A methodology that enables a system to be modeled as a set of objects that can be controlled and manipulated in a modular manner

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14
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14answers
7k views

How can I explain the usefulness of Inheritance? [closed]

When trying to explain the concept of Inheritance in OOP, the common example is often the mammals example. IMHO, this is really a bad example, because it will lead the newbies to use this concept the ...
11
votes
5answers
1k views

How do I know my data is relational or object oriented in nature?

Just read these lines- If your data is object in nature, then use object stores ("NoSQL"). They'll be much faster than a relational database. If your data is relational in nature, the ...
11
votes
4answers
1k views

FP and OO orthogonal?

I have heard this time and again and I am trying to understand and validate the idea that FP and OO are orthogonal. First of all, what does it mean for 2 concepts to be orthogonal ? FP encourages ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

What are the typical naming conventions for OO C public and private functions?

Short Question Is there a typical way to name 'public' and 'private' members of an OO C project? Background I fully understand that public and private members do not really exist in the C language. ...
9
votes
5answers
1k views

How do we know to favour composition over generalisation is always the right choice?

Whether an object physically exists or not, we can choose to model it in different ways. We could arbitarily use generalisation or composition in many cases. However, the GoF principle of "favour ...
22
votes
5answers
2k views

How do purely functional languages handle modularity?

I come from an object oriented background where I've learned that classes are or at least can be used to make a layer of abstraction that allows for easy recycling of code which can then either be ...
15
votes
8answers
5k views

Interfaces on an abstract class

My coworker and I have different opinions on the relationship between base classes and interfaces. I'm of the belief that a class should not implement an interface unless that class can be used when ...
12
votes
10answers
2k views

What's the next level of abstraction? [closed]

Since programming languages initially only used lines of code executed sequentially, and it evolved into including functions which were one of the first levels of abstraction, and then classes and ...
9
votes
5answers
863 views

What is the meaning of “inversion” in Dependency Inversion design principle?

I'm reading about design patterns. I know what this principle does. High-level and low-level classes depend on abstractions. But why we say this is inversion?
8
votes
6answers
875 views

Static functions vs classes

Let's say that I want to build some utility functions to do some basic maths with the BigDecimals, for example I want to have a function that computes the average of a List<BigDecimal>. What is ...
23
votes
9answers
7k views

Is there any reason to use “plain old data” classes?

In legacy code I occasionally see classes that are nothing but wrappers for data. something like: class Bottle { int height; int diameter; Cap capType; getters/setters, maybe a ...
15
votes
5answers
956 views

Is SRP (Single Responsibility Principle) objective?

Consider two UI designers who want to design "user attractive" designs. "User attraction" is a concept that is not objective and only resides in the mind of designers. Thus designer A could for ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Object Oriented Programming: getters/setters or logical names

I'm currently thinking about an interface to a class I'm writing. This class contains styles for a character, for example whether the character is bold, italic, underlined, etc. I've been debating ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

Class Versus Struct

In C++ and other influenced languages there is a construct called Structure (struct), and another called the class. Both are capable of holding functions and variables. Some differences are: Class ...
10
votes
5answers
2k views

Can an object oriented program be seen as a Finite State Machine?

This might be a philosophical/fundamental question, but I just want to clarify it. In my understanding a Finite State Machine is a way of modeling a system in which the system's output will not only ...
9
votes
9answers
3k views

Does object-orientation really affect algorithm performance?

Object orientation has helped me a lot in implementing many algorithms. However, object-oriented languages sometimes guide you in "straightforward" approach and I doubt if this approach is always a ...
6
votes
5answers
10k views

Is there any difference between pointers and references? [duplicate]

References and pointers do the same thing as I know. Is there any difference between them? If there is no difference, why we call them reference not pointer?
2
votes
2answers
228 views

Problems with OO design for application with pluggable components

I'm trying to refactor an ugly code and make it easly extendable in the future. The application should be nothing else but a series of components that have input(s) and output(s). The components ...
0
votes
2answers
10k views

Simple real-world PHP OOP example?

I'm trying to learn PHP OOP, but when I've followed tutorials, all the examples seem to involve things like: class Human { $_sex; public function setSex($sex) { $this->_sex = ...
15
votes
4answers
920 views

best way to “introduce” OOP/OOD to team of experienced C++ engineers

I am looking for an efficient way, that also doesn't come off as an insult, to introduce OOP concepts to existing team members? My teammates are not new to OO languages. We've been doing C++/C# for ...
11
votes
6answers
719 views

What changes are too big to be made easy by proper design?

This is a rather vague question, but it's something I've never felt has been answered in a satisfactory way when reading about proper design. Generally, when learning about Object Oriented ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

Why did object-oriented paradigms take so long to go mainstream?

I read this question and it got me thinking about another fairly recent thing. Object oriented languages. I'm not sure when the first one was created, but why did it take so long before they became ...
11
votes
4answers
1k views

Nested Classes: A useful tool or an encapsulation violation?

So I'm still on the fence as to whether or not I should be using these or not. I feel its an extreme violation of encapsulation, however I find that I am able to achieve some degree of encapsulation ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the principle of least astonishment?

In programming what is called Principle of Least Astonishment? How is this concept related to designing good APIs? Is this something applicable to only object oriented programming or does it permeate ...
9
votes
4answers
567 views

Is Visitor Pattern valid in this scenario?

The goal of my task is to design a small system which can run scheduled recurring tasks. A recurring task is something like "send an email to administrator every hour from 8:00 am to 5:00 pm, Monday ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

Functional programming readability

I'm curious about this because I recall before learning any functional languages, I thought them all horribly, awfully, terribly unreadable. Now that I know Haskell and f#, I find it takes a little ...
8
votes
8answers
3k views

OOP technology death [closed]

I've heard many times about the aspect-oriented programming, mostly that it is the "next generation" technology in programming and is going to 'kill' OOP. Is it right? Is OOP going to die or what ...
7
votes
11answers
1k views

What language should be used to teach object-oriented design and development in university?

My understanding is that C++ is usually offered as the 1st OOP language, and as the 2nd programming language (after C) in my country (Bangladesh). I've taught it several times, and the problem I've ...
6
votes
5answers
734 views

Should I always encapsulate an internal data structure entirely?

Please consider this class: class ClassA{ private Thing[] things; // stores data // stuff omitted public Thing[] getThings(){ return things; } } This class exposes the ...
6
votes
4answers
618 views

How much effort should I invest in creating loosely coupled designs?

I am currently learning about design patterns. I think most people would agree that these patterns are great tools, but should be used with moderation and not as the answer for everything. Using them ...
5
votes
5answers
653 views

How does the concept of a class change when passing data to the constructor instead of method parameters?

Let's say we're making a parser. One implementation could be: public sealed class Parser1 { public string Parse(string text) { ... } } Or we could pass the text to the ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Should I use friend classes in C++ to allow access to hidden members?

Here is my situation (a simple example). Say I have a class called HiddenData Then I have another class called StoreHiddenData And finaly a class called OperateHiddenData Here's the thing, my ...
4
votes
2answers
440 views

Aren't decorators easily breaking the ISP?

"The Interface-Segregation Principle (ISP) states that no client should be forced to depend on methods it does not use." The decorator pattern is a design pattern to decorate a method of a class. For ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Injecting dependencies (DI) in c++ applications

I am playing with dependency injection, but i am not sure I am doing it right. Especially, I am not sure what should be the correct way to build classes with injected dependencies. Say I have a class ...
3
votes
2answers
707 views

Implementing the Interface Segregation Principle

Does this IConvertible interface satisfy the Interface Segregation Principle (ie. the "I" in SOLID)? Here is the definition: public interface IConvertible { TypeCode GetTypeCode(); bool ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Specific reasons to create own array class over using std::array?

What specific conditions or requirements should you create your own array over using std::array? Here is my background: I'm developing a small simple library that a small group of people will use ...
3
votes
7answers
1k views

Inheritance using non-abstract base class

This post is based on the question http://stackoverflow.com/questions/49002/prefer-composition-over-inheritance/11758048#comment15634305_11758048. Some people said - check whether there is “is-a” ...
3
votes
4answers
654 views

Using lambdas to improve encapsulation

Just as many people believe tenaciously in small functions, some people believe lambdas should only contain small code fragments. An often overlooked advantage of lambdas however, is using them you ...
2
votes
6answers
932 views

Using a Simple/Static Factory vs. instantiating directly: new Thing() vs. factory.createThing() - what's the benefit?

Here are two ways to instantiate an object: Option 1: Thing thing = new Thing(); Option 2: (the factory is a Static Factory, but it could also be a Simple Factory). Thing thing = ...
2
votes
7answers
1k views

Architectural patterns for interaction beyond MVC? [closed]

We all know the venerable Model-View-Controller pattern used to design interaction [mostly] with human users. It is the de-facto standard in OOP environment. What are some other architectural ...
1
vote
4answers
818 views

How do you evaluate learning C# from videos for a beginner? [closed]

I have an idea about programming in general so I know what a variable and a method is but I didn't program before. I liked C# because of Visual Studio and I only tried Hello word program in it. I ...
16
votes
3answers
1k views

Newbie question about Decorator design pattern

I was reading a programming article and it mentioned the Decorator pattern. I've been programming for awhile but without any kind of formal education or training, but I'm trying to learn about the ...
15
votes
11answers
832 views

Have objects delivered in terms of code reuse?

I have often heard it said that objects have not delivered in terms of code reuse. Do you agree? If you believe that they haven't, why not?
9
votes
4answers
477 views

How to avoid general names for abstract classes?

In general it's good to avoid words like "handle" or "process" as part of routine names and class names, unless you are dealing with (e.g.) file handles or (e.g.) unix processes. However abstract ...
9
votes
2answers
972 views

Paradigms fit for UI programming

This is a more specific question (or actually two, but they are related) coming from the comments of OOP technology death where someone stated that OOP is not the right paradigm for GUI programming. ...
6
votes
2answers
477 views

Dependency Inversion Principle: Understanding how both low level components and high level components depend on abstractions

I'm learning about the Dependency Inversion Principle. It states that: High level modules should not depend upon low-level modules. Both should depend upon abstractions. For a while I tried to ...
6
votes
7answers
2k views

What exactly is OO reuse?

And why is it often talked about? Like I know what OO programming is obviously... but people always say "Oh OO reuse is the biggest programming myth ever". What exactly does this mean?
6
votes
15answers
2k views

Why OOP is enforced in Java and C#? [closed]

In many other languages like C++ and Javascript, OOP is optional. Procedural code is ok. But in languages like Java and C#, OOP is somewhat enforced. Everything is to be a part of a class or an ...
5
votes
3answers
678 views

OO - are large classes acceptable? [duplicate]

Despite many years in IT, I still struggle with OO design. One particular problem I seem to keep ending up with is large classes, often containing many hundreds of lines of code. The OO world talks a ...
5
votes
5answers
889 views

In C++, is it a reflection of poor software design if objects are deleted manually?

With the advent of smart pointers, is it a sign of poor design if I see objects are deleted? I'm seeing some software components in our product that people are still doing this. This practice strikes ...