A compiler is a computer program that transforms source code written in one programming language into another computer language.

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Should I use a source-to-source or a traditional compiler in order to develop my own Programming Language?

I'm really interested in writing my own general-purpose high-level programming language, but I'm somewhat confused. I know that Python and Ruby were written in C, which makes me wonder that if I want ...
3
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1answer
122 views

How do hybrid interpreter-JIT compilers work?

Chrome's V8 compiler, the Java HotSpot compiler, and many more have multiple tiers of interpretation and compilation. A function starts off as interpreted in HotSpot and then, if it is run often ...
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4answers
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const reference and const pointer. How do they work?

I read a post about how const storage works. How does const storage work? (Item 2, Scott Myers Effective C++) This says that each segment has separate section of write protected memory and const ...
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1answer
464 views

AST processing and usefulness of visitor pattern

I know the visitor pattern is typically used to traverse a hierarchy of heterogeneous objects (inheriting a same abstract object) and dissociate the processing of these objects from the data within ...
4
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4answers
781 views

How can I implement an 'if' statement in an interpreter?

If I were writing a compiler (say for a stack-based VM), the code for an if statement: if (<some_expression>) { <some_instructions> } Would be translated to the following ...
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1answer
164 views

Is it bad to implement a language in other two languages? [closed]

Ok, so I have some understanding about parsers and compilers, at least the basics of how it works, and i've written a calculator and a really small toy language that compiles to another high-level ...
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1answer
196 views

Single import in a large file vs. multiple imports in smaller files. [Golang]

I'm sure the folks at Google worked long and hard to ensure the programmer wouldn't have to worry about details like this, but I'm curious. In Go if I have multiple files in the same package, but ...
6
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2answers
214 views

What is the minimum practical definition for the Scheme language?

What is the smallest practical set of primitives that can be used to define the Scheme language? For example, map can be defined as (define (map proc lis) (cond ((null? lis) '()) ...
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0answers
306 views

Android runtime - does ART miss optimization opportunities over Dalvik?

Is ART a strict improvement over Dalvik, or there are optimizations that an ahead-of-time compiler will miss compared to JIT, but Google decide they don't matter in practice? For example, with JIT, ...
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46 views

Turn gfortran runtime errors into warnings

I'm attempting to debug some code which I'm writing as an extension to a much larger program. I'm pretty sure I'm corrupting memory somewhere, but for practical reasons (long run time), it's not ...
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8answers
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Why was the Itanium processor difficult to write a compiler for?

It's commonly stated that Intel's Itanium 64-bit processor architecture failed because the revolutionary EPIC instruction set was very difficult to write a good compiler for, which meant a lack of ...
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1answer
342 views

How would a compiler turn an else-if cascade into a switch?

I don't like switch in C and its descendants. Maybe it's the need for a break or the clumsiness of the syntax requiring a shifting of mental gears, I don't know. Whatever the reason, I will almost ...
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4answers
705 views

When to use ANTLR and when to use a parsing library

I've always wanted to learn how to write a compiler - I've decided to use ANTLR, and am currently reading through the book (its very good by the way) I'm pretty new to this, so go easy, but the jist ...
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4answers
349 views

Why use an enum to determine node type in a parse tree?

The Sun Compiler Tree API uses an interface called Tree as the parent of all the different kinds of parse tree nodes (assignments, if-statements, class declarations, etc.). A part of this interface is ...
2
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3answers
349 views

Will C compiler attach the whole object code of the header file?

When you compile a C source code does the compiler convert the whole header file to object code or just the functions of the header file you use? Like for example, in the header file #include ...
3
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3answers
791 views

Is functional language without runtime written in C possible? [closed]

Every functional language that compiles to native code relies on quite big runtime written in C programming language (well at least ones that I know of, for example Haskell, OCaml, Gambit/Chicken ...
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1answer
159 views

Hypothetical : What restrictions will I need to add to Java so that I can remove its GC? [closed]

This is a hypothetical, yet very technically precise question I'm trying to ask all the compiler/static analysis programmers. I'm trying to understand the extent of prohibitive features I would need ...
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2answers
182 views

Do today's modern compilers perform run time checks?

This is regarding compilers. Do compilers perform run time dependency checks to decide to vectorize a loop ? In other words, do compilers trace through the logic as it would in run-time to ...
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5answers
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Why are there so few C compilers?

C is one of the most widely-used languages in the world. It accounts for a huge proportion of existing code and continues to be used for a vast amount of new code. It's beloved by its users, it's so ...
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1answer
529 views

Why are language features more popular than compiler design? [closed]

If we had a universal interpreter for all available features of programming languages we could use a specializer to generate compilers for all languages. We could simply use any language as source (or ...
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2answers
348 views

How are ASCII code associations actually stored and retrieved?

So, I was reading about bootstrapping, compilers, and the classic example of writing support for escape sequence support came up, where a program is written with a short snippet referring each escape ...
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0answers
69 views

Loop Unfolding and Named Significant Bits

I've been writing a Parser Compiler for the last seven or so years, and I recently got to the point (yet again, never satisfied) of structuring the portion dealing with the portions of the language ...
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3answers
346 views

Is prototypal inheritance inherently slower?

I see Javascript 6 will add traditional class based inheritance, and one argument I hear is that classes are inherently much faster than prototypes because they can be optimized away by the compiler ...
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4answers
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Why doesn't Java have optimization for tail-recursion at all?

From what I have read: The reason is because it is not easy to determine which method will actually be called as we have inheritance. However, why doesn't Java at least have tail-recursion ...
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1answer
157 views

Allow user to enter DSL, rules or code?

I have a python library that allows me to define rules by chaining inputs and outputs of functions ( producer(grep(count( [print(),log() ] ))) This functions define a pipeline from left to right. ...
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1answer
94 views

Managing types and conversions in a compiler

I am trying to determine how to manage types and conversions between types within a compiler that I am writing. The compiler is being written in C#. There are a number of different kinds of types. ...
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60 views

Advantages of tiling based instruction selection algorithms with tiles representing more than one machine instruction?

In Modern Compiler Implementation in C of A. Appel some instruction selection algorithms are discussed based on tiling an intermediate representation tree. Each tile (or tree pattern) expresses a ...
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3answers
290 views

Which components/phases of a JIT compiler are different from a traditional ahead of time compiler?

Besides a faster register allocation algorithm and some trade-off in control and data-flow analysis for optimization purposes, which components/phases of a JIT compiler are different from a ...
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2answers
102 views

Should benchmarks (to compare processors performance) be compiled with optimization CFLAGS?

I need to compare performance of 2 processors and I concluded I should benchmark then with several various tests. I'm currently using linpack (HPL) (because it's still well known and used for ...
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2answers
728 views

Is it always safe to shift bool values?

I stumbled about a Cppcheck warning (an inconclusive one), that I mistakenly used & instead of &&: /// @param code identifies the command. Only the lower 16 bits of are being processed ...
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2answers
478 views

Needs (in principle) C++ parenthesis around if statement condition?

In current C++ when body of if statements contain only one command then: Parenthesis around if condition are mandatory but block are optional. So, both examples are OK: if ( condition ) { return 0; ...
2
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1answer
220 views

(almost) Pure C instead of C preprocessor [closed]

Why isn't (almost) pure C used instead of the C preprocessor? Sure I understand it would be a little more verbose. For example: #define PI 3.14159 If we had regular C as preprocessor language, the ...
27
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3answers
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Why might it be difficult to make a 64 bit version of a program?

In my short time programming, it has been trivial to compile any of my C++, Java, etc. for either a 32 or 64 bit machine so long as I have the full source for the program. But a lot of software is ...
27
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6answers
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What are the caveats of implementing fundamental types (like int) as classes?

When designing and implenting an object-oriented programming language, at some point one must make a choice about implementing fundamental types (like int, float, double or equivalents) as classes or ...
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1answer
223 views

Can most compilers check for errors? [closed]

I am a beginner at programming; so far all the compilers I have used can check for errors, and can refer to the line with the error. Are there any compilers, maybe for a certain language, that do not ...
2
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1answer
377 views

Developing a compiler for a self made CPU Architecture

Recently ive been consumed by creating my own simple CPU architecture that at some point could be easily implemented in hardware (No FPGA, but actual Logic Gate circuits). Naturally to fulfill this ...
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2answers
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Isn't there a chicken-and-egg issue since GCC is written in C++ itself?

Since 4.8 release, the C++ compiler GCC (the G++ part of it) is written not in C anymore, but in C++ itself. I have a hypothetical question on this. I wonder how to compile the C++ code of GCC on a ...
3
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2answers
210 views

Do compilers attach the Garbage Collector to the final executable?

Since the Garbage Collector is part of the language implementation (not OS, etc.), does the compiler has to attach the GC to the final executable? Or is it like a dependency that has to be already ...
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2answers
195 views

Enumerated types and their interpretation by compilers

It seems to me that a lot, if not most, compilers treat enumerated types as int underneath. In C/gcc, enums are compiled to int. In C#/Visual C#, you can change the underlying data type with something ...
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5answers
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Creating a sort of 'in-language compiler'

I'm not saying I want to create a whole new compiler that's completely independent. I'm using C# Windows Forms and I want users to be able to write filtering syntax in a textbox withing my managed ...
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8answers
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Why are self-hosting compilers considered a rite of passage for new languages?

I've heard in a number of places now that people expect languages to use, or at least have, a self-hosting compiler in order to deserve respect. I'm curious as to why this is. A compiler seems like a ...
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1answer
300 views

Significance of NFA in Compiler Design

While I was studying about Compiler Design it tells that we need 'finite automata' while designing a lexical analyzer like DFA or NFA. So I would like to know whether NFA is only used for conversion ...
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2answers
274 views

Optimizations in Compiler Design

While studying about Optimization in Compiler Design I went through an article that tells about 'Algebraic Simplification And Reassociation' in optimization.It tells that using this(algebraic ...
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841 views

First and Follow Algorithm in Compiler Design

While I was studying Compilers,I saw an example in first and follow that illustrated how to 'find the first and follow' non-terminals in a grammer. But I couldn't get how FOLLOW(E')=FOLLOW(E)={ $ ,) ...
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2answers
285 views

Do we really need auto-vectorization?

I am trying to understand automatic parallelization and a special case of that is auto vectorization. As I understand it auto-vectorization is more or less: The compiler takes parts of the code which ...
3
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1answer
362 views

What advantages are there to using Flex/Bison over just writing a compiler straight in a programming language?

I have written an Interpreter / Compiler simply as a programming algorithm using features such as recursive functions and concepts from finite-State machines. To me, these things are ideally suited to ...
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4answers
564 views

Can every language be compiled? And can every language be interpreted? [duplicate]

I was wondering whether every interpreted language can be compiled? And can every compiled language be interpreted?
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2answers
352 views

Does GCC optimize code to remove useless variable read operations? [closed]

I'm using GCC on ununtu 14.04. My program is written in c++ and in a case i need to check the amount of time the program needs to read a large integer array. what is the best way to do this without ...
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0answers
332 views

Best way to handle language interoperability

Background In a language like F#, direct interoperability with most other .NET languages is possible. For example, it is possible to use classes written in C# directly in F#, and it is possible to ...
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5answers
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When does it make sense to compile my own language to C code first?

When designing an own programming language, when does it make sense to write a converter that takes the source code and converts it to C or C++ code so that I can use an existing compiler like gcc to ...