A methodology that enables a system to be modeled as a set of objects that can be controlled and manipulated in a modular manner

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0
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1answer
65 views

Lock object in base class: private or protected? [closed]

I have a base class that contains some lists, queues, and other fields which determine its state. In the base class I only access these fields within a protected lock object since there could be ...
2
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0answers
54 views

What design pattern is used in this delegating scenario?

I am currently having to bend some framework API to fit my usecase. The framework provides generic interfaces such as public interface Processor<T> { T process(T t); } with various ...
1
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1answer
67 views

PHP MVC Model with a method to fetch all of the model from database

I have a crazy question, consider I'm developing a blog website, There is two model named Post and Comment, now I wanna add a method to fetch all comments from database, which model should I choose to ...
0
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1answer
106 views

Database object mapping, good practices [closed]

I think I've understood the basic idea behind object mapping but there is one gap in my knowledge base that I hope to fill now. First let me tell you what I understand out of the whole thing. I have ...
-3
votes
1answer
200 views

Why every value is an object in python?

I know about writing programs (using C) that have: Data values, that are manipulated. For example: integer, float values etc.. functions (rules), by which data values are manipulated. object is a ...
0
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2answers
85 views

PHP extended class method requires same signature including object class requirement? [duplicate]

Not sure exactly how to phrase the question succinctly for the title. I have a collection class that extends another collection class. The parent collection-class has a method addMember(someClass ...
1
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2answers
99 views

How is a dictionary better than a big switch, when mapping data to action? [duplicate]

Often times we see stuff like that in code: void myFunction(string someValue) { if (someValue == "a") { // ... } else if (someValue == "b") { // ... } else if (someValue == ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Refactoring: When to add a new class in the project?

When do you feel that you need a new class (maybe when you are developing or after development for refactoring purpose)? Maybe I can start from my existing variables and think how I can reorganize ...
0
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1answer
141 views

Get inspired by real world objects and their interactions [closed]

Based on this question I think while the aim of OOP is not necessarily to copy real world objects, they could be source of inspiration to design a software or solve a problem or even learn the OOP ...
58
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11answers
8k views

Why is base-for-all-objects discouraged in C++

Stroustrup says "Don’t immediately invent a unique base for all of your classes (an Object class). Typically, you can do better without it for many/most classes." (The C++ Programming Language Fourth ...
1
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2answers
175 views

Smells in exception handling: how to separate between public and internal exceptions?

During the development of a small web API, we decided to separate internal exceptions from public exceptions. Public exceptions are HTTP exceptions, that translate into HTTP responses with proper ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Is it good practice to declare and set properties in abstract classes?

I am using PHP and designing some abstract classes. I can declare properties with constant values within my abstract class and access/overwrite them from any class which extends this without re ...
6
votes
5answers
3k views

Programming PHP without MVC, classes or framework: rewrite or continue on new features?

I have been programming for several years now, and back then (learning PHP) I've didn't learn to program using classes, MVC-logic or using any frameworks. I found my self solving my problems very well ...
0
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2answers
271 views

What is the rule for nested loop code?

I am new to programming and currently learning Java from Stanford free learning course. There was this assignment that I had trouble translating my algorithm into code. I feel like I have a ...
1
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0answers
100 views

How and where to make global function file in jsp sevlet web application

I am making a website in Servlet&JSP. I am looking for good way to make a specific function file from where I can call and declare my common functions. If I made a java file function. Java, so is ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

Injecting data processing logic into class

I want find more elegant and appreciate way to inject processors into CommandProcessorDispatcher class. Or it can be another one solution (the goal is separate each command processing logic to ...
1
vote
4answers
195 views

What is the efficient way to eliminate duplication? Design patterns?

I have a helper class which has a method that perform some checks against a field in a model. I have two models, ModelA and ModelB, they have some similarities but not all. One of them is they both ...
17
votes
7answers
3k views

Why is instance creation the way it is?

I've learned C# over the course of the past six months or so and am now delving into Java. My question is about instance creation (in either language, really) and it's more of: I wonder why they did ...
0
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2answers
113 views

Organizing C++ Components [closed]

In my current company we've brought the discussion about how to organize most of our different C++ components considering the following requirements: There might be interdependencies between ...
1
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3answers
299 views

Best OOP pattern to use for creating a commandline SQL API for a proprietary json based company datastore

We need to create a SQL commandline tool for querying a proprietary json based datastore. I'll be using java. Any suggestions on the primary OOP design pattern I should use for building this API? ...
2
votes
3answers
112 views

Enterprise application object oriented modeling for user and role

Generally in the Enterprise Applications like ERP or ERM, CRM, BP etc. we see two things a lot, one of them is Role and the other one is User. What happens is that in the real world we have some ...
2
votes
1answer
227 views

Object Oriented Analysis and Design workflow for developer working alone

Studying about OOAD I've found a simple workflow based on five steps. I don't work with a team, so what I'm interested in is a workflow that can be used by a developer working alone. The workflow I ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Protected properties vs protected getters

If I have an abstract Animal class with a $name property and constructor like this: abstract class Animal { protected $name; public function __construct($name) { $this->name = $name; ...
7
votes
8answers
2k views

Relation between object orientation and algorithms

As I read some algorithms textbooks, they are full of clever procedures for some problems (sorting, shortest path) or some general methods (recursive algorithms, divide and conquer, dynamic ...
1
vote
3answers
160 views

Controller in MVC

Alright so it is an essential part of OOP that one class should only do one thing, and it makes sense. In practice I've seen that classes which don't obey this rule get thick and cluttered. So I was ...
0
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3answers
414 views

Overriding equals() method in Java

Short question: Why does Java allow overriding equals(), why is it not final? I am reading Effective Java 2nd edition by Joshua Bloch. I am a bit baffled by the conclusion that There is no way to ...
1
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0answers
68 views

Is this pattern of optional dependency injection sound? [duplicate]

A lot of the time when working on legacy code bases, I find it hard to move manually created dependencies to the constructor parameters, because of a variety of reasons. Sometimes it's because the ...
5
votes
3answers
258 views

Is prototypal inheritance inherently slower?

I see Javascript 6 will add traditional class based inheritance, and one argument I hear is that classes are inherently much faster than prototypes because they can be optimized away by the compiler ...
9
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9answers
2k views

How to split large, tightly coupled classes?

I have some huge classes of more than 2k lines of code (and growing) that I would like to refactor if possible, to have some more light and clean design. The reason it is so big is mainly because ...
6
votes
2answers
325 views

What is the difference between Optionals and Nullable type

Swift has Optionals. C# has Nullable types. As far as I can tell both serve same purpose, besides value of some type they store information whether variable has value or is undefined ...
20
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4answers
1k views

Why would many duck-typed dynamic programming languages use a class-based approach instead of prototype-based OOP?

Since quite many dynamic programming languages have the feature of duck typing, and they can also open up and modify class or instance methods at anytime (like Ruby and Python), then… Question 1) ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Combining Patterns: Fluent Builder and Null Object Pattern

I am currently wrestling around with some GUI code where I have a table whose rows correspond to some object, let's say a Person object. When the table initializes, it fills the table with the Person ...
1
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2answers
298 views

From a DDD perspective is a report generating service a domain service or an infrastructure service?

Let assume we have the following service whose responsibility is to generate Excel reports: class ExcelReportService{ public String generateReport(String fileFormatFilePath, ResultSet data){ ...
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3answers
224 views

Member variables vs. State Varaibels? Are they the same? [closed]

I am learning that member variables are to hold the state of an object? Is it their recommended usage? Are all member variables state variables too? or state variables have specific definition and ...
0
votes
1answer
110 views

Statistics about the usage of programming paradigms [closed]

I hear very often that the object-oriented programming paradigm is the most widespread. But are there any scientific statistics about how often other programming paradigms like procedural programming ...
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6answers
1k views

Does functional programming increase the 'representational gap' between problems and solutions? [closed]

Since machine language (e.g., 0110101000110101) computer languages have generally evolved to higher forms of abstraction, generally making it easier to understand the code when it's applied to a ...
1
vote
4answers
240 views

When is it not acceptable to model physical world objects with classes?

Does Object Oriented Programming Really Model The Real World? [closed] also "Firstly, A represents an object in the physical world, which is a strong argument for not splitting the class up." ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Creating variables in methods/functions

In how far do we create variables in our methods or functions? Do we only create one when we're using the result of the variable more then one time like this? function someFunction(SomeClass ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

PHP MVC Display many records - model logic

I bet this question has been asked already but I can't form my thought as you can see from the title, so I couldn't find anything. I am working with MVC for quite some time now and I'm pretty happy to ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Proper way to refactor multiple if based conditions [duplicate]

I took over a large legacy code base. It has a code like this: if ($route == 'login' || $route == 'logout' || $route == 'forgot-password') { return; } if ($loggedInUser == false && ...
2
votes
1answer
212 views

Why do mainstream OO languages not have immutability on class-level built-in? [duplicate]

I regularly write classes which can only have immutable instances, much like string. I am wondering why Java or C# or VB.NET don't have immutability built-in into the language? That way, I can ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Splitting single Class into multiple Classes

I am writing automated test scripts with Selenium Webdriver (Python) and I try to follow the correct programming practices, specifically the Object Oriented methodologies, where possible. At the ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Condition before statement or statement in condition

I've come across this problem a few times: Is there any "programming rule" for checking for an condition (error checking for example) before you want to do execute code, or only execute the code when ...
9
votes
5answers
2k views

class in OOP language and type

In programming language theory, a type is a set of values. E.g. the type "int" is the set of all integer values. In OOP languages, a class is a type, is it? When a class is defined with more than ...
2
votes
2answers
133 views

Can a class method be accessed both in an instance and statically?

I am relatively new to class design and I have a task that I'm not sure how best to complete, or whether my idea in general is a code smell. I'm developing a RPG where people can own monsters, so ...
0
votes
3answers
82 views

Heuristics on when should one subclass and when not [closed]

Are there any good tips, when one should subclass and when should not? It's clear that we should not subclass when we want to reuse a single method of some class we override all methods, changing ...
5
votes
1answer
117 views

How to use OO Design to Refactor a Library with Functions that are specific Product-aware

I have a class that acts as a library of functions for various products. To compute its data, the function currently needs to be aware of all product names. Depending on which product calls the ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Injecting dependencies (DI) in c++ applications

I am playing with dependency injection, but i am not sure I am doing it right. Especially, I am not sure what should be the correct way to build classes with injected dependencies. Say I have a class ...
2
votes
2answers
112 views

Initialize physical resources in constructor

Is it an acceptable practice to initialize physical/external resources from a constructor when the resource is needed for the object to do it's work? For instance, let's say I wanted to create an ...
-1
votes
1answer
101 views

Why is it said that a class represents an abstraction? [closed]

I think that abstraction represents only the essential things needed for the purpose as there are so many unnecessary properties. So why is it said that a class represents an abstraction?