Questions about problem solving and planning for a solution through software design.

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0
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34 views

Efficiently extracting data from pdf with a template system?

basically allow a user to label specific text in a pdf file. Use the label information to create a template, which a script uses to extract text from specific pdf. What would be a good pattern to use ...
0
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0answers
133 views

Properly design program database to reflect organization structure

I'm having trouble setting up my program's database the 'right' way. I was hoping you guys could give me suggestions on doing it properly. I am creating a database+client for a non-profit organization ...
2
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1answer
115 views

How do I avoid duplicating utility functions across modules?

I've seen this question but it doesn't help me because I'm writing functional code (Standard ML) and the answers there are heavily focused towards OOP (the OP is advised to use the Facade pattern, to ...
1
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2answers
86 views

View model structuring best practise

What is the preferred convention for structuring view model properties? It is better to use generic or more specific property names? Let's have a user, the page where this user will be displayed ...
0
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0answers
49 views

MongoDB Embedded vs Reference Private info

I have searched extensively for a similar Mongo schema design and can't find relevant examples. I have a store (with public info), each store has an account (with private account info). // store ...
4
votes
2answers
281 views

dealing with a very large state machine in a class

I am currently implementing a class for a network protocol. The protocol uses a quite complex and extensive finite state machine. A pair of an event plus a state is mapped to a function, which does ...
3
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4answers
195 views

Wrap all external calls with flag to fight against recursion and double-entry?

Producing predictable output for each possible input is the responsibility of each module. For example (in C#): class Logger { public ITextWriter Writer { get; set; } private uint counter; ...
0
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1answer
69 views

Allow entities owned by one user to be referenced by other users' entities

I am working on an Asp.NET MVC web application. I have the following (simplified) entities: public class Course { public int Id { get; set; } public string Name { get; set; } public ...
2
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2answers
99 views

Static Test-Data in Helper Class: Getter vs Public Constant

Currently I am in process of writing large batches of Unit-Tests in the Project I am working on. Additionally we recently Introduced GUI-Testing. This project is a relatively simple webapp, on basis ...
0
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1answer
256 views

Git structure for java project

I know there are multiple posts on similar problems, so please be kind with me. I am asking for suggestions I have not thought of and for good advice. I have a java "project" that is structured in a ...
1
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0answers
109 views

How can I put multiple hierarchical forms in a single web page and avoid making it a mess?

We are a group of developers working on a web application that accepts forms filled and sent by our users and present it in an overall view. Our main form view looks like this: There are multiple ...
2
votes
2answers
993 views

How to model users accounts in ASP MVC Framework with Entity Framework using code-first approach?

How do you design your code-first approach in entity framework when your code should include user data (name, password...) without repeating/overwriting what the MVC framework will generate in terms ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Is routing a site with RESTful not the best when you have very long URLs?

I've read a lot about RESTful, but I have always had a hard time figuring out how I'd use it with a very long query string. This is an in-house project, and it won't always have a simple /someAction ...
2
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1answer
84 views

Drawing a custom rendered control in Windows - resizing

Some background: in order to learn GUI programming and drawing in Windows I'm starting to create my own GUI toolkit in Windows (so this is a didactic exercise, please don't suggest "use Qt" or "use ...
8
votes
2answers
369 views

Applying the principles of Clean Code to functional languages

I'm currently reading Robert Martin's Clean Code. I think it's great, and when writing OO code I'm taking his lessons to heart. In particular, I think his advice to use small functions with meaningful ...
1
vote
1answer
200 views

Entity Component System Coupling

Lately I've been working on a small personal project which is basically an Entity Component System framework with autoupdated Systems. While I have a pretty good idea on the way the framework should ...
3
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3answers
219 views

How would you rewrite/refactor this ? [duplicate]

Old application that is used by 50-60.000 paying customers. Company is several hundred people big. Application has a lot of business critical code (30% of all code) written in classic asp. Application ...
3
votes
2answers
165 views

Ranking players depending on decision making during a game

How would I go about a ranking system for players that play a game? Basically, looking at video games, players throughout the game make critical decisions that ultimately impact the end game result. ...
1
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0answers
155 views

Why should ViewModel route actions to Controller when using the MVCVM pattern?

When reading examples across the Internet (including the MSDN reference) I have found that code examples are all doing the following type of thing: public class FooViewModel : BaseViewModel { ...
1
vote
2answers
264 views

Advice on approaching a significant rearrangement/refactoring?

I'm working on an application (hobby project, solo programmer, small-medium size), and I have recently redesigned a significant part of it. The program already works in it's current state, but I ...
1
vote
2answers
495 views

C# inherit from a class in a different DLL

I need to make an application that needs to be highly modular and that can easily be expanded with new functionality. I've thought up a design where I have a main window and a list of actions that ...
4
votes
2answers
135 views

Strategy to use two different measurement systems in software

I have an application that needs to accept and output values in both US Custom Units and Metric system. Right now the conversion and input and output is a mess. You can only enter in US system, but ...
1
vote
2answers
46 views

Should I reference a CopyOnWriteArraySet from the Set interface?

There are two ways to use a CopyOnWriteArraySet: // A Set<Object> set = new CopyOnWriteArraySet<>(); and // B CopyOnWriteArraySet<Object> set = new CopyOnWriteArraySet<>(); ...
0
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2answers
138 views

Interface (contract), Generics (universality), and extension methods (ease of use). Is it a right design?

I'm trying to design a simple conversion framework based on these requirements: All developers should follow a predefined set of rules to convert from the source entity to the target entity Some ...
0
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1answer
93 views

Single database, multiple system dependency

Consider an environment where we have a single, core database, with many separate systems using this one database. This leads to all of these systems have a common dependency, which ultimately ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

How should I design a wizard for generating requirements and documentation

I'm currently working in an industry where extensive documentation is required, but the apps I'm writing are all pretty much cookie cutter at a high level. What I'd like to do is build an app that ...
3
votes
2answers
215 views

How do programmers handle several versions of a same program? [closed]

A lot of apps, for instance, have a free version and pro version. Do programmers, when a new update is released, remove lines of code that shouldn't be available in the free version? As for Visual ...
1
vote
4answers
138 views

When should a method of a class return the same instance after modifying itself?

I have a class that has three methods A(), B() and C(). Those methods modify the own instance. While the methods have to return an instance when the instance is a separate copy (just as Clone()), I ...
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votes
6answers
502 views

Requesting feedback on my OO design

I'm working on an application that creates music by itself. I'm seeking feedback for my OO design so far. This question will focus on one part of the program. The application produces Tune objects, ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

What is the right way to process inconsistent data files?

I'm working at a company that uses Excel files to store product data, specifically, test results from products before they are shipped out. There are a few thousand spreadsheets with anywhere from ...
1
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0answers
92 views

JS closures - Passing a function to a child, how should the shared object be accessed

I have a design and am wondering what the appropriate way to access variables is. I'll demonstrate with this example since I can't seem to describe it better than the title. Term is an object ...
1
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1answer
128 views

Changelog Management [closed]

I'm currently developing a WinForm application. In order to inform the client about the improvements and corrections made during the last version, I would like to manage and display a changelog. I ...
0
votes
2answers
105 views

How would you create a program where two objects randomly move throughout the screen BUT never collide? [closed]

they are free to move anywhere on the screen weather in straight lines or curved ones just as long as they don't be at the same place at any given time. btw I'm not asking how to write it in code, ...
1
vote
2answers
123 views

Where should the “not empty field” validation code be written on a 3-layer application?

When working with the 3-layer model, where should the validation code be placed? for: not empty fields, unchecked options, null values, wrong-written dates, etc. To keep total isolation between a ...
4
votes
2answers
365 views

How to layer if statements when order of logic is irrelevant?

Basically I have a series of logic in my website that can lead to 5 total outcomes. Basically two different if tests and then a catch all else statement. For example: if cond1: if mod1: ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Dealing with class optional dependencies

I am wondering how are you guys handling an optional class properties. Let's say I have a product that can bud doesn't have to have a color property. Is that really the best way of doing that? Should ...
0
votes
2answers
242 views

How often do you refactor or restructure your code in long term projects? [duplicate]

As developers we are always eager to learn new things and better ourselves at what we do. You've all had moments when you look at your old code and get that feeling: "WTH, I can't believe I used ...
0
votes
1answer
128 views

How to generalize a classes that has identical function plus some additional function

I have some designing problems with my project. To illustrate my problem, I'll use the following two classes from my project. public class RAM_UserManagement{ private Map<int,User> userList; ...
1
vote
2answers
320 views

How to approach program design with respect to data strucutres and algorimths - is there an equivelant of the OO design process for d.s.'s + algs? [closed]

My applogies for probably the worst written body of text I have produced in my life and many thanks to those willing to plough through it all. I was (and still am) not able to clearly express what I ...
0
votes
2answers
99 views

Which layer should service errors be handled in?

I am coding in a multitier architecture in Java, and I perform a query to a web service. Is it better form for the errors returned by the service be handled in the data access layer or in the ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Doesn't an event bus affect global state?

"Minimize mutable global state" is a more or less accepted program design principle. The reason often cited is that having global state can affect two components that don't are seemingly unrelated. In ...
2
votes
2answers
72 views

What is the point of writing WCF Interceptors, compared to using a helper method?

For those of you who don't know, WCF allows you to attach interceptors to methods in the service contract. The interceptor is capable of performing custom logic before and after a method call, and is ...
2
votes
1answer
157 views

How to store satellite data in C data structutres

I've been reading through Introduction To Algorithms 3rd Ed, and am really enjoying the material; however, I am having difficulty in implementing some practical situations. It's not the theory, or ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Pattern or idea to communicate with async hardware

This is more like a theory question than a practical one. And although I am using Arduino and Labview, it should work independently of the platform. I have an Arduino board controlling a set of pumps ...
1
vote
1answer
270 views

Should ORM data access methods be wrapped or used directly?

We're using an internally-built ORM. Each table is represented by a Model class, which inherits from a base model class that has a handful of methods like GetAll, GetWhere (to get rows with specified ...
0
votes
2answers
118 views

How to route messages between clients using a central server in Python

I've got three Raspberry Pis sitting around. I want 2 of them to be able to chat while the 3rd routes the messages (acts as a server between them). The general flow of events should be something like ...
0
votes
3answers
125 views

Assigning responsibility for cancelling an Order

During a conversation with our Domain Expert we can across this feature: A Customer service agent can cancel an Order by decreasing its quantity. To cancel an Order we decrease its quantity by the ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

Creating fast, realtime dialogue search for television scripts

We have a database of television scripts and we'd like to search it, getting results as we type. We often remember words or snippets of dialogue but can't remember exactly what was said or what ...
2
votes
1answer
302 views

Things developers do before the coding phase [closed]

I'm a new software developer, and in my internship my boss asked me to develop an application that allows him to manage his inventory. Something small but, for me, very enriching. The application is ...
1
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1answer
74 views

Data generation system modular design

I am trying to think of the most sensible way to design the architecture of a data generation system with several steps. Data in the system goes through several transformations which can be divided ...