A compiler is a computer program that transforms source code written in one programming language into another computer language.

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Why is software OS specific?

I'm trying to determine the technical details of why software produced using programming languages for certain operating systems only work with them. It is my understanding that binaries are specific ...
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Using local variable assigned to return value of a function or using function directly [migrated]

Is there a difference between this: MyClass c = getMyClass(); calculate(c.value); and this: calculate(getMyClass().value); in the scope of performance and memory allocation?
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Do compiler-writers actually need to 'understand' machine code? [closed]

Might be kind of an odd question. A guy writing a C++ compiler (or whatever non-VM language): Does he need to be able to read/write raw machine language? How does that work? EDIT: I am specifically ...
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How compilers know about other classes and their properties?

I'm writing my first programming language that is object orientated and so far so good with create a single 'class'. But, let's say I want to have to classes, say ClassA and ClassB. Provided these ...
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Succinct Lazy Initialization Pattern

Background I often use the following lazy initialization pattern: public class Clazz { private Object object; private Object getObject() { Object object = this.object; if( object == ...
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4answers
200 views

What exactly is Virtual Machine Bytecode? [closed]

I want to work on a very simple compiler for a very simple language. The compiler will compile the code to some basic bytecode. Later, a virtual machine program will run the bytecode, and execute the ...
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1answer
250 views

Creating a very basic compiler using Java

I want to try and create my own very basic language, with it's very basic compiler. All using Java. For now, it will only need to enable to 'programmer' to print things to the screen. I had an idea ...
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1answer
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What would be the best way to learn about compilers, and executable formats? [duplicate]

I want to write my own compiler for my own language. Yes, it's going to be hard, and it will take long, but I think it will be worth it. I have looked into OSDev.org, and read about executable ...
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How to write a very basic compiler

Advanced compilers like gcc compile codes into machine readable files according to the language in which the code has been written (e.g. C, C++, etc). In fact, they interpret the meaning of each codes ...
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Why can't native machine code be easily decompiled?

With bytecode-based virtual machine languages like Java, VB.NET, C#, ActionScript 3.0, etc., you hear sometimes about how easy it is to just go download some decompiler off the Internet, run the ...
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4answers
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I want to experience the early days of computing [closed]

Long ago when you bought a pc there was nothing on it. You had to write your own software. While we have it good in this day and age, we lack the understanding of computer systems that computer ...
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1answer
80 views

Where can I find Turbo Pascal dialect description/reference? [closed]

Where can I find Turbo Pascal dialect description/reference? Is it still availiable in some place? I'm looking for the famous Turbo Pascal dialect description/reference(yes, the one from 80s/90s time) ...
12
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1answer
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What intermediate representations can be used to reason about concurrency?

I am trying to better understand what would be required for a compiler to be able to make intelligent choices regarding concurrency on behalf of the programmer. I realize that there are many difficult ...
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0answers
79 views

What are the tools required to build a compiler? [duplicate]

What are the various tools that are required to build a compiler for a particular programming language, say C? I want to know how each part of the compiler works. So, I am trying to use all the ...
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2answers
285 views

How to safely run random binary codes? [closed]

Okay, so I am looking for a way to safely run a randomly generated binary code. I also need to be able to decompile the code. Any ideas and all programming languages are welcome. BTW it most be ...
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2answers
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Creating a compiler in .net [closed]

I have read about compiler construction some concepts. What is understood is that You need a lexer that divides your program statements into tokens. You need to check and identify tokens into known ...
2
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3answers
353 views

What code lays behind C++ exception?

In C and C++ you can return a single variable inside a function. Now in the case that variable is returning data, and not an error code, you can use exceptions. But how is that possible? If you data ...
4
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2answers
304 views

Optimizing code generation for expressions in a compiler

I don't know if this question has a simple answer or not, but I just have to ask. I'm reading this tutorial (I don't know if this is a well-known series, but it's name is 'Let's build a compiler!' by ...
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2answers
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Path to learning compiler design [closed]

I'm not sure if this is an acceptable question, but compiler-os-design-where-to-start was, so I figured that I'd take a shot at it. I have taken no formal Computer Science classes. I have programmed ...
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10answers
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Is Ken Thompson's compiler hack still a threat?

Ken Thompson Hack (1984) Ken Thompson outlined a method for corrupting a compiler binary (and other compiled software, like a login script on a *nix system) in 1984. I was curious to know if modern ...
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2answers
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How would I make a compiler in C++? [closed]

This probably been asked for but I can't google "How to make a compiler in C++" because I will just get "How to compile C++" as the results. Anyway, for my question, I'd like to make a simple ...
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2answers
253 views

Should I commit my generated parser to source control?

I'm using a parser generator to build a compiler. Should I commit the source files produced by the parser generator? I want to commit them to avoid a dependency on the parser generator during the ...
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Is it a good idea to read compiler source code? [closed]

I'm a junior in college majoring in Computer Science. Apart from writing lots of code, I want to start reading source code written by others to improve my coding skills and learn better/different ways ...
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2answers
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Implementing non-fixed length array support in a compiler

I'm thinking of building a language for PIC microcontrollers. I want to be able to use non-fixed size arrays, like this: Declare the variable as int[] Wait for input from serial connection Make the ...
4
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3answers
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Understanding stack frame of function call in C/C++?

I am trying to understand how stack frames are built and which variables (params) are pushed to stack in what order? Some search results showed that the C/C++ compiler decides based on operations ...
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1answer
848 views

What is the Ken Thompson Hack? [duplicate]

I read some stuff like cm bell labs but i couldn't get it all. How does it work really? What is the logic in that?
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432 views

Convert an interpreter to a compiler?

First off, I know this is a question asked by MANY other programmers before me. But I couldn't find any useable resource that could help me. Well, I'm creating an programming language called "Light" ...
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6answers
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Is there a language that transcompiles to C with a better syntax? [closed]

CoffeeScript is a language with a very clean Ruby-like syntax that transcompiles to JavaScript. Does the same thing exists with C? Then writing more readable and as fast as original C programs would ...
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Compiling multiple languages and Javascript

I have read numerous times that programming languages when making games or large software often use multiple languages / scripts together. I'm wondering how that works. How do they compile it? How ...
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What are the challenges related to typing in writing a compiler for a dynamically typed language?

In this talk, Guido van Rossum is talking (27:30) about attempts to write a compiler for Python code, commenting on it saying: turns out it's not so easy to write a compiler that maintains all the ...
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0answers
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Steps in converting a grammar to LL(1) Grammar

I have the following question: Convert the following grammar into an LL(1) grammar which recognises the same language (you may assume that the grammar is unambiguous). A -> int A -> int + A A ...
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4answers
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Can someone provide a short code example of compiler bootstrapping?

This Turing award lecture by Ken Thompson on topic "Reflections on Trusting Trust" gives good insight about how C compiler was made in C itself. Though I understand the crux, it still hasn't sunk in. ...
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6answers
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Why does Facebook convert PHP code to C++?

I read that Facebook started out in PHP, and then to gain speed, they now compile PHP as C++ code. If that's the case why don't they: Just program in c++? Surely there must be SOME errors/bugs when ...
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1answer
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Brief explanation for executables in a GNU/Clang Toolchain?

I roughly understand that cc, ld and other parts are called in a certain sequence according to schemes like Makefiles etc. Some of those commands are used to generate those configs and Makefiles. And ...
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1answer
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Do compilers have to be written for each model of CPU?

Do you need to take account of the different processors and their instructions when writing a compiler? Have instructions been standardised? Or what tools and techniques are available to assist with ...
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How are operators organized in memory

How are operators organized/saved in the memory in context of a programming language. Are they procedures/functions saved somewhere and compilers just manipulate things to call these procs whenever ...
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826 views

why compiler design/coding design considered the highest level activity in programming? [closed]

In some recent articles I have read I have found that in the programming ladder compiler design is always considered as highest level activity. Why is this so? Why not database design or network ...
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Can I get a C++ Compiler to instantiate objects at compile time

I am writing some code that has a very large number of reasonably simple objects and I would like them the be created at compile time. I would think that a compiler would be able to do this, but I ...
5
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Programming Language Parser (in Java) - What would be a better design alternative for a special case?

Background I'm currently designing my own programming language as a research project. I have most of the grammar done and written down as context-free grammar, and it should be working as is. - Now ...
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Why is it called Just In Time?

I know what the JIT compiler is but how about why is it called that, it obviously catches exceptions Just in Time, but how and why should it be called this? Sorry if this sounds a bit vague.
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Should a standard include header be specified in each file or as a compiler parameter?

I've got a file such as this: #ifndef STDINCLUDE #define STDINCLUDE #include <memory> #include <stdexcept> #endif I want this file to be included in every header file, because I use ...
2
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5answers
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Understanding hand written lexers

I am going to make a compiler for C (C99; I own the standards PDF), written in C (go figure) and looking up on how compilers work on Wikipedia has told me a lot. However, after reading up on lexers ...
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Converting ANTLR AST to Java bytecode using ASM

I am currently trying to write my own compiler, targeting the JVM. I have completed the parsing step using Java classes generated by ANTLR, and have an AST of the source code to work from (An ANTLR ...
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2answers
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Is there a more modern program than lex or yacc, which does not require JVM?

Is there a "modern" bison and flex equivalent which does not require the JVM or .NET or similar "heavy" runtimes? Thanks for comments, edit: By modern, I mean for example Antlr and another one in ...
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1answer
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what's the most efficient emacs workflow for compilation and interactive execution cycles (C++/makefile)

I try not to cross-post, but the only response I got at stack-exchange was to post here... What's the preferred practice for a compile-run cycle in emacs? Previously, I used alt-x compile (mapped to ...
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1answer
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Apple's new compiler

I heard that Apple is going to replace the GNU compiler built into Xcode with a new compiler. What is the new compiler and what type of changes can we expect to see?
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9answers
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How do I know if the compiler broke my code and what do I do if it was the compiler?

Once in a while C++ code will not work when compiled with some level of optimization. It may be compiler doing optimization that breaks the code or it may be code containing undefined behavior which ...
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Methods on packaging an assembler with compiler

I am planning on creating a compiler that will generate assembly, that is as far as I really want to go with this project (don't want to create the object files myself or any of the machine code). ...
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How is type checked in a dynamic language interpreter/compiler, such as JavaScript?

In dynamic languages, such as JavaScript or Python, the type of a variable is determined at runtime. This is one reason why they are slower than typed languages such as Java. How is type checking ...
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How easy should a language development framework be to use?

This is part of a series of questions which focuses on a project called the Abstraction Project, which aims to abstract the concepts used in language design in the form of a framework. Another ...