Coding style is a set of guidelines that helps readability and understanding of the source code.

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7
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1answer
131 views

What is the term for an anonymous JavaScript function that's called immediately?

I'm writing a JavaScript style-guide for my team, so that we can organise and contribute our documents easier. But I've hit a small bump which is where my question applies... What am I supposed to ...
85
votes
18answers
40k views

Are `break` and `continue` bad programming practices?

My boss keeps mentioning nonchalantly that bad programmers use break and continue in loops. I use them all the time because they make sense; let me show you the inspiration: function verify(object) ...
37
votes
7answers
3k views

TODOs in Checked in Code [on hold]

I have been having a debate on this with people in my team over the past few weeks. Some in my team are against having TODOs checked into the source code of our project. Their reasoning is that a ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

In *nix, is there a practice for storing static libraries?

Lets say you are building an application that staticly links against libraries that you provide it. Where should you store these static libraries? Should you make a directory in the parent directory ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Using the optional 'self' reference in instance methods in Swift as a matter of style

Swift allows optional prefixing of method calls and property references to the current object instance via self. Removing these prefixes can declutter code but, depending on the length of the method ...
31
votes
8answers
5k views

How to work with programmer with different preference of indentation width? [on hold]

I personally prefer 4 spaces for each indentation level, but there are colleagues that prefer 2 and even 5 spaces. We can of course use the same spaces level, but is there a way we can uses different ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

A Standard Coding Guideline [closed]

I have been programming in C, C++ and a few other languages for more then 15 years and been switching companies over that time. I have faced one constant problem, that being the requirement for a ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Pointers vs IDs for “context-specific” functions

I need to be able to load, use, and free resources from a single monolithic object. I have two requirements: 1. That the resource loaded is owned by the object that created it and 2. All objects in a ...
23
votes
5answers
2k views

Should I initialize C structs via parameter, or by return value? [closed]

The company I work at is initializing all of their data structures through an initialize function like so: //the structure typedef struct{ int a,b,c; } Foo; //the initialize function ...
0
votes
2answers
79 views

Getters with data conversion in Java VOs

I am working on a standard Spring application where DAO layer returns entities to service layer and service layer returns VOs to other services and controllers. In a certain scenario, we have a VO ...
4
votes
3answers
210 views

Creating a Java project without using any objects and just calling static methods on input?

I'm creating a program which takes a document, extracts it, and then moves this into a database. I've done most of this now and I've realised that I haven't made any instances of classes I've made (I ...
0
votes
1answer
223 views

Is writing code chronologically the best way for readability? [closed]

So I've been writing a lot of JavaScript lately. Despite what many people say I think JavaScript can be a simple and beautiful language. What I've pondered of late is how to structure the code so it ...
8
votes
6answers
1k views

Coding style issue: Should we have functions which take a parameter, modify it, and then RETURN that parameter?

I'm having a bit of a debate with my friend over whether these two practices are merely two sides of the same coin, or whether one is genuinely better. We have a function which takes a parameter, ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Should the order of definitions correspond to the order of declarations in header/source files? [closed]

If my header looks like this: class foo { public: foo(); ~foo(); QString b(); QString c(); QString a(); void setB(QString s); void setC(QString s); void ...
8
votes
6answers
3k views

How to reduce a switch in a switch statement?

So I'm making a method to create a salutation line based on two people from a database. There are four parameters: the two names (name1 and name2) and the two genders (gender and gender2). For every ...
2
votes
3answers
258 views

Why should a HashMap be used(in functions) to determine which value to return(for a key) when an if else construct can do the job in better time?

While I was recently working at a big company, I noticed that the programmers there followed this coding style: Suppose I have a function that returns 12 if the input is A, 21 if the input is B, and ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Best place to declare functions in this example

Suppose I have code that accepts html GET requests: server.get('path/to/some/endpoint', function(req,res) { function a() { //function goes here } } Is it better to declare functions ...
29
votes
12answers
4k views

Why the recent shift to removing/omitting semicolons from Javascript?

It seems to be fashionable recently to omit semicolons from Javascript. There was a blog post a few years ago emphasising that in Javascript, semicolons are optional and the gist of the post seemed to ...
-1
votes
1answer
91 views

Right-aligning code

I recently was looking for a CSS solution to vertically-align elements, and I found one here. One thing that I thought was nice was the right-justified code; example: .vertical-center { // ... ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

What is more pythonic - subclassing dict or creating external functions to manipulate them?

Say I have a dictionary that contains complex classes that need to be loaded and unloaded in a special way. (Not especially special, just outside the bounds of this question.) Should I gracefully ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Async library guidance

I'm creating a library that contains a class that exposes several Async methods: public class MyClass { public async Task<Foo> DoFooAsync() { /*...*/ } public async Task<Bar> ...
2
votes
3answers
244 views

Equating multiple new variables with an old one

Sometimes I run into a situation where I need to equate two new variables with an old one. Which of the following (if any) is a good practice (w.r.t. code readability or any other factor), under what ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

Does applying a prefix to member variables make sense in C? [closed]

//C code struct Foo{ int m_nVar; } struct Foo f; f.m_nVar = 0; Despite the fact that many consider Hungarian Notation an anti-pattern, I am working in a code base that enforces it. 90% ...
0
votes
3answers
430 views

When to use single-line if statements? [closed]

When reviewing code, I prefer to read if statements that explicitly demonstrate that a fork in code execution may occur: if ( isFoo(baz) ) { runBar(); } When scanning hundreds of lines of the ...
2
votes
4answers
356 views

what is the difference between overengineering, underengineering and rightengineering? [closed]

What is the difference between over-engineering, under-engineering and right-engineering at coding/design perspective? I found over-engineering: Coding too much like doing future requirement code ...
0
votes
2answers
90 views

guideline on void methods that do not throw exceptions

In our codebase I saw a method that is similar to following: public void doSomething() { try { ... } catch (Exception e) { ... //log something ... } } ...
30
votes
9answers
2k views

Scientific evidence that supports using long variable names instead of abbreviations?

Is there any scientific evidence that the human brain can read and understand fully written variable names better/faster than abbreviated ones? Like PersistenceManager persistenceManager; in ...
4
votes
4answers
171 views

Using a one-shot class to store not-quite-global variables

I sometimes find myself writing classes (in Python, in my case) that are used like this: MyClass(some_args).go() In other words, there's only one method in the class that any external code would ...
5
votes
2answers
186 views

Is there a name for the anti-pattern of having low-level components controlling higher-level ones?

For example, suppose I had a pageControl UI class and a searcher business logic class with the following : pageControl.js function searchButtonClicked() { // call business logic class method when ...
20
votes
12answers
1k views

Are long functions acceptable if they have internal structure?

When dealing with complicated algorithms in languages with support for nested functions (such as Python and D) I often write huge functions (because the algorithm is complicated) but mitigate this by ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

Use of “this” in Golang

On the closest thing Golang has to a style guide found here, under Receiver Names this is written: The name of a method's receiver should be a reflection of its identity; often a one or two letter ...
-1
votes
2answers
64 views

python code style for long lists [closed]

when coding a very long list in python, is it better to fit several items on each line or should I limit it to 1 per line? 99% of the time I would go with style2 below but I have 5 lists each about ...
6
votes
3answers
212 views

Member: Use unique IDs vs domain object

After a couple of useful answers on whether I should use domain object or a unique id as method/function parameter here Identifier vs domain object as a method parameter , I have a similar question ...
20
votes
7answers
3k views

When should I use a 2-property class over a pre-built structure like a KeyValuePair?

When should you put Key/Value type of data in it's own class instead of using a pre-built generic structure, such as a KeyValuePair or a Tuple? For example, most ComboBoxes I create contain a ...
0
votes
2answers
220 views

Way to organize repetitive text in Java

Some times I have texts that appears in different places, like comments, messages... For example if I have a custom Exception, probably class doc, messages that passes as parameter to its constructor ...
23
votes
3answers
17k views

What is the difference between K&R and One True Brace Style (1TBS) styles?

I have read the Wikipedia article on Indent Styles, but I still don't understand. What is the difference between K&R and 1TBS?
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Defensive Programming - “Return” placement [duplicate]

Sometimes I see myself writing code in the following way: if(value == null) return null; //... I will have here as many defensive conditions (and returns) as I need //... Continue to execute method ...
3
votes
4answers
227 views

Function wrappers with no args: bad practice?

My colleague likes to write classes containing methods looking like this: public function doTaskA() { return $this->doTask('A'); } public function doTaskB() { return $this->doTask('B'); ...
1
vote
2answers
134 views

Non-printable characters and editors

Today I was presented with a very nasty problem and I do not quite know where to ask this but hope here is ok. So I have the following string: "\0" (at least that's how it looks in visual studio). If ...
8
votes
6answers
3k views

Which style to use for unused return parameters in a Python function call

Is there any recommended/generally accepted coding style for handling situations where a function returns a tuple of values but only one of those values is used afterwards (note that this is mostly ...
70
votes
15answers
18k views

What's wrong with circular references?

I was involved in a programming discussion today where I made some statements that basically assumed axiomatically that circular references (between modules, classes, whatever) are generally bad. ...
5
votes
2answers
129 views

Identifier vs domain object as a method parameter

Are there any objective arguments for or against using objects vs unique ID as method/function parameters? (and members of other objects?). Specially in the context of statically typed languages ...
10
votes
7answers
2k views

How to deal with different programming styles in a team?

We have a small dev team (only 3 developers) and we recently got a new team member. While he is a smart coder, his coding style is completely different from ours. Our existing code base contains ...
1
vote
4answers
90 views

Use the company style guide or try to match the incorrect source files? [duplicate]

I'm currently working on a large project in C++. The style guide for this language has been well defined by my company and is available for everyone to see. This particular code-base is being ...
0
votes
0answers
82 views

Addicted to Interfaces - Good or bad? [duplicate]

After 2 years of programming, I usually found myself using the following design pattern: public interface ISomeInterface { void SomeMethod(); void OtherMethod(); } public abstract class ...
2
votes
4answers
68 views

If I have a method that needs verification in order to proceed, do I call it inside the method or before? [duplicate]

This has been bothering me. This is more of a pragmatic problem than technical. Imagine I have a SaveOrderChanges method which, as its name implies, will save the order changes when the user submits ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

When the result set doesn't matter should Left Join or Inner Join be used

When you have a query where you're joining from a non-null foreign key to the foreign table it doesn't matter if you use LEFT JOIN or INNER JOIN from a result standpoint (since there won't be any ...
1
vote
3answers
198 views

Using prefix/postfix increment operator for simple incremental array access rather than actual index numbers

I cannot decide which method is better with consideration of both readability and fault-tolerance. Method #1: Object[] objects = getArrayOfKnownLength(); int i = -1; someMethod(objects[++i], ...
5
votes
2answers
113 views

What is a reasonable level of detail for a style guide? [closed]

We are developing embedded software for an automotive product in ANSI-C in a large team. Yesterday, in our regular code review, we had a general discussion about the style of our code. We have a ...
-2
votes
1answer
82 views

How to name variables without plural in a for-each loop? [closed]

How do you name loop variables when the list item is named after something without a plural? For instance (in python): [x for x in sheep]. x is not a great name, but sheep have/has no plural that ...