Object-oriented design is the process of planning a system of interacting objects for the purpose of solving a software problem.

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Separation of concerns between objects

I have two objects which work together to provide interaction with HIDs on a machine. One object is responsible for the communication (read/write) to the HID and the other object is responsible for ...
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Relative encapsulation design

Let's say I am doing a 2D application with the following design: There is the Level object that manages the world, and there are world objects which are entities inside the Level object. A world ...
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Proper program design for submitting a form

I have been stuck wondering what the best solution to the problem below: I am developing a form like GUI with quite a few places for input. Currently, I am storing each UI element in an ArrayList ...
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234 views
+50

Object Design & Cohesion - Issue & potential refactoring

Abstract I have been trying to get my head around the cohesiveness of some functionality in our code base. I’ve approached this design in different ways, and lately I’m convinced that I took the ...
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Interface questions for using Command Pattern and Dependency Injection together

I have many projects that have essentially the same high level requirement: test all hardware on a device. Each device can have a different communication protocol, requires different test equipment to ...
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3answers
361 views

Why shouldn't an object reference have access to a static member in C#

Context of my question: I am reading C#. Trying to understand Static keyword. I understand that when Static is applied to a member of a class, it can only be modified by the class and not the class ...
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9answers
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Programming for future use of interfaces

I have a colleague sitting next to me who designed an interface like this: public interface IEventGetter { public List<FooType> getFooList(String fooName, Date start, Date end) ...
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2answers
241 views

Does it make sense to use interfaces if you don't have polymorphism?

Suppose I have distinct classes that have the same behavior, which can be represented like this: public interface Behavior { void operationA(); } public class ImplementerA implements Behavior { ...
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1answer
135 views

Builder pattern inside interface. Bad design decision?

I am having trouble evaluating an implementation of the builder pattern I just came up with. The context is an API library, so I am trying not to expose any implementations in order to have a stable ...
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357 views

Why not apply Interface Segregation Principle to “extreme”

Providing that clients would typically consume just one method, though methods would be conceptually related, why not always apply the Interface Segregation Principle to the extreme and have [many] ...
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3answers
244 views

Trying to come up with a mapping convention for C# objects

so this is C# but it could apply to any OO language where different sets of objects exist across different layers of an application. We have been trying to come up with a convention within the team ...
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1answer
55 views

overriding implemented base class methods

I read somewhere that the chain of inheritance breaks when you alter a behavior from derived class. What does "altering a behavior" mean here? Is overriding an already implemented method in base class ...
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1answer
821 views

Is this proper OO design for C++?

I recently took a software processes course and this is my first time attempting OO design on my own. I am trying to follow OO design principles and C++ conventions. I attempted and gave up on MVC for ...
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How do I recreate this Access Control/Group/ whatever methodology in OO/MVC

I am looking at trying to rewrite an application that is mostly procedural to an MVC/OO approach in order to teach myself a deeper understanding of both. BUT, I am having some conceptual issues with ...
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5answers
196 views

Coupling business logic with class definitions

Perhaps it is my scripting background, but my perspective is that the purpose of an object should be to contain data. Classes are necessary in that they provide templates and standard ways to classify ...
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1answer
122 views

Updating an Entity through a Service

I'm separating my software into three main layers (maybe tiers would be a better term): Presentation ('Views') Business logic ('Services' and 'Repositories') Data access ('Entities' (e.g. ...
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1answer
57 views

Adding new functionality to all of shelve.Shelf's subclasses in Python

In order to avoid the overhead associated with the shelve module's writeback option I'm interested in putting together a shelf class that only accepts hashable values, with hashability being a proxy ...
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1answer
134 views

How to structure a program into classes [closed]

So after a while of working in programming field I still haven't figured it out how exactly should programs be structured, in a large set I mean. Which I think it's also because of working in an ...
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2answers
122 views

Describe business logic with diagrams

I am currently developing a web application for my thesis.I was asked by my professor to make diagrams to describe the business logic. Since I don't have a prior experience, I am pretty confused with ...
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2answers
101 views

System state design composition

Consider the following Java code: public class HumanStateImpl implements HumanState { private boolean alive; private Color skinColor; // getters and setters, other state fields ...
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3answers
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Is it a good idea to return a default value if a field in a query cannot be found?

At the place I work we are using a SafeReader class that wraps an IDataReader. One of the 'features' is that if the field you are trying to access wasn't in the query then it just returns a default ...
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40 views

Reporting Logic vs Domain Logic

Should the reporting logic to extract domain data in a certain format reside in domain objects or separate reporting objects? The reporting logic needs to: select entities/data which match selection ...
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3answers
447 views

Functional programming strategies in imperative languages

I've been convinced for awhile now that some strategies in functional programming are better suited to a number of computations (i.e immutability of data structures). However, due to the popularity of ...
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1answer
173 views

How should object identification be managed?

I have a java/swing application in (hopefully good) MVC structure. Here is a overview of my model classes: One or more workers may work at one working location and one worker may work at different ...
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1answer
50 views

DDD with entities with no relations

Disclaimer: I'm not 100% sure I understand some of the practices and concepts in DDD, so this question may actually be answered by clarification of the ideas I'm working in a legacy system (written ...
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2answers
543 views

C# Design Issue [closed]

I am building a small application and I am trying to understand the best way to approach the design. I am looking for some guidance/advice how best to approach the following issue. What I have is ...
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3answers
90 views

Wrapping a map with instance or static method

I have a java.util.Map<String, Object> object which different types of values in it. I don't want to cast whereever I do a get operation over this. To do this, I created different classes ...
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2answers
122 views

Refactor an old model of a LastUser Modification on every Object?

I have a software requirement, that needs to store the user that made the last modification to another object, for every object (assume that all objects are already mapped and into a BD). So we have ...
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1answer
144 views

Technical example of modeling a domain with OOD?

Considering favoring composition over inheritance and looking at various design patterns there are multiple approaches to modeling a domain. Say you have some Entities which are very similar in some ...
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1answer
73 views

Should state machine with synonym states be shown explicitly?

I am new to state machine modeling and while trying to model a system, I have a question. An example will explain it better: Considering a system that does calling (probably a customized cell phone ...
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67 views

putting methods in base class that doesnt make sense/belong there [closed]

I've been lately thinking over design principles and patterns and a question did strike me. Let us say, I want to design a racing game. I want to design the classes for a variety of cars. each car ...
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1answer
166 views

Object Oriented Design of a Small Java Game

This is the problem i am dealing with. I have to make a simple game of NIM. I am learning java using a book so far i have only coded programs that deal with 2 classes. This program would have about ...
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1answer
85 views

Liskov substitution principle with abstract parent class

Does Liskov substitution principle apply to inheritance hierarchies where the parent is an abstract class the same way if the parent is a concrete class? The Wikipedia page list several conditions ...
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3answers
206 views

is it valid that a state machine can have more than one possible state for some transition?

I have a requirement for a workflow which I am trying to model as a state machine, I see that there is more than one outcome of a given transition(or activity). Is it valid for a state machine to ...
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2answers
97 views

Buyer vs Seller on UML Model

I'm modeling an Online Classified System where, naturally, who sells also can buy and vice-versa. The question is: should I have two different Actors, Buyer and Seller or I could have, say, an actor ...
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How to safely copy an object?

This question is going to be a little long. Please bear with me. Something that happened in a project of mine made me think about how to safely copy objects. I'll present the situation I had and then ...
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1answer
200 views

Confused about implementing Single Responsibility Principle

Please bear with me if the question looks not well structured. To put you in the context of my issue: I am building an application that invoices vehicles stay duration in a parking. In addition to ...
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1answer
96 views

Should interface only be used for behavior and not to show logical data grouped together? [duplicate]

Should an interface only be used to specify certain behavior? Would it be wrong to use interface to group logically related data? To me it looks like we should not use interface to group logically ...
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2answers
153 views

Three variants of circular references between objects: how to choose?

I'm designing an object dependency graph of my program and one ambiguity between design variants appears from time to time. Imagine two objects having a reference to each other. Obviously, at least ...
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How to adhere to the open-closed principle in practice

I understand the intent of the open-closed principle. It's meant to reduce the risk of breaking something that already works while modifying it, by telling you to try to extend without modifying. ...
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What should be first - functionality or design? [duplicate]

I've started reading a book from Head First series about OOP and Design. In a first chapter it is stated I have to worry about design of my application just after basic functionality is ready. Basic ...
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1answer
204 views

How to design the relation between a Game and a Player in a game?

I am currently attempting to make a Trading Card Game and I have got a whole array of features working already, yet I am stuck now at the portion where one player can attacker another player (more ...
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Import data and modify

I should build an importer in PHP. So below you can see how it should work or how it currently works. This is only a small example, the real importer is much bigger so the import() method is also ...
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1answer
79 views

Access items of a container with a pattern

I've two C++ classes with a relation: a container class which has a list of items. For example a library has got many books. The classes are the library and the book. Now from the external world I ...
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Is it better to return NULL or empty values from functions/methods where the return value is not present?

I am looking for a recommendation here. I am struggling with whether it is better to return NULL or an empty value from a method when the return value is not present or cannot be determined. Take ...
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2answers
81 views

static set and non-static get method

I've the following Interface. public interface ValueInterface { long getValue(); } And the class: public class ValueCreator implements ValueInterface { private static long value = 0; ...
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13answers
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Why would Square inheriting from Rectangle be problematic if we override the SetWidth and SetHeight methods?

If a Square is a type of Rectangle, than why can't a Square inherit from a Rectangle? Or why is it a bad design? I have heard people say: If you made Square derive from Rectangle, then a Square ...
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3answers
107 views

Reason to treat internal class variables and functions inside a class as “separate” entities

Note: there is a similar question that addresses my subject: Better style for member variables? ... but that question does not address "dealing with large legacy code base and comprehension of ...
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4answers
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Is inheritance that adds rules bad? [duplicate]

I got into a debate on this question which distilled to if it is a good idea for a specialization of a class to add business rules. Unfortunately this point got trampled in the comments so I'm asking ...
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4answers
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Dealing with similar objects with different method signatures

I am fairly new to OO design and have problems with the design of some software and looking for a pattern or a combination of patterns that could help me solving my problem. I have a type that has a ...