Artificial languages for instructing computers to do steps of computation in order to complete tasks. They allow programmers to communicate with computers.

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5
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4answers
978 views

Is a programming language a set of programs or a set of instructions?

From Structured Computer Organization by Tanenbum A program is a sequence of instructions describing how to perform a certain task. When trying to see a programming language as a formal ...
-1
votes
2answers
143 views

Should I learn a programming language that compiles to another? [closed]

For about a year now, I've been doing full stack web development. I am doing about 66% backend stuff (in Python), but from a time to time, I need to write HTML, CSS and JavaScript. I really want to ...
2
votes
3answers
460 views

Say I wanted to create a cross platform program that does not require a runtime/VM, am I stuck with C/C++? [closed]

Let's say that I'm a theoretical programmer hunting for a cross platform programming language, what are my options. This language must satisfy this list of requirements: It must not require the user ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

why are the evaluation strategies call-by-value etc. only discussed in the context of function calling?

I am referring to various discussions on the differences and nuances in the semantics of pass-by-value, pass-by-reference, e.g. in SO or in the Wikipedia article on the subject. My question is why do ...
2
votes
2answers
162 views

Should naming conventions be consistent or not across multiple programming languages in one project? [duplicate]

I saw this question on SO: here; the question is kind of old and not many viewed, so I want to ask it again. I currently work on a project using C++, C# and Actionscript-3, the conventions of C++ and ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

When would dynamic scoping be useful?

With dynamic scoping, a callee can access the variables of its caller. Pseudo C code: void foo() { print(x); } void bar() { int x = 42; foo(); } Since I have never programmed in a ...
5
votes
3answers
272 views

Is prototypal inheritance inherently slower?

I see Javascript 6 will add traditional class based inheritance, and one argument I hear is that classes are inherently much faster than prototypes because they can be optimized away by the compiler ...
0
votes
5answers
250 views

Does it matter how I format the name of a function? [closed]

Yes, I know, silly question. But this question has been bugging me for a while, and now I just want to know if it really matters. Basically, I just want to know if it really matters if I format a ...
25
votes
8answers
15k views

Learning Multiple Languages Simultaneously [closed]

When learning new languages, is it better to commit yourself to one language 100% and wait until you've "mastered" it to move on to another, or to work on learning different languages at the same ...
6
votes
2answers
368 views

What is the difference between Optionals and Nullable type

Swift has Optionals. C# has Nullable types. As far as I can tell both serve same purpose, besides value of some type they store information whether variable has value or is undefined ...
20
votes
4answers
1k views

Why would many duck-typed dynamic programming languages use a class-based approach instead of prototype-based OOP?

Since quite many dynamic programming languages have the feature of duck typing, and they can also open up and modify class or instance methods at anytime (like Ruby and Python), then… Question 1) ...
24
votes
8answers
12k views

Is Learning C++ Through The Qt Framework Really Learning C++ [closed]

The problem I have, is that most of the C++ books I read spend almost forever on syntax and the basics of the language, e.g. for and loops while, arrays, lists, pointers, etc. But they never seem to ...
4
votes
2answers
295 views

Software development - The industry & general trends / Bad practices [duplicate]

I am a Web Developer and part of a small team working on an abundance of projects. This is my first "actual" real company after graduating with a degree in computer Science and I have about 2 years ...
0
votes
1answer
123 views

Statistics about the usage of programming paradigms [closed]

I hear very often that the object-oriented programming paradigm is the most widespread. But are there any scientific statistics about how often other programming paradigms like procedural programming ...
5
votes
3answers
454 views

Why do python generators and functions share the “def” keyword?

Consider the following: def some_function(): return 1 def some_generator(): yield 1 In the code above, some_function is a function, while some_generator is a generator. They look quite ...
22
votes
4answers
29k views

Is Python Interpreted or Compiled?

This is just a wondering I had while reading about interpreted and compiled languages. Ruby is no doubt an interpreted language, since source code is compiled by an interpreter at the point of ...
22
votes
12answers
3k views

Is there a language offering LISP-like macros with a more complex syntax?

LISP's macros are extremely powerful constructs, and the inability to introspect and modify the program itself beyond the method signature level has always struck me as a limitation. Yet I favour ...
9
votes
5answers
2k views

class in OOP language and type

In programming language theory, a type is a set of values. E.g. the type "int" is the set of all integer values. In OOP languages, a class is a type, is it? When a class is defined with more than ...
79
votes
14answers
35k views

Why are most browsers developed in C++ [closed]

It seems like most of common web browsers (Firefox, Chrome, Safari) are developed using C++. Whys is that so?
0
votes
2answers
214 views

Which language has most advanced support for proof based programming? [closed]

By proof based programming, I mean, you can somehow prove the correctness of your program without testing. I heard that Ada has a feature called contract, I also heard that, if you can pass Haskell's ...
-3
votes
3answers
528 views

What exactly are benefits of Method Overriding in C#? [closed]

What is the advantage of method overriding since we can always create entirely new method with different name? The only advantage of overriding is you get flexibility to use the same name of method?
124
votes
19answers
108k views

Is there any reason to use C++ instead of C, Perl, Python, etc.? [closed]

As a Linux (server side) developer, I don't know where and why should I use C++. When I'm going for performance, the first and last choice is C. When "performance" isn't the main issue, programming ...
-3
votes
3answers
192 views

Are there any programming languages that don't descend from C? [closed]

I mean descend as in languages who's original compiler/interpreter was written in C or in a language that descends from C. If you don't count assembly, the only thing that comes to my mind is B. Are ...
30
votes
8answers
3k views

Disadvantages of scoped-based memory management

I really like scope-based memory management (SBMM), or RAII, as it is more commonly (confusingly?) referred to by the C++ community. As far as I know, except for C++ (and C), there's no other ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

What is this Lisp dialect, used in GCC internals?

What programming language is this? It's a Lisp dialect used by GCC internals. (define_insn "*call_symbol" [(call (mem:DI (match_operand:DI 0 "" "")) (match_operand 1 "" "")) (use ...
0
votes
2answers
137 views

How much does C help you in other languages? [duplicate]

How much does learning C to moderate level help you as a programmer. For example, does being competent in C make it easier to pick up languages as time goes on and get a better understanding of them?
1
vote
2answers
333 views

Are there languages that allow goto statement to only go down?

goto statements can sometimes be useful to go down (to lower lines of code) in code, but can create a mess if used to go up (to higher lines of code). Therefore, I am wondering if there is any ...
0
votes
6answers
356 views

Do you memorize the classes of your frameworks? [duplicate]

I've been an iOS developer for about 5 years. There are still things that NSString and NSArray do that I didn't know they could. All optional attributes and behaviors that I haven't seen, because I've ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

How are financial organizations planning for the degradation of old programming languages such as COBOL? [closed]

I know that some financial organizations still use "dead" languages such as COBOL. I'm wondering what will happen in the future, when almost no one will program in those languages, and the ...
-2
votes
4answers
121 views

Which code should I use to inform me of updates on websites? [closed]

I don't know if this is the correct place to ask this question but I'll ask it here anyway. I don't know much about programming (I only ever learned MATLAB!) but I wonder if there is a simple way to ...
0
votes
2answers
220 views

What's the benefit of having everything as an object in dynamically typed programming language? [closed]

modern dynamic programming languages like Python, Ruby and Javascript all take the approach of treating everything as an object, what's the benefit of this approach, and what's the curse of it? ...
34
votes
2answers
9k views

What are 4th & 5th programming language generations? Are there more of them? [closed]

As it is often classified at school/college level, popular programming languages (C#, Java, C++) are all 3rd generation languages (with higher level of abstraction from the machine's physical parts). ...
14
votes
6answers
2k views

Are there any ultra high level languages out there? [closed]

Historically a HLL is something like C, Fortran or Pascal and a VHLL is something like Ruby or Python. I am familiar with the terms 4GL, 5GL, DSL and LOP, and those who aren't should read Wikipedia ...
10
votes
12answers
2k views

Why don't more languages have the ability to compare a value to more than one other value? [closed]

Consider the following: if(a == b or c) In most languages, this would need to be written as: if(a == b or a == c) which is slightly cumbersome and repeats information. I know my above sample ...
2
votes
1answer
236 views

Why do class-based OO-languages always use the keyword `new` to create an object? [duplicate]

I do not know much about OO-languages, but from what I have seen, it seems most class-based OO-languages uses a keyword new (or something equivalent) to create an object. Prototype-based OO-languages ...
82
votes
9answers
9k views

Is there any “real” reason multiple inheritance is hated?

I've always liked the idea of having multiple inheritance supported in a language. Most often though it's intentionally forgone, and the supposed "replacement" is interfaces. Interfaces simply do ...
5
votes
9answers
4k views

How to abbreviate variable names [closed]

I always struggle in abbreviating variable names. Is there any standard for abbreviating variable names?
-2
votes
1answer
171 views

Why are mostly 9999, 99999… are used for making comparisons [closed]

I (I am sure everyone else also) have always seen comparisons of some value to 999 or 9999 .... etc. for e.g.: in CSS z-index: 9999 or some times str.length < 99999 I wonder if there is some ...
32
votes
16answers
9k views

Modern programming language with intuitive concurrent programming abstractions [closed]

I am interested in learning concurrent programming, focusing on the application/user level (not system programming). I am looking for a modern high level programming language that provides intuitive ...
0
votes
5answers
399 views

Is it difficult to develop a programming language which is closely related to human language? [closed]

Will it be difficult in developing a programming language which is much more closer to our language ? It was just to know the view of programmers across the globe towards the natural programming ...
1
vote
4answers
447 views

Why C language is taught as the basis of Computer Programming Languages? [duplicate]

I often wondered why C Language is taught as the basis of programming languages everywhere. There are a lot of modern languages like Java, Python etc. which makes the syntax and programming easier. ...
9
votes
7answers
2k views

How did OOP evolve to include the notion of Properties

I've come from a C++ background and am going all out C# in my current job and I've just been reading a lot of Q&A about what's the difference between public fields and properties and all the back ...
12
votes
3answers
3k views

Are there any statically-typed Web scripting languages?

There seems to be two major ways to set up a web server backend. You can use a LAMP stack, with the server-side code in something like PHP or Python (or Ruby or JavaScript, which don't start with a ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Returning the object/$this [duplicate]

A very general question. I was thinking about method chaining, which seems useful, and began wondering if there is a reason to not return the object in a class member, as a matter of course. For ...
2
votes
2answers
124 views

What is meant by “redundant, but not duplicative” in the Steelman language requirements?

The Steelman language requirements have this: The language shall require some redundant, but not duplicative, specifications in programs. I think I can see the underlying idea (that re-stating ...
1
vote
1answer
200 views

Modern OOP vs Alan Kays OOP [closed]

I've recently come to discover there's actually a strong amount of criticism towards what people refer to as "modern OOP" - often comparing it to either functional programming or Alan Kays' OOP. ...
-4
votes
2answers
177 views

Company decides standard language for all development, or coder can pick their own standard…so that is the standard? What is the norm? [closed]

Our company is moving from IBM mainframe environment and coding, to an OO environment. Is it possible...or is it correct/plausable to NOT have any standard whatsoever with regard to the server side ...
10
votes
4answers
954 views

Historical precedent for why Prolog is less popular than SQL in Imperative Programming? [closed]

It seems that writing Declarative SQL is very popular in Imperative Programming. However, it also seems that writing Declarative Prolog could save a lot of complexity but this is not very common. ...
68
votes
15answers
23k views

What makes C so popular in the age of OOP?

I code a lot in both C and C++, but did not expect C to be the second most popular language, slightly behind Java. TIOBE Programming Community Index I'm curious as to why, in this age of OOP, C is ...
4
votes
8answers
12k views

Why might an ASP.Net website load slowly? [closed]

Anecdotally, I've visited many .aspx website that require a significant amount of load time for each page. Is my experience unique? If not, why might an ASP.Net website load slowly?