Questions about problem solving and planning for a solution through software design.

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0
votes
1answer
115 views

What kind of data structure should be used to store components in an electrical schematic program?

Is there a specific data structure, object oriented programming methodology, and/or approach for achieving what programs like LT Spice, Altium Designer, and Cadence Virtuoso use to manage components/...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

How to calculate new property for old records efficiently?

Let's say we have classes something like this: public class Item1{ public Guid Id {get; set;} public string Name {get; set;} public decimal Price {get; set;} public int Quantity {get; ...
6
votes
1answer
171 views

Where to store SQLite Database file?

I'm writing an application for learning foreign words of exactly one language (english at the moment), which has currently an ineffective design. I use Java and SQLite-jdbc for saving the words. ...
4
votes
2answers
104 views

Layered architectures and modular software

I have built a server-side Java application of about 10k lines of code and on a code review a colleague made me notice that when developing a new business feature , I have to touch several files. My ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

What are the consequences of eliminating the ORM/ODM in a NoSQL based system?

In Martin Fowler's article OrmHate, he states the following: If you have an application problem that maps well to a NoSQL data model - such as aggregates or graphs - then you can avoid the ...
30
votes
6answers
15k views

Why avoid Java Inheritance “Extends”

Jame Gosling said “You should avoid implementation inheritance whenever possible.” and instead, use interface inheritance. But why? How can we avoid inheriting the structure of an object using ...
4
votes
3answers
542 views

Database design, how to handle freelancers

The context I'm modeling a database for a small ERP system. However I've recently hit a difficult spot that I'm having a hard time wrapping my head around. The logic of it involves a few special ...
3
votes
2answers
121 views

Designing a centralised command api

I'm working on a personal project that has a fairly complex UI. As much as possible I would like to remove mouse interaction. To help with that I am working on a kind of in app command line, where you ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Need help with figuring out a better method of my application layout, please

I am working as the sole .Net developer at a company and I have been tasked with a very large and complex project, an internal intranet site for inventory and time tracking. I have built a project ...
1
vote
1answer
600 views

How do we structure our JavaScript so that it is easily editable, testable, and can make calls to render a view without knowing specifics about it?

I am working on a web application that displays some data and uses JavaScript. Right now, we are serving up parts of our JavaScript code (to display certain types of information, that is, "Render a ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

When designing a URL router, is there a reason why some frameworks choose a configuration file vs. a naming convention?

I'm confused about routing. In some systems I've seen only naming conventions. In other's I've seen configuration, and in some I've seen both options (like in ASP.NET MVC5). In the naming ...
5
votes
1answer
373 views

Software design: too many static objects?

About the subject I hesitated for a while between using singletons objects or plain static ones. After having read a lot of different opinions, I made mine: If you don't need to prevent ...
1
vote
5answers
248 views

Making an automotive system more 'modular' in terms of software?

I am working on an automotive project that we are supposed to make more modular. I am a software specialist and I have very little knowledge of automotive hardware. I don't have any requirements or ...
2
votes
2answers
134 views

Placing preconditions in the right place

I am trying to figure out the best way to define the responsibility of checking preconditions. Let's consider the following case: we have an Event class representing a sports event and a Matchup ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Suggestions for dataloading - semi dynamic data

I have a very old Perl based system that is used for CAD drawing searches, where each drawing has many metadata fields associated with it. Currently, the 'old' system has a database schema that has ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Data Storage Architecture: Storing Hierarchical Data (JSON/BSON)

Say you have the hierarchical storage concept of "Foo." "Foo" holds an id, various values, and zero to many "Foo." Obviously, in turn, the child elements can hold zero to many Foos. The data is purely ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

What functionality to expose in a database abstraction layer?

I'm trying to design a simple way of abstracting away data persistence behind an interface, but I'm having a hard time figuring out how much fine grained control should be exposed to higher layers. ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

I feel like the more I improve the structure of my program I am writing a DSL [closed]

My project started out as spaghetti code. The more DRY and extensible I make my code, the more it looks like configuration files and code than runs them. Is that a good thing or does that mean I am ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Most efficient way of allocating participants to conference tracks

I am redesigning a system by which conference participants can choose which track they want to attend. Participants express their track preferences arranging them in order and submitting them at a ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Why do most payment gateways use synchronous integration?

This question comes to my mind having just lost some money while ordering Pizza. Most internet merchants (atleast in India) use synchronous page redirection for integration with Banks and payment ...
7
votes
6answers
390 views

Should instance of Employee contain a reference to instance of Office, or should Office contain an array of Employee?

Title is an abstraction of what I am actually doing, but in essence the same. The main entity I will be dealing with are the Employees themselves; "Send package to employee John Doe". In order to ...
2
votes
4answers
6k views

Exporting huge data into XLS in a web application [closed]

I am developing a web application in Java/J2EE, in which I have export functionality. I have used Jasper for the same. The issue is when trying to export a huge set of data it is consuming a lot of ...
2
votes
3answers
129 views

Correct RESTfull way to refresh a resource

Imagine we have resources like reports. We have a collection because every report contains its own settings to build some data. Every report calculates its values on regular basis but not to often. ...
4
votes
2answers
147 views

Passing readonly structs in C++

In this particular problem I am having, I am not sure of the proper way to deal with readonly structs, passed to class constructors as a parameter when I want to store the data in the struct, in the ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Is it better to pull all data immediately or as needed?

I have a program that needs information from a database but it doesn't need all of the information at once, although it WILL need it at some point. Would it be better to pull all of the information ...
3
votes
1answer
260 views

On Developing Web Services with Global State

I'm new to web programming. I'm more experienced and comfortable with client-side code. Recently, I've been dabbling in web programming through Python's Google App Engine. I ran into some difficulty ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Modeling a cookbook recipe with django

I'm trying to model recipes in a cookbook. Here's what I have so far: class Recipe(models.Model): title = models.CharField(max_length=255) class Ingredient(models.Model): class Meta: ...
2
votes
2answers
110 views

Should we add an extra class to this code sample

I have a shopping website which allows users to place orders. In my web application when the users click 'Create Order' i call an OrderService class which looks like the below: public class ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Architecture of badge system similar to StackExchange?

I want to implement gamification in my education mobile application. I have a database with user activity and I want to analyze it and give badges to a user. There will be many badges with totally ...
7
votes
4answers
226 views

Code design: Duplicate code or good implementation

I'm working on application in C#, where I need to serialize and deserialize some classes into/from XML. This operations will be implemented in Class Library. I chose XMLSerialization class to ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Getting instances without using the Spring context

I'm writing a small game of life implementation with Spring, but trying to avoid referencing the Spring context within my code. I have two interfaces, Board and Cell. In each implementation of Board ...
1
vote
3answers
99 views

Xml Messages: One Type to Rule Them All?

My job involves a project that has a lot of different pieces that all need to communicate via XML messages. There are two schools of thought on how these messages should be organized. In reality ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

GUI - engine data exchange, design with C, getters or struct pointers passing?

Having quite big codebase and external libraries, in C application, what would be pros and cons of two approaches (or suggest other): (assume that there are NONE api provided calls for this) Edit ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Fine tuning details in C++ function for different customers

The company I work for follows a business model where a core product exists (originally written in C, now in C++) with some default implementation but details are tailor-made for each customer (there ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Is it bad practice to simplify constructor dependencies using a simple container when the class represents the entry point for a sub system?

I have a System which depends on Transactions, and a few other things. This list can become very long. Transactions can be (and will be) implemented in two ways or more, so every transaction is an ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

Better way of providing access to a single “backend” class to the whole application

My application is growing in complexity. Currently, I have a collection of classes that make up a "Backend", this contains a DataInterface that talks to a database and returns POCO classes, a ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Is it good practice to encapsulate communication with web service?

I'm working on a ASP.NET application that is required to communicate with a Flask web service. My initial thought was to include the communication with web service directly into the aspx file, ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

Architecture design for Web API with single endpoint

Scenario: I have a situation where I need to refactor a Web service with a single API endpoint that uses complex logic to insert, update and fetch data from a database. The clients use one call, and ...
0
votes
0answers
81 views

What is a good design to couple/relate methods and references?

I am implementing a trigger system. There are objects that take the role of observers (this is not strictly an observer pattern because the observers are inter-dependent, see my question here). They ...
5
votes
4answers
192 views

Idiomatic pattern matching equivalent in Java

I'm building a simulator which parses some events from STDIN and "runs" them. My background is mostly functional programming these days, so it seemed natural to do something like this: datatype Event ...
0
votes
3answers
56 views

Different pages for mobile?

I'm attempting to migrate some of my already existing pages over to bootstrap 3, and I'm wondering the best design to do this. On the non-mobile devices, I display a list of items on the left. If ...
0
votes
0answers
77 views

Repository Pattern: How to structure repositories with nested tables?

I'm working on an API and I always seem to run into this thought debate. When designing the code structure that interacts with the database (repositories, data providers ect..) how do I structure the ...
4
votes
2answers
131 views

Calling different library functions based on parameter

I am writing a rather large class where the user can specify at runtime whether she wants to use algorithm A or B of an third party library e. Basically there is only one function call different in ...
2
votes
2answers
227 views

Does it make sense to have a user specified thread limit?

I'm developing a C++14 application and would like to take advantage of the new multithreading features, in particular std::async. I have seen a number of applications which allow the user to specify ...
45
votes
14answers
19k views

Isn't MVC anti OOP?

The main idea behind OOP is to unify data and behavior in a single entity - the object. In procedural programming there is data and separately algorithms modifying the data. In the Model-View-...
4
votes
2answers
108 views

Applying composition over inheritance to Vehicle classes

I have a car maintenance garage program that has an abstract Vehicle class that has several derived classes like Car MotorCycle, etc. Each of those derived vehicles in turn is either a fuel or an ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

Should I actually be using encapsulation here?

Problem Statement I am going to write a library to control a whole bunch of relays, and I am just trying to think conceptually right now. Here are my design constraints: We have an exact number of ...
13
votes
4answers
4k views

Am I wrong in thinking that needing something like AutoMapper is an indication of poor design?

Automapper is an "object-object mapper" for .Net, which means copying objects from a class into another class that represents the same thing. Why is this ever useful? Is the duplication of classes ...
6
votes
6answers
5k views

Understanding “programming to an interface”

I have come across the term "programming to an interface instead of an implementation" a lot, and I think I kind of understand what it means. But I want to make sure I understand it's benefits and it'...
92
votes
8answers
9k views

Is this a violation of the Liskov Substitution Principle?

Say we have a list of Task entities, and a ProjectTask sub type. Tasks can be closed at any time, except ProjectTasks which cannot be closed once they have a status of Started. The UI should ensure ...