According to Wikipedia, Language is the human capacity for acquiring and using complex systems of communication, and a language is any specific example of such a system. The scientific study of language is called linguistics.

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How can I write a set of functions that can be invoked from (almost) any programming language?

I'd like to find a way to write an API that can be accessed from any other programming language via language bindings (or some other framework). Is it possible to do this? If so, which programming ...
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5answers
1k views

Gradual Typing: “Almost every language with a static type system also has a dynamic type system”

This claim by Aleks Bromfield states: Almost every language with a static type system also has a dynamic type system. Aside from C, I can't think of an exception Is this a valid claim? I ...
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2answers
710 views

Why does the word “Pythonic” exist? [closed]

Honestly, I hate the word "Pythonic" -- it's used as a simple synonym of "good" in many circles, and I think that's pretentious. Those who use it are silently saying that good code cannot be written ...
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6answers
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Surviving MATLAB and R as a Hardcore Programmer

I love programming in languages that seem geared towards hardcore programmers. (My favorites are Python and D.) MATLAB is geared towards engineers and R is geared towards statisticians, and it seems ...
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6answers
4k views

Are Java's public fields just a tragic historical design flaw at this point? [closed]

It seems to be Java orthodoxy at this point that one should basically never use public fields for object state. (I don't necessarily agree, but that's not relevant to my question.) Given that, would ...
7
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2answers
919 views

Language parsing to find important words

I'm looking for some input and theory on how to approach a lexical topic. Let's say I have a collection of strings, which may just be one sentence or potentially multiple sentences. I'd like to ...
5
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1answer
502 views

Advice/Wisdom for Programming Competitions. (Specifically the IOI) [closed]

I'm on the Irish team heading to the International Olympiad of Informatics in Bulgaria at the start of August, and from the great pools of wisdom of SA, I wish to ask a few questions of those of you ...
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9answers
2k views

Why do variables need a type?

So we write: Customer c = new Customer(); Why is the design not such that we write: c = new Customer(); c.CreditLimit = 1000; The compiler can work out c points to a Customer and allow ...
8
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2answers
360 views

Why don't Python and Ruby make a distinction between declaring and assigning a value to variables?

Two of the most popular dynamically typed scripting languages, Python and Ruby, do not make a distinction in syntax between the declaration of a variable and assignation of a value to it. That is in ...
6
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2answers
160 views

What is the minimum practical definition for the Scheme language?

What is the smallest practical set of primitives that can be used to define the Scheme language? For example, map can be defined as (define (map proc lis) (cond ((null? lis) '()) ...
7
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5answers
373 views

Coding in known language or learning a new one in free time? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Should I focus on being deep or broad Doing which of {coding,learning} will you recommend for a programmer in his/her free time? Of course,this question is valid in case ...
6
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12answers
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Language Choice for Algorithm Competitions [duplicate]

Hi everyone I have just started taking part in online coding competitions.I would like to know which language would be better as regards efficiency and ease of debugging. I tend to avoid c++ and ...