Concurrency is a property of systems in which several processes are executing at the same time.

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Understanding the Single-Writer Principle

The article on the Single-Writer Principle of the Mechanical Sympathy blog explains how bad queues are (performance-wise), because they need to be able to receive messages from multiple produers, and ...
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1answer
33 views

Concurrent and atomic updates to multiple properties/variable of an object

I have a class with multiple setters and want to make atomic updates to multiple properties/variables. As far as I can see there are three methods that could work: Call all setters in synchronized ...
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0answers
57 views

How to prevent parallel calls to model?

While there is some command running which calls methods on some model, how to prevent concurrent calls for critical places in that model? If multiple requests comes in then they should maintain their ...
4
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4answers
126 views

How to prevent user from requesting API method multiple times in parallel?

Let's say we have an app where the users gain points and can exchange them for rewards. The exchange request, in pseudo-code, could look like this: function exchangePointsForReward(userId, rewardId){ ...
2
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1answer
65 views

Event Sourcing + Updates to multiple aggregates

I'm trying to learn about event sourcing for potential application to a booking system I am building - I think I understand the core concepts, but I'm having trouble understanding how to handle cases ...
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1answer
67 views

Approaches to Concurrency [closed]

I’ve been doing some research on the various approaches to concurrency, and I’ve ended up with the following taxonomy: Manual thread based concurrency with locks Asynchronous dispatch queues and ...
2
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0answers
71 views

Handling exceptions in multiple-issue CPUs

From what I read, VLIWs execute instructions in bundles, i.e. the CPU loads a bundle of instructions and dispatches them all at once. This is possible because the compiler scheduled instructions in ...
0
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1answer
102 views

akka and futures, which ExecutionContext should be used

Following this blog by @Tomasz Nurkiewicz we can see that 4 different approaches are available for picking the ExecutionContext, when interacting with akka actors, for scala futures to run on. import ...
3
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1answer
139 views

Java concurrency

I am working to solve interesting concurrent problem! Not sure if I understand it correctly since I am little bit confused. The system needs to process the prices, and typically they cannot be ...
0
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1answer
257 views

Ever-running timed tasks

I need to design a piece of software which is invoking some actions regularly. By regularly I mean that there is x things that need to be done at 12.00, y things at 12.30 etc,etc. The times and ...
1
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2answers
123 views

Don't quite understand check and set in concurrency

I don't entirely understand check and set behaviour.. here is an example: public static void main(String[] args) { List<String> list = Collections.synchronizedList(new ...
4
votes
2answers
271 views

Why is Akka good for concurrency?

I am new to Akka and actor framework - I am sure I am missing something obvious, please accept my apologies in advance. I keep reading that one of the main points to choose Akka is the way it manages ...
2
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3answers
116 views

Long running DB query with concurrent write at the same time [closed]

We have a big table with a lot of data and a select query which takes 3 seconds to run. However we are a highly concurrent environment and each second we get 100 new records in our database. So ...
1
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0answers
70 views

Terminology - Difference between thread and process and how they manage DB connections

I've been working more with concurrency in Ruby recently, and I keep seeing various articles using "threads" and "process" interchangeably. What are the actual definitions of these terms? Is a ...
1
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1answer
101 views

Does ReaderWriterLockSlim provide thread safety and speed efficiency (compared to a traditional lock) when using a List?

I have a list, to which I write once in every update Loop and then I spawn some tasks which create read that List and create a duplicate to manipulate that data. More or less it's List.ToList() call ...
0
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0answers
42 views

Is using synchronization in service layer a bad idea?

I need to implement a mailbox monitor system as a web service. I have follow classes: MailboxMonitor: Contains information such as username, password, pulling interval etc. MailboxMonitorRepository: ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

How does condition_variable::notify_one() choose which thread to unblock?

notify_one() of C++ 11 thread library is used to unblock one of the waiting threads. How does it choose which thread to unblock? To begin with, I tried googling but could not find any appropriate ...
5
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3answers
727 views

Is REST only limited to optimistic concurrency control?

Context Due to the statelessness of the REST architectural style involving that each requests stands completely alone, leading server to never store any informations about client. Thus, pessimistic ...
2
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1answer
755 views

Difference between Consumer/Producer and Observer/Observable

I am working on the design of an application that consists of three parts: a single thread that watches for certain events happening (file creation, external requests etc.) N worker threads that ...
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0answers
113 views

Injecting locking policy into a class

I have a class that does some operations on data, and I want to have different locking schemes (no-lock, simple-lock, and read reader-writer lock) in different situations. Think this main class like ...
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3answers
1k views

Can multiple synchronized methods in same object run concurrently

As far as i know when there are multiple synchronized methods(both static and instance) in a class, java allows only one such method to run at a time. But what if a thread acquires lock on an object ...
4
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4answers
298 views

Testing concurrency/thread-safety

A program I have wrote uses multiple threads and I believe my program is thread-safe but how can I really know? I've read a number of examples online and none of them describe how to test the code is ...
1
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1answer
138 views

Generic PHP web interface for handling concurrent updates optimistically

I'm looking in to writing a new PHP based CMS which handles concurrent edits optimistically like source version control rather than pessimistic locking like Wordpress. I want to be able to write some ...
9
votes
1answer
426 views

When asynchronous tasks make a bad UX

I'm writing a COM add-in that's extending an IDE that desperately needs it. There are many features involved, but let's narrow it down to 2 for the sake of this post: There's a Code Explorer ...
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1answer
459 views

How to concurrently write data in Java without locking?

How to implement a multi-threaded program in which each thread needs to write/output some data (in any order of course) but without the locking overhead that is involved with files or a particular ...
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1answer
349 views

Crawler - programming language choice [closed]

I'm currently developing a web crawler. The first version was developed in Node.js and runs pretty well. The issues that I encountered with Node.js are in no particular order: slow URL and ...
25
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3answers
3k views

How much work should I place inside a lock statement?

I am a junior developer working on writing an update for software that receives data from a third-party solution, stores it in a database, and then conditions the data for use by another third-party ...
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1answer
109 views

is a DoS attack a good analogy of Dining Philosophers?

Let's say that, instead philosophers, we have TCP/IP connections to a server, and instead forks we have the server's TCP/IP avaliable ports. In this scenario, we don't have a lot of connections ...
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1answer
79 views

What's the best way to implement a real time show board to show results from concurrent result producers in Java?

I'm making a load test tool that launches multiple thread to simulate load on the target server. Each thread executes a predefined set of commands in the structure of TestSuite - TestCase- TestStep ...
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1answer
209 views

Experiences with C++ Async/actor model Library [closed]

I am fairly experienced with async and concurrent programming in c# using event, actor, and task based patterns, but now I have a task in c++ with which I have basic familiarity and it needs some ...
2
votes
3answers
572 views

Accessing shared data without blocking in TPL

I am writing a class that contains data. It exposes methods that allow to query the data, while the data is also being updated from an external source (web service, for example). All the methods ...
5
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2answers
1k views

Where is the evidence for the performance of Node.js?

A lot of developers, especially ones who haven't used Node.js in production, seem to believe that Node.js is faster than other interpreted languages such as PHP, Python, and Ruby. These claims ...
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2answers
103 views

When, if ever, are basic concurrency optimizations generally made?

Lets say I need to preform the following computationally intensive task For i in range(100000000): doComplexCalculationWithNoSideEffects(i) Most people I talk to tell me that basically any ...
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1answer
62 views

How to model parallel processes (in a Bounded Context) with the same data store?

The situation. Let's say a background process puts stuff into data containers. It runs all the time, observes system events, and populates the data accordingly. The user may launch a control panel ...
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2answers
323 views

Scaling locks in high concurrency web apps [closed]

Our web application has a certain resource type that is shared accross multiple users, and may thus be read and written by anyone at anytime. We resorted to the usual suspects, database transactions ...
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3answers
505 views

Is there an algorithm to determine the amount of work needed to keep workers busy?

I wrote a multi-threaded program that randomly generates strings, and after generating, checks to see if the string contains a certain value. Namely, StringGenerator and StringChecker. What I'm trying ...
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1answer
57 views

Locking on data vs locking on functions

In concurrent code, what is the difference between, and the pros and cons of each: Locking on data Locking on functions My understanding is that locking on data is better, and I think I'm doing ...
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2answers
81 views

Lock data in DB while external API call is pending?

I have an interesting situation, and I am looking for the best way to solve it. My app runs like this: 1) The user gets a Promotion Pin from Some Company, and I have a db table with these pins also. ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Can concurrent code (threads, distributed computing, etc.) be directly ported to single-threaded/non-networked platforms?

Take an arbitrary "perfect" multi-threaded program, on an arbitrary multi-threaded platform, using an arbitrary programming language. Assuming that this "perfect" multi-threaded program: is ...
6
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0answers
196 views

Which languages have the best support for stackful coroutines? [closed]

Various languages support (some flavor of) coroutines. One way to discriminate coroutines is whether they are stackful or not (terminology based on Ana Lucia de Moura; Roberto Ierusalimschy (2004). ...
2
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2answers
278 views

Alternative locking strategies

I'm having a problem with the design of my application, that neither optimistic nor pessimistic locking tends to solve. Here is a simplified/altered version of the problem that describes the ...
23
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8answers
6k views

Function guaranteed to never return the same value twice [closed]

This is a question I was asked at a job interview, and I can't figure out the answer they were looking for, so I'm hoping someone here might have some ideas. The goal is to write a function that is ...
1
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0answers
108 views

Concurrent Processes - Monitors and Reader/Writers

So this is a general question about the use of monitors in the Reader/Writers problem. I know the monitor procedures for the Readers/Writers problem are used for mutual exclusion to a critical ...
3
votes
2answers
170 views

Simultaneous purchase in online shop bypassing limited offer

Our client sells several products in an online shop (our software) for a especially low price on the first purchase. Further purchases of each product will fallback to the regular price. E.g. product ...
11
votes
0answers
207 views

Does Optimistic Concurrency per object imply Serializability if a transaction will never span multiple objects?

Given a system which provides: Optimistic concurrency control / versioning per object (using CAS - Check-and-Set) Transactions that never need to span more then a single object. Snapshot Isolation ...
6
votes
6answers
1k views

What is the actual reason that locks (sentinels) in OO are hard to reason about? [closed]

In this talk, Rich Hickey introduces Clojure. He gives an Ants demo and talks about his motivations for implementing a Software Transactional Memory (STM) system. His reasoning for STM is that ...
0
votes
1answer
589 views

Algorithm to create custom ConcurrentHashMap?

I tried to look into concurrent HashMap source code to look in to how it is implemented. To me it looked very difficult to understand((In no way i am saying its not required :))). I thought if i need ...
2
votes
2answers
348 views

How do you solve issue of consistency in concurrent and distributed application (built around Bankers Dilemma)?

This is a classic problem which I'm sure has been solved many times by many different people. I don't have any formal training (I've not studied computer science or any other such academic subject) ...
0
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1answer
178 views

Coordinating a complicated data migration process

A project I'm involved in has suffered a change in scope, and before I set about trying to cook up some homegrown solution, I'm wondering if there is something out there -- some framework, for example ...
2
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2answers
313 views

Patterns for creating adaptive web crawler throttling

Im running a service that crawls many websites daily. The crawlers are run as jobs processed by a bunch of independent background worker processes, that picks up the jobs as they get enqueued. Now ...