Concurrency is a property of systems in which several processes are executing at the same time.

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async Task method that controls the scheduler it runs on [migrated]

The typical way of writing an async Task method is as follows: public async Task<int> LongCalculationAsync(int arg) { int res = doSomeLongCalculation(); res += await ...
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Accessing shared data without blocking in TPL

I am writing a class that contains data. It exposes methods that allow to query the data, while the data is also being updated from an external source (web service, for example). All the methods ...
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449 views

Where is the evidence for the performance of Node.js?

A lot of developers, especially ones who haven't used Node.js in production, seem to believe that Node.js is faster than other interpreted languages such as PHP, Python, and Ruby. These claims ...
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When, if ever, are basic concurrency optimizations generally made?

Lets say I need to preform the following computationally intensive task For i in range(100000000): doComplexCalculationWithNoSideEffects(i) Most people I talk to tell me that basically any ...
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1answer
16 views

How to model parallel processes (in a Bounded Context) with the same data store?

The situation. Let's say a background process puts stuff into data containers. It runs all the time, observes system events, and populates the data accordingly. The user may launch a control panel ...
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Scaling locks in high concurrency web apps [closed]

Our web application has a certain resource type that is shared accross multiple users, and may thus be read and written by anyone at anytime. We resorted to the usual suspects, database transactions ...
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3answers
181 views

Is there an algorithm to determine the amount of work needed to keep workers busy?

I wrote a multi-threaded program that randomly generates strings, and after generating, checks to see if the string contains a certain value. Namely, StringGenerator and StringChecker. What I'm trying ...
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51 views

Locking on data vs locking on functions

In concurrent code, what is the difference between, and the pros and cons of each: Locking on data Locking on functions My understanding is that locking on data is better, and I think I'm doing ...
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2answers
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Lock data in DB while external API call is pending?

I have an interesting situation, and I am looking for the best way to solve it. My app runs like this: 1) The user gets a Promotion Pin from Some Company, and I have a db table with these pins also. ...
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72 views

Can concurrent code (threads, distributed computing, etc.) be directly ported to single-threaded/non-networked platforms?

Take an arbitrary "perfect" multi-threaded program, on an arbitrary multi-threaded platform, using an arbitrary programming language. Assuming that this "perfect" multi-threaded program: is ...
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Which languages have the best support for stackful coroutines? [closed]

Various languages support (some flavor of) coroutines. One way to discriminate coroutines is whether they are stackful or not (terminology based on Ana Lucia de Moura; Roberto Ierusalimschy (2004). ...
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Alternative locking strategies

I'm having a problem with the design of my application, that neither optimistic nor pessimistic locking tends to solve. Here is a simplified/altered version of the problem that describes the ...
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8answers
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Function guaranteed to never return the same value twice [closed]

This is a question I was asked at a job interview, and I can't figure out the answer they were looking for, so I'm hoping someone here might have some ideas. The goal is to write a function that is ...
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Concurrent Processes - Monitors and Reader/Writers

So this is a general question about the use of monitors in the Reader/Writers problem. I know the monitor procedures for the Readers/Writers problem are used for mutual exclusion to a critical ...
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2answers
79 views

Simultaneous purchase in online shop bypassing limited offer

Our client sells several products in an online shop (our software) for a especially low price on the first purchase. Further purchases of each product will fallback to the regular price. E.g. product ...
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60 views

Does Optimistic Concurrency per object imply Serializability if a transaction will never span multiple objects?

Given a system which provides: Optimistic concurrency control / versioning per object (using CAS - Check-and-Set) Transactions that never need to span more then a single object. Snapshot Isolation ...
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What is the actual reason that locks (sentinels) in OO are hard to reason about? [closed]

In this talk, Rich Hickey introduces Clojure. He gives an Ants demo and talks about his motivations for implementing a Software Transactional Memory (STM) system. His reasoning for STM is that ...
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1answer
169 views

Algorithm to create custom ConcurrentHashMap?

I tried to look into concurrent HashMap source code to look in to how it is implemented. To me it looked very difficult to understand((In no way i am saying its not required :))). I thought if i need ...
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2answers
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How do you solve issue of consistency in concurrent and distributed application (built around Bankers Dilemma)?

This is a classic problem which I'm sure has been solved many times by many different people. I don't have any formal training (I've not studied computer science or any other such academic subject) ...
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93 views

Coordinating a complicated data migration process

A project I'm involved in has suffered a change in scope, and before I set about trying to cook up some homegrown solution, I'm wondering if there is something out there -- some framework, for example ...
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2answers
95 views

Patterns for creating adaptive web crawler throttling

Im running a service that crawls many websites daily. The crawlers are run as jobs processed by a bunch of independent background worker processes, that picks up the jobs as they get enqueued. Now ...
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35 views

Semaphore : one for each shared resource?

Normally semaphores are implemented as integer variables. The value of a semaphore represents initially the number of processes that are allowed to access the shared resource at the same time, which ...
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1answer
85 views

Repurpose MySQL as a mutex

My application needs to perform an operation once every 10 minutes, but that operation is triggered many times more frequently. Occasionally it is triggered three or four times a second in different ...
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1answer
192 views

Error Handling Strategies in Multithreaded Environments

TL;DR What error generating and handling strategies do you use in Multithreaded code intended for use by others and why do you use them? If applicable, state what programming paradigm it's useful for. ...
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1k views

Is there a difference between fibers, coroutines and green threads and if that is so what is it?

Today I was reading several articles on the Internet about fibers, coroutines and green threads, and it seems like these concepts have very much in common, but there are slight differences, especially ...
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190 views

In C++, are acquire-release memory order semantics transitive?

According to cppreference, we can use release-acquire semantics to ensure write-read precedence between two threads as follows: // Thread A 1. Write to X 2. Atomic store to Y with ...
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Implementing distributed Semaphore for AWS workload

We have a messaging gateway in AWS (Amazon Cloud) that comprises of a number of nodes (Linux servers) responsible for receiving, routing, despatching and escalating messages (emails, SMS' and voice ...
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handling online payment for items with one quantity - design issue

I would like to implement a robust way to handle ecommerce payment for items with limited quantity, like for example exclusive paintings. Payment would ideally be accepted via PayPal and credit ...
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95 views

Locking database records

What I have right now: A table with lot of records. About 200 users can select a record according to some rules based on the data in each record. There is a high chance that 2 or more users will ...
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4answers
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What prevents a race condition on a lock?

I understand the basics of what data races are, and how locks/mutexes/semaphores help prevent them. But what happens if you have a "race condition" on the lock itself? For example, two different ...
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How to avoid oscillation by async event based systems?

Imagine a system where there are data sources which need to be kept in sync. A simple example is model - view data binding by MVC. Now I intend to describe these kind of systems with data sources and ...
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How can I make a universal construction more efficient?

A "universal construction" is a wrapper class for a sequential object that enables it to be linearized (a strong consistency condition for concurrent objects). For instance, here's an adapted ...
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1answer
237 views

Where to implement thread-safety logic for my queue data structure?

I will immediately confess that I do very little multithreading, so questions of style and organization in this domain a little fresh to me. I've written a data structure (in Python, if that matters) ...
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Is Resque appropriate for an evented application?

As the title says, is Resque appropriate for an evented application that requires a decent amount of speed? I'm working on a server application that emulates the default Minecraft server, and I was ...
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163 views

Can the possibility of a data race be ignored in some cases? (while having concurrent threads) [duplicate]

I am programming a game engine as a hobby project, and I would like to separate physics and drawing into two separate threads. The position vectors of entities are subject to modifications by the ...
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105 views

Cache concurrency: ensuring latest version in cache

We have a data service app working on object graphs. We place some complex graphs in a (memory) caching tier as a single data item, so as to avoid the length of time to retrieve every individual data ...
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2answers
257 views

Are all race conditions worth fixing? [closed]

I just wrote the following piece of code (in delphi): procedure Update(Value: Integer); begin // If the last update was yesterday, replace yesterday value if CompareDate(FLastUpdate,Now) <> ...
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Programs that claim they are not “multi-core” friendly

You see this phrase or similar kicked around from time to time, generally referring to a program that claims they were not designed to take full advantage of multi-core processors. This is common ...
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Super Fast File Storage Engine

I basically have one big gigantic table (about 1.000.000.000.000 records) in a database with these fields: id, block_id, record id is unique, block_id is not unique, it contains about 10k (max) ...
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What intermediate representations can be used to reason about concurrency?

I am trying to better understand what would be required for a compiler to be able to make intelligent choices regarding concurrency on behalf of the programmer. I realize that there are many difficult ...
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1answer
3k views

Are go-langs goroutine pools just green threads?

The commentator here offers the following criticism of green threads: I was initially sold on the N:M model as a means of having event driven programming without the callback hell. You can write ...
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If mutual exclusion is not implemented, how would we detect a race condition?

Suppose we are in a distributed environment, and mutual exclusion is not implemented yet. So how would we be able to detect race conditions? When I researched, use of non-blocking algorithms was ...
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259 views

Does Clojure borrow concurrency ideas from Haskell?

In code quarterly interview with Rich Hickey, Michael Fogus hints that Clojure borrows a lot from Haskell: Fogus: As someone who only knows Haskell enough to read the papers, Clojure appears to ...
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262 views

Editing files without race conditions?

I have a CSV file that needs to be edited by multiple processes at the same time. My question is, how can I do this without introducing race conditions? It's easy to write to the end of the file ...
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SQLite with two python processes accessing it: one reading, one writing

I'm developing a small system with two components: one polls data from an internet resource and translates it into sql data to persist it locally; the second one reads that sql data from the local ...
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2answers
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Is The Free Lunch Over? [closed]

In his famous The Free Lunch Is Over article from 2005, Herb Sutter predicted a Concurrent Programming Revolution as big as Object-Oriented Revolution. Has this revolution really happend in years 2005 ...
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1answer
381 views

What do goroutines, Ruby Fibers, etc. look like to the OS/Kernel?

In process concurrency and thread concurrency it's quite obvious how the kernel sees these as they map directly to real things that the kernel manages. When it comes to Golang goroutines and Ruby ...
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1answer
192 views

How do I find a good middle way to make this library safe for concurrent operations

I've made a little library called SignalR.EventAggregatorProxy Before I push it into 1.0 state I need to fix so it works safely with concurrent operations. Easiest way is lock all operations but ...
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370 views

Apple Dispatch Queue vs Threads

I've heard a lot about apple's famous dispatch queues and the GCD but today was the first time I decided to understand exactly what is going on, so I started reading Concurrency Programming Guide and ...
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351 views

Handling or preventing conflicts in a multi-user system

I have a web application that is accessed by multiple users from different locations worldwide. Let's say I have an "edit" form for a specific document and two (or more) users are editing the document ...