0
votes
1answer
99 views

What should be in a PIMPL?

I am kinda trying to implement a windowing library in C++, the circumstances are forcing me to implement it all myself, that's not the point of this question however. My question is: What should be ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Design Question - System Integration

Guidance on good application architecture / design is not in short supply however most of the examples focus on some business object, like Customer and its behaviour and persistence. There is little ...
0
votes
2answers
86 views

Software desing suggestion - In case we need to set a property of a class within a scope and dispose it when the parent scopes completes [on hold]

This is a software design related question. Lets say we have the following class: Public MyClassA { private int x; Private Student _student; Public Student { get ...
1
vote
1answer
196 views

Designing classes the right way [on hold]

I am trying to design my classes in the optimal way for the following scenario. A city has metro lines covering a number of stations.There are 4 lines represented by 4 colors.The user has to enter ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Is there a limitation when using the Bloch's Builder Pattern with mandatory fields?

Background I have a class TextDrawable which draws text on top of a shape. There are a number of properties that can be set while creating a TextDrawable object. Mandatory Properties: Text Shape ...
25
votes
7answers
6k views

When writing object-oriented code, should I always be following a design pattern?

Is there a conceivable design pattern for any object-oriented program? I ask this because recently I saw an implementation of a Door class with a Lock. It was part of a test and the answer said that ...
2
votes
4answers
476 views

When should something be a class? And are my chosen classes good OO design?

My background: I am new to programming. Python is my only programming knowledge. I program as a hobby, and I'm teaching myself by reading copious amounts of books. I understand enough about OOP to ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Should this interpretation happen in the Controller or the Model?

Imagine an application where the user is allowed to create his/her own musical scales. The user selects notes from a list, arranges them to a group and presses a button to create the scale. In an MVC ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

Design pattern for modifying state and notifying the other modifiers without a loop

The idea is that I have a set of properties that represent possible options in the app. These options can be modified through a variety of different ways, such as from the UI, remotely, third party, ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

The ViewController design in iOS vs MVC in tradiational web apps design

As I came from the background of webapps and move to iOS programming, I am wondering why we can't just apply the MVC design approach to native apps, i.e. in iOS, the view and controller are tightly ...
1
vote
0answers
121 views

Why should ViewModel route actions to Controller when using the MVCVM pattern?

When reading examples across the Internet (including the MSDN reference) I have found that code examples are all doing the following type of thing: public class FooViewModel : BaseViewModel { ...
0
votes
3answers
143 views

How to change the state of a singleton in runtime

Consider I am going to write a simple file based logger AppLogger to be used in my apps, ideally it should be a singleton so I can call it via public class AppLogger { public static String file = ...
1
vote
1answer
171 views

Design for object with optional and modifiable attributtes?

I've been using the Builder pattern to create objects with a large number of attributes, where most of them are optional. But up until now, I've defined them as final, as recommended by Joshua Block ...
2
votes
1answer
187 views

Poltergeist and factories [closed]

I've just come across the Poltergeist anti-pattern - and maybe it's because the morning coffee hasn't kicked in yet, but I read the description: a poltergeist (or gypsy wagon) is a short-lived, ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

How to generalize a classes that has identical function plus some additional function

I have some designing problems with my project. To illustrate my problem, I'll use the following two classes from my project. public class RAM_UserManagement{ private Map<int,User> userList; ...
0
votes
0answers
88 views

What is a good way to structure my UI classes?

So, I have a program which has a swing GUI. (Java - duh!) I really, really don't think the way I'm structuring my classes now is good, so I am reorganizing from the ground up to follow best practices. ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Modeling Associations

I am working on the design phase of a paper folding project. I have a few queries in this. Part of the problem statement says " A web can contain one or more ribbons in it. It can also contain a ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Queue of jobs in a different states and with different services around

I need to design a 'queue' of jobs (in a a very much UI oriented application) that can be run by a user and I need some other thoughts to pick optimal approach from ground up. My jobs can be in a ...
1
vote
2answers
120 views

Should an abstract class always abstract its methods to an interface?

I had learned sometime ago that abstract classes should always abstract their functions to an interface. So instead of having something like this - abstract class a{ public int i; public int ...
2
votes
1answer
186 views

Builder pattern inside interface. Bad design decision?

I am having trouble evaluating an implementation of the builder pattern I just came up with. The context is an API library, so I am trying not to expose any implementations in order to have a stable ...
1
vote
5answers
211 views

Coupling business logic with class definitions

Perhaps it is my scripting background, but my perspective is that the purpose of an object should be to contain data. Classes are necessary in that they provide templates and standard ways to classify ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Adding new functionality to all of shelve.Shelf's subclasses in Python

In order to avoid the overhead associated with the shelve module's writeback option I'm interested in putting together a shelf class that only accepts hashable values, with hashability being a proxy ...
4
votes
3answers
480 views

Functional programming strategies in imperative languages

I've been convinced for awhile now that some strategies in functional programming are better suited to a number of computations (i.e immutability of data structures). However, due to the popularity of ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Should state machine with synonym states be shown explicitly?

I am new to state machine modeling and while trying to model a system, I have a question. An example will explain it better: Considering a system that does calling (probably a customized cell phone ...
0
votes
1answer
156 views

Technical example of modeling a domain with OOD?

Considering favoring composition over inheritance and looking at various design patterns there are multiple approaches to modeling a domain. Say you have some Entities which are very similar in some ...
3
votes
3answers
211 views

is it valid that a state machine can have more than one possible state for some transition?

I have a requirement for a workflow which I am trying to model as a state machine, I see that there is more than one outcome of a given transition(or activity). Is it valid for a state machine to ...
1
vote
1answer
216 views

Confused about implementing Single Responsibility Principle

Please bear with me if the question looks not well structured. To put you in the context of my issue: I am building an application that invoices vehicles stay duration in a parking. In addition to ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Access items of a container with a pattern

I've two C++ classes with a relation: a container class which has a list of items. For example a library has got many books. The classes are the library and the book. Now from the external world I ...
1
vote
4answers
164 views

Dealing with similar objects with different method signatures

I am fairly new to OO design and have problems with the design of some software and looking for a pattern or a combination of patterns that could help me solving my problem. I have a type that has a ...
2
votes
5answers
320 views

Relative encapsulation design

Let's say I am doing a 2D application with the following design: There is the Level object that manages the world, and there are world objects which are entities inside the Level object. A world ...
1
vote
2answers
108 views

System Communication: Avoiding Including a Large “HAS-A” Hierarchy Which Isn't Used

The situation: System A Huge, complicated system. Uses an important Message object with many other Message objects attached, many of which have further Message objects attached. In total, this is ...
2
votes
2answers
299 views

What should a repository really do?

I've heard a lot of the repository pattern, but I quite didn't understand what a repository should really do. When I say "what a repository should really do" I'm mainly concerned about which methods ...
3
votes
3answers
254 views

OOP what is meant by object-to-object communication

I've been reading in basic concepts of OOP,as i'm trying to make this shift from transactional scripts to more oop manner in php, and i often come across this definition : An object stores its ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

reloading singleton classes and dependency

I have a singleton object. It's a DAO that looks somewhat like this (pseudoish code): class UsersDAO { public usersDAO init(string sDSN){ variables.sDSN = sDSN; return this; } public ...
0
votes
1answer
301 views

Interface questions for using Command Pattern and Dependency Injection together

I have many projects that have essentially the same high level requirement: test all hardware on a device. Each device can have a different communication protocol, requires different test equipment to ...
2
votes
3answers
491 views

Design for creating a menu based on user type

Problem I am building a PHP application which has a main menu, which in turn contains various "sections" or "subheadings" with various links. There are several user types such as SuperAdmin, Admin, ...
4
votes
4answers
297 views

Design pattern for bidirectional signals/events

This problem feels rather basic, yet I've never known a great solution. I'm looking for a way for components in an application to notify each other while being as decoupled as possible (both at ...
0
votes
3answers
285 views

Software architecture which allows for growth, real life situation [closed]

I know of Interfaces, Abstract classes that serve as Base class, I've been reading up on loose coupling, ... But I can't come up with a decent solution when a property of a class changes, and the new ...
0
votes
0answers
255 views

Javascript design pattern with jQuery Widget factory

I am using the jQuery widget framework for creating some graphical elements on a webpage, and I have a conseptual question about the overall structure of the code. I have 3 classes A, B and C which ...
0
votes
2answers
469 views

Where should the ACL handler be called in a MVC architecture?

Thinking about Access Control Lists bound to a web MVC architecture, I have a doubt on where the verification should be done. Within Models? Controllers? FrontController? Imagine a multiple module ...
0
votes
4answers
542 views

What is this design pattern called? [closed]

I have some code: /// <summary> /// Represents Record Locator class /// </summary> public class RecordLocator : IRecordLocator { /// <summary> /// The Record Locator string, ...
0
votes
2answers
179 views

How to remove redundant code that enables button. Or “if” statement

I got probably "micro optimization" problem. I got "History number", "Next Number", "Reset" buttons, as well "label" for text. Every time I click At "Next number" button I would like to show random ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Open Close Principle (OCP) vs Dependency Inversion Principle (DIP)

I was trying to understand the difference between Open Closed Principle (OCP) and Dependency Inversion Princible (DIP). Based on research I've made on the internet so far, I came to the conclusion ...
0
votes
1answer
146 views

Boolean properties in Class A control availability of members in Class B: Design Pattern?

Given the following code: class AnimalDescriptor { String species; boolean hasLegs; boolean hasTeeth; boolean hasHair; public AnimalDescriptor(String species, boolean hasLegs, ...
0
votes
1answer
239 views

Flexible / Dynamic object creation or Alternative to list of lists [closed]

I have a xlsx file, that has some tabs with different data. I want to be able to save each row of a tab in a list. The first thing that comes to mind is a list of lists, but I was wondering if there ...
1
vote
3answers
299 views

Problems with Facades and then evolution in software

I initially started a project with Facades and Polymorphism as a way to create simple extensible design following SOLID Principles. Here is a sample code: public interface IInterface { void ...
6
votes
2answers
799 views

What is the difference between self-types and trait inheritance in Scala?

When Googled, many responses for this topic come up. However, I don't feel like any of them do a good job of illustrating the difference between these two features. So I'd like to try one more time, ...
4
votes
4answers
332 views

How would you model an objects representing different phases of an entity life cycle?

I believe the scenario is common mostly in business workflows - for example: loan management the process starts with a loan application, then there's the loan offer, the 'live' loan, and maybe also ...
1
vote
4answers
600 views

Explanation needed, for “Ask, don't tell” approach?

I'm taking a course on design patterns in software engineering and here I'm trying to understand the good and the bad way of design relating to "coupling" and "cohesion". I could not understand the ...
7
votes
4answers
817 views

How do we keep dependent data structures up to date?

Suppose you have a parse tree, an abstract syntax tree, and a control flow graph, each one logically derived from the one before. In principle it is easy to construct each graph given the parse tree, ...