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66
votes
1answer
41k views

Module vs. Package?

Whenever I do from 'x' import 'y' I was wondering which one is considered the 'module' and which is the 'package', and why it isn't the other way around?
50
votes
8answers
68k views

Using multiple Git repositories instead of a single one containing many apps from different teams? [duplicate]

I am migrating a 10-years-old big CVS repository to Git. It seemed obvious to split this multiple-projects repository into several Git ones. But the decision-makers are used to CVS, therefore their ...
27
votes
3answers
14k views

How to build completely modular web applications [closed]

In the coming months we're going to begin a project where we take a system we've built for a client (v1) and rebuild it from scratch. Our goal with v2 is to make it modular, so that this specific ...
25
votes
6answers
760 views

Separating a “wad of stuff” utility project into individual components with “optional” dependencies

Over the years of using C#/.NET for a bunch of in-house projects, we've had one library grow organically into one huge wad of stuff. It's called "Util", and I'm sure many of you have seen one of these ...
18
votes
4answers
4k views

Are there any negative side effects of splitting up large modules? [closed]

I was browsing a github project and found this module which has more than 10 thousand lines. Is it a common practice to have that much code in a single module? It seems to me that this should be ...
12
votes
4answers
952 views

Is it good practice to keep the main function separate in its own file?

Is it good practice to have a main.c file that just has the main function in it and no other functions so that all other functions can be interfaced? If there is no definitive rule, when is it good ...
11
votes
2answers
3k views

How to modularize and package a client-side Javascript library today?

I've been catching up with the modern client-side JS ecosystem and reading up on CommonJS and AMD (incl. associated tools - browserify, requirejs, onejs, jam, dozens of others). If I'm writing a ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

Architecting a modular service application

I'm looking at architecting a new solution that is very modular by nature and would like to create a structure that supports that design to allow for easy future expansion, clear separation of ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Why do .NET modules separate module file names from namespaces?

In implementations of the Scheme programming language (R6RS standard) I can import a module as follows: (import (abc def xyz)) The system will try to look for a file $DIR/abc/def/xyz.sls where $DIR ...
8
votes
1answer
446 views

Refactoring a 1500 LOC method that only builds the graphical UI [closed]

I'm currently scratching my head over how to refactor a method that basically only builds the UI. The method is more than 1500 lines of code (LOC) long - and counting. It has grown, there was no plan ...
8
votes
5answers
953 views

Python: What is the point of using “import”?

I am not very clear on this aspect. Let's say you have a bunch of .py files that are their own separate modules. Why does each .py file need to import the others when they use that class? Or do they? ...
7
votes
3answers
39k views

What is actually a module in software engineering? [closed]

According to Stephen Schach, “Classical and Object Oriented Software Engineering”, chapter 6 a module consists a single block of code that can be invoked in the way that a procedure, function, or ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Can one edit a built-in Python module?

I'm currently learning Python and I'm at the point in the book about using the Math library. I looked on the Python website and noticed the library was a bit scarce and am writing some more useful ...
7
votes
2answers
613 views

Module system for OOP language

I'm designing a simple OO programming language. It's statically typed, compiled, and executed by a VM - similar to Java. The difference is that I don't want to have such a strong emphasis on OOP. ...
7
votes
1answer
8k views

How to Properly Make use of Codeigniter's HMVC

I have been having problems wrapping my brain around how to properly utilize the modular extension for Codeigniter. From what I understand, modules should be entirely independent of one another so I ...
6
votes
3answers
735 views

Is the architecture of my project a common one? What's its name?

I am responsible for a software project for a few years now (a Java desktop application, which is mostly event-driven). I started it from scratch, and at the beginning of this project I made some ...
6
votes
4answers
400 views

Why are cyclic imports considered so evil?

Seriously, what's the big deal about having a few cycles in one's import graph? I see it as a lesser evil than having super fine grained imports that make keeping track of where to look for what code ...
6
votes
1answer
166 views

Multi-platform Map Application

I'm working on a web project (PHP, jQuery) which currently using Google Maps powering up the map functionality of the application, however we need to make it multi-platform like you can go to the ...
6
votes
1answer
965 views

Single python file distribution: module or package?

Suppose I have a useful python function or class (or whatever) called useful_thing which exists in a single file. There are essentialy two ways to organize the source tree. The first way uses a single ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Good practices for packaging Python programs

I've been using Python for a while now, both in the context of personal and professional projects. One thing that occured to me recently is that I had never thought about a good way to deploy Python ...
6
votes
3answers
288 views

How should modules access data outside their scope? [closed]

I run into this same problem quite often. First, I create a namespace and then add modules to this namespace. Then issue I always run into is how best to initialize the application? Naturally, each ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Node.js app private modules. Where to put them?

The situation would be: I develop 2 projects in my Node.js development environment, P1 and P2. P1 required the development of two simple modules, mod1 and mod2, which are stored in P1/lib. Each one ...
5
votes
2answers
159 views

Is Module Pattern in JavaScript is useful only for singleton creation?

Some articles (JavaScript Module Pattern In Depth, Mastering The Module Pattern) describe defining modules in JavaScript like in the snippet below (from Addy Osmani's "Learning JavaScript Design ...
5
votes
2answers
623 views

Javascript Architectural Model

Are there any obvious flaws to this OO architectural model which I intend to implement using javascript? It is similar to the MVP model but instead the role of the model is broken down into three ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

How should I structure modules in an Angular.js application?

I am fairly new to Angular.js, and one that confuses me is how to best use modules in an application. It seems to me that modules can contain any of the other common constructs in AngularJS (...
4
votes
3answers
746 views

Should unit test be in separated repository?

Should I put unit testing stuffs in a separate repository, not in the same repository as the programming library? So I reference the programming library as submodule. But most open source projects ...
4
votes
5answers
900 views

Good Practices for development team in large projects

Since I started learning C a few years ago, I have never been a part of a team that worked on a project. I am very interested to know what are the best practices for writing large projects in C. One ...
4
votes
1answer
227 views

Redundant code ok? [closed]

Using C#/.Net, I have a page where the user can enter data and save these data by clicking a button. To save data, the user needs to enter a valid date, this means a date which has a certain format. ...
4
votes
2answers
123 views

Does modular programming refer to modules or programs?

As far as I can tell, the main idea in modular programming is: program pieces that work well; complex behaviour results from piece_a and piece_b working together Though, I am not sure if it ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

Merging around 15 small Git repos of non-optional centralized web service components to a single large repo

In a centralized web service we break down the components into various small Git repos by software modules, e.g. authentication module, authorization module, data access module etc. (around 15 repos ...
4
votes
1answer
192 views

How to introduce Google Analytics code in a modular way?

We are working on a very large codebase. It's basically a web-based operating system, with its own file system and applications. The system's UIs are generated dynamically with Javascript. We've ...
4
votes
1answer
100 views

Convention to where to declare module.exports on Javascript files

Is there any convention to where we should declare the module.exports no Javascript/Node.js module files? Should it be in the beginning of the file like: module.exports = Foo; function Foo() { ...
4
votes
1answer
367 views

Java “module” size

Is it sensible to have micro-modules, say with only a very few (perhaps one) class in it? Or should I store things in bigger repositories? I am long-time Java developer with a software-engineering ...
3
votes
4answers
192 views

Is a module allowed to make implicit assumptions?

I use .Net and C#. I have the following code in some module: DateTime validFrom = Convert.ToDateTime(validFromTxt.Text); This makes (in my opinion) the implicit assumptions that there is text in ...
3
votes
1answer
502 views

Using naming conventions to make `import *` safer in Python

Consider the following code: a.py import os def print_rand(): print os.urandom() And another module: b.py from a import * In this code, I end up with an os variable getting imported from ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

Where should I store the files for python modules I install?

If I download a module for Python (such as alglib) and installing is simply a matter of running python setup.py install Where should I be keeping the files I download, or the files that get created ...
3
votes
1answer
366 views

Is there a term for this coding practice?

One of the incidental complexities of introducing features to an existing system is that the programmer often has to touch several areas of code that are not immediately adjacent. Over the long haul ...
3
votes
1answer
156 views

How to tell that a Javascript code already needs AMD (RequireJS, …)?

At some point code is complicated less if you introduce a new abstract than if you continue as it was. Some trigger should fire in a head of a programmer. Like, I was coding fine, but now I've added ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What is Module Object and Function Object?

I am currently teaching myself Python, using the GNU licensed book "Introduction to Computer Science using Python." In chapter 3, functions are covered. While I understand the concept of functions ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

PHP package management with/without Composer

I noticed that many (large) PHP applications use Composer for managing the dependencies. I'm currently trying to figure out if I should switch to Composer (at the moment I'm simply keeping my ...
2
votes
5answers
1k views

How to turn on/off code modules?

I am trying to run multiple sites using single code base and code base consist of the following module (i.e. classes) User module Q & A module Faq module and each class works on MVC pattern ...
2
votes
2answers
467 views

Why packages and modules are separate concepts in Java 9?

Java 9 will have modules in addition to packages. Usually languages have one or the other. And most programmers perceive two terms as synonyms. Modules are built on top of packages, treating them as ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

one single compressed js file VS compressed requirejs module files

I just started using requirejs and I love it. I have one concern though. I've been compressing all my js files into one single file. Even with requirejs optimizer, I need to load module files from the ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

In a module-core program, how should modules interact with each other?

Short background: I'm using MEF/C# for developing a program that has one core (singleton) and multiple MEF parts (I call them modules, each module is a separate assembly with one class that contains ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Are there any problems with defining a single-source “module” in C using conditional compilation to separate the “header” from “source”

I'm writing a project that I want to keep small in the sense of being very densely-coded and a single source file. But it's growing large enough that navigating the file is becoming tiresome, so I ...
2
votes
2answers
204 views

writing a controller file in Python

I need some advice on my idea to write a controller file in Python, and not like the C in MVC type controller but a more simpler idea. Just a Python script that controls the operation of some other ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Is it possible to get dynamically generated html in asp.net tags using HTTP Modules?

I want to know if it is possible to write to a log/text file dynamically generated HTML in asp.net tags in an .aspx page using HTTP modules. By dynamically generated HTML, I mean the html content ...
2
votes
2answers
105 views

When should I nest one module inside another?

Assume I'm working on a JavaScript application and make extensive use of the module pattern with one file per module. Now suppose I have two folders/modules: one for module A and another for module B. ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Design patterns to limit cross module logic

I have a web application which has a shopping cart with cart items. The cart items are added to the user session, so must be serializable. I have a checkout class which takes the cart items and saves ...
2
votes
2answers
137 views

Good technologies for developing a modular server component in .net?

I am using WPF, Prism and Unity to develop the user interface for a .net application. The UI will run from a PC, but I also need to develop a separate complex server component that will provide ...