Questions about problem solving and planning for a solution through software design.

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3
votes
1answer
617 views

Composition vs. Inheritance [duplicate]

Here's what is given: public interface Request {} // there are 20 subclasses of Request public class CreateUserRequest implements Request { @NotEmpty public String userName; } // request ...
201
votes
16answers
14k views

Started wrong with a project. Should I start over?

I'm a beginner web developer (one year of experience). A couple of weeks after graduating, I got offered a job to build a web application for a company whose owner is not much of a tech guy. He ...
30
votes
15answers
2k views

What can programmers learn from the construction industry? [closed]

When talking with colleagues about software design and development principles, I've noticed one of the most common sources for analogies is the construction industry. We build software and we ...
58
votes
11answers
5k views

“Everything is a Map”, am I doing this right?

I watched Stuart Sierra's talk "Thinking In Data" and took one of the ideas from it as a design principle in this game I'm making. The difference is he's working in Clojure and I'm working in ...
53
votes
10answers
3k views

My proposed design is usually worse than my colleague's - how do I get better? [closed]

I have been programming for couple of years and am generally good when it comes to fixing problems and creating small-to-medium scripts, however, I'm generally not good at designing large scale ...
49
votes
4answers
12k views

What is inversion of control, and when should I use it?

I am designing a new system and I want to know what inversion of control (IOC) is, and more importantly, when to use it. Does it have to be implemented with interfaces or can be done with classes?
19
votes
18answers
1k views

What order do you develop program layers?

I liked the question about favorite program layer: What is your favorite program layer to work on? What order do you build them in or do different team members develop corresponding parts ...
39
votes
7answers
3k views

Can a system be 100% Data Driven?

My new boss has been working on this project for many years. I've only been here a few weeks, but I am not sure it's possible. He would like to design a system that is "100% data driven". So if we ...
27
votes
2answers
14k views

When to use Advanced Message Queuing Protocol like RabbitMQ? [closed]

Can somebody explain me in what use-cases I should consider using AMQP like e.g. RabbitMQ? What are the pros and cons?
27
votes
8answers
4k views

Can manager classes be a sign of bad architecture?

Lately I've begun to think that having lots of manager classes in your design is a bad thing. The idea hasn't matured enough for me to make a compelling argument, but here's a few general points: I ...
52
votes
10answers
3k views

What is meant by, “A user shouldn't decide whether it is an Admin or not. The Privileges or Security system should.”

The example used in the question pass bare minimum data to a function touches on the best way to determine whether the user is an administrator or not. One common answer was: user.isAdmin() This ...
15
votes
3answers
8k views

Is there a list of common usernames to reserve in a new system?

I need to reserve usernames in my new website. These generally fall into three categories 1) usernames no-one should have (eg: admin, user, service, help, root, etc) 2) names of super famous people ...
15
votes
4answers
476 views

How can I get free artwork for my free software? [closed]

So many free software projects have beautiful art, specially websites, that I wonder where the coders meet their artists. Is there some place to ask for this besides the local art majors' schoolboard? ...
14
votes
3answers
836 views

How would one go about building pluggable software?

If you have an application of some sort and you want your users to be able to write plugins for it, how should the application be designed? What do you have to take into account, what design ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

Should I use a config file or database for storing business rules?

I have recently been reading The Pragmatic Programmer which states that: Details mess up our pristine code—especially if they change frequently. Every time we have to go in and change the code to ...
11
votes
6answers
895 views

Development Approach: User Interface In or Domain Model Out?

While I've never delivered anything using Smalltalk, my brief time playing with it has definitely left its mark. The only way to describe the experience is MVC the way it was meant to be. ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

ASP.NET MVC 3 (C#) Software Architecture

I am starting on a relatively large and ambitious ASP.NET MVC 3 project and just thinking about the best way to organize my code. The project is basically going to be a general management system that ...
14
votes
6answers
2k views

Loose Coupling in Object Oriented Design

I am trying to learn GRASP and I found this explained (here on page 3) about Low Coupling and I was very surprised when I found this: Consider the method addTrack for an Album class, two possible ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

How much time do you spend on design before coding? [duplicate]

In my experience, it is useful to spend a little while sketching plans for a project before getting into code. Such planning usually includes choosing frameworks/tools, writing requirements and ...
25
votes
7answers
2k views

Are classes with only a single method a problem?

I am currently working on a software project that performs compression and indexing on video surveillance footage. The compression works by splitting background and foreground objects, then saving the ...
22
votes
3answers
16k views

Which is a better practice - helper methods as instance or static?

This question is subjective but I was just curious how most programmers approach this. The sample below is in pseudo-C# but this should apply to Java, C++, and other OOP languages as well. Anyway, ...
14
votes
5answers
9k views

Design documents as part of Agile

At my workplace, we face a challenge in that "agile" too often has meant "vague requirements, bad acceptance criteria, good luck!" We're trying to address that, as a general improvement effort. So, ...
14
votes
7answers
266 views

What optimizations are premature? [duplicate]

I've been here for nearly a month and it seems that people have a tendency to be eager to use the "Premature Optimization is the root of all evil" argument as soon as someone mentions efficiency. ...
10
votes
3answers
837 views

Dependency Inversion Principle: How to define “high-level policy” and “low-level detail” to other people?

I am trying to explain the dependency inversion principle to my (mostly junior) colleagues. How can we define which one is the "high-level policy" and which one is the "low-level detail" in a ...
6
votes
3answers
574 views

Why it is not recommended to have set-only property?

Today at work one of my colleague reviewed my code, and suggested me to remove set-only property and use method insted. As we both were busy with other stuffs, he told me to look at Property Design ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How to design a log() method that can easily be accessed from the outside of the Console class?

Recently my team has programmed a custom developer console in a video game which can easily be hidden or displayed, because it's more comfortable and less of a hassle. The Console class contains a ...
18
votes
8answers
4k views

What is the benefit of switching on Strings in Java 7?

When I was starting to programme in Java, the fact that switch statements didn't take strings frustrated me. Then on using Enums, I realised the benefits that you get with them rather than passing ...
13
votes
7answers
905 views

Should a design document contain a discussion of the pros/cons to a given design or should it focus on facts and rationale?

I'm currently in the process of updating a design document so that it is correct and up-to-date for future developers. Currently, the document focuses on only the facts, presenting how the design is. ...
11
votes
5answers
560 views

Is it reasonable to expect knowing the whole stack bottom up?

I am an Sr. developer/architect/Product Manager for embedded systems. The systems that I have had experience with have typically been small to medium size codebases - typically close to 25-30K LOC in ...
8
votes
8answers
470 views

Refactoring or upgrading databases to handle new features

Several responses to a database schema question, suggested an additional table to normalize a database for a feature that is not part of the current requirements (A UserDepartment table to allow for a ...
8
votes
7answers
480 views

What's the best way to prepare your design & code for those “unknown unknown” bugs from day one?

I am just wondering, is there any practical method or technique or even tricks to get avoid those "unknown unknown" bugs especially those nasty and random ones which are often emerge at the last ...
8
votes
10answers
983 views

What should be first - functionality or design? [duplicate]

I've started reading a book from Head First series about OOP and Design. In a first chapter it is stated I have to worry about design of my application just after basic functionality is ready. Basic ...
7
votes
1answer
341 views

Log to file or to database table?

I'm developing a web application which uses MS SQL for various data: including users, user accounts, user licenses, license prices, invoices. I need to log users' real-time usage of the system, and ...
6
votes
6answers
3k views

How does rapid prototyping fit into an agile methodology?

I work for a large company, which dictates the use of agile processes. For example, for our projects, we use cloud-based services that are specifically targeted at managing agile development. The ...
6
votes
3answers
999 views

Avoid having an initialization method

I have this existing code where they have a class and an initialization method in that class. It is expected that once the object of the class is created, they need to call initialize on it. Reason ...
4
votes
5answers
619 views

Proper OO design for State and Command

I'm working (a bit) on a (turn-based strategy) game. There are two classes relevant for the question: State: This is an immutable class, which exposes all its fields (either via getters or another ...
2
votes
1answer
280 views

How should object identification be managed?

I have a java/swing application in (hopefully good) MVC structure. Here is a overview of my model classes: One or more workers may work at one working location and one worker may work at different ...
12
votes
3answers
22k views

Best way to unit test methods that call other methods inside same class

I was recently discussing with some friends which of the following 2 methods is best to stub return results or calls to methods inside same class from methods inside same class. This is a very ...
8
votes
5answers
465 views

Reengineering the project from scratch [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When do you rebuild an application or keep on fixing the existing one I am currently working on a project that has been in development for the last few years used ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

Abstract DAL - Use Interface with Internal Class?

We have a business logic layer (BLL) that is tightly coupled to our data access layer (DAL). We make calls like this: using (FooData data = new FooData()) { data.DoSomething(); } It's important ...
6
votes
6answers
2k views

Can the Strategy pattern be implemented without significant branching?

The Strategy pattern works well to avoid huge if...else constructs and make it easier to add or replace functionality. However, it still leaves one flaw in my opinion. It seems like in every ...
5
votes
1answer
544 views

Design For Asynchronous User Interface

I have been working on a integration that has posed an interesting user interface conundrum that I would like suggestions for. The user interface is displayed within a third party product. The state ...
4
votes
7answers
746 views

Significant amount of the time, I can't think of a reason to have an object instead of a static class. Do objects have more benefits than I think? [closed]

I understand the concept of an object, and as a Java programmer I feel the OO paradigm comes rather naturally to me in practice. However recently I found myself thinking: Wait a second, what are ...
4
votes
3answers
225 views

Establishing an API to provide end-user apps/scripts access to multiple types of databases

Question and Context I am currently working on a project where the main question is, how do we insert an API between the database and end-users who may develop applications/scripts of their own that ...
4
votes
3answers
637 views

What should I name these methods?

I have two interfaces, one with and one without generic type parameters. The non-generic interface is used internally so that I can store instances of the generic interface in a collection. All would ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Recovering an anemic domain model into a multitier architecture

I have spent the past several days learning about domain driven design and attempting to apply it to a current project. I decomposed the problem domain into the canonical logical components: domain, ...
3
votes
4answers
385 views

Methods of ordering function definitions in code

When I work on some programming project (usually command line application in Python with many switches), I'm usually creating about 30 and more functions. Most of the functions are in one file (except ...
2
votes
1answer
355 views

Should we create classes just to group properties

I am designing a bit of software that will integrate with our enterprise system using web services. We are dealing with work orders that are needed to maintain equipment. We have a bit of a ...
2
votes
1answer
226 views

Would you choose a database or a dvcs as storage for a documentation wiki?

I'm about to start coding a documentation oriented wiki, as a pet project. The core features are: Extremely easy grouping of documents per version Markdown syntax (subset of) Multiple authors ...
1
vote
0answers
294 views

JavaScript program design: to what degree should I separate logic and display?

Consider you wanting to implement a simple game of checkers. There would be a rectangular game board and the player would able to move the pieces around according to a particular set of rules. ...