For questions about the history of programming and computing.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
5answers
204 views

Computer Science and the IT industry [duplicate]

I have a Computer Science degree and I'm employed as a software engineer. I'm regularly approached by recruiters on LinkedIn with "programmer", "software developer", or general "software and/or ...
2
votes
6answers
2k views

How did programmers implement Linked list ideas before the object oriented paradigm?

Linked lists, as far as I have seen, are largely implemented using object-oriented ideas. (having an object that holds some information and the address of the next link). How were Linked-lists ...
42
votes
4answers
2k views

Why is Java version 1.X referred to as Java X?

I saw that Java 1.2 is also known as Java 2. Do "Java 1.x" and "Java x" (for example "Java 1.6" and "Java 6") refer to the same version of Java? And if yes, why the need for this duality?
17
votes
6answers
3k views

What made BASIC profitable? [closed]

In the 1970s, a man called Bill Gates developed an interpreter for BASIC: the Altair BASIC. Per my understanding, he was able to persuade the guy in charge of a microcomputer company to include the ...
26
votes
4answers
2k views

What language was “standard” for Apple development before Objective C?

I don't think Objective C was in use from the beginning of Apple hardware development. What languages did app developers use for the earlier Apple computers, such as Apple II or Mac Classic?
0
votes
1answer
68 views

How did the “abnormal” options in shell commands appear?

These options which obscure me are like ps aux, route -ee, gcc -fPIC xxx, find . -name xxx and so on. The examples above aren't comprehensive. I.e., I don't think that the argument handle ...
7
votes
2answers
178 views

What are the origins of the Public/Private function declarations?

The Question What are the origins of the Public/Private function paradigm? Background A question came up in chat about Header files in C, and their usage being mainly to help the compiler, not the ...
1
vote
3answers
421 views

Why did the Sun engineers decided to make Java only call by value? [closed]

Is there any specific reason they decided to go with Call by value? Is it for simplicity?
2
votes
2answers
142 views

Can the Jacquard loom be considered stateless?

Can the Jacquard loom, pictured below complete with its chains of paper cards be considered stateless? As far as I can tell I can tell, each operation is not dependant on the previous. Or did it ...
27
votes
3answers
2k views

Why does the boolean type in C++ support `++` but not `--`?

Why does the operator -- not exist for bool whereas it does for operator ++? I tried in C++, and I do not know if my question apply to another language. I will glad to know also. I know, I can use ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Is the 14th line of The Zen of Python a reference to Dijkstra?

Python's Zen states on line 14 that: Although that way may not be obvious at first unless you're Dutch. Is this a reference to the famous Dutch computer scientist Edsger W. Dijkstra?
11
votes
3answers
850 views

Why didn't the C++ Standard adopt expression templates?

It's my understanding that expression templates as a technique were discovered significantly prior to the original C++ Standard in 1998. Why weren't they used to improve the performance of several ...
15
votes
2answers
2k views

What happened to Concurrent C?

I recently checked out a fantastic book from my college library. It is a bit old at 1989, but the language it describes sounds rather nice. And even while I may not be using it soon, I wanted to ...
6
votes
3answers
435 views

Is there a web-specific reason for the design choices behind the JavaScript language?

With the advent of "the web is the platform", JavaScript is fast becoming the most widely used programming language in the world. However, many tasks that are easy to accomplish in other modern ...
5
votes
2answers
258 views

Is Lisp the first language to adopt structured programming?

I couldn't find any links or books claiming that Lisp is the first programming language to adopt structured programming (actually, most of them don't even mention Lisp at all), but if conditionals ...
22
votes
7answers
2k views

What were the Design Patterns of the procedural programming era? [closed]

Similar: How was programming done 20 years ago? OOP is quite fashionable nowadays, having its roots in Simula 67 in the 1960s, and later made popular by Smalltalk and C++. We have DRY, SOLID, many ...
4
votes
1answer
389 views

What is the historical reason why Python uses the double underscore for Class Private members

In python a module private function or variable is named _foo. If it is private to a class it is names __foo, The mechanics behind how these work are different, however that is of little relevance to ...
260
votes
4answers
97k views

What software programming languages were used by the Soviet Union's space program?

I got interested in the Soviet space program and was interested to discover that the software on the Buran spacecraft circa 1988 was written in Prolog. Does anyone know what languages might have ...
3
votes
6answers
4k views

Why was Objective-C popularity so sudden on TIOBE index?

I'd like to ask a question that is pretty similar to the one being asked here, but for Objective-C. According to TIOBE rankings, the rise of popularity of Objective-C is unprecedented. This is ...
2
votes
2answers
398 views

I need some help with defining a shell syntax

I'm trying to understand more about shells. I'm looking to implement one and want to look at what's been done in the past. In a regular shell, you have features like aliases and relative paths, and ...
12
votes
3answers
671 views

Why is the copying instruction usually named MOV?

In quite many assemblers, a value copying instruction is usually named "MOV" and its description in manuals usually also contains "move" (however, other words can be used, like "load", "store", ...
23
votes
5answers
2k views

When did the standard for packaging Linux source code become .tar.gz?

When browsing open-source projects that are primarily developed for Linux systems and downloading the latest packages, the source code is always stored in a .tar.gz or .tar.bz2 file. Is there any ...
42
votes
8answers
4k views

Why a static main method in Java and C#, rather than a constructor?

I’m Looking for a definitive answer from a primary or secondary source for why (notably) Java and C# decided to have a static method as their entry point, rather than representing an application ...
1
vote
3answers
236 views

History of vendor css prefix

When and how did this process of prefixing css with vendor specific prefix begin. Which browser/org start this and why was this started. I searched the web but found no details on this.
0
votes
1answer
205 views

Where does the tradition of shell prompts in code snippets come from?

Most code samples I see that demonstrate shell code preface each command with $. Having a prefix makes sense, but I'm confused as to why $ is used in particular. Some other symbol, like !, that can be ...
11
votes
2answers
863 views

When was source control invented?

I'm aware of many version control systems: CVS, SVN, TFS etc... I've googled for the very first "revision control/version control system" and seen various conflicting answers. When was source ...
2
votes
2answers
214 views

When did current source control management emerge? [duplicate]

The use of source control management tools is nowadays a standard practice in the software industry. Furthermore, it seems that there is quite a strong consensus (for deliverables) to have an ...
26
votes
1answer
1k views

The Inglish parser (for The Hobbit 1982)

Was fascinated to read about the text adventure game The Hobbit which featured an incredibly robust parser called "Inglish": ...Inglish allowed one to type advanced sentences such as "ask Gandalf ...
1
vote
2answers
181 views

history and application areas of 'pull'/'push' programming paradigm

Recently reading a lot materials on Reactive Programming, one thing frequently mentioned is the 'PUSH' versus 'PULL' style of application. Event driven ( Reactive programming ) Some of the authors ...
1
vote
5answers
500 views

What is the advantage to using a factor of 1024 instead of 1000 for disk size units?

When considering the disk space of a storage medium, normally the computer or operating system will represent it in terms of powers of 1024 - a kilobyte is 1,024 bytes, a megabyte is 1,048,576 bytes, ...
4
votes
2answers
947 views

Why was ASCII needed?

With an encoding such as EBCDIC being in existence already (and being 8 bit to boot), what was the need to invent yet another encoding and a 7 bit one at that? Why was ASCII invented and what ...
5
votes
2answers
421 views

Earliest use of Comments as Semantically Meaningful Things in a Program?

In certain corners of the PHP meta-programming world, it's become fashionable to use PHPDoc comments as a mechanism for providing semantically meaningful information to a program. That is, other code ...
21
votes
2answers
1k views

Who designed exceptions?

Where did exceptions and exception handling come from? I like how .NET uses it, I like how C++ supports it (but libraries unfortunately use return code or is written in C instead). I know its pretty ...
65
votes
8answers
27k views

Why did Alan Kay say, “The Internet was so well done, but the web was by amateurs”?

OK, so I paraphrased. The full quote: The Internet was done so well that most people think of it as a natural resource like the Pacific Ocean, rather than something that was man-made. When was the ...
68
votes
3answers
24k views

Why do programming languages, especially C, use curly braces and not square ones?

The definition of "C-Style language" can practically be simplified down to "uses curly braces ({})." Why do we use that particular character (and why not something more reasonable, like [], which ...
31
votes
6answers
11k views

What is the history of why bytes are eight bits?

What where the historical forces at work, the tradeoffs to make, in deciding to use groups of eight bits as the fundamental unit ? There were machines, once upon a time, using other word sizes, ...
5
votes
3answers
297 views

Writing a bootloader with no bootloader

I have a question that I really can't find a straight answer to. Let me start by saying I'm not asking for a step by step tutorial, or even plan on doing anything. I'm just curious. I've been ...
-1
votes
2answers
243 views

What is the origin/meaning of the name 'NHibernate'?

Been poking around the web because I was curious as to why they called it that but haven't found anything yet. Anyone know? (I checked the FAQ and it wasn't clear if questions on history/origins were ...
1
vote
0answers
282 views

Who invented the otpauth:// URI scheme?

It seems really simple, but who invented the commonly-used otpauth:// scheme (used by Google Authenticator and other TOTP soft tokens by scanning QR codes)? When?
4
votes
3answers
2k views

C Flexible Arrays: When did they become part of the standard?

I learned to program in C many years ago, and used C steadily for about 10 years. These days, I occasionally have to look at C code, because our Informix 4GL RDS customized runners also contain C ...
1
vote
1answer
682 views

Why was F# created?

For my current class, I have to pick and research a Programming Language (or popular scripting language) and answer quite a few questions about it, write a paper, and do some example programs ...
49
votes
3answers
4k views

So what *did* Alan Kay really mean by the term “object-oriented”?

Reportedly, Alan Kay is the inventor of the term "object oriented". And he is often quoted as having said that what we call OO today is not what he meant. For example, I just found this on Google: ...
49
votes
6answers
9k views

Who created the idea(s) of the first loop constructs?

while (1) { if (1+1==2) { print "Yes, you paid attention in Preschool!"; } else { print "Wait... I thought 1+1=2"; } } As a developer, we all have to use ...
31
votes
3answers
9k views

How could the first C++ compiler be written in C++?

Stroustrup claims that Cfront, the first C++ compiler, was written in C++ (Stroustrup FAQ). However, how is it even possible that the first C++ compiler be written in C++? The code that makes up the ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

In C++, were SFINAE and metaprogramming intentional or just a byproduct of templates?

SFINAE and template metaprogramming can do wonderful things and many libraries also use them considerably. Historically both of these "magic concepts" were intentionally introduced/supported in C++ ? ...
7
votes
1answer
422 views

Origin of common list-processing function names

Some higher-order functions for operating on lists or arrays have been repeatedly adopted or reinvented. The functions map, fold[l|r], and filter are found together in several programming ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Was C designed to facilitate Object-Oriented programming?

I am trying to broaden my understanding of the history and development of object-oriented programming, and I am curious to find out if C was designed to facilitate Object-Oriented programming? (like ...
33
votes
6answers
2k views

Why was strict parsing not chosen for HTML?

I am pretty much unaware about the detailed computing history that surrounds internet but it has always made me think why strict parsing was not chosen when creating HTML. Browsers accept any rubbish ...
14
votes
4answers
881 views

Why is mod (%) a fundamental mathematical operator in many programming languages?

Is there a reason, historical or otherwise, why the modulus operator is part of a small set of standard operators in what seems like many languages? (+, -, *, / and %, for Java and C, with ** in Ruby ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Object-Oriented Programming: Why “Oriented”?

I am most of the way through my games programming degree. This is not a computer science degree, so a lot of the theory is eschewed in favour of practical portfolio building and what I see as JIT ...