelines? [closed]

Coding standards are common in any software development organization, but how important are they to follow? I can understand the need for some consistency, but when dealing with simple things like ...
0
votes
1answer
102 views

Which is preferred coding style to validate and return from a method [duplicate]

Which of the below is a preferred coding style (in c# .net) public void DoWork(Employee employee) { if(employee == null) return; if(!string.IsNullOrEmpty(employee.Name)) return; // Do ...
3
votes
6answers
1k views

More elegant way to avoid hard coding the format of a a CSV file?

I know this is trivial issue, but I just feel this can be more elegant. So I need to write/read data files for my program, lets say they are CSV for now. I can implement the format as I see fit, but ...
50
votes
17answers
6k views

Working on someone else's code

I have hardly a year's experience in coding. After I started working, most of the time I would be working on someone else's code, either adding new features over the existing ones or modifying the ...
7
votes
6answers
368 views

Is it a problem to have different styles of HTML coding within team?

I with 2 other friends are new to web development. We are learning HTML, CSS, Javascript and are creating simple websites to get a feel of different things. And as HTML is only a markup and not a ...
0
votes
2answers
497 views

Good or bad code? Or “a secret reason”?

I think this code: if(file_exists("amodule.inc.php")) require_once("amodule.inc.php"); is misleading because of the use of the require_once. I think that - to keep the logic and "wording" ...
3
votes
3answers
711 views

Avoiding boilerplate in PHP classes

I am working on a PHP code and as it grows getting more and more tired of repeating the same standard pattern again and again and again: class BolerPlate { protected $property1; protected ...
26
votes
3answers
4k views

if ('constant' == $variable) vs. if ($variable == 'constant')

Lately, I've been working a lot in PHP and specifically within the WordPress framework. I'm noticing a lot of code in the form of: if ( 1 == $options['postlink'] ) Where I would have expected to ...
0
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0answers
49 views

Boolean condition before variable [duplicate]

I have noticed this style from time to time: if ( 0 == myVar ) Rather than: if ( myVar == 0 ) Is this just the individual programmers idiom? A defensive programming style? Does anyone know if it ...
10
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6answers
11k views

How are multiple values returned in Java?

Sometimes you want to return multiple values from a function. How is this normally done in Java? One option is to use an array, like this Python snippet that returns a list or tuple: value, success ...
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2answers
540 views

Arguments for conforming to PSR-2

I am trying to convince the lead developer of an open-source project I'm contributing to, to conform to the PSR standards (PSR-2 in particular) created by the PHP Framework Interop Group. He is ...
12
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2answers
319 views

is there any elegant way to analyze an engineer's process?

Plenty of sentiment exists that measuring commits is inappropriate. Has any study been done that tries to draw in more sources than commits - such as: browsing patterns IDE work (pre-commit) idle ...