Object-oriented design is the process of planning a system of interacting objects for the purpose of solving a software problem.

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How to avoid violating the SRP in a class to manage caching?

Note: The code sample is written in c#, but that shouldn't matter. I've put c# as a tag because I can't find a more appropiate one. This is about the code structure. I'm reading Clean Code and trying ...
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4answers
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How does having too many instance variables lead to duplicate code?

According to Refactoring to Patterns: When a class is trying to do too much, it often shows up as too many instance variables. When a class has too many instance variables, duplicated code ...
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4answers
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Do I suffer from encapsulation overuse?

I have noticed something in my code in various projects that seems like code smell to me and something bad to do, but I can't deal with it. While trying to write "clean code" I tend to over-use ...
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4answers
1k views

Switch vs Polymorphism when dealing with model and view

I can't figure out a better solution to my problem. I have a view controller that presents a list of elements. Those elements are models that can be an instance of B, C, D, etc and inherit from A. So ...
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6answers
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What are the differences between abstract classes, interfaces, and when to use them

Recently I have started to wrap my head around OOP, and I am now to the point where the more I read about the differences between abstract classes and interfaces the more confused I become. So far, ...
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From a design perspective, what are the best practices for logging? [closed]

I want to add logging to an application I'm currently working on. I've added logging before, that's not an issue here. But from a design perspective in an object-oriented language, what are the best ...
11
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4answers
2k views

Good implementation strategies for encapsulating shared data in a software pipeline

I'm working on re-factoring certain aspects of an existing web service. The way the service APIs are implemented is by having a kind of "processing pipeline", where there are tasks that are performed ...
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8answers
3k views

How do I design a subclass whose method contradicts its superclass? [duplicate]

How do I design a subclass whose method contradicts its superclass? Let's say we have this example: # Example 1 class Scissor def right_handed? true end end class LeftHandedScissor < ...
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7answers
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What are the features required for Object Orientation?

I am just wondering, what exactly are the features a language or a library must provide in order for it to be defined as 'Object Oriented'. Is Object Orientation something that can, more or less, be ...
10
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543 views

Should I prefer composition or inheritance in this scenario?

Consider an interface: interface IWaveGenerator { SoundWave GenerateWave(double frequency, double lengthInSeconds); } This interface is implemented by a number of classes which generate waves ...
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4answers
8k views

Can I consider interface methods as abstract methods?

I was thinking about that, and I had some doubts. When I declare an interface, for example: public interface MyInterface { public void method1(); public void method2(); } Could these ...
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1answer
772 views

Object lifetime invariants vs. move semantics

When I learned C++ long ago, it was strongly emphasized to me that part of the point of C++ is that just like loops have "loop-invariants", classes also have invariants associated to the lifetime of ...
10
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2answers
835 views

Design: Object method vs separate class's method which takes Object as parameter?

For example, is it better to do: Pdf pdf = new Pdf(); pdf.Print(); or: Pdf pdf = new Pdf(); PdfPrinter printer = new PdfPrinter(); printer.Print(pdf); Another example: Country m = new ...
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8answers
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OO Design related questions in technical interviews [closed]

I've been attending quite a few interviews recently and have been asked by companies to answer "design a [insert model]" questions more than a few times. Is this normal in the industry nowadays? ...
10
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2answers
582 views

Is there a design pattern for managing deep many-to-many relationships?

I'm having trouble defining this data pattern I've come across working on several applications. It consists of: An object type which is composed of many objects itself A second object type, where ...
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4answers
1k views

Design in “mixed” languages: object oriented design or functional programming?

In the past few years, the languages I like to use are becoming more and more "functional". I now use languages that are a sort of "hybrid": C#, F#, Scala. I like to design my application using ...
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11answers
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What is the point of properties?

Here are some arguments for properties and my counter-arguments: Easier to use than writing getter and setter methods Getter and setter method pairs are a code smell. Making it easier to write ...
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4answers
1k views

Is the List interface a leaky abstraction?

If I have a variable containing a List it could contain objects of a lot of different types e.g. ArrayList or LinkedList. The difference between a LinkedList and an ArrayList is pretty big. The big O ...
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9answers
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SOLID vs. static methods

Here's a problem I frequently run into: Let there be a web shop project that has a Product class. I want to add a feature which allows users to post reviews to a product. So I have a Review class ...
9
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4answers
850 views

Class Duplication Pattern?

I'm currently working as a solo developer on my current project. I inherited the project from another developer, who has since left the company. It's a model-view-controller style web application in ...
9
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7answers
6k views

Should I create interfaces for data transfer objects?

Is it a good idea or a bad idea to create an interface for data transfer objects? Presuming that the object is usually mutable. Though my example is in Java, it should be applicable to any other ...
9
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8answers
825 views

Designs and practices to guard against erroneous null entries from database

One part of my program fetches data from many tables and columns in my database for processing. Some of the columns might be null, but in the current processing context that is an error. This should ...
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4answers
523 views

Are there any significant disadvantages to depending upon abstractions?

I was reading this wiki on the Stable Abstractions Principle (SAP). The SAP states that the more stable a package the more abstract it should be. This implies that if a package is less stable (more ...
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4answers
676 views

How to argue against this “completely public” mindset of business object class design

We're doing a lot of unit testing and refactoring of our business objects, and I seem to have very different opinions on class design than other peers. An example class that I am not a fan of: ...
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3answers
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Clean Code and Hybrid Objects and Feature Envy

So I recently made some major refactorings to my code. One of the main things I tried to do was split out my classes into data objects and worker objects. This was inspired, among other things, by ...
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3answers
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How to adhere to the open-closed principle in practice

I understand the intent of the open-closed principle. It's meant to reduce the risk of breaking something that already works while modifying it, by telling you to try to extend without modifying. ...
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2answers
199 views

Programming to Data Oriented Interfaces

There is a portion of our codebase written in the following style: // IScheduledTask.cs public interface IScheduledTask { string TaskName { get; set; } int TaskPriority { get; set; } ...
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2answers
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When following SRP, how should I deal with validating and saving entities?

I've been reading Clean Code and various online articles about SOLID lately, and the more I read about it, the more I feel like I don't know anything. Let's say I'm building a web application using ...
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10answers
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What should be first - functionality or design? [duplicate]

I've started reading a book from Head First series about OOP and Design. In a first chapter it is stated I have to worry about design of my application just after basic functionality is ready. Basic ...
8
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2answers
879 views

How to create the architecture/design of an application in Agile?

If I am about to develop an Enterprise application, but as far as I understand from agile process, I break features into small chunks and develop them iteratively. I used to create the database and ...
8
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2answers
170 views

How to resolve LSP violation based on minimum precondition

I have a class Party that has a constructor that takes a Collection<Foo>. I plan to have two subclasses NpcParty and PlayerParty. All Party instances have an upper limit on the size of the input ...
8
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4answers
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How do we keep dependent data structures up to date?

Suppose you have a parse tree, an abstract syntax tree, and a control flow graph, each one logically derived from the one before. In principle it is easy to construct each graph given the parse tree, ...
8
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3answers
720 views

Long parameter list versus long state variable list

In a C++ book, the author says we no longer need a function with a long parameter list because most of the parameters can be refactored into state variables in a class. On the other hand, a ...
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2answers
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How do I store multiple views of data in memory?

I have a bunch of modules. I can break these modules into different categories that are complete and do not overlap. For example, three categories, with ids that can be expressed as Animal, Vegetable, ...
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Practical size limits of a Hashtable and Dictionary in c#

What are the practical limits for the number of items a C# 4 Dictionary or Hashtable can contain and the total number of bytes these structures can reasonable contain. I'll be working with large ...
8
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2answers
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How to design a scalable notification system? [closed]

I need to write a notification system manager. Here is my requirements: I need to be able to send a Notification on different platforms, which may be totally different (for exemple, I need to be ...
7
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4answers
1k views

What are the valid uses of static classes?

I noticed that nearly every time I see programmers using static classes in object oriented languages such as C#, they are doing it wrong. The major problems are obviously the global state and the ...
7
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4answers
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Should Objects with lots of fields be broken up? [duplicate]

When I have an Object that has lots of fields is it better to have them all as fields or try to find logical groupings as their own Objects and make those the fields? I guess it comes down to which ...
7
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6answers
9k views

Design: Calling back to the parent class

When modelling an object with children it's common to include the children via composition, as a member of the parent class. Sometimes however the children need to tell the parent something, they need ...
7
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3answers
926 views

OO - are large classes acceptable? [duplicate]

Despite many years in IT, I still struggle with OO design. One particular problem I seem to keep ending up with is large classes, often containing many hundreds of lines of code. The OO world talks a ...
7
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3answers
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Is it a better practice pre-initialize attributes in a class, or to add them along the way?

I'm sorry if this is a ABSOLUTELY sophomoric question, but I'm curious what the best practices are out there, and I can't seem to find a good answer on Google. In Python, I usually use an empty class ...
7
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4answers
357 views

Is inheritance that adds rules bad? [duplicate]

I got into a debate on this question which distilled to if it is a good idea for a specialization of a class to add business rules. Unfortunately this point got trampled in the comments so I'm asking ...
7
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2answers
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What is the difference between self-types and trait inheritance in Scala?

When Googled, many responses for this topic come up. However, I don't feel like any of them do a good job of illustrating the difference between these two features. So I'd like to try one more time, ...
7
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4answers
697 views

What books or resources would you recommend to learn practical OO design and development concepts? [closed]

I'm a self taught programmer; I understand the foundations of programming and what classes are, but my code tends to be messy with class methods interacting with a half a dozen other classes, and my ...
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4answers
767 views

Do some best practices depend on skill?

Is there evidence that some software development best practices depend on programming skill level? I mean, these methods are good, but maybe the way the are used or the extent might vary? This ...
7
votes
2answers
5k views

Open Close Principle (OCP) vs Dependency Inversion Principle (DIP)

I was trying to understand the difference between Open Closed Principle (OCP) and Dependency Inversion Princible (DIP). Based on research I've made on the internet so far, I came to the conclusion ...
7
votes
4answers
595 views

Is throwing an error in unpredictable subclass-specific circumstances a violation of LSP?

Let's say I wanted to create a Java List<String> (see spec) implementation that uses a complex subsystem, such as a database or file system, for its store so that it acts as a persistent ...
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6answers
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Triggering custom events in AJAX callbacks

I'm pretty new to JavaScript, but one of the things that's been frustrating is that our AJAX callbacks have been getting packed with different functionality, making it difficult to keep everything ...
7
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3answers
216 views

Using Interfaces for Loosely Coupled Code

Background I have a project that depends on the usage of a certain type of hardware device, while it doesn't really matter who makes that hardware device as long as it does what I need it to do. With ...
7
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2answers
269 views

Autoreleasing objects in Reference Counting Systems

I'm experimenting a bit in C and I'm trying to implement my own Reference Counting System. I've mainly worked with Objective-C in the past but AFAIK autoreleasing objects is something that is unique ...