Questions about problem solving and planning for a solution through software design.

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3
votes
1answer
1k views

How to refactor a method which breaks “The law of Demeter” principle?

I often find myself breaking this principle (not intentially, just through bad design). However recently I've seen a bit of code that I'm not sure of the best approach. I have a number of classes. ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Log to file or to database table?

I'm developing a web application which uses MS SQL for various data: including users, user accounts, user licenses, license prices, invoices. I need to log users' real-time usage of the system, and ...
1
vote
1answer
602 views

How do we structure our JavaScript so that it is easily editable, testable, and can make calls to render a view without knowing specifics about it?

I am working on a web application that displays some data and uses JavaScript. Right now, we are serving up parts of our JavaScript code (to display certain types of information, that is, "Render a ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How is it possible to write the compiler of a programming language with that language itself [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How could the first C++ compiler be written in C++? You probably heard that Microsoft released a new language called TypeScript which is a the typed superset of JavaScript. ...
6
votes
0answers
353 views

How to manage a relatively large one-man project? [duplicate]

I am basically working on https://github.com/KirisurfProject/ entirely alone. This is around 4000 lines of Go code, plus around 1000 lines of Racket (a Lisp) code for the GUI part; the equivalent in ...
96
votes
5answers
74k views

When do you use a struct instead of a class? [closed]

What are your rules of thumb for when to use structs vs. classes? I'm thinking of the C# definition of those terms but if your language has similar concepts I'd like to hear your opinion as well. I ...
86
votes
22answers
9k views

Is OOP hard because it is not natural?

One can often hear that OOP naturally corresponds to the way people think about the world. But I would strongly disagree with this statement: We (or at least I) conceptualize the world in terms of ...
61
votes
10answers
4k views

My proposed design is usually worse than my colleague's - how do I get better? [closed]

I have been programming for couple of years and am generally good when it comes to fixing problems and creating small-to-medium scripts, however, I'm generally not good at designing large scale ...
60
votes
11answers
6k views

“Everything is a Map”, am I doing this right?

I watched Stuart Sierra's talk "Thinking In Data" and took one of the ideas from it as a design principle in this game I'm making. The difference is he's working in Clojure and I'm working in ...
38
votes
17answers
3k views

Software Design: Build it fast or build it well?

When building a non-trivial application, is it best to focus on getting things working quickly, and taking shortcuts in the code like mixing model logic with your views, breaking encapsulation - ...
25
votes
9answers
4k views

How do you organize highly customized software?

I'm working on a large software project which is highly customized for various customers arround the world. This means that we have maybe 80% code which is common between the various customers, but ...
26
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there a named anti pattern for historically grown software? [closed]

Is there an anti pattern that describes a historically grown software system where multiple developers just added new features to the system but no one really kept an eye on the overall architecture ...
31
votes
7answers
4k views

When NOT to apply Dependency Inversion?

I am currently trying to figure out SOLID. So Dependency inversion means that any two classes should communicate via interfaces, not directly. E.g. if class A has a method, that expects a pointer to ...
21
votes
3answers
8k views

Should I use a config file or database for storing business rules?

I have recently been reading The Pragmatic Programmer which states that: Details mess up our pristine code—especially if they change frequently. Every time we have to go in and change the code to ...
39
votes
7answers
4k views

Can a system be 100% Data Driven?

My new boss has been working on this project for many years. I've only been here a few weeks, but I am not sure it's possible. He would like to design a system that is "100% data driven". So if we ...
9
votes
8answers
23k views

Constructor should generally not call methods

I described to a colleague why a constructor calling a method can be an antipattern. example (in my rusty C++) class C { public : C(int foo); void setFoo(int foo); private: int foo; } C:...
54
votes
10answers
3k views

What is meant by, “A user shouldn't decide whether it is an Admin or not. The Privileges or Security system should.”

The example used in the question pass bare minimum data to a function touches on the best way to determine whether the user is an administrator or not. One common answer was: user.isAdmin() This ...
26
votes
12answers
2k views

How large is ok for a Class?

I’m a long time developer (I’m 49) but rather new to object oriented development. I’ve been reading about OO since Bertrand Meyer’s Eiffel, but have done really little OO programming. The point is ...
18
votes
3answers
11k views

Is there a list of common usernames to reserve in a new system?

I need to reserve usernames in my new website. These generally fall into three categories 1) usernames no-one should have (eg: admin, user, service, help, root, etc) 2) names of super famous people ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

How to create better OO code in a relational database driven application where the database is poorly designed

I am writing a Java web application that consists mainly of a bunch of similar pages in which every page has several tables and a filter that applies to those tables. The data on these tables comes ...
21
votes
4answers
3k views

Is there a good reason to make pure functions non-public?

I had a little debate going on with a coworker. Simply put, is there a good reason to hide/encapsulate functions that are pure? By "pure" I mean the wikipedia definition: Always returns the same ...
20
votes
5answers
15k views

Design documents as part of Agile

At my workplace, we face a challenge in that "agile" too often has meant "vague requirements, bad acceptance criteria, good luck!" We're trying to address that, as a general improvement effort. So, ...
10
votes
4answers
13k views

Generic file parser design in Java using the Strategy pattern

I am working on a product in which the responsibility of one of the modules is to parse XML files and dump the required content in a database. Even though the present requirement is only to parse XML ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

How much time do you spend on design before coding? [duplicate]

In my experience, it is useful to spend a little while sketching plans for a project before getting into code. Such planning usually includes choosing frameworks/tools, writing requirements and ...
14
votes
6answers
3k views

Loose Coupling in Object Oriented Design

I am trying to learn GRASP and I found this explained (here on page 3) about Low Coupling and I was very surprised when I found this: Consider the method addTrack for an Album class, two possible ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

ASP.NET MVC 3 (C#) Software Architecture

I am starting on a relatively large and ambitious ASP.NET MVC 3 project and just thinking about the best way to organize my code. The project is basically going to be a general management system that ...
13
votes
3answers
780 views

Is reliance on parametrized queries the only way to protect against SQL injection?

All I have seen on SQL injection attacks seems to suggest that parametrized queries, particularly ones in stored procedures, are the only way to protect against such attacks. While I was working (back ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Dependency Inversion Principle: How to define “high-level policy” and “low-level detail” to other people?

I am trying to explain the dependency inversion principle to my (mostly junior) colleagues. How can we define which one is the "high-level policy" and which one is the "low-level detail" in a software?...
10
votes
11answers
2k views

Turn away a bug if no reproducible test case exists? [duplicate]

If the customer has problems which are not reproducible because of complexity of actions they took and can't remember step by step, then coders are missing a test case. Indeed, this issue is ...
7
votes
3answers
643 views

How can I get better at explaining complex software processes to developers? [closed]

I'm really struggling with my software specs. I am not a professional programmer but enjoy doing it for fun and made some software that I want to sell later but I'm not happy with the code quality. ...
10
votes
6answers
7k views

How does rapid prototyping fit into an agile methodology?

I work for a large company, which dictates the use of agile processes. For example, for our projects, we use cloud-based services that are specifically targeted at managing agile development. The ...
9
votes
2answers
541 views

Why is it inappropriate to use UML diagrams to plan how your code will be organized?

So, yes, diagrams can be inappropriate at times. When are they inappropriate? When you create them without code to validate them, and then intend to follow them. There is nothing wrong with drawing ...
6
votes
5answers
1k views

Should I always encapsulate an internal data structure entirely?

Please consider this class: class ClassA{ private Thing[] things; // stores data // stuff omitted public Thing[] getThings(){ return things; } } This class exposes the ...
4
votes
1answer
337 views

If TDD is design, how do you know your TDD is well designed? [duplicate]

Given a large group (50+) of programmers: All given the same problem, All using Test-Driven Development (TDD), All pair programming, All doing group-based code review, I have personally seen the ...
21
votes
4answers
47k views

Best way to unit test methods that call other methods inside same class

I was recently discussing with some friends which of the following 2 methods is best to stub return results or calls to methods inside same class from methods inside same class. This is a very ...
18
votes
8answers
6k views

What is the benefit of switching on Strings in Java 7?

When I was starting to programme in Java, the fact that switch statements didn't take strings frustrated me. Then on using Enums, I realised the benefits that you get with them rather than passing ...
13
votes
7answers
1k views

Should a design document contain a discussion of the pros/cons to a given design or should it focus on facts and rationale?

I'm currently in the process of updating a design document so that it is correct and up-to-date for future developers. Currently, the document focuses on only the facts, presenting how the design is. ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

Avoid having an initialization method

I have this existing code where they have a class and an initialization method in that class. It is expected that once the object of the class is created, they need to call initialize on it. Reason ...
8
votes
7answers
521 views

What's the best way to prepare your design & code for those “unknown unknown” bugs from day one?

I am just wondering, is there any practical method or technique or even tricks to get avoid those "unknown unknown" bugs especially those nasty and random ones which are often emerge at the last ...
6
votes
2answers
317 views

Data validation: separated class or not?

When I have a lot of data that needs to be validated, should I create a new class for the sole purpose of validation or should I stick with in-method validation? My particular example contemplates a ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Proper OO design for State and Command

I'm working (a bit) on a (turn-based strategy) game. There are two classes relevant for the question: State: This is an immutable class, which exposes all its fields (either via getters or another ...
4
votes
1answer
718 views

Composition vs. Inheritance [duplicate]

Here's what is given: public interface Request {} // there are 20 subclasses of Request public class CreateUserRequest implements Request { @NotEmpty public String userName; } // request ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Best Method of function parameter validation

I've been dabbling with the idea of creating my own CMS for the experience and because it would be fun to run my website off my own code base. One of the decisions I keep coming back to is how best ...
2
votes
1answer
299 views

Design for migrating to Multitenant architecture

We are in a process of redesigning our product code in such a way so as to support multitenancy. Currently the implementation is such that one product deployment caters to only one customer. Thus ...
2
votes
1answer
465 views

How should object identification be managed?

I have a java/swing application in (hopefully good) MVC structure. Here is a overview of my model classes: One or more workers may work at one working location and one worker may work at different ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How to design a log() method that can easily be accessed from the outside of the Console class?

Recently my team has programmed a custom developer console in a video game which can easily be hidden or displayed, because it's more comfortable and less of a hassle. The Console class contains a ...
1
vote
0answers
261 views

How far to go when future proofing fluent-method-chained-DSL test code?

Is it worth implementing interfaces, or using the getThis() trick, or even static factory methods to future proof against the need to extend this DSL? The current design is a pair of thin fluent-...
9
votes
6answers
3k views

Can the Strategy pattern be implemented without significant branching?

The Strategy pattern works well to avoid huge if...else constructs and make it easier to add or replace functionality. However, it still leaves one flaw in my opinion. It seems like in every ...
8
votes
5answers
486 views

Reengineering the project from scratch [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When do you rebuild an application or keep on fixing the existing one I am currently working on a project that has been in development for the last few years used ...
5
votes
1answer
749 views

Design For Asynchronous User Interface

I have been working on a integration that has posed an interesting user interface conundrum that I would like suggestions for. The user interface is displayed within a third party product. The state ...