Questions about problem solving and planning for a solution through software design.

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1answer
122 views

Does Go implicitly discourage getters and setters and encourage direct member access?

As the title says, is accessing public struct fields more idiomatic in Go than getters and setters? Wouldn't that lead to violation of data encapsulation, also public fields in other OO languages like ...
-1
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1answer
78 views

How to make variables inherent to an object or system [duplicate]

How can one make variables inherent to an object or system? For example, when creating a web browser, each option that is created for the user to have control over (i.e. how a window opens, if ...
2
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1answer
106 views

Is it OK to deprecate methods that need to be public due to the packaging model but are not to be used outside the codebase in Java?

I am currently working on a semi-large project that has several packages. There are 3 main packages, a "client" package, a "server" package and a "common" package. There are two jars, one for the ...
2
votes
3answers
290 views

Repetitive code over multiple classes. Best way to centralize code?

I'm working with 3D arrays that I flatten into a 1D arrays with the following index calculation: index = x + WIDTH * (y + DEPTH * z) I'm starting to notice that I'm using the calculation all over ...
2
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4answers
309 views

How to optimize the application with huge number of database requests per minute

I have to provide free demo of some service to end users in my application. Free demo could be of 30 mins, 1 hours, 5 hours etc. (predefined time) for a new user for one time only. User can also ...
2
votes
2answers
147 views

Creating an auto-patching system for Spring Hibernate Application

I have this question for few months now. We have a web application which has monthly changes and weekly bug fixes if any. Usually we just build the new war, undeploy the old ones and redeploy new ...
4
votes
1answer
237 views

Would SQLite be less useful without accepting inserts of non-numeric values into numeric columns?

In SQLite the following statement would be successful and the string would be inserted/updated into the SALARY column which is of type INTEGER: update employee set salary='TOO MUCH' where emp_id=1; ...
2
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2answers
237 views

Designing entities that should be mutable through the GUI but protected from programmer error

I have a set of entities, for now represented by very simple classes (further simplified for this example): public class Item { public string Name { get; private set; } public double ...
9
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2answers
418 views

Should HTTP Request/Response objects be immutable?

I think it's safe to say that most web applications are based on the request/response paradigm. PHP has never had a formal abstraction of these objects. One group is trying to change this: ...
4
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1answer
236 views

Parking Simulation Software Design

I've been requested to develop a quite well known problem for a job interview. The Parking Simulation which an example can be found here. I came up with some ideas for which design pattern should I ...
4
votes
1answer
144 views

Should I always throw the most specific or should I try to generalize exception types?

Say you normally have FooException. /** * @throw FooException If Foo is invalid for searching. */ public bool exists(Foo a) But at some point you need to have two more specific exceptions for ...
3
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2answers
180 views

What kind of base for Decorator: interface, abstract class, non-abstract

What should be at the top of inheritance tree of Decorator design pattern? I mean the base for both components and decorators non-abstract class: has data fields, implements methods abstract class: ...
1
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3answers
220 views

Avoid opt(options) in javascript [closed]

A lot of frameworks, most like jQuery plugins uses the "optional" parameter. Basically a dictionary (or key/value structure) with a bunch of additional parameters instead of send in the parameter's ...
2
votes
2answers
105 views

Too specific of namespacing/packaging

I'm about to start building a C# library for English and French morphology as a side project. The library will be later merged with other linguistic aspects (phonology, sentence parsing, etc). for ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

How to evaluate the performance of a Data Access Layer b/w two ORM's?

I am currently working on a project where I am going to replace the Data Access Layer from a custom ORM to Entity Framework.(The product is almost complete and mostly any changes that will follow ...
1
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1answer
147 views

How to decide if object should request or receive data?

Deciding whether an object should request data (by calling a function) or receive data (by having a function called from another object) is probably dependent on the exact situation. So how do I ...
3
votes
1answer
273 views

Domain Driven Design - designing Aggregate Roots

Imagine you're designing an application for organizing Workshops. Workshop itself is quite complicated - it acts as a state machine with multiple possible states and transitions between them. We're ...
3
votes
2answers
77 views

Changing a design later down the track seems time consuming for its value

(For those who don't code, don't be intimidated by the code snippets in this question, they question is about approach to changing a design rather than the code design itself). Recently I put ...
3
votes
3answers
169 views

Approach to designing a workflow web app that contains some automation

I have been tasked with creating a web application which will provide end-users with a self help workflow, asking them questions and skipping to another part of the workflow depending upon the ...
0
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3answers
1k views

Who should write the Technical Design Document? The BA or the Developer? [closed]

I work as a Snr. BA in a large Manufacturing company and I've just implemented a new Requirements Management Process. We have a large range of internal developers who in the past have never been ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Clojure NameSpace Design

I am new to Clojure and trying to get a handle on organizing a project's namespaces. I am working on a solver for the knapsack problem. Currently, I have broken the modules into files, but everything ...
2
votes
1answer
404 views

How should I handle database failures in a web application? [duplicate]

I'm developing a simple RESTful API using Go's Goji framework (although this question is language-agnostic), in which parameters from the URL are queried against a PostgreSQL database. Here's how it ...
2
votes
1answer
211 views

When designing a data structure, should I implement very inefficient operations for convenience?

(I've added the .NET tags because the data structures are for .NET, and this question should be considered in the context of the conventions for that platform.) I'm writing a library of immutable and ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Converting a one-to-many xml design to a many-to-many

I have an xml file format that looks something like this: <topLevelTag> <category name="foo"> <item attrib="value">ItemName</item> <item ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Abstracting the data in a relational database. [duplicate]

While working with data, which is in a relational database I came up with this issue. At first, I was just writing helper functions to retrieve A SPECIFIC data I needed for the current problem but it ...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

Program design - how to improve it and how to avoid coupling (Python)?

In the Python program structure below there are two modules with functions. Problem description: Functions are used inside other functions all over the place. Strong coupling (dependency). For ...
1
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1answer
69 views

Is it okay to expose implementation components in a library?

I'm writing a library for general consumption (It's free software and open source). Is it okay to have a visible namespace (e.g. Library.Implementation) for implementation-only components that remain ...
2
votes
2answers
112 views

Function naming design in a C Library

I'm writing a C (c99) library that operates on strings. I'm having a design problem writing functions that will perform in different modes. For example; the Find function can search for: the ...
0
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1answer
58 views

Include system timer in use case diagram

Here in my use case diagram, an sms will be sent to a referenced person by the applicant automatically by the system when an applicant fills up and submits a form. Here as the SMS sending is ...
1
vote
2answers
131 views

Class design for JSON serialization

I've been stuck for some time on a circular reference issue with JSON serialization. I have a card game that I'm pickling to a redis store. As I retrieve the Game state from redis I'm trying to ...
1
vote
3answers
76 views

Representing a “Belongs to” relationship in an API endpoint

Consider the following pseudo code models: class Post int Id string Title int CategoryId Category Category class Category int Id string Name Note that Post belongs to ...
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votes
1answer
89 views

Are there any problems with implementing deleted usernames this way? [closed]

I have a requirement to implement usernames for an application for login purposes. The requirement specifies that the registry associated with the user/username in the database must not be deleted. ...
2
votes
2answers
80 views

Optional Member Data

I am creating a strong binding of an XML specification and I am essentially trying to "flatten" the specification as much as possible, so that it won't feel like you are manipulating an XML tree. ...
4
votes
4answers
247 views

Filling the gap between Conception and Unit Test

I am stuck trying to do TDD. I'd rather seek the counsel of others who have gone before rather than waste time with trial and error. QUESTION: What diagrams / exercises / development processes can ...
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votes
4answers
286 views

Best way to analyse a large class before refactoring it into smaller classes?

Foreword I'm not looking for a way to refactor a large spaghetti code class, that topic has been covered in other questions. Question I'm looking for techniques to begin to understand a class file ...
7
votes
2answers
279 views

Java System class implementation

The Java System class contains various data members and methods that make perfect sense being there. For instance: System.in (variable) System.err (variable) System.out (variable) System.exit(int) ...
5
votes
4answers
360 views

Two Database Architecture : Operational and Historical

I thought about an uncommon database structure and wonder if anyone has seen it in use before. It's basically using 2 databases: First database hold only the data that is currently valid Second ...
0
votes
2answers
175 views

Storm topology to handle “dating website”-like workloads

suppose im writing a dating website, similar to okcupid. there are profiles, and i need to compute the (N^2) "match" table - given every 2 profiles whats the match between them? I was thinking this ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

How do you maintain protocol of function return value in dynamic language?

In dynamic programming language like Python, Javascript, it's very easy to make a function return an object: def make_vector2(a, b): return {"x": a, "y": b} The 'signature' of the returned ...
3
votes
3answers
387 views

Use interface or abstract class?

Now the title might seem like the question has been asked before but let me explain my situation and you'll see why I am asking this question. Let's consider this interface : public interface ...
4
votes
2answers
279 views

What is the correct approach for creating an application around a library?

I have a library that defines messages. In my particular instance, it's autogenerated code from an XSD using JAXB (Java). The messages can be very complex, with some members as objects and those ...
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votes
1answer
39 views

Extracting client specific code. refactoring possibilities required

I am facing a Design problem. I have a set of classes which writes data in XML,JSON or HTML formates for different clients. I have a class which receives Data and a XML, JSON or HTML writer as it ...
2
votes
1answer
280 views

Is SICP still relevant? [closed]

Today, I came across this book entitled:The Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs I read the Table Of Contents and it really interests, me. It seems to be exactly what I've been looking ...
2
votes
2answers
236 views

Don't repeat yourself vs do only one thing in a method

I am currently writing some test cases in python. I often end up calling the same two or three lines of code at the start of a test case in order to get the program I am testing going. For example: ...
4
votes
4answers
302 views

Why use an enum to determine node type in a parse tree?

The Sun Compiler Tree API uses an interface called Tree as the parent of all the different kinds of parse tree nodes (assignments, if-statements, class declarations, etc.). A part of this interface is ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

2 Classes that share similar behaviours but unrelated.

I'm working on something at the moment and am a little confused. I'm working on an enquiry system in PHP (it's Opencart Based, so MVC). An enquiry comes in and depending on what form it was ...
1
vote
2answers
87 views

Building CMS from components

I have a design decision problem and would like to have some thoughts on it. I'm building a CMS to use for my projects and want to incorporate existing components in it, like Doctrine, Monolog and ...
1
vote
2answers
184 views

Implementing an anti-corruption layer with domain logic

I'm building an application that compiles a single PDF document from multiple source PDF documents as follows: it takes the first page of each source document, stamps certain information on top of ...
0
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2answers
136 views

Object oriented Classes and single responsibility [duplicate]

I'm reading a book that explain that it is a good thing that classes have a single responsibility, that is, that they do a single thing. I can understand how to implement this in some cases I ...
5
votes
5answers
335 views

Should the method describe its side effects? [duplicate]

I was reading Clean Code by Bob Martin and there's one particular code smell, related to naming, that looks interesting to me: N7: Names Should Describe Side-Effects Names should describe ...