Coding style is a set of guidelines that helps readability and understanding of the source code.

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Are file-scope `static` variables in C as bad as `extern` global variables?

In C, you'd often/sometimes (as a matter of style) use a file-scope static variable where you'd use a private class member variable in C++. When scaling to multithreaded programs, simply adding ...
-1
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0answers
35 views

Javascript coding convention: capitalization with requirejs [closed]

We are having an argument, where it has been proposed (among other things) to change requirejs statements like this: define(['thing', 'xyzzyView', 'backbone'], function(thing, XyzzyView, backbone) { ...
30
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12answers
5k views

Why the recent shift to removing/omitting semicolons from Javascript?

It seems to be fashionable recently to omit semicolons from Javascript. There was a blog post a few years ago emphasising that in Javascript, semicolons are optional and the gist of the post seemed to ...
7
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6answers
2k views

How to implement a property on class A which refers to a property of a child object of class A

Not a very large architectual decision, but nevertheless I would value your opinion. We have this code (rest of the code is left out) public class Room { public Client Client { get; set; } ...
1
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1answer
38 views

Using self.method vs the scope :method DSL

According to the Thoughbot Rails Style Guide, we should Use def self.method, not the scope :method DSL. My question is: is this simply for the sake of choosing one of these styles and sticking ...
0
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2answers
90 views

Getters with data conversion in Java VOs

I am working on a standard Spring application where DAO layer returns entities to service layer and service layer returns VOs to other services and controllers. In a certain scenario, we have a VO ...
56
votes
4answers
6k views

Is it better to call a function that doesn't have an effect at that point, IF it improves code clarity?

I have three views in my program (iOS app). Only one of them is ever active at the same time so I set the visibility off for two of them and switch visibility as the user presses buttons. The views ...
4
votes
1answer
411 views

The purpose of using a constants pool for immutable constants

I come across the following code with a lot of frequency: if (myArray.length == Constants.ZERO_INT) or if (myString != null && !myString.equals(Constants.EMPTY_STRING)) Neither of ...
8
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2answers
1k views

What does Uncle Bob mean by 'noun phrase names'?

I am reading Clean Code by Uncle Bob. Because I am not a native-English speaker, I couldn't understand following statement: Classes and objects should have noun or noun phrase names like ...
3
votes
2answers
176 views

Async library guidance

I'm creating a library that contains a class that exposes several Async methods: public class MyClass { public async Task<Foo> DoFooAsync() { /*...*/ } public async Task<Bar> ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

Lines of code that take on too much responsibility [closed]

Intuitively, I know that (in terms of a maintainable, understandable codebase) the following code is bad practice var foo = fooFunc(barFunc(),wooFunc(chewFunc())); and might be better stated as ...
1
vote
3answers
321 views

How to design a class for a fixed-length id?

I'm building an app in C# that needs a fixed-length id, which is a string representation of a hex number. E.g. "0fa5" is an example of such an id of length 4. The length would not need to change ...
1
vote
1answer
150 views

Right-aligning code [closed]

I recently was looking for a CSS solution to vertically-align elements, and I found one here. One thing that I thought was nice was the right-justified code; example: .vertical-center { // ... ...
28
votes
1answer
880 views

What is the term for an anonymous JavaScript function that's called immediately?

I'm writing a JavaScript style-guide for my team, so that we can organise and contribute our documents easier. But I've hit a small bump which is where my question applies... What am I supposed to ...
27
votes
5answers
2k views

Should I initialize C structs via parameter, or by return value? [closed]

The company I work at is initializing all of their data structures through an initialize function like so: //the structure typedef struct{ int a,b,c; } Foo; //the initialize function ...
88
votes
18answers
42k views

Are `break` and `continue` bad programming practices?

My boss keeps mentioning nonchalantly that bad programmers use break and continue in loops. I use them all the time because they make sense; let me show you the inspiration: function verify(object) ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

In *nix, is there a practice for storing static libraries?

Lets say you are building an application that staticly links against libraries that you provide it. Where should you store these static libraries? Should you make a directory in the parent directory ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Using the optional 'self' reference in instance methods in Swift as a matter of style

Swift allows optional prefixing of method calls and property references to the current object instance via self. Removing these prefixes can declutter code but, depending on the length of the method ...
1
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0answers
62 views

Pointers vs IDs for “context-specific” functions

I need to be able to load, use, and free resources from a single monolithic object. I have two requirements: 1. That the resource loaded is owned by the object that created it and 2. All objects in a ...
4
votes
3answers
223 views

Creating a Java project without using any objects and just calling static methods on input?

I'm creating a program which takes a document, extracts it, and then moves this into a database. I've done most of this now and I've realised that I haven't made any instances of classes I've made (I ...
0
votes
1answer
236 views

Is writing code chronologically the best way for readability? [closed]

So I've been writing a lot of JavaScript lately. Despite what many people say I think JavaScript can be a simple and beautiful language. What I've pondered of late is how to structure the code so it ...
8
votes
6answers
1k views

Coding style issue: Should we have functions which take a parameter, modify it, and then RETURN that parameter?

I'm having a bit of a debate with my friend over whether these two practices are merely two sides of the same coin, or whether one is genuinely better. We have a function which takes a parameter, ...
2
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0answers
51 views

Should the order of definitions correspond to the order of declarations in header/source files? [closed]

If my header looks like this: class foo { public: foo(); ~foo(); QString b(); QString c(); QString a(); void setB(QString s); void setC(QString s); void ...
8
votes
6answers
3k views

How to reduce a switch in a switch statement?

So I'm making a method to create a salutation line based on two people from a database. There are four parameters: the two names (name1 and name2) and the two genders (gender and gender2). For every ...
2
votes
3answers
271 views

Why should a HashMap be used(in functions) to determine which value to return(for a key) when an if else construct can do the job in better time?

While I was recently working at a big company, I noticed that the programmers there followed this coding style: Suppose I have a function that returns 12 if the input is A, 21 if the input is B, and ...
1
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1answer
62 views

Best place to declare functions in this example

Suppose I have code that accepts html GET requests: server.get('path/to/some/endpoint', function(req,res) { function a() { //function goes here } } Is it better to declare functions ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

What is more pythonic - subclassing dict or creating external functions to manipulate them?

Say I have a dictionary that contains complex classes that need to be loaded and unloaded in a special way. (Not especially special, just outside the bounds of this question.) Should I gracefully ...
2
votes
3answers
251 views

Equating multiple new variables with an old one

Sometimes I run into a situation where I need to equate two new variables with an old one. Which of the following (if any) is a good practice (w.r.t. code readability or any other factor), under what ...
0
votes
3answers
437 views

When to use single-line if statements? [closed]

When reviewing code, I prefer to read if statements that explicitly demonstrate that a fork in code execution may occur: if ( isFoo(baz) ) { runBar(); } When scanning hundreds of lines of the ...
2
votes
4answers
368 views

what is the difference between overengineering, underengineering and rightengineering? [closed]

What is the difference between over-engineering, under-engineering and right-engineering at coding/design perspective? I found over-engineering: Coding too much like doing future requirement code ...
0
votes
2answers
99 views

guideline on void methods that do not throw exceptions

In our codebase I saw a method that is similar to following: public void doSomething() { try { ... } catch (Exception e) { ... //log something ... } } ...
30
votes
9answers
3k views

Scientific evidence that supports using long variable names instead of abbreviations?

Is there any scientific evidence that the human brain can read and understand fully written variable names better/faster than abbreviated ones? Like PersistenceManager persistenceManager; in ...
4
votes
4answers
174 views

Using a one-shot class to store not-quite-global variables

I sometimes find myself writing classes (in Python, in my case) that are used like this: MyClass(some_args).go() In other words, there's only one method in the class that any external code would ...
5
votes
2answers
188 views

Is there a name for the anti-pattern of having low-level components controlling higher-level ones?

For example, suppose I had a pageControl UI class and a searcher business logic class with the following : pageControl.js function searchButtonClicked() { // call business logic class method when ...
20
votes
12answers
2k views

Are long functions acceptable if they have internal structure?

When dealing with complicated algorithms in languages with support for nested functions (such as Python and D) I often write huge functions (because the algorithm is complicated) but mitigate this by ...
1
vote
2answers
83 views

Use of “this” in Golang

On the closest thing Golang has to a style guide found here, under Receiver Names this is written: The name of a method's receiver should be a reflection of its identity; often a one or two letter ...
-1
votes
2answers
76 views

python code style for long lists [closed]

when coding a very long list in python, is it better to fit several items on each line or should I limit it to 1 per line? 99% of the time I would go with style2 below but I have 5 lists each about ...
6
votes
3answers
227 views

Member: Use unique IDs vs domain object

After a couple of useful answers on whether I should use domain object or a unique id as method/function parameter here Identifier vs domain object as a method parameter , I have a similar question ...
20
votes
7answers
3k views

When should I use a 2-property class over a pre-built structure like a KeyValuePair?

When should you put Key/Value type of data in it's own class instead of using a pre-built generic structure, such as a KeyValuePair or a Tuple? For example, most ComboBoxes I create contain a ...
0
votes
2answers
225 views

Way to organize repetitive text in Java

Some times I have texts that appears in different places, like comments, messages... For example if I have a custom Exception, probably class doc, messages that passes as parameter to its constructor ...
24
votes
3answers
18k views

What is the difference between K&R and One True Brace Style (1TBS) styles?

I have read the Wikipedia article on Indent Styles, but I still don't understand. What is the difference between K&R and 1TBS?
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Defensive Programming - “Return” placement [duplicate]

Sometimes I see myself writing code in the following way: if(value == null) return null; //... I will have here as many defensive conditions (and returns) as I need //... Continue to execute method ...
3
votes
4answers
233 views

Function wrappers with no args: bad practice?

My colleague likes to write classes containing methods looking like this: public function doTaskA() { return $this->doTask('A'); } public function doTaskB() { return $this->doTask('B'); ...
1
vote
2answers
169 views

Non-printable characters and editors

Today I was presented with a very nasty problem and I do not quite know where to ask this but hope here is ok. So I have the following string: "\0" (at least that's how it looks in visual studio). If ...
9
votes
6answers
3k views

Which style to use for unused return parameters in a Python function call

Is there any recommended/generally accepted coding style for handling situations where a function returns a tuple of values but only one of those values is used afterwards (note that this is mostly ...
72
votes
15answers
19k views

What's wrong with circular references?

I was involved in a programming discussion today where I made some statements that basically assumed axiomatically that circular references (between modules, classes, whatever) are generally bad. ...
5
votes
2answers
152 views

Identifier vs domain object as a method parameter

Are there any objective arguments for or against using objects vs unique ID as method/function parameters? (and members of other objects?). Specially in the context of statically typed languages ...
10
votes
7answers
2k views

How to deal with different programming styles in a team?

We have a small dev team (only 3 developers) and we recently got a new team member. While he is a smart coder, his coding style is completely different from ours. Our existing code base contains ...
1
vote
4answers
91 views

Use the company style guide or try to match the incorrect source files? [duplicate]

I'm currently working on a large project in C++. The style guide for this language has been well defined by my company and is available for everyone to see. This particular code-base is being ...
0
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0answers
86 views

Addicted to Interfaces - Good or bad? [duplicate]

After 2 years of programming, I usually found myself using the following design pattern: public interface ISomeInterface { void SomeMethod(); void OtherMethod(); } public abstract class ...