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-2
votes
1answer
82 views

Why are Global variables evil? [duplicate]

Many people state that Global variables in almost any language are evil, but I don't see why in my point of view. If I'm working on a multi-filed project, sometimes I want to reuse and/or use that ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Calculating disk capacity and max data transfer rate of a hard drive? [on hold]

I am learning about hard drive concepts and I came across this question: Suppose we have a 10000 RPM disk has 8 heads and 480 cylinders. It is divided into 120- cylinder zones with the cylinders in ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Is “Unit testing” a form of formal method?

After some research, I understand that: Formal method contribute to the reliability and robustness of a design. (ref : Wikipedia - Formal method) Unit testing ensures us of the absence of errors ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Writing Z80 table based assembler/disassembler

I have a long-term project: DIY computer with various processors. One of my wishes not only make hardware, but software too. So I started from assembler/disassembler for Linux, though there is a lot ...
2
votes
2answers
66 views

Are single method interface and function type definition the same?

In a language where it is possible to define interfaces and typedefs (using Dart here): abstract class Receiver { void receive(int quantity); } typedef void Receive(int quantity); abstract class ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

GUI concept for a reactive, asynchronous graphical editor

I think I could describe this problem in an abstract way, but I suppose it will be easier to understand when I describe it in a real world environment. The Problem Imagine a graphical editor where ...
1
vote
2answers
85 views

When, if ever, are basic concurrency optimizations generally made?

Lets say I need to preform the following computationally intensive task For i in range(100000000): doComplexCalculationWithNoSideEffects(i) Most people I talk to tell me that basically any ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

Structure of stack of a function call

I've been reading Aleph One's paper on Smashing the Stack for Fun and Profit. I wrote down example1.c from his paper, modified it a bit to see what the stack looks like on my system. I'm running ...
4
votes
4answers
242 views

Dependency Inversion & Decoupling

I'm wondering if someone might explain the last paragraph written in this example on Dependency Inversion & Decoupling. http://www.springbyexample.org/examples/core-concepts.html Following the ...
-1
votes
1answer
74 views

Programming Behind Integral Calculators [closed]

In simple, layperson terms, can someone explain the programming behind integral calculators like Wolfram Alpha? How do they get it to know what to do for any given function...there are hundreds of ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Why does Git's stash commit need two parents?

Why does Git's stash commit need two parents? In the Hacker's Guide to Git, I see this mental model for stashes: The guide tells me that stash@{0} needs both A and B as parents. Why? Why doesn't ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Locking on data vs locking on functions

In concurrent code, what is the difference between, and the pros and cons of each: Locking on data Locking on functions My understanding is that locking on data is better, and I think I'm doing ...
2
votes
3answers
680 views

What is a Database Environment?

I am going through Relational Database Design by JLM. I have come across words like database, data model, DBMS etc. which I am able to understand. But, I get confused when the author tries to use ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Exception class for each exception or for all framework

I am developing a framework and it can generate various types of exceptions. Initially I'm working with a single exception class that indicates that something went wrong inside the framework. However, ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Access public property of object on view

When we are working with some MVC FW on PHP, generally we have a view loading function like load(string viewName, optional array viewVariables). My doubt here is: if we are working with some object, ...
1
vote
4answers
179 views

What would you call the concept of CofeeScript or Sass to be? [duplicate]

There is this rising trend with web development of making new pseudo languages to extend the functionality of JavaScript, CSS and HTML given that those are static and their metamorphosis or evolution ...
0
votes
1answer
132 views

Teaching software concepts: formal definition is a necessary evil? [closed]

Recently I had to teach what my PM declared a "Best Practices Course" on programming. I decided to have them read a chapter per week of Uncle Bob's Clean Coder book while I followed a somewhat ...
0
votes
1answer
388 views

When does a Monad become a hammer?

I realize my precursory understanding on Monads is severely lacking in detail considering my knowledge comes mostly from Douglas Crockford's Monads and Gonads talk and complicated with my sevear ...
4
votes
3answers
213 views

MVC and the business rule

I need to know where in the MVC should I apply the business rule. Imagine the situation: I have a school and I need to generate a calendar of classes for teachers. Each teacher has a school subject ...
3
votes
1answer
177 views

How to store the file names, start offset and length while avoiding the issue of self imposed limits (lookup table) or having to scan the entire file?

I am attempting to learn more about C and it's descendants(C++ mainly). I have decided that I would like to create a "file system" of sorts. Not a particularly advanced one mind you but something to ...
2
votes
3answers
261 views

Should POCO domain classes contain collections?

The question title is not good, but I couldn't think of a way to word it better. I am used to develop using POCO classes in my projects, that is, domain objects contain absolutely no logic, only ...
1
vote
4answers
369 views

Alternatives to null values and option-like types

Related to this question i want to know if there is a concise way to eleminate null values out of code in general or if there is not. E.g. imagine a class that represents a user with birthday as ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

What is State, Mutable State and Immutable State? [closed]

This is a newbie question, but I couldn't find a newbie-proof enough answer on Google. What do people mean when they say 'state' - in programming in general, and in OO programming specifically? ...
0
votes
1answer
123 views

Explanation of the code snippet , keyword operator in , in c++ , use of objects in classes

class Vector { public: Vector(int s) :elem{new double[s]}, sz{s} { } double& operator[](int i) { return elem[i]; } //function 2 int size() { return sz; ...
50
votes
4answers
2k views

How can you estimate time for tasks which primarily consist of figuring out a problem?

While it is relatively possible for an experienced developer to estimate how long it will take to implement code when the pattern and problem the code is solving is well understood, how can you make a ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Slugify via helper or store slug on database?

I have a simple question: Slugify via helper or store the slug on database? I mean, let's suppose that I have Guilherme Oderdenge on database and I want to transform it into a human-readable URL such ...
2
votes
4answers
274 views

How to explain the difference between a variable and a key in a key-value pair?

Variables and the keys in key-value pairs are both identifiers for values, so, on a conceptual level, these seem very similar ideas. How would you explain the difference between these two concepts? ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

How to approach design to minimize conflicts when distributing individual locations to merchants

One of my potential customers is operating an open market in their town. From what I'm told, they make a decent profit by renting out the individual locations on that market to small merchants who ...
-2
votes
1answer
103 views

What effect does the utilization of pseudocode and comments have when a software engineer designs software? [closed]

I am a programmer by trade so in my English Class ENC 1102, when we were asked to come up with a discourse community in which we could relate the use of writing skills I thought about pseudocode and ...
1
vote
3answers
150 views

How to conceptually consider and implement user interface rules for numerous controls and data inputs?

I have a user interface with numerous controls and data inputs on it. Buttons, text fields, and checkboxes, etc. Imagine the following "rules" exist for a sample UI with 2 of those controls: B2 ...
0
votes
1answer
413 views

Procedural programming? [closed]

I'm about to set off on a journey to create a new report-generator for our in-house software. Our old generator is made in VB6, remotes Word, and pixelpushes images. And its slower than a sloth on a ...
1
vote
2answers
252 views

Modeling an extensible Domain Driven Design project

Say that we are developing an application with modules (Sales, Accounting, Purchasing, etc). An example case here is : Sales module is the basic / primary module available, and Accounting module is ...
2
votes
4answers
482 views

Why do we use to talk about addresses and memory of variable in C?

Why do we use to talk about addresses and memory of variable in C, where in other languages (like in Java, .Net etc) we do not talk about variable address and memory in a program, we will directly use ...
18
votes
4answers
3k views

What is a byte stream actually?

Can anyone explain me what byte stream actually contains? Does it contain bytes (hex data) or binary data or english letters only? I am also confused about the term "raw data". If someone asked me to ...
0
votes
2answers
111 views

what is need for a handler in general

I have been searching for a definition for handler. basics i've understood that "A handler is a piece of code that is called when something happens, and usually takes some action, like generating a ...
3
votes
3answers
337 views

In Objective C, what English words can I conceptually associate to the symbols?

I'm learning Objective C (from a C# background) and am having difficulty understanding the unusual method signatures and am looking for a shortcut to make the learning curve less steep. When reading ...
5
votes
1answer
304 views

How to display in compositional relationship that the item knows about the container?

I'm drawing a class diagram and noticed that sometimes I got a relationship (composition or aggregation) where the item uses the container, and sometimes not. What is the visual difference in a ...
9
votes
1answer
3k views

Erlang and Go concurrent programming, objective differences between CSP and Actors?

I was looking into concurrent programming in Erlang and Go programming languages. As per my finding they are used Actor model and CSP respectively. But still I am confused with what are the objective ...
8
votes
1answer
637 views

Is there an explicit word for non-abstract class?

I got mainly abstract classes in my project and there are a few other class which are using/inheriting them. When I'm writing the documentation I would like to specify that a part of it is just about ...
3
votes
1answer
481 views

Difference between trigger, handler and callback

It's current to see the terms callback, trigger and handler in some API documentations. It is just synonymous or each term correspond to a specific concept? I used to think that this terms are just ...
4
votes
3answers
447 views

What is “short-circuiting” in C?

I have heard of the term "short-circuiting" being used in C. What does this mean and in what scenario would it be used?
3
votes
3answers
160 views

Representational Equality versus Value Equality

I am coding a system where I have objects which represent a set of resources. These resources are identifiable (they have an ID). There can only be one resource with the same ID, and so multiple ...
3
votes
1answer
252 views

What is meant by binary compatibility? What is its importance during serialization/deserialization in a language like Java that deals in byte code?

In computing what is meant by binary compatibility? I read about it in context of serialization/deserialization that this process of serialize/deserialize should be binary compatible. What does it ...
4
votes
1answer
413 views

How do people develop emulators?

I hope this is right area on Stack Exchange to ask this question. People out there have built emulators for every game console but I don't understand how they do it. I consider myself (and have the ...
1
vote
2answers
314 views

Learning new concepts is an infinite loop. How do I go about it? [duplicate]

Yes, practice, practice, practice. I know the drill people suggest that helps learning new programming concepts. But that's only theoretical. For me, even a line of code like this is new (Java) and ...
12
votes
5answers
544 views

Storing in-text metadata in a discrete data structure

I am developing an application which will need to store inline, intext metadata. What I mean by that is the following: let's say we have a long text, and we want to store some metadata connected with ...
11
votes
6answers
4k views

What *are* the programming concepts I should master to have a deep understanding of my craft (programming)? [closed]

In order of importance, if its possible to do so and it may not be, what are the most important foundations of knowing how to program. Algorithms, iteration, recursion, etc? Note that where I put ...
5
votes
3answers
5k views

How do we differentiate between a computer and a calculator?

In this SO Question there is a comment by starblue that A computer without loops is a calculator Is this true? Is that the only difference? Is there a set of criteria to differentiate or has ...
8
votes
3answers
352 views

Is there such a concept as “pseudo implementation” in software development?

I'm looking for a label to describe the practice of using human-based computation methods or other means of "faking" an algorithm for the sake of getting a product or demo off the ground quickly ...
6
votes
1answer
817 views

Are non Turing-complete languages considered programming languages at all?

Reading a recent question: Is it actually possible to have a 'useful' programming language that isn't Turing complete?, I've come to wonder whether non Turing-complete programming languages are ...