Inheritance is a way to reuse code of existing objects, or to establish a subtype from an existing object, or both, depending upon programming language support.

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6answers
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Confusion about inheritance

I know I might get downvoted for this, but I'm really curious. I was taught that inheritance is a very powerful polymorphism tool, but I can't seem to use it well in real cases. So far, I can only ...
-1
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1answer
51 views

Convention for using super class functions and members

Is there a Convention or common way for using super class functions and members? For example the super class has the function protected void Foo() and protected int myInt; In subclass would I want ...
5
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4answers
600 views

Are trivial protected getters blatant overkill?

Something I really have not thought about before (AS3 syntax): private var m_obj:Object; protected function get obj():Object { return m_obj; } private var m_str:String; protected function get ...
0
votes
2answers
483 views

Object inheritance and method parameters/return types - Please check my logic

I'm preparing for a test and doing practice questions, this one in particular I am unsure I did correctly: We are given a very simple UML diagram to demonstrate inheritance: I hope this is clear, it ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Inherit one instance variable from the global scope

I'm using Curses to create a command line GUI with Ruby. Everything's going well, but I have hit a slight snag. I don't think Curses knowledge (esoteric to be fair) is required to answer this ...
3
votes
5answers
6k views

Why we use virtual and override keywords in c#

Can anyone explain me what's the point of overriding base class implementations (if its not abstract), because it's not ethical move to modify features of the parent class according to the wishes of ...
1
vote
2answers
171 views

Python — when should a class have-a rather than be-a?

This is related to "Extends is evil" vs. OCP? but separate because the idea of "implement the interface" doesn't exist in Python. I'm writing a class to pull some data off a webpage. It's ...
5
votes
9answers
1k views

How can designing for inheritance cause extra cost? [closed]

So I wanted to inherit from a sealed class in csharp and got burned. There is just no way to unseal it unless you have access to the source. Then it got me thinking "why sealed even exists?". 4 ...
0
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1answer
202 views

Will having ClassA extend ClassB slow down my runtime performance compared to having classC which contains all the members of ClassC?

I have a class with a lot of methods. I would like to group similar methods together in their own class, but all of the methods need to extend another class, ClassC. So I was thinking of having ...
1
vote
5answers
2k views

What are the reasons to create UIView subclass?

I've noticed that there are a lot of UIView subclasses in my legacy project. Mostly the only reason of such a subclass is to split bigger view into custom subviews and provide layout for its subviews ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Can a method that must be overridden be considered private?

Suppose I have a class C with a method f() which is meant to be used only within C's implementation, but which should be overridden by C's subclasses. Is it reasonable, or "pythonic", to consider it ...
3
votes
3answers
187 views

Which one subsumes the other: class-based object-orientation or prototypal inheritance?

In this talk: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hQVTIJBZook, Douglas Crockford claims that class-based object-orientation can be represented in terms of prototypal inheritance. The construction he gives ...
4
votes
1answer
342 views

Is using protected inheritance to hide (but exploit) implemented interface from the public ok?

Recently, we had a discussion about code using protected inheritance in order to hide the fact (to client code) a class inherits from a specific base class but to exploit this fact in the ...
1
vote
1answer
361 views

Internal exposure of implementation details on inheritance

I'm reading the "Effective Java" book which suggests to favor composition over inheritance. The example it gives shows something like this: public class InstrumentedHashSet<E> extends ...
1
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4answers
729 views

Explanation of the definition of interface inheritance as described in GoF book

I am reading the first chapter of the Gof book. Section 1.6 discusses about class vs interface inheritance: Class versus Interface Inheritance It's important to understand the difference between ...
2
votes
4answers
4k views

Java class to enforce an implementation of super classes' public methods

I have the following : public Class A { public void methodA() { .... } public void methodB() { .... } } I don't have control over Class A. I would like to create ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Adding base-class (inherited) functionality to classes that you don't control

I have a set of classes from a 3rd party library. These classes use an inheritance structure to share logic. I would like to add a layer of abstraction in the middle of their inheritance tree to add ...
1
vote
3answers
371 views

Does non-virtual-by-default lead us to composition-over-inheritance?

There are some design guidelines about testable code in “The Art of Unit Testing”. The first one is “Make methods virtual by default”. I’m curious to know your idea about non-virtual-by-default ...
0
votes
3answers
3k views

What is good practice when inheriting static classes isn't possible/allowed

I am developing a project in C# and due to a design decision it is not possible to have a static class inherit another static class. But I have, in my opinion, a case where this would make sense. I ...
0
votes
1answer
126 views

Refactoring classes with ref to themselves

How can I refactor this code? class Node { public Node Parent { get; set; } } class AVLNode { public AVLNode Parent { get; set; } } I tried to use inheritance, but then I have to use type ...
2
votes
5answers
601 views

OOP concept: is it possible to update the class of an instantiated object?

I am trying to write a simple program that should allow a user to save and display sets of heterogeneous, but somehow related data. For clarity sake, I will use a representative example of vehicles. ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Is there a specific name for the “Square inherits from Rectangle” paradox?

A certain failure of OOP is shown with a class Square inheriting from Rectangle, where logically Square is a specialization of Rectangle and should therefore inherit from it, but everything falls ...
3
votes
4answers
560 views

Initializing derived classes in the same way

I have a class Base that has several children, say A, B, C. For testing purposes I'd like to mock those derived classes by deriving from them. So MockA derives from A, MockB derives from B and so on. ...
10
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2answers
495 views

Why is the use of constructors discouraged when creating prototypes?

Quick background: In JavaScript, the constructor function for each object type has a prototype property. The prototype refers to an object that each constructed object uses as the next step up in its ...
11
votes
6answers
20k views

Why are constructors not inherited?

I am confused as to what the problems could be if a constructor was inherited from a base class. Cpp Primer Plus says, Constructors are different from other class methods in that they create ...
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vote
2answers
443 views

What principle of OOAD is this pattern breaking?

I'm trying to make a case for not putting the structure in the parent BaseModule class I've shown below. I'm more for a Strategy Pattern, and minimizing inheritance in favor of has-a relationships, ...
8
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2answers
677 views

How do I avoid writing lots of pass-through functions in a wrapper?

I have a class, which wraps another class of a common base type. Because the base type interface is quite large this involves writing a lot of pass-through functions. I am looking for a way to avoid ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

Inheritance and constricted referencing

Let's say I have BaseA and BaseB classes. BaseB can have to several references of BaseA instances. Now, we have two other classes, DerivedA and DerivedB that respectively inherit from BaseA and BaseB. ...
1
vote
1answer
250 views

Class table inheritance… To 'type' or not to 'type'

I currently have a database that uses Class table inheritance model. Three different tables inherit from this table. The child tables have all a FK to the parent table and the fields are properly ...
3
votes
2answers
961 views

Tricky compareTo, inheritance, easy to extend - Java

Let's say we have 4 classes A, B, C, D where: A is a superclass of both B and C and C is a superclass of D. I suppose, in a diagram, it should look like this: A / \ B C \ D ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Why Java does not support private/protected inheritance like C++? [closed]

While inheriting a class in C++, user can specify the access specifier like, class Base { public int mem1; protected in mem2; }; class Derived1 : **private** Base { // mem1 will be ...
4
votes
5answers
2k views

How often is Inheritance used?

I admit that I am a junior developer, and so far I've only built simple web applications in ASP.NET MVC. But I've never had to use the inheritance aspect of Object Oriented Programming in my own ...
20
votes
7answers
2k views

Should I test inherited methods?

Suppose I have a class Manager derived from a base class Employee, and that Employee has a method getEmail() that is inherited by Manager. Should I test that the behaviour of a manager's getEmail() ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Code reuse via inheritance [duplicate]

I have a set of classes that are all dealing with some related tasks. These tasks do have different inputs and outputs. This causes it to become impossible to have the tasks done via shared code ...
2
votes
2answers
338 views

Template method within one class without subclasses or inheritance

I have an algorithm with mostly invariant parts that needs to be reused within one class so as to stay DRY. Code duplication with repeating method structure public void save(String key, int value) ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How does strengthening of pre conditions and weakening of post conditions violate Liskov Substitution principle?

I read that Liskov substitution principle is violated if : Pre conditions are strengthened . Post conditions are eased out. But I don't get fully yet how these two points would violate Liskov ...
24
votes
5answers
1k views

Many small classes vs. logical (but) intricate inheritance

I'm wondering what is better in terms of good OOP desing, clean code, flexibility and avoiding code smells in the future. Image situation, where you have a lot of very similar objects you need to ...
5
votes
1answer
245 views

Declaring functions as final… except when it is me who does the deriving

I have a class in which I want to disallow other programmers from overriding one of it's methods, since it requires special knowledge of the inner workings of the class. Since I personally know how ...
1
vote
1answer
151 views

How to share common methods if objects have different roles?

If 2 classes have the following in common: part of how their state is represented (both have a linear container) multiple identical methods (identical code, not just signature) But are not ...
3
votes
5answers
3k views

Why does Java allow to implement different interfaces, each containing a method with the same signature?

I recently found out that I can have two interfaces, one containing a method with the same signature as a method in the other interface. And I can have an interface or class that implements both of ...
7
votes
4answers
966 views

Looking for a real-world example illustrating that composition can be superior to inheritance

I watched a bunch of lectures on Clojure and functional programming by Rich Hickey as well as some of the SICP lectures, and I am sold on many concepts of functional programming. I incorporated some ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Alternative to “inheritance versus composition?” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Where does this concept of “favor composition over inheritance” come from? I have colleagues at work who claim that "Inheritance is an anti-pattern" and want to use ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Naming methods that do the same thing but return different types

Let's assume that I'm extending a graphical file chooser class (JFileChooser). This class has methods which display the file chooser dialog and return a status signature in the form of an int: ...
2
votes
2answers
696 views

REST API wrapper - class design for 'lite' object responses

I am writing a class library to serve as a managed .NET wrapper over a REST API. I'm very new to OOP, and this task is an ideal opportunity for me to learn some OOP concepts in a real-life situation ...
0
votes
2answers
102 views

How do you handle objects that need custom behavior, and need to exist as an entity in the database?

For a simple example, assume your application sends out notifications to users when various events happen. So in the database I might have the following tables: TABLE Event EventId ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

JavaScript objects and Crockford's The Good Parts

I've been thinking quite a bit about how to do OOP in JS, especially when it comes to encapsulation and inheritance, recently. According to Crockford, classical is harmful because of new(), and both ...
2
votes
7answers
965 views

OO Software Architecture - base class that everything inherits from. Bad/good idea?

I am reviewing a proposed OO software architecture that looks like this: Base Foo Something Bar SomethingElse Where Base is a static class. My immediate thought was that every object in any ...
0
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5answers
2k views

Inheritance vs composition in this example

I'm wondering about the differences between inheritance and composition examined with concrete code relevant arguments. In particular my example was Inheritance: class Do: def do(self): ...
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votes
2answers
1k views

Why don't inherited methods use child properties? (PHP)

I'm trying to get the code below to work in child classes. But it keeps failing because it is checking the basicDbClass rather than the child class. For those complaining and voting my question down ...
2
votes
5answers
6k views

How to create a common interface for classes with different subsets of members

Don't know how to put it, But I'll try to be as clear as possible I have a project in which I am creating lots of classes and those classes have some common properties and methods but those methods ...