Inheritance is a way to reuse code of existing objects, or to establish a subtype from an existing object, or both, depending upon programming language support.

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43
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11answers
9k views

Why is it good to split a program into multiple classes? [on hold]

I'm still a student in high school (entering 10th grade), and I have yet to take an actual computer course in school. Everything I've done so far is through books. Those books have taught me concepts ...
1
vote
2answers
215 views

How to avoid redundant code in designing inheritance in C++

Say I have a Base class called Car and it has 3 derived classes say Ford, Honda and Audi. The issue is, all three derived classes have exactly same code but minor difference in calling member ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

overriding implemented base class methods

I read somewhere that the chain of inheritance breaks when you alter a behavior from derived class. What does "altering a behavior" mean here? Is overriding an already implemented method in base class ...
0
votes
2answers
134 views

One boilerplate class or many similar classes?

Lets say I'm trying to model a variety of objects that are virtually identical, the only difference being their class variables. Am I better off creating one boilerplate class and just calling the ...
-3
votes
1answer
115 views

Is this a good use of a base class? [closed]

I am developing some HW drivers, which access registers. I have a few classes, for example. ClassRegisterBlock1, ClassRegisterBlock2. In each of these classes, they define the bits to manipulate, ...
0
votes
2answers
181 views

block access to area/controller's methods but allow inherited controller to run methods, asp .net mvc5

I am trying to find out how to block a whole area/controller from being accessed by typing url website.com/area1/basecontroller/method1 (this area also contains the views that will be displayed) , ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Is doing Parent.call from the child object a right way to implement Inheritance in JavaScript?

I came across this piece of code it didnt look that right to me. Is it the right way to implement SUPER in javascript. if not what is the right way? function Person(name){ this.name = name; } ...
1
vote
2answers
214 views

Java: how can I make the return type, of an inherited method in a subclass, the same as the subclass?

I am rather inexperience in Java, and I'm having a problem in forming a subclass of a class I have created. The class I have made, called Vector2D, contains methods, such as add(Vector2D addend), that ...
2
votes
2answers
176 views

Having an inherited function return the derived type instead of the base type

I am writing two classes in C#: A Matrix class that represents a general Matrix with n-by-m dimensions A SquareMatrix class that inherits from Matrix and has the constraint of being n-by-n The ...
0
votes
2answers
408 views

Object inheritance and method parameters/return types - Please check my logic

I'm preparing for a test and doing practice questions, this one in particular I am unsure I did correctly: We are given a very simple UML diagram to demonstrate inheritance: I hope this is clear, it ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

Augmenting functionality of subclasses without code duplication in C++

I have to add common functionality to some classes that share the same superclass, preferably without bloating the superclass. The simplified inheritance chain looks like this: Element -> ...
1
vote
1answer
211 views

Implementation of instance testing in Java, C++, C#

For curiosity purposes as well as understanding what they entail in a program, I'm curious as to how instance testing (instanceof/is/using dynamic_cast in c++) works. I've tried to google it ...
2
votes
2answers
247 views

Code re-use in C++, via multiple inheritance or composition? Or…?

I originally asked this question on StackOverflow, but I was directed here, and I think my problem is perhaps as much conceptual as technical, so here goes. If you’re defining a hierarchy of abstract ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Is table inheritance the wrong approach

If we take the two below entities as en example. public class Person { public string Username {get;set;} public string DisplayName {get;set;} } public class Worker:Person { public string ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Doctrine 2 and Concrete table inheritance

I use Doctrine 2 and I've read some articles on inheritance strategies' mapping with ORM. I've seen three main strategies : "Class table inheritance", "Concrete table inheritance" and "Single table ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Traits, Inheritance and Interfaces in Groovy, when to use them?

I'm learning groovy and I've just learned about the new feature added in 2.3, which is the addition of Traits. Now to me it seems like Traits allow you to do basically everything a super-class and an ...
33
votes
4answers
13k views

Why should I prefer composition over inheritance?

I always read that composition is to be preferred over inheritance. A blog post on unlike minds, for example, advocates using composition over inheritance, but I can't see how polymorphism is ...
4
votes
2answers
859 views

How to replace inheritance with composition in this case?

I've recently read several articles about the advantages of the composition over inheritance. Their authors said that you can always replace inheritance with composition (to be precise, they say they ...
1
vote
3answers
83 views

UML Class Diagram: How can I represent “orthogonal” generalizations (or multi-inheritence)?

I try to represent in a UML Class Diagram the following object and features: The Object: A System (e.g. an electronic device) that can be of Type A, B or C If the System is of type A, it has a ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Representing the hierarchy of groups of numbers using type inheritance

I've run into an interesting conundrum while coding my own implementations for the basic sets of mathematical numbers (Natural, Integer, Rational, Irrational, Real, Complex). I'm doing this mostly for ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Is this approach to CSS correct?

Reading SASS basic features on their website, I stumbled upon the @extend feature. The example they give is the following: .message { border: 1px solid #ccc; padding: 10px; color: #333; ...
68
votes
9answers
5k views

Is there any “real” reason multiple inheritance is hated?

I've always liked the idea of having multiple inheritance supported in a language. Most often though it's intentionally forgone, and the supposed "replacement" is interfaces. Interfaces simply do ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

JavaScript Combination Inheritance Pattern

In the chapter of Professional JavaScript for Web Developers on OOP, Nicholas Zachas describes a JavaScript inheritance pattern which he refers to as combination inheritance. The basic idea is that ...
2
votes
5answers
319 views

Classic inheritance problem?

I keep seeing the following pattern when people learn about OOP: Problem: How do I put objects of different but related types into a container? Solution: Inherit from a common base class. New ...
21
votes
1answer
451 views

How are mixins or traits better than plain multiple inheritance?

C++ has plain multiple inheritance, many language designs forbid it as dangerous. But some languages like Ruby and PHP use strange syntax to do the same thing and call it mixins or traits. I heard ...
7
votes
2answers
394 views

Why is the use of constructors discouraged when creating prototypes?

Quick background: In JavaScript, the constructor function for each object type has a prototype property. The prototype refers to an object that each constructed object uses as the next step up in its ...
2
votes
2answers
123 views

Wrapping constructor arguments

Given a base class with around 25 or so subclasses, I have found that adding an argument to the base constructor is painful. protected AbstractController(Service1 s1, Service2 s2, Service3 s3){ ... } ...
2
votes
4answers
149 views

Subclass only have methods without variables

Is it ok to have subclass which does not declare its own variables (instance variables) and inherits from super class or base class? It has methods and there are some common methods which it overides ...
2
votes
2answers
80 views

subclass reference to another subclass

Imagine I have the following code: class A: pass class B(A): pass class C(A): def __init__(self): self.b = B() Is the above code correct in terms of correct inheritance? I ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Adding new functionality to all of shelve.Shelf's subclasses in Python

In order to avoid the overhead associated with the shelve module's writeback option I'm interested in putting together a shelf class that only accepts hashable values, with hashability being a proxy ...
1
vote
2answers
110 views

A vector of pointers to different derived classes of the same base class

I am writing a game in C++ which has different enemy types. I have defined a base Enemy class and I also have derived classes enemy1, enemy2 etc. Now for updating these enemies in each iteration of ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Why is subclassing TraversableOnce not recommended

Reading http://www.scala-lang.org/api/2.11.1/index.html#scala.collection.TraversableOnce: Directly subclassing TraversableOnce is not recommended - instead, consider declaring an Iterator with a ...
2
votes
2answers
128 views

Is it appropriate to use inheritance to prevent code duplication of the logic for a user control?

Suppose I have two or more UserControl implementations with vastly different implementations but near identical code-behind. One strategy to avoid code duplication is as follows: Change each ...
2
votes
2answers
122 views

Refactor an old model of a LastUser Modification on every Object?

I have a software requirement, that needs to store the user that made the last modification to another object, for every object (assume that all objects are already mapped and into a BD). So we have ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Matching the superclass's constructor's parameter list, is treating a null default value as a non-null value within a constructor a violation of LSP? [duplicate]

I kind of ran into this when messing around with FlashPunk, and I'm going to use it as an example. Essentially the main sprite class is pretty much class Entity. Entity's constructor has four ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Public versus private inheritance when some of the parent's methods need to be exposed?

Public inheritance means that all fields from the base class retain their declared visibility, while private means that they are forced to 'private' within the derived class's scope. What should be ...
1
vote
3answers
214 views

What alternative is better to diagram this scenario?

I was creating and discussing a class diagram with a partner of mine. To simplify things, I've modify the real domain we're working on and made up the following diagram: Basically, a company works ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Are super methods in JavaScript limited to functional inheritance, as per Crockford's book?

In Douglas Crockford's "JavaScript: The Good Parts", he walks through three types of inheritance: classical, prototypal, and functional. In the part on functional inheritance he writes: "The ...
3
votes
1answer
240 views

How to maintain encapsulation with composition in C++?

I am designing a class Master that is composed from multiple other classes, A, Base, C and D. These four classes have absolutely no use outside of Master and are meant to split up its functionality ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Example of persisting an inheritance relationship using ORM

I have some experience with OOP and RDBs, but very little exposure to web programming. I am trying to understand what non-trivial types of problems are solved by ORM. Of course, I am familiar with the ...
5
votes
3answers
210 views

How to refactor my design, if it seems to require multiple inheritance?

Recently I made a question about Java classes implementing methods from two sources (kinda like multiple inheritance). However, it was pointed out that this sort of need may be a sign of a design ...
0
votes
2answers
260 views

Can an object call a method on it's immediate descendant? [closed]

I have an inheritance hierarchy three deep : an abstract base class, from which I derive another abstract class, call it the intermediate class, from which will derive possibly a large variety of ...
3
votes
4answers
243 views

Why is there no 'subclasses-only' access modifier in Java?

In Java, there are four available access modifiers for methods: public - any class can use this method. protected - classes in the same package and subclasses in any package can use this method. ...
73
votes
13answers
7k views

Why would Square inheriting from Rectangle be problematic if we override the SetWidth and SetHeight methods?

If a Square is a type of Rectangle, than why can't a Square inherit from a Rectangle? Or why is it a bad design? I have heard people say: If you made Square derive from Rectangle, then a Square ...
26
votes
9answers
3k views

Are abstract classes / methods obsolete?

I used to create a lot of abstract classes / methods. Then I started using interfaces. Now I am not sure if interfaces aren't making abstract classes obsolete. You need a fully abstract class? ...
7
votes
4answers
273 views

Is inheritance that adds rules bad? [duplicate]

I got into a debate on this question which distilled to if it is a good idea for a specialization of a class to add business rules. Unfortunately this point got trampled in the comments so I'm asking ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Is there a specific name for the “Square inherits from Rectangle” paradox?

A certain failure of OOP is shown with a class Square inheriting from Rectangle, where logically Square is a specialization of Rectangle and should therefore inherit from it, but everything falls ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Why Java does not support private/protected inheritance like C++? [closed]

While inheriting a class in C++, user can specify the access specifier like, class Base { public int mem1; protected in mem2; }; class Derived1 : **private** Base { // mem1 will be ...
44
votes
17answers
4k views

Is OO-programming really as important as hiring companies place it?

I am just finishing my masters degree (in computing) and applying for jobs. I've noticed many companies specifically ask for an understanding of object orientation. Popular interview questions are ...
1
vote
0answers
156 views

Reusable and customizable charting library on top of d3js

I have started building a charting library on top of d3js using javascript's inheritance. My goal is to develop reusable and fully customizable chart components. I read the article: Towards Reusable ...