A methodology that enables a system to be modeled as a set of objects that can be controlled and manipulated in a modular manner

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33
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1answer
960 views

What's a generic word for both Methods and Attributes?

In a class diagram, each class contains methods and attributes. What's the correct word for describing both of them besides something generic such as contents or items? Context: The Orange class ...
33
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6answers
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Why is “tight coupling between functions and data” bad?

I found this quote in "The Joy of Clojure" on p. 32, but someone said the same thing to me over dinner last week and I've heard it other places as well: [A] downside to object-oriented programming ...
33
votes
3answers
1k views

Does Java development typically involve more subclassing than C#/.NET?

I've recently started looking at Android development. This has brought me back into the world of Java software development. The last time I worked with Java, I'll admit, I didn't understand OOP nearly ...
32
votes
9answers
7k views

When writing object-oriented code, should I always be following a design pattern?

Is there a conceivable design pattern for any object-oriented program? I ask this because recently I saw an implementation of a Door class with a Lock. It was part of a test and the answer said that ...
32
votes
17answers
10k views

How can I feel more confident about my programming skills? [closed]

Programming isn't alien to me. I first starting doing markup (HTML, now please don't laugh at me) when I was 12 and a little bit of BASIC when I was 13 (I knew much about Flowcharts, Pseudocodes at ...
32
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2answers
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Does the ActiveRecord pattern follow/encourage the SOLID design principles?

I'm interested in whether ActiveRecord pattern, made famous from Ruby on Rails, encourages or discourages the use of SOLID design principles. For example, it seems to me that ActiveRecord objects ...
31
votes
18answers
6k views

What would you do if your client required you not to use object-oriented programming?

I am writing a program to simulate the activity of ants in a grid (PDF). The ant can move around, pick up things and drop things. The problem is while the action of the ants and the positions of each ...
31
votes
4answers
6k views

What exactly is procedural programming? How exactly is it different from OOP? Is it the same as functional programming?

I am programming in Java in a very object-oriented (OO) style. OOP comes very intuitively to me, but I have very little knowledge about other kinds of programming. What exactly is procedural ...
31
votes
7answers
3k views

Complete immutability and Object Oriented Programming

In most OOP languages, objects are generally mutable with a limited set of exceptions (like e.g. tuples and strings in python). In most functional languages, data is immutable. Both mutable and ...
31
votes
7answers
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Explanation on how “Tell, Don't Ask” is considered good OO

This blogpost was posted on Hacker News with several upvotes. Coming from C++, most of these examples seem to go against what I've been taught. Such as example #2: Bad: def ...
31
votes
12answers
12k views

Why does PHP have interfaces?

I noticed that as of PHP5, interfaces have been added to the language. However, since PHP is so loosely typed, it seems that most of the benefits of using interfaces is lost. Why is this included in ...
31
votes
3answers
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Programming SOLID Principles

Over time I could understand two parts of SOLID – the “S” and “O”. “O” – I learned Open Closed Principle with the help of Inheritance and Strategy Pattern. “S” – I learned Single Responsibility ...
31
votes
1answer
2k views

How are mixins or traits better than plain multiple inheritance?

C++ has plain multiple inheritance, many language designs forbid it as dangerous. But some languages like Ruby and PHP use strange syntax to do the same thing and call it mixins or traits. I heard ...
30
votes
9answers
4k views

Are abstract classes / methods obsolete?

I used to create a lot of abstract classes / methods. Then I started using interfaces. Now I am not sure if interfaces aren't making abstract classes obsolete. You need a fully abstract class? ...
30
votes
6answers
6k views

LSP vs OCP / Liskov Substitution VS Open Close

I am trying to understand the SOLID principles of OOP and I've come to the conclusion that LSP and OCP have some similarities (if not to say more). the open/closed principle states "software ...
29
votes
6answers
8k views

Is it okay to have code smells if it admits an easier solution to another problem? [closed]

A group of friends and I have been working on a project for the past little while, and we wanted to invent a nice OOP way of representing a scenario specific to our product. Basically, we're working ...
28
votes
8answers
6k views

Is splitting up a function into several inner functions an anti-pattern? [duplicate]

Imagine a long and complicated process, which is started by calling function foo(). There are several consecutive steps in this process, each of them depending on result of the previous step. The ...
28
votes
7answers
11k views

Why have private static methods?

I just wanted to clear up a question I have. What is the point of having a private static method as opposed to a normal method with private visibility? I would have thought an advantage to having a ...
28
votes
2answers
3k views

Why is an anemic domain model considered bad in C#/OOP, but very important in F#/FP?

In a blog post on F# for fun and profit, it says: In a functional design, it is very important to separate behavior from data. The data types are simple and "dumb". And then separately, you ...
27
votes
8answers
3k views

What is the real responsibility of a class?

I keep wondering if it is legitimate to use verbs that are based on nouns in OOP. I came across this brilliant article, though I still disagree with the point it makes. To explain the problem a bit ...
27
votes
5answers
3k views

Pass ID or Object?

When providing a business logic method to get a domain entity, should the parameter accept an object or an ID? For example, should we do this: public Foo GetItem(int id) {} or this: public Foo ...
27
votes
2answers
9k views

How to improve upon Bloch's Builder Pattern, to make it more appropriate for use in highly-extendable classes

I have been greatly influenced by Joshua Bloch's Effective Java book (2nd edition), probably more so than with any programming book I've read. In particular, his Builder Pattern (item 2) has had the ...
27
votes
2answers
6k views

What are the advantages of prototype-based OOP over class-based OOP?

When I first started programming Javascript after primarily dealing with OOP in context of class-based languages, I was left confused as to why prototype-based OOP would ever be preferred to ...
26
votes
11answers
9k views

What is Object Oriented Programming ill-suited for?

In Martin Fowler's book Refactoring, Fowler speaks of how when developers learn something new, they don't consider when it's inappropriate for the job: Ten years ago it was like that with objects. ...
26
votes
6answers
3k views

Does learning a functional language make a better OOP programmer? [closed]

As a Java/C#/C++ programmer I hear a lot of talk about functional languages, but have never found a need to learn one. I've also heard that the higher level of thinking introduced in functional ...
26
votes
12answers
3k views

Why should a class be anything other than “abstract” or “final/sealed”?

After 10+ years of java/c# programming, I find myself creating either: abstract classes: contract not meant to be instantiated as-is. final/sealed classes: implementation not meant to serve as base ...
26
votes
9answers
37k views

Why should I declare a class as an abstract class?

I know the syntax, rules applied to abstract class and I want know usage of an abstract class Abstract class can not be instantiated directly but can be extended by other class What is the ...
26
votes
9answers
4k views

How to REALLY start thinking in terms of objects? [closed]

I work with a team of developers who all have several years of experience with languages such as C# and Java. Most of them are young enough to have been shown OOP as a standard way to develop ...
26
votes
6answers
2k views

What are the caveats of implementing fundamental types (like int) as classes?

When designing and implenting an object-oriented programming language, at some point one must make a choice about implementing fundamental types (like int, float, double or equivalents) as classes or ...
26
votes
10answers
2k views

How would Functional Programming proponents answer this statement in Code Complete?

On page 839 of the second edition, Steve McConnell is discussing all the ways that programmers can "conquer complexity" in big programs. His tips culminate with this statement: "Object-oriented ...
25
votes
5answers
3k views

Why is it bad to write something in language X as if you're writing a program in language Y in terms of using a shared coding paradigm [closed]

A while ago, I asked a question on SO about something written in C++, but instead of getting an answer to the problem at hand, the comments went all crazy on my coding style, even when I indicated ...
25
votes
13answers
7k views

Why are objects passed by reference?

A young co-worker who was studying OO has asked me why every object is passed by reference, which is the opposite of primitive types or structs. It is a common characteristic of languages such as Java ...
25
votes
12answers
2k views

How large is ok for a Class?

I’m a long time developer (I’m 49) but rather new to object oriented development. I’ve been reading about OO since Bertrand Meyer’s Eiffel, but have done really little OO programming. The point is ...
25
votes
9answers
2k views

Why most “well-known” imperative/OO languages allow unchecked access to types that can represent a 'nothing' value?

I have been reading about the (un)convenience of having null instead of (for example) Maybe. After reading this article, I am convinced that it would be much better to use Maybe (or something ...
25
votes
6answers
18k views

How can I apply OOP concepts to building a simple, but real-world, web app?

I've been trying now for a long time to wrap my head around OOP. I see its advantages. I've read many, many tutorials and watched an equal amount of videos on the subject. I get the animal/cat/dog ...
25
votes
5answers
2k views

Saving an object via a method of its own or via another class?

If I want to save and retrieve an object. Should I create another class to handle it, or it's better to do that within the class? Or maybe mixing of both? Which is recommended according to OOD ...
24
votes
10answers
3k views

How many are too many interfaces on a class? [closed]

I would probably consider it a code smell or even an anti-pattern to have a class that implements 23 interfaces. If it is indeed an anti-pattern, what would you call it? Or is it simply just not ...
24
votes
10answers
4k views

What's the proper way to model this real-world activity that seems to need circular references in OOP?

I've been wrestling with a problem in a Java project about circular references. I'm trying to model a real-world situation in which it seems the objects in question are interdependent and need to ...
24
votes
5answers
1k views

Many small classes vs. logical (but) intricate inheritance

I'm wondering what is better in terms of good OOP desing, clean code, flexibility and avoiding code smells in the future. Image situation, where you have a lot of very similar objects you need to ...
24
votes
6answers
3k views

Can you implement “object-oriented” programming without the class keyword?

Say we want to provide an abstraction of an "account" in a bank. Here's one approach, using a function object in Python: def account(): """Return a dispatch dictionary representing a bank ...
24
votes
6answers
3k views

Functional programming compared to OOP with classes

I have been interested in some of the concepts of functional programming lately. I have used OOP for some time now. I can see how I would build a fairly complex app in OOP. Each object would know how ...
23
votes
8answers
2k views

Should my (sequential) collection start at index 0 or index 1?

I am creating an object model for a device that has multiple channels. The nouns used between the client and I are Channel and ChannelSet. ("Set" isn't semantically accurate, because it's ordered ...
23
votes
9answers
7k views

Is there any reason to use “plain old data” classes?

In legacy code I occasionally see classes that are nothing but wrappers for data. something like: class Bottle { int height; int diameter; Cap capType; getters/setters, maybe a ...
23
votes
6answers
3k views

Is functional programming a superset of object oriented?

The more functional programming I do, the more I feel like it adds an extra layer of abstraction that seems like how an onion's layer is- all encompassing of the previous layers. I don't know if this ...
23
votes
11answers
2k views

Does Refactoring towards Looser Coupling, Smaller Functions, and Separate Classes affect System Performance? (and Should I Care)

In Computer Science field, I have noticed a notable shift in thinking when it comes to programming. The advice as it stands now is write smaller, more testable code refactor existing code into ...
23
votes
4answers
2k views

Why Java doesn't make use of encapsulation with some classes?

My question is related with System.in and System.out classes (there might be others like those in the Standard library). Why is that? Isn't that a bad practice in OOP? Shouldn't it be used like: ...
23
votes
5answers
3k views

How to make the transition to functional programming?

Lately, I have been very intrigued with F# which I have been working a bit with. Coming mostly from Java and C#, I like how concise and easily understandable it is. However, I believe that my ...
23
votes
3answers
18k views

Which is a better practice - helper methods as instance or static?

This question is subjective but I was just curious how most programmers approach this. The sample below is in pseudo-C# but this should apply to Java, C++, and other OOP languages as well. Anyway, ...
22
votes
5answers
3k views

Is my usage of explicit casting operator reasonable or a bad hack?

I have a big object: class BigObject{ public int Id {get;set;} public string FieldA {get;set;} // ... public string FieldZ {get;set;} } and a specialized, DTO-like object: class ...
22
votes
16answers
2k views

How large non-OO code bases are managed?

I always see abstraction is a very useful feature the OO provides for managing the code-base. But how are large non-OO code bases are managed? Or do those just become a "Big Ball of Mud" eventually? ...