Object-oriented design is the process of planning a system of interacting objects for the purpose of solving a software problem.

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Code quality : what's the worth of the looking at the ifs?

We've all seen discussions on the ideal length of a method. My favourite litmus test for code quality is to look at the "if" statements, to see whether the values being tested belong to the current ...
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1answer
207 views

Why throw a 'must implement this function' exception rather than making the function abstract?

In the Android support libraries here the destroyItem and instantiateItem functions throw an exception if they aren't overriden: 175 throw new UnsupportedOperationException( 176 ...
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291 views

How to avoid the LoadBy pattern?

In our codebase for a sophisticated system controlling many aspects of businesses, we have a certain unwritten law to not fudge around in code with complicated SQL, instead writing it into a function ...
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299 views

Automatic namespace resolution in C++

My question is focused on design, and the code included in this question is meant to clarify the problem I'm experiencing. I'm interested in conceptual level answers and not code in order to answer ...
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1answer
77 views

OO Design: Reading/Writing object with multiple formats

I have a class Song, which has the following public methods: String getSong(); void setSong(String); int getId(); void setId(int); Now I have two different ways I might want to store these songs in ...
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1answer
238 views

Rich Model vs God Class [duplicate]

I have a legacy code containing some behaviour classes, like services and controllers. My model is pretty anaemic. It's just a repository of getters and setters, and I want to refactor it. There is a ...
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1answer
72 views

Parsing an object from multiple source files

I receive zip files and they have as content 8 different files, each with it's own metadata inside. I have to combine these files into 1 object containing certain metadata. The big issue here is that ...
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1answer
129 views

Is this the preferred way to do inheritance in JavaScript?

Hey there I'm not new to programming nor javascript but I'm new to the object oriented world of javascript as it differs from languages I know such as java, c# when it comes to object oriented apsects....
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2answers
537 views

Class design for writing multiple versions of multiple files

I am writing a web service in Java which reads some information from a DB and generates multiple JSON files which are written to S3. For each type of file, I have a POJO which is serialized to JSON ...
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3answers
109 views

Inheritance or type field when designing class

I have to model a store with all kinds of articles. The user has to be able to filter these articles by type, price, ... . The store would contain a list of Article objects. I've been stuck on ...
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2answers
71 views

Direct Dependency Injection and Logger

Lets say I use Dependency Injection and don't use a DI framework. So the injection is direct rather automatic. How I should handle the logger class? All the objects, (thousands) should have a Logger ...
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1answer
62 views

Dynamic configuration of the software

This post teaches us to separate object graph construction from the application logic into two different classes and the end goal is to have either: classes with logic OR classes with “new” operators. ...
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193 views

Design of an online book reader

I want to design an online book reader system as a programming exercise. I wrote down the following requirements: Searching a book by title. Bookmarking a book. Mark a book as favorite. Give rating. ...
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1answer
158 views

Interface Implementation: A parameter I don't need

Pseudo-Code interface IPagingInfo { int CurrentPageNo { get; } int RowsPerPage { get; } ... } interface ResultsRetriver { ResultRows GetResults(IPagingInfo pagingInfo); } class ...
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1answer
144 views

Interface Design: Specific vs General parameter (A Minimal design vs anticipated use variation)

Code public interface IVehicle { string VehicleMake { get; } int MonthsSincePurchase { get; } bool IsApprovedUsed { get; } ... } public class WarrantyPopUpHandler { virtual bool ...
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2answers
246 views

Do we need servant pattern? What about implementing in parent class?

From wikipedia: Servant is used for providing some behavior to a group of classes. Instead of defining that behavior in each class - or when we cannot factor out this behavior in the common ...
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4answers
4k views

Does C# 6.0's new null-conditional operator go against the Law of Demeter?

The Law of Demeter states the following: Each unit should have only limited knowledge about other units: only units "closely" related to the current unit. Each unit should only talk to its friends; ...
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6answers
4k views

How do I test a system where the objects are difficult to mock?

I am working with the following system: Network Data Feed -> Third Party Nio Library -> My Objects via adapter pattern We recently had an issue where I updated the version of the library I ...
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1answer
158 views

Object Communication Design

Multiple top-level systems that communicate with each other via messages(events/commands). The Main class of the program wraps around all the systems and has a message dispacher component wich ...
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3answers
309 views

Is this avoiding inheritance correctly?

I want to add capabilities for an abstract Model class to send events whenever it updates. To be able to send events, it needs to have access to an EventManager. So, the intent were first, to be able ...
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1answer
516 views

Why does(/did) Bertrand Meyer think subclassing is the only way to extend a “closed” module?

In Meyer's Object-Oriented Software Construction (1988) he defines the open/closed principle as follows: A module will be said to be open if it is still available for extension. For example, it ...
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335 views

How do I store multiple views of data in memory?

I have a bunch of modules. I can break these modules into different categories that are complete and do not overlap. For example, three categories, with ids that can be expressed as Animal, Vegetable, ...
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1answer
98 views

Stuck on design when attempting to create an object store

I'm working on a small scale API project but as it will be used and maintained by people that are not Software Engineers to trade I am attempting to keep the design as separate and identifiable as ...
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0answers
765 views

Assembler vs Entity Translator and Entities vs DTO

I was hoping that someone could explain the exact difference between an Assembler and Entity Translator. Martin Fowler describes the Assembler as a sort of Mapper(?) which converts DTOs into Domain ...
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3answers
274 views

What is the best design principle to add behavior in future to your API? [closed]

I'm designing an API. And, this API will be used by client. Currently I've two behaviors in a class definition. To illustrate the scenario, sample implementation looks like the following- public ...
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0answers
62 views

Storing reference to a model obtained using DataMapper to be able to call save on it

When using the DataMapper pattern, which involves modeling classes containing business logic and knowing absolutely nothing about persistence, caching,... I usually want the models to represent real-...
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5answers
135 views

Can encapsulation be implemented by proper types rather than accessors?

Interesting question came up while designing interfaces at work, now resolved, but I want to ask about the theory behind it. Is it incorrect to say that properly typed data members of a class provide ...
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5answers
611 views

How to make a datatype for something that represents either itself or two other things

Background Here's the actual problem I'm working on: I want a way to represent cards in the card game Magic: The Gathering. Most cards in the game are normal-looking cards, but some of them are ...
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1answer
141 views

Prevent circular dependencies without introducing intermediary library

TL;DR Below I'm working on a game server (in Java, but that part is less important), and have decided to split up the server logic from the engine logic; in part because they're in two different ...
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2answers
438 views

How is encapsulation broken by getters/setters, even when using MVC model [duplicate]

I was thinking about encapsulation in Java and then I thought how getters/setters break encapsulation. After I went through this , I saw many recommendations like to avoid getters/setters on fields ...
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5answers
368 views

Inheritance when following the Repository Pattern in PHP

I am trying to build a PHP application using the Repository Pattern but I'm not sure how I should implement the save method. I have an abstract class called ItemRepository which have the following ...
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6answers
3k views

Should I create a class if my function is complex and has a lot of variables?

This question is somewhat language-agnostic, but not completely, since Object Oriented Programming (OOP) is different in, for example, Java, which doesn't have first-class functions, than it is in ...
2
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1answer
268 views

What approach in DataMapper Pattern is better for multiple or joined tables?

Normally, a Data Mapper maps data of one particular table. (Theoretically it should be communicating between Storage and a Domain Object, but its not possible in my case, so I am directly ...
3
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1answer
136 views

Design Patterns when Class Needs External Awareness

When I was first taught Object Oriented principles, it was drilled into me that when using objects in a "hasA" relationship (or any similar situations where a helper object encapsulates a discrete ...
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2answers
55 views

Computing and returning a sub-object where the sub-object is stored in the object

I have a complex object which routinely needs to compute a sub-object representing various aspects of the parent's state as a bundle. For example, imagine the object represents information about an ...
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2answers
148 views

Who is the Owner of Information? Memento vs. Originator

Imagine for a second that I'm implementing the Memento Pattern, using the following classes. Classes An Originator class that has public and private, properties and fields respectively A Memento ...
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1answer
86 views

Manipulating data for a single file

I'm looking for a best practice solution for creating an object whose responsibility it is to handle file storage for a single file. I want to be able to read data from the file, write to the file, ...
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2answers
611 views

Is there a design pattern for managing deep many-to-many relationships?

I'm having trouble defining this data pattern I've come across working on several applications. It consists of: An object type which is composed of many objects itself A second object type, where ...
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1answer
144 views

Should a new type be created though it only wraps a single field?

Say I have an interface Species that's defined as public interface Species { String getId(); String getDescription(); } The question is simply this: Should I create different classes to ...
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4answers
1k views

Should Objects with lots of fields be broken up? [duplicate]

When I have an Object that has lots of fields is it better to have them all as fields or try to find logical groupings as their own Objects and make those the fields? I guess it comes down to which ...
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1answer
310 views

How should one model an ExchangeService object (in ews-java-api) for sharing MS Exchange connections?

I am creating an application which uses ews-java-api to connect to an MS Exchange server. Once the connection is authenticated, the api dictates use of ExchangeService object for searching mailboxes, ...
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1answer
139 views

For DI, where to create dependencies (new objects) specifically within framework code?

Basic requirement I'm making a framework for learning purposes (and likely usage on personal sites). I'm using dependency injection in classes and I'm trying to design where would be a good place ...
2
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1answer
191 views

How to best model an application's settings?

My application has a configuration file and a "Settings" window. When the user confirms the changes in this window they are applied and written to the config file. These settings are often changed ...
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1answer
155 views

Private method with a derivable argument - a code smell?

We're implementing a service for creating a subscription where the subscription may be linked to an order. Quick background: the purpose of this service is to allow the customer to receive the item ...
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4answers
513 views

OOP Principles in Customer and Account classes of a Bank

I am designing a Bank Application which deals with Customers having FD Accounts. There are two approaches to this : Approach 1 In this the customer has a list of accounts. The bank application ...
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6answers
521 views

Unifying two implementation through an interface

I have a simple object like this public class Book { public List Chapters { get; private set; } public TableOfContent BookTOC { get; set; } public string Identifier { ...
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3answers
154 views

How to understand if a property is a member of a class or I have to create a different class that holds it?

Sometimes when you create a class you can add there several properties (new data members) that you are not certain if you want to do or not. For example, I have a casino slots game. I have tiles and ...
3
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3answers
326 views

'Encapsulation Vs Performance' trade-off in a lockable linked list

Main purpose of encapsulation is to protect in-variants of any class(in java). Here is the complete code for class DList/class lockDList/class DListNode/class LockDListNode. class DList and it's ...
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2answers
224 views

How should I structure these Python classes?

Base Class I have a class called Remote. This class represents a remote machine and has properties such as ip, hostname, username, and password, as well as methods for transferring files to/from the ...
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1answer
153 views

Design pattern for data structure that contains at most one item of each type

I have a superinterface that several different abstract classes implement: Coverage. This is for insurance rating. There are several types of different coverage, and those coverages might vary by ...