Questions about problem solving and planning for a solution through software design.

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1
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2answers
180 views

Is it possible to avoid SQL injection by not using a Query Language for most tasks? [duplicate]

I'm coming at this from a somewhat beginners viewpoint so if this is an obvious question it's because I didn't know the right terms to search for. Are there DBMS's that provide an alternative ...
4
votes
1answer
187 views

Event sourcing and REST

I came across Event Sourcing design and I would like to use in an application where a REST client is needed (RESTful to be precise). However I fail to connect these together as REST is quite CRUD-like ...
2
votes
4answers
296 views

How To Avoid Dependencies between Modules

We have two modules, lets call them U and F. Module U has entities like that: class Upload { Long id; User uploadedBy; Date uploadedAt; } Module F has entities like that: class Field ...
3
votes
1answer
271 views

How would one go about creating a “Licence Key” for a distributable source-available Software project?

This is something I have wondered, it has been a while since I have seen anything you can download which has to connect to license server in order to monetize a piece of software (and the last time I ...
1
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0answers
42 views

what is the best method to return db query and additional information from other methods

I am new to MVC and trying to continue to learn base on best practices. I am trying to return data from multiple sources -- one source being a mysql db query and another source from another method ...
4
votes
2answers
234 views

UI design for changing multiple records at once

I have a desktop application where the user has tabular views on some data records. Now we got the requirement to let the user select multiple of these records at the same time and let the him edit ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Software to access GSM Terminal, sending and receiving AT commands, validating results

I am currently implementing a software that uses a GSM terminal to perform actions. Actions can be sending messages, checking balance, receiving status report messages, setting the pin, ... The ...
1
vote
2answers
199 views

Which design (pattern) would be suitable to abstract logging platforms?

I need to create a simple system to abstract logging platforms. The idea is that I'd like to be able to exchange or activate a logging platform (nlog, log4net, enterprise library) via some ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Help design this data import program

I want to import some data from various locations and pump it into MongoDb and some cloud services. The data starts off as JSON, I read that JSON, create some objects in mongo, go to the next level ...
12
votes
4answers
848 views

“Use map instead of class to represent data” -Rich Hickey

In this video by Rich Hickey, the Clojure creator, he advises to use map to represent data instead of using a class to represent it, as done in Java. I don't understand how it can be better, since how ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Design caching system

I am thinking about making my own caching system, mainly for C#, but this is more a design question, so the language doesn't really matter. Let me start at the beginning, I have a basic web api, ...
0
votes
2answers
109 views

Organizing C++ Components [closed]

In my current company we've brought the discussion about how to organize most of our different C++ components considering the following requirements: There might be interdependencies between ...
2
votes
2answers
177 views

When testing is it OK to use a method of the subject to test another method of the subject? [duplicate]

I have two methods in the same helper class one that creates an image (method A) and one that compares two images (method B). I want to check the return of method A against an existing image. To do ...
0
votes
2answers
31 views

Making sure loaden (non default) config is valid

I'm writing a device Software in which the device must handle much data. Therefore it has a database, either on NV-Ram (Non-volatile memory) or a SD-Card. Due there's a DB which I can use, I also use ...
4
votes
3answers
8k views

When should we use weak entities when modelling a database?

This is basically a question about what are weak entities? When should we use them? How should they be modeled? What is the main difference between normal entities and weak entities? Does weak ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Designing an Action abstract class with GUI

I have an Action class, where an Action can do a range of things, including: Performing a sequential list of other actions Performing an action if a condition is true Allowing the user to pick ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Incorporating web designer's into a rails app

I have a designer who has great knowledge of HTML, CSS and JavaScript (Not jQuery or AJAX though). He gives me his designs in those files and I have to incorporate it into my apps. The site is not ...
4
votes
1answer
226 views

Should I be using separate 'domain' layer?

I have been reading a lot about domain layer and DDD. However I am still confused about it. To me they seem to be a fancy name for business classes however more modelled towards your application ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

How much detail to put into first iteration of project?

I have just started a new personal project (Python), and am writing what amounts to a "rough draft" of the program, the minimum required to do what I want to do. I am not yet putting in extensive ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Should I prefer classes or singletons in JavaScript/Node?

This question applies especially to Node.js, but also to JavaScript in general. I started working on a simple web app in Node.js. I'm relatively new to Node and JavaScript, and come mainly from C# ...
2
votes
1answer
582 views

Login with Twitter or Facebook - How to link accounts

I've been developing a site and I've been trying to come up with a method to make sure all Social Network accounts of a certain user are linked together. I've had one snag from the start, and maybe ...
1
vote
2answers
125 views

Use Case Diagram. Can a system be its own actor?

Hello I got the definition below for an actor. That means the system cannot be an actor to itself. I was wondering what if the system is supposed to display certain elements on a screeen. In that case ...
0
votes
2answers
168 views

In what case a use case should be written

I am trying to figure out some questions to help me decide whether a use case should be written for that requirement or not. Is it neccesesary to have a use case for each requirement? E.g I have ...
22
votes
3answers
1k views

Caching at business layer vs Caching at Data Layer

I have always worked on projects where caching was done on DAL, basically just when you are about to make the call to database, it checks if data is already there in the cache and if it is, it just ...
1
vote
3answers
167 views

Is self referencing tables a good idea for geographical data?

I am creating a design for different Geographical types where each type is just a little "place holder" in over all heirarchy. One example is Zip code Belongs to Territory Belongs to District ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Beginner's UnitTests for MVP Presenter class

In my application, I have a user settings form with roughly 20 checkboxes and a few other controls. The checked state, enabled state and texts of these controls are bound to about 60 properties of the ...
9
votes
9answers
2k views

How to split large, tightly coupled classes?

I have some huge classes of more than 2k lines of code (and growing) that I would like to refactor if possible, to have some more light and clean design. The reason it is so big is mainly because ...
9
votes
8answers
10k views

OO Design related questions in technical interviews

I've been attending quite a few interviews recently and have been asked by companies to answer "design a [insert model]" questions more than a few times. Is this normal in the industry nowadays? ...
1
vote
6answers
228 views

What is a better design a light weight user or a heavy weight heavy user model?

This is a design question and I am confused about how to design my user object. As in most systems, user is the central part of my application and a lot of information scattered around my database ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

JSON or protocol buffer to replace the custom TCP message

Originally, We have two applications communication with TCP/IP, and both of them are implemented by C++. The messages between them are custom message type. Now the client program will be changed to ...
1
vote
2answers
291 views

From a DDD perspective is a report generating service a domain service or an infrastructure service?

Let assume we have the following service whose responsibility is to generate Excel reports: class ExcelReportService{ public String generateReport(String fileFormatFilePath, ResultSet data){ ...
2
votes
3answers
325 views

How to implement the repository pattern for an app that will change its database from sql to nosql on in couple of years?

I have been reading a lot about repository implementation. I am confused about which way to implement it for a project I am sure would change its data layer methods because of db migration from MS Sql ...
1
vote
3answers
224 views

Member variables vs. State Varaibels? Are they the same? [closed]

I am learning that member variables are to hold the state of an object? Is it their recommended usage? Are all member variables state variables too? or state variables have specific definition and ...
3
votes
4answers
357 views

YAGNI principle put to practice

I recently came across to this principle and so far it is clear the fact that doing things that you don't need at the moment is not feasible as they might not be used or might be changed. That being ...
1
vote
2answers
73 views

Define Interface Simplicity vs Implementation Simplicity

In Richard Gabriel's The Rise of "Worse is Better", he talks about the simplicity of interface vs the simplicity of implementation in a design. I've never been able to quite grasp what he means and ...
44
votes
14answers
5k views

Are there problems with using Reflection?

I don't know why, but I always feel like I am "cheating" when I use reflection - maybe it is because of the performance hit I know I am taking. Part of me says, if it is part of the language you are ...
14
votes
4answers
1k views

How does one keep argument counts low and still keep third party dependencies separate?

I use a third party library. They pass me a POJO that, for our intents and purposes, is probably implemented like this: public class OurData { private String foo; private String bar; private ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

Abstracted better? Data driven string creation

I am trying to post this question neutral of programming language so it helps the widest audience. But for those who must know, I am using Objective-C and iOS frameworks. The background: I have a ...
4
votes
1answer
233 views

Derive from a base class but not include a condition in the base class's method

The current code looks like this: public class Details { Public void Populate() { WriteChapterDetails(); } public void WriteChapterDetails() { if ( ...
0
votes
2answers
90 views

How to store users' info in network app?

I'm currently working on a school project that aims at creating a P2P chat client for users on the same network. For now, it will only be used by users on the same LAN network. But hopefully,I will to ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Merging user activities into one stream with a common representation

My social network website currently has forum threads and posts gallery pictures albums on the users' profiles group discussions classifieds I would like to create one "stream" of activity. It ...
5
votes
3answers
421 views

Why do python generators and functions share the “def” keyword?

Consider the following: def some_function(): return 1 def some_generator(): yield 1 In the code above, some_function is a function, while some_generator is a generator. They look quite ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Application with really dynamic data structure [closed]

Well, I'm on the verge of this project that really puzzled me. The situation is, in our office, we have a department that collect data about the corporate performance indicators from all across the ...
32
votes
10answers
12k views

Is catching general exceptions really a bad thing?

I typically agree with most code analysis warnings, and I try to adhere to them. However, I'm having a harder time with this one: CA1031: Do not catch general exception types I understand the ...
1
vote
0answers
174 views

How far to go when future proofing fluent-method-chained-DSL test code?

Is it worth implementing interfaces, or using the getThis() trick, or even static factory methods to future proof against the need to extend this DSL? The current design is a pair of thin ...
1
vote
2answers
153 views

Software release question: do you refactor pre or post-release?

I work in finance and we have some calculators that I support. I can come up with programming solutions, but I don't have a lot of software design or release management experience. I was recently ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

How to design database tables for a Factory class?

How can I design database table structure for a class that varies in its core parameters, when it is created by a factory method? I have a Factory like this: class ProductFactory { public ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

What is a best practice tier structure of a Java EE 6/7 application?

I was attempting to find a best practice for modeling the tiers in a Java EE application yesterday and couldn't come up with anything current. In the past, say java 1.4, it was four tiers: ...
4
votes
3answers
125 views

Pattern for checking online service availability

I'm not sure that this is entirely on-topic, but I'll try to make it so. I have an online service (API) and an Android application that uses it for all actions in the app. At the current moment, ...
1
vote
2answers
39 views

Using many Resource URI to create a Record and handling failure

Hi Guys, I have a decision to make to solve a problem, I’m describing the problem below. Application Overview I have an ASP.NET MVC 4 webApp which uses Rest Api for almost all the tasks, from Login ...