A methodology that enables a system to be modeled as a set of objects that can be controlled and manipulated in a modular manner

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5
votes
2answers
199 views

How to handle a memory consuming member variable

Suppose multiple objects of the same class should do something which takes a memory consuming resource. Which of the following approaches is recommended to define and use the resource by the objects? ...
1
vote
4answers
221 views

Member variables vs. State Varaibels? Are they the same? [closed]

I am learning that member variables are to hold the state of an object? Is it their recommended usage? Are all member variables state variables too? or state variables have specific definition and ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

Statistics about the usage of programming paradigms [closed]

I hear very often that the object-oriented programming paradigm is the most widespread. But are there any scientific statistics about how often other programming paradigms like procedural programming ...
16
votes
6answers
987 views

Does functional programming increase the 'representational gap' between problems and solutions? [closed]

Since machine language (e.g., 0110101000110101) computer languages have generally evolved to higher forms of abstraction, generally making it easier to understand the code when it's applied to a ...
0
votes
3answers
128 views

Should abstract classes be used to prevent instantiation

Is preventing the instantiation of a class a valid reason to make it abstract? For example, if I have a class called Gauge which has subclasses HeadingIndicator and AirSpeedIndicator, is it a good ...
1
vote
4answers
236 views

When is it not acceptable to model physical world objects with classes?

Does Object Oriented Programming Really Model The Real World? [closed] also "Firstly, A represents an object in the physical world, which is a strong argument for not splitting the class up." ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Creating variables in methods/functions

In how far do we create variables in our methods or functions? Do we only create one when we're using the result of the variable more then one time like this? function someFunction(SomeClass ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

PHP MVC Display many records - model logic

I bet this question has been asked already but I can't form my thought as you can see from the title, so I couldn't find anything. I am working with MVC for quite some time now and I'm pretty happy to ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Proper way to refactor multiple if based conditions [duplicate]

I took over a large legacy code base. It has a code like this: if ($route == 'login' || $route == 'logout' || $route == 'forgot-password') { return; } if ($loggedInUser == false && ...
2
votes
1answer
195 views

Why do mainstream OO languages not have immutability on class-level built-in? [duplicate]

I regularly write classes which can only have immutable instances, much like string. I am wondering why Java or C# or VB.NET don't have immutability built-in into the language? That way, I can ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Splitting single Class into multiple Classes

I am writing automated test scripts with Selenium Webdriver (Python) and I try to follow the correct programming practices, specifically the Object Oriented methodologies, where possible. At the ...
122
votes
13answers
28k views

Should we avoid object creation in Java?

I was told by a colleague that in Java object creation is the most expensive operation you could perform. So I can only conclude to create as few objects as possible. This seems somewhat to defeat ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Condition before statement or statement in condition

I've come across this problem a few times: Is there any "programming rule" for checking for an condition (error checking for example) before you want to do execute code, or only execute the code when ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

class in OOP language and type

In programming language theory, a type is a set of values. E.g. the type "int" is the set of all integer values. In OOP languages, a class is a type, is it? When a class is defined with more than ...
2
votes
2answers
124 views

Can a class method be accessed both in an instance and statically?

I am relatively new to class design and I have a task that I'm not sure how best to complete, or whether my idea in general is a code smell. I'm developing a RPG where people can own monsters, so ...
0
votes
3answers
80 views

Heuristics on when should one subclass and when not [closed]

Are there any good tips, when one should subclass and when should not? It's clear that we should not subclass when we want to reuse a single method of some class we override all methods, changing ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

How to use OO Design to Refactor a Library with Functions that are specific Product-aware

I have a class that acts as a library of functions for various products. To compute its data, the function currently needs to be aware of all product names. Depending on which product calls the ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Injecting dependencies (DI) in c++ applications

I am playing with dependency injection, but i am not sure I am doing it right. Especially, I am not sure what should be the correct way to build classes with injected dependencies. Say I have a class ...
2
votes
2answers
108 views

Initialize physical resources in constructor

Is it an acceptable practice to initialize physical/external resources from a constructor when the resource is needed for the object to do it's work? For instance, let's say I wanted to create an ...
-1
votes
1answer
98 views

Why is it said that a class represents an abstraction? [closed]

I think that abstraction represents only the essential things needed for the purpose as there are so many unnecessary properties. So why is it said that a class represents an abstraction?
4
votes
4answers
318 views

Does Object Orientation require the concept of inheritance? [closed]

I read Object-Oriented Analysis and Design with Applications Notes written by Grady Booch. In the book there is a sentence: There are three important parts to this definition: (1) Object-oriented ...
-4
votes
1answer
155 views

object oriented programming vs. object oriented design [closed]

We know what is object oriented programming but my question is: What is the difference between object oriented programming and object oriented design?
0
votes
4answers
223 views

How should nodes in a chain be connected?

Suppose you were building a system that receives data on one end and sends filtered data on the other end. The system is a chain of nodes, each receiving data from the node before and sending ...
4
votes
1answer
100 views

Extend, wrap, or both to add generics to a class that should have had them?

So I'm using a C# framework that has a great example of where generics would be useful, except they weren't used. For simplicity's sake, we will say it was a list (I know C# has its own list), but ...
0
votes
1answer
164 views

Interface or boolean?

I have a CustomObject class which has the abilities like being Clickable, KeyPressable and Movable. I created interfaces: IClickable, IKeyPressable and IMovable and make different CustomObject classes ...
1
vote
2answers
73 views

Parsing input into multiple subclasses

Lets say I have 10 xml message types that come into my program via some type of input (file, port, etc). I have 10 subclasses of a type Message to handle the unique needs of each message type. When a ...
7
votes
3answers
16k views

What does “S” stands for in OOPS?

I have searched for the full form of "OOPS" in Google, but unfortunately, there are many ambiguous answers. Some say it's "Systems", and some say it's "Structure", and some have even mentioned it as ...
66
votes
10answers
6k views

Zero behavior objects in OOP - my design dilemma

The basic idea behind OOP is that data and behavior (upon that data) are inseparable and they are coupled by the idea of an object of a class. Object have data and methods that work with that (and ...
11
votes
5answers
2k views

How to code in a more functional style in Java?

I code Java for at least 5 years now and I really appreciate how the language works. When looking at new JVM languages (e.g. Scala, Clojure) there is a trend to more functional ways to code and this ...
32
votes
9answers
6k views

When writing object-oriented code, should I always be following a design pattern?

Is there a conceivable design pattern for any object-oriented program? I ask this because recently I saw an implementation of a Door class with a Lock. It was part of a test and the answer said that ...
2
votes
3answers
154 views

Good or bad idea to create a “fromJSON” static factory constructor for an object that is often created by parsing a JSON coming from API?

I have a "Product" POJO class in my app. A Product object can either be created in-app by the user or by parsing a json that comes from the API. Product has 20+ fields, but Im using only 2 here for ...
1
vote
1answer
139 views

How to represent “class” data type in C or any low level language? [closed]

I'm writing a simple language compiler,currently it's support functional programming only. I want to support OOP concept, but I don't know how exactly I can represent an object ? just where to start ...
1
vote
0answers
134 views

How to separate out below tightly coupled classes

I have two classes which are somewhat tightly coupled to one another. Lets call them A and B. A derives from C and B derives from D. B is the class whose instance is created by the system and then B ...
22
votes
5answers
2k views

How do purely functional languages handle modularity?

I come from an object oriented background where I've learned that classes are or at least can be used to make a layer of abstraction that allows for easy recycling of code which can then either be ...
0
votes
2answers
204 views

What's the benefit of having everything as an object in dynamically typed programming language? [closed]

modern dynamic programming languages like Python, Ruby and Javascript all take the approach of treating everything as an object, what's the benefit of this approach, and what's the curse of it? ...
0
votes
3answers
113 views

where should put showSchedule method in school system

In my school management system I have this partial class diagram: 1- In one use case student want to see his schedule of classes in week. this is what i suppose to do: get student object from ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Unit testing a template class after refactoring

I am cleaning up my code by way of removing duplicates, and found two classes that were almost identical, out of 55 lines, only a single predicate in an if statement differed between them. Both ...
19
votes
7answers
15k views

What is the difference between “data hiding” and “encapsulation”?

I'm reading "Java concurrency in practice" and there is said: "Fortunately, the same object-oriented techniques that help you write well-organized, maintainable classes - such as encapsulation and ...
1
vote
2answers
150 views

Cleanest choice for symmetric operations

I have a need to do some processing from a format A to a format B and from B to A. The job in one direction is very similar to its counterpart. Both formats are represented with an interface Msg. In ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

Where to put data for tree structure which every node requires?

I have a quad-tree structure where each node has some of its own data, but there is also data which applies to the tree as a whole. I'll explain my current solution and I would appreciate feedback on ...
-1
votes
2answers
96 views

In plain English, what is an object model? [closed]

I read about objects models on Wikipedia, but it is too abstract to really make much sense to me. Can someone explain what an object model is in plain English?
10
votes
7answers
3k views

Difference between Pattern and Principle

What is the difference between Object Oriented Design Patterns and Principles? Are they different things? As far as I understood both of them try to achieve some common goal (e,g. flexibility). So can ...
2
votes
1answer
209 views

Why do class-based OO-languages always use the keyword `new` to create an object? [duplicate]

I do not know much about OO-languages, but from what I have seen, it seems most class-based OO-languages uses a keyword new (or something equivalent) to create an object. Prototype-based OO-languages ...
1
vote
3answers
148 views

Does overriding a method affect a superclass's call?

I'm trying to understand some of the nuances of inheritance but I can't find an answer to this question. Consider the following: class SuperClass { method foo { print "in SuperClass.foo" ...
25
votes
6answers
2k views

What are the caveats of implementing fundamental types (like int) as classes?

When designing and implenting an object-oriented programming language, at some point one must make a choice about implementing fundamental types (like int, float, double or equivalents) as classes or ...
2
votes
4answers
244 views

Two classes that behave identically yet are semantically different

I am writing a program which is a similar to Ruby's Active Record Migrations, in which that every migration has both an "Up" and "Down" in terms of creating a change to the database, "Up" meaning ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Should I use friend classes in C++ to allow access to hidden members?

Here is my situation (a simple example). Say I have a class called HiddenData Then I have another class called StoreHiddenData And finaly a class called OperateHiddenData Here's the thing, my ...
3
votes
3answers
151 views

What is the correct Object Design/Architecture for the following scenario?

I am developing some custom controls in an Object Oriented language (using Swift/Cocoa but this is a technology agnostic question). In particular, I have a horizontal and vertical set of buttons that ...
0
votes
3answers
61 views

Event Driven Objects/Framework on the Web [closed]

I am a desktop developer moving to web development. The guys who I am working with use procedural PHP, and coming from an event driven, objectified perspective (using WPF and C#.Net) I am completely ...
1
vote
2answers
91 views

How do you decide member objects?

So OOP is about breaking down functionality, making each class responsible for one thing etc. But let's take the example where an object is using another object. First thing that comes to mind ...