Artificial languages for instructing computers to do steps of computation in order to complete tasks. They allow programmers to communicate with computers.

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0answers
20 views

Best Local PHP database for beginners [on hold]

What is the best local PHP database that beginners can use, I don't have internet at home and I would like to learn how to use PHP and run a database locally, Is there any application that has the ...
3
votes
3answers
289 views

Why do python generators and functions share the “def” keyword?

Consider the following: def some_function(): return 1 def some_generator(): yield 1 In the code above, some_function is a function, while some_generator is a generator. They look quite ...
-2
votes
0answers
93 views

Has anyone ever attemteped to create a “programming” language for legal English? [on hold]

Just a thought I reckoned was worth asking about: since legal languages have to be unambiguous, maybe someone had the idea to try and make a “programming” language for it before — be it in a form of a ...
-4
votes
0answers
33 views

What tool can I use to document my SDK? [on hold]

Looking for a tool that will let me document my SDK. Currently I have ios, android and webrtc and each one is managed separately, although alot of the content is duplicate. I generate HTML/CSS and ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

class in OOP language and type

In programming language theory, a type is a set of values. E.g. the type "int" is the set of all integer values. In OOP languages, a class is a type, is it? When a class is defined with more than ...
0
votes
2answers
150 views

Which language has most advanced support for proof based programming? [closed]

By proof based programming, I mean, you can somehow prove the correctness of your program without testing. I heard that Ada has a feature called contract, I also heard that, if you can pass Haskell's ...
-3
votes
3answers
165 views

What exactly are benefits of Method Overriding in C#? [closed]

What is the advantage of method overriding since we can always create entirely new method with different name? The only advantage of overriding is you get flexibility to use the same name of method?
-3
votes
3answers
154 views

Are there any programming languages that don't descend from C? [closed]

I mean descend as in languages who's original compiler/interpreter was written in C or in a language that descends from C. If you don't count assembly, the only thing that comes to my mind is B. Are ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

What is this Lisp dialect, used in GCC internals?

What programming language is this? It's a Lisp dialect used by GCC internals. (define_insn "*call_symbol" [(call (mem:DI (match_operand:DI 0 "" "")) (match_operand 1 "" "")) (use ...
0
votes
2answers
115 views

How much does C help you in other languages? [duplicate]

How much does learning C to moderate level help you as a programmer. For example, does being competent in C make it easier to pick up languages as time goes on and get a better understanding of them?
0
votes
6answers
299 views

Do you memorize the classes of your frameworks? [duplicate]

I've been an iOS developer for about 5 years. There are still things that NSString and NSArray do that I didn't know they could. All optional attributes and behaviors that I haven't seen, because I've ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

How are financial organizations planning for the degradation of old programming languages such as COBOL? [closed]

I know that some financial organizations still use "dead" languages such as COBOL. I'm wondering what will happen in the future, when almost no one will program in those languages, and the ...
1
vote
2answers
314 views

Are there languages that allow goto statement to only go down?

goto statements can sometimes be useful to go down (to lower lines of code) in code, but can create a mess if used to go up (to higher lines of code). Therefore, I am wondering if there is any ...
0
votes
2answers
198 views

What's the benefit of having everything as an object in dynamically typed programming language? [closed]

modern dynamic programming languages like Python, Ruby and Javascript all take the approach of treating everything as an object, what's the benefit of this approach, and what's the curse of it? ...
-2
votes
4answers
108 views

Which code should I use to inform me of updates on websites? [closed]

I don't know if this is the correct place to ask this question but I'll ask it here anyway. I don't know much about programming (I only ever learned MATLAB!) but I wonder if there is a simple way to ...
33
votes
2answers
8k views

What are 4th & 5th programming language generations? Are there more of them? [closed]

As it is often classified at school/college level, popular programming languages (C#, Java, C++) are all 3rd generation languages (with higher level of abstraction from the machine's physical parts). ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Why do class-based OO-languages always use the keyword `new` to create an object? [duplicate]

I do not know much about OO-languages, but from what I have seen, it seems most class-based OO-languages uses a keyword new (or something equivalent) to create an object. Prototype-based OO-languages ...
-2
votes
1answer
155 views

Why are mostly 9999, 99999… are used for making comparisons [closed]

I (I am sure everyone else also) have always seen comparisons of some value to 999 or 9999 .... etc. for e.g.: in CSS z-index: 9999 or some times str.length < 99999 I wonder if there is some ...
6
votes
2answers
939 views

Why is C still in the category of High Level Language? [closed]

Many of the textbooks on the C programming language tell that C is a high-level programming language, but many of the tutors online say that C is also a middle-level programming language. Why is it ...
0
votes
5answers
374 views

Is it difficult to develop a programming language which is closely related to human language? [closed]

Will it be difficult in developing a programming language which is much more closer to our language ? It was just to know the view of programmers across the globe towards the natural programming ...
2
votes
5answers
262 views

Why C language is taught as the basis of Computer Programming Languages? [duplicate]

I often wondered why C Language is taught as the basis of programming languages everywhere. There are a lot of modern languages like Java, Python etc. which makes the syntax and programming easier. ...
-1
votes
0answers
95 views

Can someone clarify strings for me in the C programming language [migrated]

Hey guys so I'll cut this short. A few weeks ago I started learning the programming language C. I have knowledge in web technologies like HMTL/CSS, Javscript, PHP, and basic server administration. ...
9
votes
7answers
2k views

How did OOP evolve to include the notion of Properties

I've come from a C++ background and am going all out C# in my current job and I've just been reading a lot of Q&A about what's the difference between public fields and properties and all the back ...
111
votes
6answers
20k views

Is every language written in C?

Sometimes while programming in different languages (C/C++, C#), this thought comes to my mind: Is each and every language written in the C programming language? Is the C language the mother/father ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Returning the object/$this [duplicate]

A very general question. I was thinking about method chaining, which seems useful, and began wondering if there is a reason to not return the object in a class member, as a matter of course. For ...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

What is meant by “redundant, but not duplicative” in the Steelman language requirements?

The Steelman language requirements have this: The language shall require some redundant, but not duplicative, specifications in programs. I think I can see the underlying idea (that re-stating ...
1
vote
1answer
155 views

Modern OOP vs Alan Kays OOP [closed]

I've recently come to discover there's actually a strong amount of criticism towards what people refer to as "modern OOP" - often comparing it to either functional programming or Alan Kays' OOP. ...
-4
votes
2answers
171 views

Company decides standard language for all development, or coder can pick their own standard…so that is the standard? What is the norm? [closed]

Our company is moving from IBM mainframe environment and coding, to an OO environment. Is it possible...or is it correct/plausable to NOT have any standard whatsoever with regard to the server side ...
10
votes
4answers
759 views

Historical precedent for why Prolog is less popular than SQL in Imperative Programming? [closed]

It seems that writing Declarative SQL is very popular in Imperative Programming. However, it also seems that writing Declarative Prolog could save a lot of complexity but this is not very common. ...
2
votes
0answers
195 views

Haskell, Rust, or D for POSIX shell implementation? [closed]

I am planning on writing my own Bourne shell. It will be full-featured, capable of being used as a system /bin/sh. The shell will be implemented very differently from other Bourne shells, however. ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

Pre-Compilation Processor:

What I want to do: Parse source code, search for a beginning and closing tag of my own definition (one that does not conflict with any defined patterns in the programming language), and then replace ...
4
votes
7answers
737 views

Why are self-hosting compilers considered a rite of passage for new languages?

I've heard in a number of places now that people expect languages to use, or at least have, a self-hosting compiler in order to deserve respect. I'm curious as to why this is. A compiler seems like a ...
1
vote
3answers
284 views

type infered statically typed languages?

are there any typeless typesafe languages? By typesafe I mean types are checked at compile time. By typeless I mean types are not declared. I know this is easier than it sounds, maybe even impossible ...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

How would one allow a client to query a graph database in Smalltalk, without exposing all of Smalltalk? [closed]

Is there any example of Smalltalk being used as a query language? What I am looking for is: a system or an application where the Smalltalk nature of the application is hidden or irrelevant to the ...
-5
votes
1answer
104 views

What is the purpose of Deprecation? [closed]

Is it just giving different names to previously named method? Does it change with the language you use? Is it essential? I have noticed different APIs having deprecated methods, which actually seem ...
-2
votes
4answers
171 views

Real AI in a compiled language [closed]

possibly a newbie question here. I heard that if a real AI were to exist it would have to evolve, by that I think it means it should be able to write new code then run itself with the new code. Could ...
0
votes
3answers
301 views

Using PHP or C++ for in real world electronic devices

I want to use my programing skills to make my day-to-day life easier, to do this I want to be able to program in my appliances like alarm clock or microwave or refrigerator, air conditioner etc, wish ...
14
votes
3answers
408 views

Is there any mechanism to make programming language more stable(compatible) for changes?

There are a big number of programming languages. Some of them grow up and become very popular. People use such languages more and more often. The founder of such language (or founding ...
0
votes
3answers
187 views

Reference counting & GC in LISP [closed]

What is the main method for reclaiming the memory in LISP? Does LISP really need garbage collection? Would not reference counts suffice? I just wanted to know whether reference counts are enough ...
13
votes
10answers
2k views

Can objects constructed from the same class have unique method definitions?

I know this seems like a weird question, since the point of two or more objects sharing the same class is that their behavior is the same, i.e. their methods are identical. However, I'm curious if ...
-3
votes
3answers
133 views

What programming languages are most suitable for implementing design patterns? [closed]

What programming language is best for implementing design patterns, (Factory , etc) especially for example if I need to develop a engineer scheduling system in less than a month. Would Java be my ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Developing a “time scheduler” app [duplicate]

I need to develop an application to generate, given a set of preferences and constraints, a time schedule for employees. These tables can really get complex and they might need to take into account ...
-2
votes
3answers
312 views

What is meant by Open Source Programming Language? [closed]

What does it mean when we say that it is an open source programming language? I mean is it the implementation (compiler/runtime) of the language which can be open or close in nature or something else. ...
-4
votes
1answer
128 views

Eliminating choices of programming languages? [closed]

There are a number of programming languages available today. My question is given a specific job what is the criteria one should use to eliminate other programming language choices which serve the ...
0
votes
1answer
112 views

What to do if a feature is not supported natively on a platform? [closed]

If a feature is not supported on a platform natively what would a programmer do? For example, when building an iphone app, if you are trying to slide a picture(just as an example- I know you can slide ...
6
votes
2answers
643 views

What is the relationship between lambda calculus and programming languages? [closed]

I am starting my first year (in college) in Computer Science next year and I write mostly in C (if that is to matter). I have tried searching but most of what I find assumes knowledge of lambda ...
-5
votes
1answer
128 views

How can I start making a programming language? [duplicate]

my question is this; How do I start making a programming language? By this I mean not an interpreted language, but I want to know how do I start from the machine code and work up, like the first ...
1
vote
3answers
455 views

Is it possible to have a dynamically typed language without duck typing? [closed]

This question has been asked here, but received poor answers and didn't clarify the issue. I believe it justifies asking it again. I understand that you can have duck typing with either dynamically ...
0
votes
0answers
95 views

Best way to handle language interoperability

Background In a language like F#, direct interoperability with most other .NET languages is possible. For example, it is possible to use classes written in C# directly in F#, and it is possible to ...
0
votes
1answer
115 views

Order of Operations Annoyance [duplicate]

In most programming languages (C#, JavaScript, Java) the order of operations precedence has that equality comparison come BEFORE bitwise comparisons. This means that if you have a bit operation and ...