A compiler is a computer program (or set of programs) that transforms source code written in a programming language (the source language) into another computer language (the target language, often having a binary form known as object code).

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Managing types and conversions in a compiler

I am trying to determine how to manage types and conversions between types within a compiler that I am writing. The compiler is being written in C#. There are a number of different kinds of types. ...
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Advantages of tiling based instruction selection algorithms with tiles representing more than one machine instruction?

In Modern Compiler Implementation in C of A. Appel some instruction selection algorithms are discussed based on tiling an intermediate representation tree. Each tile (or tree pattern) expresses a ...
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Why might it be difficult to make a 64 bit version of a program?

In my short time programming, it has been trivial to compile any of my C++, Java, etc. for either a 32 or 64 bit machine so long as I have the full source for the program. But a lot of software is ...
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2answers
51 views

Should benchmarks (to compare processors performance) be compiled with optimization CFLAGS?

I need to compare performance of 2 processors and I concluded I should benchmark then with several various tests. I'm currently using linpack (HPL) (because it's still well known and used for ...
2
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2answers
119 views

Do we really need auto-vectorization?

I am trying to understand automatic parallelization and a special case of that is auto vectorization. As I understand it auto-vectorization is more or less: The compiler takes parts of the code which ...
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2answers
187 views

Is it always safe to shift bool values?

I stumbled about a Cppcheck warning (an inconclusive one), that I mistakenly used & instead of &&: /// @param code identifies the command. Only the lower 16 bits of are being processed ...
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1answer
127 views

(almost) Pure C instead of C preprocessor [closed]

Why isn't (almost) pure C used instead of the C preprocessor? Sure I understand it would be a little more verbose. For example: #define PI 3.14159 If we had regular C as preprocessor language, the ...
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7answers
2k views

What are the caveats of implementing fundamental types (like int) as classes?

When designing and implenting an object-oriented programming language, at some point one must make a choice about implementing fundamental types (like int, float, double or equivalents) as classes or ...
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1answer
115 views

Can most compilers check for errors? [closed]

I am a beginner at programming; so far all the compilers I have used can check for errors, and can refer to the line with the error. Are there any compilers, maybe for a certain language, that do not ...
2
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1answer
154 views

Developing a compiler for a self made CPU Architecture

Recently ive been consumed by creating my own simple CPU architecture that at some point could be easily implemented in hardware (No FPGA, but actual Logic Gate circuits). Naturally to fulfill this ...
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1answer
83 views

Significance of NFA in Compiler Design

While I was studying about Compiler Design it tells that we need 'finite automata' while designing a lexical analyzer like DFA or NFA. So I would like to know whether NFA is only used for conversion ...
4
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2answers
535 views

Isn't there a chicken-and-egg issue since GCC is written in C++ itself?

Since 4.8 release, the C++ compiler GCC (the G++ part of it) is written not in C anymore, but in C++ itself. I have a hypothetical question on this. I wonder how to compile the C++ code of GCC on a ...
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2answers
161 views

Do compilers attach the Garbage Collector to the final executable?

Since the Garbage Collector is part of the language implementation (not OS, etc.), does the compiler has to attach the GC to the final executable? Or is it like a dependency that has to be already ...
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2answers
76 views

Enumerated types and their interpretation by compilers

It seems to me that a lot, if not most, compilers treat enumerated types as int underneath. In C/gcc, enums are compiled to int. In C#/Visual C#, you can change the underlying data type with something ...
3
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5answers
742 views

Creating a sort of 'in-language compiler'

I'm not saying I want to create a whole new compiler that's completely independent. I'm using C# Windows Forms and I want users to be able to write filtering syntax in a textbox withing my managed ...
19
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1answer
7k views

What are the main advantages and disadvantages of LL and LR parsing?

When building a parser to a programming language what I earn and what I lost choosing one or the other?
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8answers
1k views

Are compilers used outside of development?

As far as my understanding goes, compilers are meant for developers compiling their code into executable (machine-code) files. Compilers don't extend to a client's machine or end-user system. ...
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7answers
734 views

Why are self-hosting compilers considered a rite of passage for new languages?

I've heard in a number of places now that people expect languages to use, or at least have, a self-hosting compiler in order to deserve respect. I'm curious as to why this is. A compiler seems like a ...
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2answers
89 views

Optimizations in Compiler Design

While studying about Optimization in Compiler Design I went through an article that tells about 'Algebraic Simplification And Reassociation' in optimization.It tells that using this(algebraic ...
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0answers
115 views

First and Follow Algorithm in Compiler Design

While I was studying Compilers,I saw an example in first and follow that illustrated how to 'find the first and follow' non-terminals in a grammer. But I couldn't get how FOLLOW(E')=FOLLOW(E)={ $ ,) ...
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10answers
9k views

Why was the first compiler written before the first interpreter?

The first compiler was written by Grace Hopper in 1952 while the Lisp interpreter was written in 1958 by John McCarthy's student Steve Russell. Writing a compiler seems like a much harder problem than ...
3
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1answer
178 views

What advantages are there to using Flex/Bison over just writing a compiler straight in a programming language?

I have written an Interpreter / Compiler simply as a programming algorithm using features such as recursive functions and concepts from finite-State machines. To me, these things are ideally suited to ...
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2answers
977 views

Why isn't there a python compiler to native machine code?

As I understand, the cause of the speed difference between compiled languages and python is, that the first compiles code all way to the native machine's code, whereas python compiles to python ...
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4answers
297 views

Integer sign and compilation via C

I'm writing a compiler that uses the time-honored strategy of using a C compiler as the back end, and I'm trying to figure out exactly how to handle integer sign. I'm using machine word integers as ...
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3answers
573 views

Are VB.NET to C# converters actually compilers?

Whenever I see programs or scripts that convert between high-level programming languages they are always labelled as converters. "VB.NET to C# converter" on Google results in expected, useful hits. ...
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12answers
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Should I use a parser generator or should I roll my own custom lexer and parser code?

What specific advantages and disadvantages of each way to working on a programming language grammar? Why/When should I roll my own? Why/When should I use a generator?
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3answers
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Compiler/OS Design - Where to start [closed]

I have a fairly strong background in C and Assembly and I am starting to look into basic compiler and operating systems design, but my biggest problem is where I should really start, seeing as both ...
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95 views

Best way to handle language interoperability

Background In a language like F#, direct interoperability with most other .NET languages is possible. For example, it is possible to use classes written in C# directly in F#, and it is possible to ...
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1answer
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662 views

When does it make sense to compile my own language to C code first?

When designing an own programming language, when does it make sense to write a converter that takes the source code and converts it to C or C++ code so that I can use an existing compiler like gcc to ...
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2answers
78 views

Debug symbols change application execution [closed]

I have to set up remote debugging for a multi threaded application running on a embedded device. C++ is the language. I've gotten so far and got the remote debugging working for a simple application, ...
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4answers
1k views

Why implement a lexer as a 2d array and a giant switch?

I'm slowly working to finish my degree, and this semester is Compilers 101. We're using the Dragon Book. Shortly into the course and we're talking about lexical analysis and how it can be implemented ...
4
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3answers
287 views

How do I compile my software for all platforms from Ubuntu Linux 64 bit?

I write a lot of open source software that I make available on my website. How do I get my software compiled for all relevant platforms including: Windows OS X Linux 32 bit deb Linux 64 bit deb ...
2
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1answer
305 views

Do compilers un-inline recurrent expressions?

Does a compiler look for recurrent expressions to convert it into 'function' to reduce binary size and improve performance? Of course, the obvious answer might be "some do it, some don't", so I ask ...
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2answers
175 views

Microchip XC8: How to pack code against an upper limit?

I have a project for a PIC16F1454 that needs some custom linking. Basically, I've separated my code into two parts that can be downloaded separately in the field and thus update (almost) all of the ...
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5answers
609 views

Are C static libraries frowned upon? [closed]

There are 2 arguments for having shared libraries: It helps reduce disk space. When a shared library is updated, all the binaries depending on it get the update. There is mainly one drawback for ...
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2answers
141 views

In which stage of compilation is “typedef” resolved by the compiler?

There are different stages of compilation Such as Preprocessing stage Syntax analysis Semantic analysis Intermediate Code generation Machine Code generation Optimization Linking My question here ...
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4answers
482 views

Does a prose to code compiler exist? [closed]

I have seen some horrible code in my time including people virtually duplicating the code in comments // add 4 to x x+=4; // for each i in 0 to 9 for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) { // multiply x ...
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2answers
405 views

C++ Without Source Files

Bjarne Stroustrup mentions in his book "The C++ Programming Language, 4th Edition" that not all C++ implementations use files to store and compile code: There are systems that do not store, ...
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4answers
823 views

How does Python compile some its code in C?

I read that some constructs of Python are more efficient because they are compiled in C. https://wiki.python.org/moin/PythonSpeed/PerformanceTips Some of the examples used were map() and filter(). I ...
2
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3answers
263 views

How exactly is an Abstract Syntax Tree created?

I think I understand the goal of an AST, and I've built a couple of tree structures before, but never an AST. I'm mostly confused because the nodes are text and not number, so I can't think of a nice ...
32
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5answers
2k views

What does “context-free” mean in the term “context-free grammar”?

Given the amount of material that tries to explain what a context-free grammar (CFG) is, I found it surprising that very few (in my sample, less than 1 in 20) give an explanation on why such grammars ...
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2answers
115 views

Does a custom scripting language require it's own compiler/assembler? [closed]

Or is the script generally converted to a known language such as C++ first? And how generally to you integrate a scripting language with the say a game engine?
0
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2answers
256 views

Writing a superset of a programming language as a transcompiler

My idea is to write a superset of C# (but question is not language-specific), so that it source-to-source compiles (transcompiles) to C# itself (fall-through switch clauses, default method parameters ...
6
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4answers
967 views

Writing a new programming language - when and how to bootstrap datastructures?

I'm in the process of writing my own programming language which, thus far, has been going great in terms of what I set out to accomplish. However, now, I'd like to bootstrap some pre-existing data ...
20
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4answers
23k views

Is Python Interpreted or Compiled?

This is just a wondering I had while reading about interpreted and compiled languages. Ruby is no doubt an interpreted language, since source code is compiled by an interpreter at the point of ...
0
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1answer
129 views

Coding shortcuts for type conversions or similar [closed]

bool? example = null; is actually Nullable<System.Boolean> example = null; Now for the bool to System.Boolean conversion or actually compile-time replacement: We ususally hardly care, as it ...
3
votes
1answer
189 views

Compiler warnings and errors [duplicate]

I come from a C# background before my existing role. I am developing a VB.NET app. The code I inherited had option strict set to off and all other directives set to 'None'. I have recently switched ...
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9answers
801 views

Compiler Warnings

Many compilers have warning messages to warn the programmers about potential runtime, logic and performance errors, most times, you quickly fix them, but what about unfixable warnings? How do you ...
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1answer
47 views

How to keep AST for feature access?

Consider such code (let's say it is C++) Foo::Bar.get().X How one should keep the AST for this -- as "tree" with root at left Foo(Bar(get(X)), or with root at right (((Foo)Bar)get)X? Or maybe as a ...