Artificial languages for instructing computers to do steps of computation in order to complete tasks. They allow programmers to communicate with computers.

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21
votes
12answers
3k views

Is there a language offering LISP-like macros with a more complex syntax?

LISP's macros are extremely powerful constructs, and the inability to introspect and modify the program itself beyond the method signature level has always struck me as a limitation. Yet I favour ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

class in OOP language and type

In programming language theory, a type is a set of values. E.g. the type "int" is the set of all integer values. In OOP languages, a class is a type, is it? When a class is defined with more than ...
-4
votes
0answers
33 views

What tool can I use to document my SDK? [on hold]

Looking for a tool that will let me document my SDK. Currently I have ios, android and webrtc and each one is managed separately, although alot of the content is duplicate. I generate HTML/CSS and ...
77
votes
14answers
31k views

Why are most browsers developed in C++ [closed]

It seems like most of common web browsers (Firefox, Chrome, Safari) are developed using C++. Whys is that so?
0
votes
2answers
147 views

Which language has most advanced support for proof based programming? [on hold]

By proof based programming, I mean, you can somehow prove the correctness of your program without testing. I heard that Ada has a feature called contract, I also heard that, if you can pass Haskell's ...
-3
votes
0answers
48 views

had a question here [closed]

So I am 36 and have spent about the last year learning python and slowly learning another language also and plan to learn others also in time but I understand this could take 3 or 4 or so years to ...
-3
votes
3answers
163 views

What exactly are benefits of Method Overriding in C#? [closed]

What is the advantage of method overriding since we can always create entirely new method with different name? The only advantage of overriding is you get flexibility to use the same name of method?
-2
votes
0answers
28 views

Making sense of software engineering 'items' to group and highlight them on the CV [closed]

Updating my CV, there are a few development skills I want to highlight. The problem is they are diverse (some are languages, others frameworks, SDKs, design patterns...). I am trying to make sense of ...
2
votes
1answer
298 views

How to process large files in NetLogo?

I am running into problems in NetLogo with large *.csv / *.txt files. The documents can consist of about 1 million data sets and I need to read them (to eventually create a diagram based on the ...
116
votes
19answers
88k views

Is there any reason to use C++ instead of C, Perl, Python, etc.? [closed]

As a Linux (server side) developer, I don't know where and why should I use C++. When I'm going for performance, the first and last choice is C. When "performance" isn't the main issue, programming ...
-3
votes
3answers
150 views

Are there any programming languages that don't descend from C? [closed]

I mean descend as in languages who's original compiler/interpreter was written in C or in a language that descends from C. If you don't count assembly, the only thing that comes to my mind is B. Are ...
29
votes
8answers
3k views

Disadvantages of scoped-based memory management

I really like scope-based memory management (SBMM), or RAII, as it is more commonly (confusingly?) referred to by the C++ community. As far as I know, except for C++ (and C), there's no other ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

What is this Lisp dialect, used in GCC internals?

What programming language is this? It's a Lisp dialect used by GCC internals. (define_insn "*call_symbol" [(call (mem:DI (match_operand:DI 0 "" "")) (match_operand 1 "" "")) (use ...
0
votes
2answers
114 views

How much does C help you in other languages? [duplicate]

How much does learning C to moderate level help you as a programmer. For example, does being competent in C make it easier to pick up languages as time goes on and get a better understanding of them?
1
vote
2answers
313 views

Are there languages that allow goto statement to only go down?

goto statements can sometimes be useful to go down (to lower lines of code) in code, but can create a mess if used to go up (to higher lines of code). Therefore, I am wondering if there is any ...
0
votes
6answers
293 views

Do you memorize the classes of your frameworks? [duplicate]

I've been an iOS developer for about 5 years. There are still things that NSString and NSArray do that I didn't know they could. All optional attributes and behaviors that I haven't seen, because I've ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

How are financial organizations planning for the degradation of old programming languages such as COBOL? [closed]

I know that some financial organizations still use "dead" languages such as COBOL. I'm wondering what will happen in the future, when almost no one will program in those languages, and the ...
-2
votes
4answers
108 views

Which code should I use to inform me of updates on websites? [closed]

I don't know if this is the correct place to ask this question but I'll ask it here anyway. I don't know much about programming (I only ever learned MATLAB!) but I wonder if there is a simple way to ...
0
votes
2answers
197 views

What's the benefit of having everything as an object in dynamically typed programming language? [closed]

modern dynamic programming languages like Python, Ruby and Javascript all take the approach of treating everything as an object, what's the benefit of this approach, and what's the curse of it? ...
33
votes
2answers
8k views

What are 4th & 5th programming language generations? Are there more of them? [closed]

As it is often classified at school/college level, popular programming languages (C#, Java, C++) are all 3rd generation languages (with higher level of abstraction from the machine's physical parts). ...
14
votes
6answers
2k views

Are there any ultra high level languages out there? [closed]

Historically a HLL is something like C, Fortran or Pascal and a VHLL is something like Ruby or Python. I am familiar with the terms 4GL, 5GL, DSL and LOP, and those who aren't should read Wikipedia ...
110
votes
6answers
20k views

Is every language written in C?

Sometimes while programming in different languages (C/C++, C#), this thought comes to my mind: Is each and every language written in the C programming language? Is the C language the mother/father ...
9
votes
12answers
2k views

Why don't more languages have the ability to compare a value to more than one other value? [closed]

Consider the following: if(a == b or c) In most languages, this would need to be written as: if(a == b or a == c) which is slightly cumbersome and repeats information. I know my above sample ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Why do class-based OO-languages always use the keyword `new` to create an object? [duplicate]

I do not know much about OO-languages, but from what I have seen, it seems most class-based OO-languages uses a keyword new (or something equivalent) to create an object. Prototype-based OO-languages ...
74
votes
9answers
6k views

Is there any “real” reason multiple inheritance is hated?

I've always liked the idea of having multiple inheritance supported in a language. Most often though it's intentionally forgone, and the supposed "replacement" is interfaces. Interfaces simply do ...
5
votes
9answers
3k views

How to abbreviate variable names [closed]

I always struggle in abbreviating variable names. Is there any standard for abbreviating variable names?
4
votes
9answers
852 views

Mutating Programming Language?

For fun I was thinking about how a programming paradigm could differ from OOP and came up with this concept. I don't have a strong foundation in computer science so it might be common place without me ...
-2
votes
1answer
154 views

Why are mostly 9999, 99999… are used for making comparisons [closed]

I (I am sure everyone else also) have always seen comparisons of some value to 999 or 9999 .... etc. for e.g.: in CSS z-index: 9999 or some times str.length < 99999 I wonder if there is some ...
6
votes
2answers
932 views

Why is C still in the category of High Level Language? [closed]

Many of the textbooks on the C programming language tell that C is a high-level programming language, but many of the tutors online say that C is also a middle-level programming language. Why is it ...
31
votes
16answers
8k views

Modern programming language with intuitive concurrent programming abstractions [closed]

I am interested in learning concurrent programming, focusing on the application/user level (not system programming). I am looking for a modern high level programming language that provides intuitive ...
0
votes
5answers
373 views

Is it difficult to develop a programming language which is closely related to human language? [closed]

Will it be difficult in developing a programming language which is much more closer to our language ? It was just to know the view of programmers across the globe towards the natural programming ...
2
votes
5answers
257 views

Why C language is taught as the basis of Computer Programming Languages? [duplicate]

I often wondered why C Language is taught as the basis of programming languages everywhere. There are a lot of modern languages like Java, Python etc. which makes the syntax and programming easier. ...
-1
votes
0answers
95 views

Can someone clarify strings for me in the C programming language [migrated]

Hey guys so I'll cut this short. A few weeks ago I started learning the programming language C. I have knowledge in web technologies like HMTL/CSS, Javscript, PHP, and basic server administration. ...
9
votes
7answers
2k views

How did OOP evolve to include the notion of Properties

I've come from a C++ background and am going all out C# in my current job and I've just been reading a lot of Q&A about what's the difference between public fields and properties and all the back ...
58
votes
16answers
16k views

I don't know C. And why should I learn it? [closed]

My first programming language was PHP (gasp). After that I started working with JavaScript. I've recently done work in C#. I've never once looked at low or mid level languages like C. The general ...
12
votes
3answers
3k views

Are there any statically-typed Web scripting languages?

There seems to be two major ways to set up a web server backend. You can use a LAMP stack, with the server-side code in something like PHP or Python (or Ruby or JavaScript, which don't start with a ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Returning the object/$this [duplicate]

A very general question. I was thinking about method chaining, which seems useful, and began wondering if there is a reason to not return the object in a class member, as a matter of course. For ...
1
vote
2answers
100 views

What is meant by “redundant, but not duplicative” in the Steelman language requirements?

The Steelman language requirements have this: The language shall require some redundant, but not duplicative, specifications in programs. I think I can see the underlying idea (that re-stating ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

Modern OOP vs Alan Kays OOP [closed]

I've recently come to discover there's actually a strong amount of criticism towards what people refer to as "modern OOP" - often comparing it to either functional programming or Alan Kays' OOP. ...
-4
votes
2answers
171 views

Company decides standard language for all development, or coder can pick their own standard…so that is the standard? What is the norm? [closed]

Our company is moving from IBM mainframe environment and coding, to an OO environment. Is it possible...or is it correct/plausable to NOT have any standard whatsoever with regard to the server side ...
10
votes
4answers
756 views

Historical precedent for why Prolog is less popular than SQL in Imperative Programming? [closed]

It seems that writing Declarative SQL is very popular in Imperative Programming. However, it also seems that writing Declarative Prolog could save a lot of complexity but this is not very common. ...
60
votes
15answers
19k views

What makes C so popular in the age of OOP?

I code a lot in both C and C++, but did not expect C to be the second most popular language, slightly behind Java. TIOBE Programming Community Index I'm curious as to why, in this age of OOP, C is ...
2
votes
8answers
9k views

Why might an ASP.Net website load slowly? [closed]

Anecdotally, I've visited many .aspx website that require a significant amount of load time for each page. Is my experience unique? If not, why might an ASP.Net website load slowly?
2
votes
1answer
391 views

Is there a name for the 'break n' construct?

In a conversation earlier this week I was discussing certain language features, and I realized I don't have a good word / phrase to describe a particular feature. Some languages, such as PHP, have a ...
13
votes
7answers
2k views

A defense for boilerplate?

To me, boilerplate code is obviously bad. However I've met a developer who displays resistance in any attempt to reduce boilerplate. I realized I didn't have a readily formed, well thought out ...
2
votes
0answers
191 views

Haskell, Rust, or D for POSIX shell implementation? [closed]

I am planning on writing my own Bourne shell. It will be full-featured, capable of being used as a system /bin/sh. The shell will be implemented very differently from other Bourne shells, however. ...
5
votes
5answers
3k views

False friends? Keyword “static” in C compared to C++, C# and Java

To me, the use of the keyword static in C and languages like C# and Java are "false friends" like "to become" in English and "bekommen" in German (= "to get" in English), because they mean different ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

Pre-Compilation Processor:

What I want to do: Parse source code, search for a beginning and closing tag of my own definition (one that does not conflict with any defined patterns in the programming language), and then replace ...
4
votes
7answers
734 views

Why are self-hosting compilers considered a rite of passage for new languages?

I've heard in a number of places now that people expect languages to use, or at least have, a self-hosting compiler in order to deserve respect. I'm curious as to why this is. A compiler seems like a ...
22
votes
4answers
3k views

Choosing a Programming Language Systematically [closed]

I am looking for a methodology for choosing a language. I am not asking for opinions about languages. I have been tasked with the process of comparing our shop's current language with others that are ...