A compiler is a computer program (or set of programs) that transforms source code written in a programming language (the source language) into another computer language (the target language, often having a binary form known as object code).

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Coding shortcuts for type conversions or similar [on hold]

bool? example = null; is actually Nullable<System.Boolean> example = null; Now for the bool to System.Boolean conversion or actually compile-time replacement: We ususally hardly care, as it ...
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Is there C\C++ Compilers Performance Comparison based on recent CPU architectures [closed]

There are many C\C++ compilers, to mention the most famous Intel, GCC and Microsoft(feel free to suggest other alternatives) but I haven't found any exhaustive comparison based on the recent versions ...
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Compiler warnings and errors [duplicate]

I come from a C# background before my existing role. I am developing a VB.NET app. The code I inherited had option strict set to off and all other directives set to 'None'. I have recently switched ...
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Compiler Warnings

Many compilers have warning messages to warn the programmers about potential runtime, logic and performance errors, most times, you quickly fix them, but what about unfixable warnings? How do you ...
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How to keep AST for feature access?

Consider such code (let's say it is C++) Foo::Bar.get().X How one should keep the AST for this -- as "tree" with root at left Foo(Bar(get(X)), or with root at right (((Foo)Bar)get)X? Or maybe as a ...
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.NET Compiler Platform (Roslyn) , its relevance to developer community and its performance? [closed]

I'm just starting out with a Code-Quality-plugin development for my organization based on the recently released .NET Compiler Platform APIs (Roslyn APIs). I would like to know what are the most ...
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253 views

Why isn't there a python compiler to native machine code?

As I understand, the cause of the speed difference between compiled languages and python is, that the first compiles code all way to the native machine's code, whereas python compiles to python ...
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1answer
173 views

How does an optimizing compiler react to a program with nested loops?

Say you have a bunch of nested loops. public void testMethod() { for(int i = 0; i<1203; i++){ //some computation for(int k=2; k<123; k++){ ...
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2answers
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How do I simplify a compiler/interpreter?

Recently I wrote an interpreter for operations on sparse matrices (a "sparse matrix calculator") in lex/yacc. The language is still very bare bones and doesn't even include control structures or ...
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Is it true that first versions of C compilers ran for dozens of minutes and required swapping floppy disks between stages?

Inspired by this question. I heard that some very very early versions of C compilers for personal computers (I guess it's around 1980) resided on two or three floppy disks and so in order to compile ...
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Why do some embedded projects shun cross-compiling?

As I've been getting into embedded systems I've noticed that some projects (Arch Arm and OpenBSD for example) frown upon cross compiling. What is the reasoning for this? Is a cross-compiled binary ...
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Is it possible to implement a native compiler for a 'managed language' such as Java?

In most cases, it is possible to create both a native compiler and an interpreter for a programming language. The compiler would simply convert the source code to machine code, and the interpreter ...
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How does assembly relate to machine/binary code

How does assembly relate to machine/binary code. For example here is how to print to the screen in mikeOS(a small pure assembly OS), mikeOS it uses NASM to assemble. BITS 16 ORG 32768 ...
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Computation Program Not Running at 100% CPU Utilization

I have a program which has a GUI and performs some very heavy mathematical computations for a couple of minutes and then outputs a result. When I try to directly interface it through its DLL's, it ...
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2answers
68 views

Storing tokens during lexing stage

I am currently implementing a lexer that breaks XML files up into tokens, I'm considering ways of passing the tokens onto a parser to create a more useful data structure out of said tokens - my ...
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237 views

Are (C) object files created with different compilers binary-compatible?

I understand that C++ compilers are not compatible with each other. However, I was unable to find anything on this topic for C in particular. I know that the C standard leaves a lot of room for ...
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Is the microsoft C compiler (cl.exe) a compiler driver or a compiler?

gccand clang are both known to be compiler drivers. As such, the gcc executable does not compile anything itself. Rather, it calls the compiler (cc1), assembler (as) and linker (ld) with the right ...
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7answers
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When to pay for C++ compilers [closed]

Recently I have began to wonder when developers should pay for compilers. Compilers come for free with most platforms or there is a free version easily obtainable. Example: OS X - GCC and Clang/LLVM ...
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How to alter the code at runtime in an interpreter?

While reading the difference between Compiler and interpreter , I found the following differences fromt he internet. Advantages of using compiler: Since compiler converts the program to native code ...
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LLVM case: is the success due to the algorithms? [closed]

I'm not sure if this is a subjective question, I hope not but I'm not proficient with LLVM so I'm just wondering: how come it's become so popular and so widespread used in the industry? Were the ...
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What would be the best way to learn about compilers, and executable formats? [duplicate]

I want to write my own compiler for my own language. Yes, it's going to be hard, and it will take long, but I think it will be worth it. I have looked into OSDev.org, and read about executable ...
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How to write a very basic compiler

Advanced compilers like gcc compile codes into machine readable files according to the language in which the code has been written (e.g. C, C++, etc). In fact, they interpret the meaning of each codes ...
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Why can't we program without compiling (using an IDE/debugger)? [closed]

I find it very interesting that even people who design a particular framework still have to rely on compiling to ensure the code is correct. I don't mean for 100s of lines of code, but 2-10 lines. I ...
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Are there any compilers that attempt to fix syntax errors on their own?

I heard a while back that there used to be a compiler that attempted to fix syntax errors by analyzing context and inferring what was intended. Does such a compiler really exist? Obviously it has ...
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Requiring a specific order of compilaiton

When designing a compiled programming language, is it a bad idea to require a specific order of compilation of separate units, according to their dependencies? To illustrate what I mean, consider C. ...
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First and Follow Sets for a Grammar [closed]

I'm studying for a Compiler Construction module I'm doing and I have a sample question as follows: Calculate the FIRST and FOLLOW sets for the following grammar.. S -> uBDz B -> Bv B -> w D ...
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270 views

How do we go from assembly to machine code(code generation) [closed]

I know this is abstract as it's all about signals and switch - (electronics) - underneath, but is there a easy way to visualize the step between assembling code to machine code. For example if you ...
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What does scannerless parsing have to do with the “Dangling Else Problem”?

I do not understand this sentence from the Wikipedia article on the Dangling Else problem: [The Dangling Else problem] is a problem that often comes up in compiler construction, especially ...
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4answers
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Does boostrapping limit the achievable speed of the new compiler?

I have a good grasp on how the C compiler was boostrapped from itself and how that must have been very efficient, since the first pre-bootstrapping version was written in assembler, which is as low ...
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Why don't compilers support non-English keywords? [closed]

When you read C, C#, Java, Python, PHP and many other programming languages all the syntax is written in English. Simple code like this if (X+1 > 4) { } while (A == true) { } Is written in ...
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Why do some compilers generate direct machine code?

I was taking this course - CMU 18-447, Computer Architecture at Carnegie Mellon to brush my knowledge and concepts. They say that most of the machine level details and implementations is taken care ...
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Why is it so hard to recruit for compiler[-related] jobs? [closed]

Last week, a few colleauges and I were participating in career fairs at three major universities (two here in the US and one in England), where we were trying (without much success) to recruit for ...
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What is the difference between “Syntax” and “Syntactic Sugar”

Background The Wikipedia page on Syntactic Sugar states: In computer science, syntactic sugar is syntax within a programming language that is designed to make things easier to read or to express. ...
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Writing a Compiler Compiler - Insight on Use and Features

This is part of a series of questions which focuses on the sister project to the Abstraction Project, which aims to abstract the concepts used in language design in the form of a framework. The ...
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Why languages that compile to C/C++ generate unreadable, cryptic code?

I'm willing to compile certain language to C or C++ for some speedups. My idea was, though, to generate readable code and use structures such std::vector and similar wherever I can, expecting CLANG to ...
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Are VB.NET to C# converters actually compilers?

Whenever I see programs or scripts that convert between high-level programming languages they are always labelled as converters. "VB.NET to C# converter" on Google results in expected, useful hits. ...
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Why aren't VM languages compiled just once?

(First of all, I should make clear that compilers and virtual machines (aka) are a completely unknown field for me) As I understand it, every time a Java/C#/... application is run, a VM is invoked ...
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How small is the footprint of a small C compiler?

This week I could optimize using a reduced C library that allowed a drastic shrinkage in code size - from about 60 K to about 6 K and then we could load the code in the 8 K on-chip memory of an FPGA ...
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What process do typical (the majority) of high level language compilers use when changing a source-code's variable name to a machine code name?

Do long (very long) variable names slow down the compilation of source code? I'm aware that the length of variables has 0% impact on interpretation as the compiler changes them to machine code which ...
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.NET BCL Change Analysis - Uses Beyond Sating Curiosity

This is part of a series of questions which focuses on the Abstraction Project, which aims to abstract the concepts used in language design in the form of a framework. There is a sister project to ...
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Does setting a function public affect the C# compiler's ability to inline the function as an optimization?

This could be either for the .NET or Mono compilers. I know that under certain conditions the compiler can inline functions (e.g. small, single call site, etc.) as an optimization. However, if the ...
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Why doesn't Python need a compiler?

Just wondering (now that I've started with C++ which needs a compiler) why Python doesn't need a compiler? I just enter the code, save it as an exec, and run it. In C++ I have to make builds and all ...
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Will a binary include methods that are not called in the source code?

[Potentially misleading title, but I'm not sure how best to word it.] Theoretical question on compilers and language design. Say I'm re-implementing a method in a code base. Instead of removing or ...
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What is the current state of SECD and SKI machine use and research? [closed]

I'm doing some independent research/study with a professor who's a very functional guy. The goal is to examine more of what's happening behind the scenes with functional languages than we normally ...
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How to use BDD to unit test a compiler?

My team is writing a compiler for a domain-specific language (DSL) which will be integrated into an IDE. Right now, we are focused on the analysis phase of the compiler. We are not using any existing ...
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2answers
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How would I make a compiler in C++? [closed]

This probably been asked for but I can't google "How to make a compiler in C++" because I will just get "How to compile C++" as the results. Anyway, for my question, I'd like to make a simple ...
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Are Intel compilers really better than the Microsoft ones?

Years ago, I was surprised when I discovered that Intel sells Visual Studio compatible compilers. I tried it in particular for C/C++ as well as fantastic diagnostic tools. But the code was simply not ...
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Does Scrum make sense when implementing a new compiler backend?

I have an existing language that I need to port to a new platform. I'll probably attempt this by changing the backend of the existing compiler. It is a significant amount of work to re-write the ...
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How could the first C++ compiler be written in C++?

Stroustrup claims that Cfront, the first C++ compiler, was written in C++ (Stroustrup FAQ). However, how is it even possible that the first C++ compiler be written in C++? The code that makes up the ...
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Compiler design decision for dynamic method invocation

I asked about Compiler interpretation of overriding vs overloading on StackOverflow, and got good answers, but this led me to another question that I'm not sure is appropriate for SO, but I think is ...