Inheritance is a way to reuse code of existing objects, or to establish a subtype from an existing object, or both, depending upon programming language support.

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subclass reference to another subclass

Imagine I have the following code: class A: pass class B(A): pass class C(A): def __init__(self): self.b = B() Is the above code correct in terms of correct inheritance? I ...
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1answer
3k views

Adding base-class (inherited) functionality to classes that you don't control

I have a set of classes from a 3rd party library. These classes use an inheritance structure to share logic. I would like to add a layer of abstraction in the middle of their inheritance tree to add ...
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3answers
2k views

Are super methods in JavaScript limited to functional inheritance, as per Crockford's book?

In Douglas Crockford's "JavaScript: The Good Parts", he walks through three types of inheritance: classical, prototypal, and functional. In the part on functional inheritance he writes: "The ...
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1answer
95 views

Is this approach to CSS correct?

Reading SASS basic features on their website, I stumbled upon the @extend feature. The example they give is the following: .message { border: 1px solid #ccc; padding: 10px; color: #333; ...
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2answers
352 views

Template method within one class without subclasses or inheritance

I have an algorithm with mostly invariant parts that needs to be reused within one class so as to stay DRY. Code duplication with repeating method structure public void save(String key, int value) ...
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4answers
222 views

Determining a class structure

I'm currently in the early stages of designing an e-commerce application. I'm working out some designs for my classes which have so far been fairly straightforward, but I've run into something of a ...
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2answers
163 views

Is doing Parent.call from the child object a right way to implement Inheritance in JavaScript?

I came across this piece of code it didnt look that right to me. Is it the right way to implement SUPER in javascript. if not what is the right way? function Person(name){ this.name = name; } ...
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4answers
187 views

Subclass only have methods without variables

Is it ok to have subclass which does not declare its own variables (instance variables) and inherits from super class or base class? It has methods and there are some common methods which it overides ...
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3answers
253 views

Is it appropriate to use inheritance to prevent code duplication of the logic for a user control?

Suppose I have two or more UserControl implementations with vastly different implementations but near identical code-behind. One strategy to avoid code duplication is as follows: Change each ...
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2answers
380 views

Testing abstract class' behavior

I'm currently refactoring an existing design, which was created without TDD. There is a class hierarchy with one abstract base class and two subclasses. In the original design, these classes were ...
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2answers
720 views

REST API wrapper - class design for 'lite' object responses

I am writing a class library to serve as a managed .NET wrapper over a REST API. I'm very new to OOP, and this task is an ideal opportunity for me to learn some OOP concepts in a real-life situation ...
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5answers
468 views

Is there an alternative to instanceof when filtering a Java stream by class?

I have an unexpected situation in a project in which all types extending one class are packed into a Java collection; but only a specific extension of that class contains an additional method. Let's ...
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1answer
140 views

Should I use composition or inheritance for sharing configuration items?

I'm working on a fairly new project where I'd like to share some config items used by a JavaScript plugin. Specifically, the project is using jQuery dataTables and I want to find a good way of sharing ...
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1answer
157 views

Using partially implemented interfaces

Consider the following hierarchy in C++ notation: class A { public: virtual void doStuff()=0; virtual void doOtherStuff()=0; }; class B:public A { public: ...
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0answers
83 views

Can/should objects share methods in certain circumstances?

I am currently working on a web application that is supposed to resemble an operating system with GUI (it manages processes and windows). I have several constructors which deal with different aspects ...
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0answers
212 views

Reusable and customizable charting library on top of d3js

I have started building a charting library on top of d3js using javascript's inheritance. My goal is to develop reusable and fully customizable chart components. I read the article: Towards Reusable ...
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3answers
143 views

Refactor an old model of a LastUser Modification on every Object?

I have a software requirement, that needs to store the user that made the last modification to another object, for every object (assume that all objects are already mapped and into a BD). So we have ...
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3answers
634 views

Should utility base classes be avoided

Knowing that C# doesn't support multiple inheritance, is it considered bad form to write a utility base class? Some initial thoughts: I could create an interface and a concretion, but then the ...
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3answers
159 views

Does overriding a method affect a superclass's call?

I'm trying to understand some of the nuances of inheritance but I can't find an answer to this question. Consider the following: class SuperClass { method foo { print "in SuperClass.foo" ...
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3answers
250 views

Implements > extends, but what about variables?

It's preferable to write programs that depend on interfaces rather than on superclasses, but what when you want a class to have certain variables? Sometimes you want a class to implement a certain ...
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2answers
145 views

Deriving from a class only to provide a special constructor

In our codebase, I encountered the following construct: There is a base class B, and then there is a class D which derives from B, but does not override or add any members. In fact, D is completely ...
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5answers
169 views

shall a vector2 extends a vector3 or is it the opposite?

Perhaps the question might be tied to a theoritical or mathematical forum, but since it is for programming purpose, i ask here first: In a computer vision context, i write a couple of interfaces ...
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1answer
190 views

Should I declare the most specific type as return type of method?

Sorry for my English In Android I can put only ArrayList of Parcelable objects in Intent: Intent putParcelableArrayListExtra(String name, ArrayList<? extends Parcelable> value); I can't put ...
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3answers
179 views

UML Class Diagram: How can I represent “orthogonal” generalizations (or multi-inheritence)?

I try to represent in a UML Class Diagram the following object and features: The Object: A System (e.g. an electronic device) that can be of Type A, B or C If the System is of type A, it has a ...
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2answers
145 views

Alternatives to inheritance on complex structures?

I'm working on an ASP.NET Webforms project, using the MVP Pattern (which the presenters as you may know use a Page Controller pattern). I'm given a rather complex inheritance chain for my controllers. ...
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3answers
375 views

Does non-virtual-by-default lead us to composition-over-inheritance?

There are some design guidelines about testable code in “The Art of Unit Testing”. The first one is “Make methods virtual by default”. I’m curious to know your idea about non-virtual-by-default ...
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1answer
176 views

Inheritance or Composition?

Let's say I have a main class A and another class B. In the B class the user can change some settings and variables of the program that belongs to A, I want to be able to apply these changes to the A ...
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282 views

How to avoid redundant code in designing inheritance in C++

Say I have a Base class called Car and it has 3 derived classes say Ford, Honda and Audi. The issue is, all three derived classes have exactly same code but minor difference in calling member ...
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5answers
207 views

Clarification about Polymorphism / Inheritance

I am trying to better my understanding of polymorphism. Say I have a base class called baseClass with one method called foo() and I have three derived classes called derived1 , derived2 and derived3 ...
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2answers
388 views

Java: how can I make the return type, of an inherited method in a subclass, the same as the subclass?

I am rather inexperience in Java, and I'm having a problem in forming a subclass of a class I have created. The class I have made, called Vector2D, contains methods, such as add(Vector2D addend), that ...
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1answer
246 views

Implementation of instance testing in Java, C++, C#

For curiosity purposes as well as understanding what they entail in a program, I'm curious as to how instance testing (instanceof/is/using dynamic_cast in c++) works. I've tried to google it ...
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2answers
110 views

Inheritance vs 'specification' by fields

I'm currently reading 'Head first design patterns', and already the first chapter threw some questions towards me. This chapter introduces the 'prefer composition over inheritance' design principle, ...
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2answers
171 views

Python — when should a class have-a rather than be-a?

This is related to "Extends is evil" vs. OCP? but separate because the idea of "implement the interface" doesn't exist in Python. I'm writing a class to pull some data off a webpage. It's ...
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5answers
2k views

What are the reasons to create UIView subclass?

I've noticed that there are a lot of UIView subclasses in my legacy project. Mostly the only reason of such a subclass is to split bigger view into custom subviews and provide layout for its subviews ...
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757 views

Explanation of the definition of interface inheritance as described in GoF book

I am reading the first chapter of the Gof book. Section 1.6 discusses about class vs interface inheritance: Class versus Interface Inheritance It's important to understand the difference between ...
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1answer
151 views

How to share common methods if objects have different roles?

If 2 classes have the following in common: part of how their state is represented (both have a linear container) multiple identical methods (identical code, not just signature) But are not ...
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1answer
151 views

Is table inheritance the wrong approach

If we take the two below entities as en example. public class Person { public string Username {get;set;} public string DisplayName {get;set;} } public class Worker:Person { public string ...
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3answers
315 views

Why are inheritance and interfaces restricted to instance members?

Disclaimer: I think the rules are almost the same in most OO languages, but since I'm most familiar with C# I'll be relating to this specific language. I think that the use of attributes and ...
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1answer
468 views

inheritance and static final variables

I'm a programing student. I've been having problem to organize Java classes that use inheritance and static final variables. Let say I have an abstract class named Form that has two children named ...
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2answers
169 views

Extend the API or use the same name as a class in the API?

I have been running into this problem more and more: I am not happy with the current API, and end up making my own class that does what I wish the API did; however, I don't extend the 'super class' as ...
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2answers
138 views

Does hierarchial inheritance belong to the past? [closed]

Recently it came to my attention that hierarchical inheritance may be a relic of thinking of classes as "structs with functions" rather than a product contract-driven mentality. Consider, as a simple ...
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1answer
277 views

Inheritance, Composition and Protocols

I'm reading a book on general object oriented concepts to try and gain a solid understanding of everything. One thing that is throwing me off is the difference between Inheritance and Composition. I ...
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3answers
224 views

What alternative is better to diagram this scenario?

I was creating and discussing a class diagram with a partner of mine. To simplify things, I've modify the real domain we're working on and made up the following diagram: Basically, a company works ...
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2answers
446 views

What principle of OOAD is this pattern breaking?

I'm trying to make a case for not putting the structure in the parent BaseModule class I've shown below. I'm more for a Strategy Pattern, and minimizing inheritance in favor of has-a relationships, ...
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1answer
72 views

Would this be considered a plugin or template type architecture?

I would like to build a system that basically offers the option to make various APIs interchangeable for usage to the end user. For example, the person using the software would have the option of ...
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1answer
85 views

Adding new functionality to all of shelve.Shelf's subclasses in Python

In order to avoid the overhead associated with the shelve module's writeback option I'm interested in putting together a shelf class that only accepts hashable values, with hashability being a proxy ...
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1answer
75 views

Public versus private inheritance when some of the parent's methods need to be exposed?

Public inheritance means that all fields from the base class retain their declared visibility, while private means that they are forced to 'private' within the derived class's scope. What should be ...
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1answer
221 views

Should I use inheritance or an interface?

So in a nutshell I have an abstract class : public abstract class Member { public string PCode { get; set; } public string Reference { get; set; } public DateTime? ElectedDate { get; set; } } And ...
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1answer
118 views

Inherit one instance variable from the global scope

I'm using Curses to create a command line GUI with Ruby. Everything's going well, but I have hit a slight snag. I don't think Curses knowledge (esoteric to be fair) is required to answer this ...
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395 views

Internal exposure of implementation details on inheritance

I'm reading the "Effective Java" book which suggests to favor composition over inheritance. The example it gives shows something like this: public class InstrumentedHashSet<E> extends ...