Artificial languages for instructing computers to do steps of computation in order to complete tasks. They allow programmers to communicate with computers.

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34
votes
6answers
6k views

Is an event loop just a for/while loop with optimized polling?

I'm trying to understand what an event loop is. Often the explanation is that in the event loop, you do something until you're notified that an event occurred. You than handle the event and continue ...
10
votes
6answers
12k views

Is Python a good choice to develop UIs? If so, wxPython or Tkinter?

I'm looking forward to develop a desktop application using Python. I'm a beginner and I don't have sufficient expertise in Python. I'm also a Java programmer. Although I have some experience in ...
9
votes
3answers
372 views

How useful is C's “true” sizing of variables?

One thing that always intuitively struck me as a positive feature of C (well, actually of its implementations like gcc, clang, ...) is the fact that it does not store any hidden information next to ...
33
votes
7answers
4k views

Is it actually possible to have a 'useful' programming language that isn't Turing complete?

Where it is accepted that a language has to be Turing complete to be any good, is it actually possible to have a 'useful' programming language that isn't Turing complete? I should clarify that this ...
4
votes
8answers
673 views

One-use variables - has any language ever had them?

A principle that I follow is that, when an identifier is established, it should be a signal to the reader that the value referred to is indeed an abstraction which will be used more than once. That is,...
7
votes
4answers
485 views

in dynamic language like javascript how do you know what the argument is?

In Java or Scala if I have an argument configuration: Conf, I can look for Conf class/trait/case class and see its construct so I know which arguments to pass. Recently I started dealing with ...
6
votes
1answer
15k views

What is ¬ called and what is it for? [closed]

Googling this question has proved somewhat useless, so the ¬ symbol: What is it for? What is is called? Is it used in any programming languages?
29
votes
11answers
21k views

What to do when coding begins to feel boring, like it is all just more of the same? [closed]

I started programming at the age of 6 on a Commodore 64. Now I'm 28, and I have to complete 4 courses from a first degree in Computer Science. I'm starting to get bored with writing code after all ...
23
votes
5answers
12k views
56
votes
7answers
53k views

What is early and late binding?

I keep hearing about early and late binding, but I do not understand what they are. I found the following explanation which I do not understand: Early binding refers to assignment of values to ...
78
votes
12answers
9k views

Does programming in general become easier to read, write and understand as you gain experience?

I'm a beginner in programming and I've been reading books, studying, reading articles, and whatnot. I'm getting great results since I've started learning programming, and when I was a beginner I used ...
0
votes
6answers
583 views

Support for non-english characters?

Is support for non-english characters common in programming languages? I mean, technically, I would think it is feasable, but I don't have any experience in anything other than english, so I don't ...
65
votes
11answers
25k views

Why is String immutable in Java?

I couldn't understand the reason of it. I always use String class like other developers, but when I modify the value of it, new instance of String created. What might be the reason of immutability ...
-1
votes
2answers
232 views

Does exist a reflexive compiled language? [closed]

I just wonder if exists a compiled language that can modify it's own machine code. I know that in most common operative systems the executable code is protected during execution time, but maybe if ...
9
votes
4answers
690 views

Why do python generators and functions share the “def” keyword?

Consider the following: def some_function(): return 1 def some_generator(): yield 1 In the code above, some_function is a function, while some_generator is a generator. They look quite ...
2
votes
8answers
4k views

How does if/else work internally in all programming languages? [closed]

if(true/false){ //if condition is true }else { // if condition is false } Everyone knows about the structure of if-else. But what is if actually? Is it a class method, static method or ...
2
votes
3answers
6k views

An ideal way to decode JSON documents in C?

Assuming I have an API to consume that uses JSON as a data transmission method, what is an ideal way to decode the JSON returned by each API resource? For example, in Java I'd create a class for each ...
1
vote
2answers
195 views

Why does Scala name monadic composition as “for comprehension”?

Not sure if it's an appropriate question, but here it goes. I know Haskell's do notation pretty well. And I realized that Scala's "for comprehension" really is just mostly the same as do notation in ...
11
votes
8answers
540 views

How does a variable introduce state?

I was reading the "C++ Coding Standards" and this line was there: Variables introduce state, and you should have to deal with as little state as possible, with lifetimes as short as possible. ...
29
votes
3answers
24k views

Sets Data Structure in Golang

I really like google golang but could some one explain what the rationale is for the implementors having left out a basic data structure such as sets from the standard library?
122
votes
13answers
15k views

Why are statements in many programming languages terminated by semicolons?

Is there a reason that a semi-colon was chosen as a line terminator instead of a different symbol? I want to know the history behind this decision, and hope the answers will lead to insights that may ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

Why are scientific programming languages so weird? [closed]

It seems to me that programming languages meant for use in science and engineering are consistently weird compared to general-purpose languages. Some examples off the top of my head: In Matlab, each ...
18
votes
3answers
962 views

What is benefit that a compiler is implemented in the same language it compiles? [duplicate]

I've seen it's very common for a compiler to be made in the language it's compiling. What is the benefit of this? Seems like it makes the process for outsiders (and the developers for a while) more ...
74
votes
18answers
17k views

Why is verbosity bad for a programming language? [closed]

I have seen many people around complaining about verbosity in programming languages. I find that, within some bounds, the more verbose a programming language is, the better it is to understand. I ...
19
votes
5answers
4k views

When does it make sense to compile my own language to C code first?

When designing an own programming language, when does it make sense to write a converter that takes the source code and converts it to C or C++ code so that I can use an existing compiler like gcc to ...
20
votes
4answers
17k views

Why is Prolog good for AI programming? [closed]

I am researching programming languages used for AI programming. I know that LISP is taught as an AI programming language in my university, but Prolog rarely is. I am kind of fond of Prolog, but I'm ...
-2
votes
1answer
191 views

How do I create my own Objective-C to Swift converter? [closed]

I'm really interested in writing my own converter. I know C++/Python/Objective-C/Swift and a little Haskell. There are website like objectivec2swift and iswift.org, which can convert OC to Swift ...
7
votes
2answers
622 views

Programming languages, positional languages and natural languages

Some programming languages are modeled on machine code, like assembly languages. Other languages are modeled on a natural language, the English language. Others are not modeled on either machine code ...
2
votes
2answers
178 views

Has any language ever supported a conditional assignment target? [closed]

I've never seen a programming language with conditional assignment targets, eg.: // If (x == y), then var1 will be set to 1, else var2 will be set to 1 ((x == y) ? var1 : var2) = 1 The target of ...
10
votes
5answers
821 views

Is it necessary to have an Android device to learn programming for the Android?

Is it compulsory to have an Android device to learn programming for Android ? Currently, Java is my primary programming language.
0
votes
3answers
217 views

What really is the “runtime environment”?

This is a very basic question but is something I've never completely understood and recently, when studying .NET Core and ASP.NET 5 I felt the need of a more complete understanding of the topic. ...
39
votes
7answers
6k views

Is there a reason to have a bottom type in a programming language?

A bottom type is a construct primarily appearing in mathematical type theory. It is also called the empty type. It is a type that has no values, but is a subtype of all types. If a function's return ...
287
votes
4answers
101k views

What software programming languages were used by the Soviet Union's space program?

I got interested in the Soviet space program and was interested to discover that the software on the Buran spacecraft circa 1988 was written in Prolog. Does anyone know what languages might have ...
8
votes
3answers
441 views

Would it be better to have extra checks, or would it be a waste of time? [duplicate]

In your opinion, do you think it is a waste of time to make checks that you know there is no possible way of it being there/not being there, or would you just put it there just in case there is a bug ...
2
votes
2answers
176 views

Private variables and the old FORTRAN common blocks [closed]

This is a question that perplexes me about object oriented programming. In some OOP languages (e.g. C++) a member function can access private variables of the class without restriction. That means ...
0
votes
1answer
249 views

Is C programming language low level or high level? [duplicate]

What do you think, is C programming language low or high level? There are some information, in one is said that C is low level, and another C is high level? When I read book of Dennis Ritchie and ...
24
votes
4answers
898 views

C++ Linkage Languages other than C?

The C++ language allows intermixing of both C++ and C in one source file. For example, extern "C" { struct bar { /* ... */ } } Does C++ or has it ever supported any other "linkage languages" ...
148
votes
26answers
17k views

Is constantly looking for code examples a sign of a bad developer? [closed]

I am a CS student with several years of experience in C and C++, and for the last few years I've been constantly working with Java/Objective C doing app development and now I have switched to web ...
-3
votes
1answer
197 views

Designing a programming language, seeking simple and logical parameter behavior [closed]

I am designing a programming language, and would want to make it as simple as possible, conforming to layman's logic. I've been using many programming languages, although the last few years I've been ...
2
votes
3answers
346 views

Why do most language's definition of substring allow substring(“abc”, 3) => “”

I've seen most languages have it be the case for their substring method that using the length of a given string in the method as the start index will give you an empty string. It is most definitely ...
29
votes
10answers
7k views

Why is Math.Sqrt() a static function?

In a discussion about static and instance methods, I always think, that Sqrt() should be a instance method of number types instead of a static method. Why is that? It obviously works on a value. // ...
25
votes
5answers
10k views

Is programming in Python faster than in C, C++ or Java? [closed]

There's a widespread belief among programmers that the more dynamic and loosely typed the language, the more productive the programmer will be in it. Guido van Rossum wrote about programming ...
17
votes
1answer
2k views

Why not make a language with mixin-only inheritance? [duplicate]

It seems that in all class-based or prototypal OOP languages, mixins are either an afterthought or a secondary feature. However, to me it looks like traditional inheritance is just a specific case of ...
19
votes
14answers
1k views

Is good code impossible in modern software development? [closed]

It seems that even that developer tools has become more solid and robust, writing good code has become a challenge. Even that tools are more powerful, quality of code haven’t got better. I come up ...
3
votes
2answers
203 views

What was the first language to support convenient user-land recursion?

What was the first programming language to support convenient user-land recursion? I know that early languages did not support it, but can find no specifics on when it was introduced.
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Are non Turing-complete languages considered programming languages at all? [closed]

Reading a recent question: Is it actually possible to have a 'useful' programming language that isn't Turing complete?, I've come to wonder whether non Turing-complete programming languages are ...
0
votes
2answers
337 views

Why doesn't Java implement a better way of handling getters and setters? [closed]

Getters and setters are everywhere in Java, but they are managed in a horribly outdated way. Simply put: Why doesn't a newer version of Java enable a simpler syntax for managing it? Even if this ...
-4
votes
4answers
313 views

Why aren't named switch statements a language feature? [closed]

I could imagine the below code being somewhat useful. Is there a reason this pattern hasn't made it into programming languages? To be clear the string was just what I chose as an example you could ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Is it a reasonable task to automatically convert ANTLR grammars to my own format?

I was working on my own parser generator tool in Clojure and then I realised I want to test it with some real programming languages. I can find a lot of existing language grammars only in antlr v4 ...
38
votes
5answers
46k views

Is Python Interpreted or Compiled?

This is just a wondering I had while reading about interpreted and compiled languages. Ruby is no doubt an interpreted language, since source code is compiled by an interpreter at the point of ...