Tagged Questions

Computer science or computing science (abbreviated CS or CompSci) is the scientific approach to computation and its applications.

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1
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2answers
112 views

Finding common prefixes for a set of strings

I am trying to find common prefixes for a sorted set of strings. i.e. if the following strings are given: AB123456 AB123457 ABCDEFGH ABCDEFGX1 ABCDEFGY XXXX then my function should return three ...
-1
votes
2answers
71 views

Practical applications of pattern printing programs

We all encounter programs like printing a pattern (Such as Pascal's Triangle). As a student of Computer Science, I am curious as to what is the practical application of these type of programs, in ...
-2
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1answer
62 views

Comp Sci Fundamentals vs Practical knowledge [closed]

This will probably come off as a complete noob question, but lately, I've been wanting to learn more about computer science to further my own skills and knowledge and increase my competitiveness for ...
1
vote
4answers
386 views

Should all programmers know how to solve algorithms, etc [closed]

I'm 15 and have been programming for about 3-4 years. I mostly program in Java as it was my first language. I would like to be a programmer when I'm older, but I'm not sure about the differences. ...
6
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2answers
586 views

What is the relationship between lambda calculus and programming languages? [closed]

I am starting my first year (in college) in Computer Science next year and I write mostly in C (if that is to matter). I have tried searching but most of what I find assumes knowledge of lambda ...
2
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1answer
109 views

What does 'upper bound' mean in context of BigO?

My computer science teacher says Big O has an upper bound but no lower bound. When I look at a graph of an algorithm mapped out using BigO though, there isn't an upper bound at all. The upper limit ...
9
votes
1answer
505 views

What Is λ-calculus essentially?

I have what I would call a philosophical question about λ-calculus. When you explore λ-calculus you will be surprised to see all the things that you can do there. You can define integers, arithmetic ...
-1
votes
2answers
114 views

Is 'lazy' the correct term for timestamp-based skipping? [closed]

(1) The oldmakeutility looks at timestamps, and if the output is newer than the input, it skips (pointless, time-consuming) re-compilation of e.g. C files. The same is true for many languages and ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

How are the conceptual pairs Abstract/Concrete, Generic/Specific, and Complex/Simple related to one another in software architecture?

(= 2 (+ 1 1)) take the above. The requirement of the '=' predicate is that its arguments be comparable. Any two structures are comparable in this case, and so the contract/requirement is pretty ...
0
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3answers
261 views

What is Atomicity?

I'm really struggling to find a concrete, easy to grasp, explanation of Atomicity. My understanding thus far is that to ensure an operation is atomic you wrap the critical code in a locker. But ...
-3
votes
1answer
129 views

The deference between Computer science and Computer information system? [closed]

I'm Asking you that question because you are an experts in programming , and maybe you could help me . Unfortunately in my country you can't get a job if you don't have a university certification, ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Which Computer Vision / Image Processing technique would solve light imbalance in images?

Given a colour image whose light intensity is dim at the edges and bright in the middle, such as [dim bright dim], which computer vision technique would be recommended to correct this imbalance? ...
1
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1answer
214 views

Can we still consider that Moore's law still holds true regarding the consequence on CPU speed? [closed]

Moore's law is an empirical law and in simple terms states that the number of transistors on integrated circuits doubles approximately every two years. One of the consequences of Moore's law is that ...
-1
votes
1answer
93 views

Difficulty implementing algorithms from abstract understanding [closed]

I've got decent programming experience for an undergraduate. I just started the study of algorithms. I read the description and saw visual examples that make perfect sense in my head. But when it ...
0
votes
4answers
247 views

What do you call a tree that grows in both directions? [closed]

What would be the technical term for a tree that grows in both the directions, starting from the root in the middle? The central idea being that new elements can be added to the tree (Now, I am not ...
17
votes
6answers
1k views

What is an example of a computationally impossible business problem?

I have coworker who refuses to accept the reality that Turing machines (and Von Neuman machines by extension) cannot solve their own halting problem stating: You can do anything with enough time ...
-2
votes
1answer
391 views

what is the difference between a software engineer and project manager? [closed]

I understand that a software engineers job is to work with all aspects of developing and supporting a software system. How does a project manager fit/work with a software engineer in a small team (5 ...
12
votes
1answer
256 views

What intermediate representations can be used to reason about concurrency?

I am trying to better understand what would be required for a compiler to be able to make intelligent choices regarding concurrency on behalf of the programmer. I realize that there are many difficult ...
2
votes
1answer
197 views

Implementation of chess endgame engine without Endgame Tablebases

I'm interested in creating an chess endgame solving engine. The endgames in chess are usually solved using the endgame table-bases generated by retrograde algorithm. I have found that Artificial ...
5
votes
2answers
360 views

Are there alternatives to stack+heap+static memory model?

All programs I have seen organize their data memory into one or more call stacks (usually fixed size, but sometimes not), the heap, and static memory. Lately thread-local static storage has been ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

How is indirection different from aliasing?

Take from wikipedia, aliasing is defined as accessing a data location through different names. Also taken from wikipedia, indirection is defined as referencing something "using a name, reference, or ...
4
votes
3answers
396 views

Why do some compilers generate direct machine code?

I was taking this course - CMU 18-447, Computer Architecture at Carnegie Mellon to brush my knowledge and concepts. They say that most of the machine level details and implementations is taken care ...
2
votes
1answer
195 views

Resources for understanding a programming language and its specifications and grammar deeply [closed]

I'm a computer engineer and all the courses we have had about programming and computer languages were an introduction to C/Java and OOP. Now I feel like reading Java language specification to learn a ...
73
votes
11answers
7k views

How can I make sure that I'm actually learning how to program rather than simply learning the details of a language?

I often hear that a real programmer can easily learn any language within a week. Languages are just tools for getting things done, I'm told. Programming is the ultimate skill that must be learned and ...
-1
votes
3answers
2k views

Why are algorithms and data structures important? [duplicate]

It seems like a lot of university-level computer science programs and programmer job interviews focus heavily on algorithms and data structures. I'm curious as to why universities and employers put so ...
0
votes
1answer
174 views

Generic name for types and values [closed]

In computer science, what is the abstract common name of types and values (I mean an abstract "something" that can be a type or a value) ? To be more specific: If we have template <typename X> ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

Converting a DFA to an NFA

I have an assignment to convert various language descriptions into NFAs and DFAs. Having graduated with my CompSci B.S. years ago and not touching the topic until my M.S. program, I am racking my ...
15
votes
9answers
1k views

Is learning C essential for Computer Science? [closed]

I am a front-end developer who barely even see a file with .h or .c extension. I know basic C syntax, I've learned it in Unreality but never was interested in such low level programming because it ...
2
votes
4answers
291 views

Generic term for “objects” vs “fundamental types”?

What are the exact terms to call data types with a logic structure (like C structures, C++ or Java objects) versus fundamental data types (like numeric types, characters, booleans...) independently of ...
-5
votes
2answers
115 views

Calculate transfer time while accounting for loss of conductivity and speed over circuits [closed]

So based on my limited understand of how computers work I derived the following question. As you transfer things over circuits the circuits heat up. As they heat up they lose conductivity and ...
0
votes
2answers
96 views

By the definition of a Tree(ADT), is it “wrong” for a node to add a sibling?

The title pretty much says it all. I'm just having a little computer science exercise and am building a Tree. I want a node to be able to add a sibling which requires one to first get a reference to ...
18
votes
2answers
957 views

What class of problem is this, and what math do I need to know to solve it?

Mushroom cultivation requires fairly precise chemical composition of substrate (a.k.a. growing medium). Let's pretend we're growing shitakes and that this is the required composition of their ...
0
votes
1answer
143 views

Formal definition of “concepts / type system” for parametric types - Where to start?

I would be interested in formally defining (and consequently demonstrating) a "type system" for, well, a type system. More specifically, I would like to explore the idea of what C++ calls concepts for ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Could we build a functional computer?

As mush as FP has done, in the end, all our programs are structured. That is, it doesn't matter how pure or functional we make a them - they are always translated to assembly, so what actually runs ...
4
votes
2answers
289 views

Professional Mentorships and Study Groups for Seasoned Programmers?

I am presently an employed software engineer, less than a decade out of college. Given where I would like to be in my career, I am currently looking to sharpen my skills to find my next job. However, ...
0
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4answers
636 views

What does it mean to perform an operation “In Place” for Interpreted Languages?

Programming question: Reverse words in a string (words are separated by one or more spaces). Now do it in-place. What does "in-place" mean in the above context for an interpreted language ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Is there such a thing as truly random? [closed]

I saw a video about random numbers and how the programmer in that video was talking about computers generating pseudo random numbers and that they are not really random. I knew about this. Then he ...
17
votes
6answers
8k views

What methods are there to avoid a stack overflow in a recursive algorithm?

Question What are the possible ways to solve a stack overflow caused by an recursive algorithm? Example I'm trying to solve Project Euler problem 14 and decided to try it with a recursive ...
1
vote
2answers
426 views

The physical implementation of quantum annealing algorithm

From that question about differences between Quantum annealing and simulated annealing, we found (in comments to answer) that physical implementation of quantum annealing exists (D-Wave quantum ...
4
votes
1answer
838 views

What is the difference between Quantum annealing and simulated annealing?

In both algorithms objective functions, that will be executed with non quantum computers, are used. Both algorithms are methods for finding the global minimum of a given objective function. From ...
6
votes
2answers
216 views

Does any well-known license require to make modifications available when only derived *output* is published?

Is there a way to make sure that modifications to free software are released even when no binaries of modified code are conveyed? Though it may sound odd and from what I understand, e.g., GPL requires ...
5
votes
2answers
776 views

Began with iOS development, skipped CS, and getting hit hard at interviews? [duplicate]

I'll start with a brief background: my degree is in Recording Arts, so mainly audio engineering and stuff relating to the music industry, with some synthesis and stuff which was my link into coding ...
2
votes
2answers
207 views

Class of problems solvable by sed or stream editors

I've came across a question transform this text with sed [sed only] and it got me wondering what class of problems is solvable by stream editors or programs/computational models with similar ...
3
votes
1answer
244 views

Best Traversing Strategy / Logic Help Needed

Background: Here is the scenario, imagine I have a little Robot. I give this robot a Map, and I want him to traverse the map, after doing so, I want the Robot to tell me the shortest possible path on ...
9
votes
2answers
596 views

Is this statement from Knuth's fundamental algorithms still applicable today? [closed]

In a sense, 10! (ten factorial) represents an approximate dividing line between things which are practical to compute and things which are not. This is from Knuth's TAOCP Fundamental ...
5
votes
3answers
4k views

How do we differentiate between a computer and a calculator?

In this SO Question there is a comment by starblue that A computer without loops is a calculator Is this true? Is that the only difference? Is there a set of criteria to differentiate or has ...
2
votes
3answers
4k views

How many bits' address is required for a computer with n bytes of memory?

How many bits of address is required (for the program counter for example) in a byte-addressed computer with 512 Mbyte RAM? What does the formula look like? How is this connected with the fact that ...
4
votes
3answers
628 views

Prerequisites to compiler theory? [closed]

It's not meant to be subjective or get advice on what would be the best path to take, but an objective list of things that must be known in order for me to pick up a book on compiler theory and ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

What is the difference between E-Science Infrastructures and Distributed Computing Infrastructures

What is the difference between eScience infrastructures and grid computing or distributed computing infrastructures? And what are some of their examples. I can not distinguish them clearly. Is it ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

What are graphs in laymen's terms

What are graphs, in computer science, and what are they used for? In laymen's terms preferably. I have read the definition on Wikipedia: In computer science, a graph is an abstract data type ...