Artificial languages for instructing computers to do steps of computation in order to complete tasks. They allow programmers to communicate with computers.

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0
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2answers
167 views

Are private members useful anymore? [duplicate]

Watchpoints and data break points make it possible to watch the changes of a value in memory in many languages. Much of the justification I have seen for getters and setters and private variables ...
0
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0answers
43 views

Synchronizing webpage and local pdf

I would like to solve the following problem. On my website, I have a list of my publications. I also have my list of publications on a latex file of my cv. The issue is that I update these manually, ...
-1
votes
2answers
165 views

Will statically typed, compiled programming languages be affected by Microservices Architecture? [closed]

Judging based on my experience, as systems grow bigger, statically typed languages like Java or C# tend to be more reliable and easier to manage. But do we need all the advantages of such languages ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Documenting a programming language: Reference Manual

We are looking at revamping documentation across our product line. Part of that includes reference manuals for a programming language used as part of the system. When writing a reference manual for a ...
-2
votes
1answer
92 views

Are there languages with Primitive Types whose default values are null? [closed]

For example: in C#, the default value of int is "0"; however you have the option to use int? with a default value of "null". Is there a language where this is non-optional? Specifically, where the ...
68
votes
13answers
7k views

Do objects in OOP have to represent an entity?

Does an object have to represent an entity? By an entity I mean something like a Product, Motor, a ParkingLot etc, a physical, or a conceptual object, something that is well defined, with some core ...
0
votes
0answers
76 views

Why are datatypes different in terms of bit size based on complier, and OS used

I was reading a tutorial on C++ as I am new to programming, and I was wondering why the sizeof operator gives different output depending on what you're programming with.
72
votes
15answers
29k views

What makes C so popular in the age of OOP? [closed]

I code a lot in both C and C++, but did not expect C to be the second most popular language, slightly behind Java. TIOBE Programming Community Index I'm curious as to why, in this age of OOP, C is ...
1
vote
3answers
339 views

Is there any programming language(s) which has mathematical number types? [closed]

I may not have worded the title correctly. Is there any programming language(s) which deals with natural mathematical number types rather than the typical data types we see like Int32, Int64, Float, ...
-1
votes
1answer
99 views

Short Circuit Execution [closed]

Modify the car painting example car.color = favoriteColor ||"black"; so that the car is painted with your favorite color if you have one; otherwise it is painted with the the color of your garage: ...
16
votes
5answers
4k views

Functional Languages that compile to Android's Dalvik VM? [closed]

I have a software problem that fits the functional approach to programming, but the target market will be on the Android OS. I ask because there are functional languages that compile to Java's VM, ...
31
votes
5answers
5k views

Bad practice - switch case to set environment

In the last three years that I have worked as developer, I have seen a lot of examples where people use a switch statement to set the path (both in back-end and front-end) for a URL. Below is an ...
-1
votes
1answer
103 views

execute selection in console in C++ like python or R language [closed]

I am started to learn C++ using as IDLE Clion of jetbrain company. Normally using the IDLE of Python (i.e., Pycharm of Jetbrain) or R project i am able to execute selection in console line-by-line my ...
0
votes
2answers
141 views

Looking for a specific programming paradigm [closed]

I am searching for programming languages with a certain paradigm, or the name of the paradigm which works like follows: You start with writing the source code of a program or something more like a ...
32
votes
7answers
19k views

What is a “side effect?”

I haven’t clearly understood the concept of side effect. What is side effect in programming? Is it programming language dependent? Is there such a thing as external and internal side effects? ...
22
votes
6answers
5k views

Why these attempts to water down Scala with Xtend and Kotlin? [closed]

So now Eclipse has offered Xtend and JetBrains is offering Kotlin - both of which seem to be watered down versions of Scala. My question is why? I've played with Scala a bit and it's not that hard. ...
4
votes
6answers
892 views

Should I use a source-to-source or a traditional compiler in order to develop my own Programming Language?

I'm really interested in writing my own general-purpose high-level programming language, but I'm somewhat confused. I know that Python and Ruby were written in C, which makes me wonder that if I want ...
2
votes
3answers
666 views

Is functional language without runtime written in C possible? [closed]

Every functional language that compiles to native code relies on quite big runtime written in C programming language (well at least ones that I know of, for example Haskell, OCaml, Gambit/Chicken ...
2
votes
4answers
428 views

“Imprinting” as a language feature?

Idea I had this idea for a language feature that I think would be useful, does anyone know of a language that implements something like this? The idea is that besides inheritance a class can also ...
4
votes
9answers
978 views

Mutating Programming Language?

For fun I was thinking about how a programming paradigm could differ from OOP and came up with this concept. I don't have a strong foundation in computer science so it might be common place without me ...
62
votes
9answers
12k views

How were the first compilers made?

I always wonder this, and perhaps I need a good history lesson on programming languages. But since most compilers nowadays are made in C, how were the very first compilers made (AKA before C) or were ...
14
votes
5answers
4k views

Why is JavaScript not used for classical application development (compiled software)? [closed]

During my years of web development with JavaScript, I come to the conclusion that it's an incredible powerful language, and you can do amazing things with it. It offers a rich set of features, like: ...
77
votes
13answers
35k views

What can multiple threads do that a single thread cannot? [closed]

While threads can speed up execution of code, are they actually needed? Can every piece of code be done using a single thread or is there something that exists that can only be accomplished by using ...
17
votes
6answers
3k views

What came first, the compiler, or the source?

I'm curious about the birth of the compiler. How did programming begin? Did people first build hardware that recognized a certain set of commands, or did people define a language and then build ...
13
votes
3answers
7k views

Managed Languages vs Compiled Language difference?

I get confused when people try to make a distinction between compiled languages and managed languages. From experience, I understand that most consider compiled languages to be C,C++ while managed ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Writing a parser on top of an XML-based AST: am i doing it right?

I have a sort of AST defined in XML that i'm trying to parse and evaluate. The XML tree contains the tokens and all the information i need. However, i'm finding it difficult to do it "properly". ...
-1
votes
4answers
884 views

The need for source control software - Team Foundation Server? or something different? [closed]

Recently, Here at the company, more than one programmer was appointed in charge for a LightSwitch(C#) software development project and immediately there was a need of some sort of source ...
0
votes
1answer
269 views

Limitations of modern programming languages for low-level network programming [closed]

For say a network packet sniffer, are there any of the more modern high level languages such as C# or Java, that would actually be unsuitable or limiting when it would come to constructing a packet ...
44
votes
12answers
5k views

What programming language generates fewest hard-to-find bugs? [closed]

What language, in your opinion, allows the average programmer to output features with the least amount of hard-to-find bugs? This is of course, a very broad question, and I'm interested in very broad ...
6
votes
2answers
199 views

What is the minimum practical definition for the Scheme language?

What is the smallest practical set of primitives that can be used to define the Scheme language? For example, map can be defined as (define (map proc lis) (cond ((null? lis) '()) ...
13
votes
9answers
4k views

Why can't there be any implicit conversions?

As I understand it, implicit conversions can cause errors. But that doesn't make sense -- shouldn't normal conversions also cause errors, then? Why not have len(100) work by the language ...
4
votes
2answers
139 views

Functional Programming - Functions defining specific evaluation of functions passed to it for optimization

Firstmost, I am just getting started with functional programming so I would appreciate corrections in any terminology I may have used incorrectly. Story time, While doing a Project Euler Problem 1 in ...
0
votes
0answers
111 views

Interactive help in a statically-typed language with overloading

One of the nice features of IPython is that I can inspect a function. In [1]: def inc(x): ...: """Increments a number""" ...: return x+1 ...: In [2]: inc? Type: function ...
0
votes
4answers
3k views

What language is most similar to JavaScript? [closed]

I am looking for a language that has First class functions is dynamic has prototypical inheritance does not have too many features (i.e is easy to get into and write first program). I have been ...
-1
votes
1answer
72 views

SPARC and Assembly [closed]

I'm currently self teaching myself programming and became familiar with Python, Java and C and I'm confused as to what are the differences between Assembly and SPARC Assembly and whether or not I ...
38
votes
18answers
7k views

Does syntax really matter in a programming language? [closed]

One of my professors says "the syntax is the UI of a programming language", languages like Ruby have great readability and it's growing, but we see a lot of programmers productive with C\C++, so as ...
1
vote
4answers
3k views

What programming languages exist for mechatronics purposes?

Is there any specific language which is designed for mechatronics programming? I know about LabView, which is a data flow language, but not sure about its main platform. Could you recommend to me, ...
3
votes
3answers
347 views

Does a Completely Full-Featured Intermediate Language Exist?

Often when translating between languages (whether with program translation or compiling) it's a one-way, destructive translation. The functionality of the "port" isn't lost, but some of the intent ...
18
votes
1answer
685 views

Using uniqueness types to implement safe parallelism

I've been interested in uniqueness types as an alternative to monads in pure functional languages for some time; unfortunately, this is kind of an esoteric area of CS research and online resources ...
23
votes
14answers
22k views

Is it possible to combine programming languages?

I've been programming for a while, I've written some rudimentary programs, and I want to keep learning. I've reached that point where you just don't know what to learn next, and I'd like to ask a ...
14
votes
10answers
2k views

Why dynamically typed languages do not let the developer specify the type?

The dynamically typed languages I know never let the developers specify the types of variables, or at least have a very limited support for that. JavaScript, for example, doesn't provide any ...
0
votes
1answer
157 views

Is it bad to implement a language in other two languages? [closed]

Ok, so I have some understanding about parsers and compilers, at least the basics of how it works, and i've written a calculator and a really small toy language that compiles to another high-level ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Which programming language first introduced 'Hello World'

Which programming language first introduced 'Hello World' as a first program to code for beginners?
1
vote
1answer
495 views

What aspects of Haskell led to its rise in popularity among experts?

20 years ago, the Functional Programming world was all about Lisp and Scheme. When I went to college in 2001, my Fall Semester Freshman CS 101 course was taught in OCaml. However, these days the ...
27
votes
5answers
3k views

Why do C# and Java use reference equality as the default for '=='?

I've been pondering for a while why Java and C# (and I'm sure other languages) default to reference equality for ==. In the programming I do (which certainly is only a small subset of programming ...
2
votes
2answers
294 views

Pre-Processors vs Pure Web [closed]

It seems like within the last few years or so HTML/CSS/JavaScript Preprocessors have exploded in quantity and general use. They're still not as common as pure HTML, CSS, and JS/jQuery, but their ...
51
votes
8answers
7k views

Why does C provide language 'bindings' where C++ falls short?

I recently was wondering when to use C over C++, and vice versa? Fortunately someone already beat me to it and although it took a while, I was able to digest all the answers and comments to that ...
-2
votes
1answer
342 views

Crawler - programming language choice [closed]

I'm currently developing a web crawler. The first version was developed in Node.js and runs pretty well. The issues that I encountered with Node.js are in no particular order: slow URL and ...
22
votes
6answers
4k views

how a pure functional programming language manage without assignment statements?

When reading the famous SICP, I found the authors seem rather reluctant to introduce the assignment statement to Scheme in Chapter 3. I read the text and kind of understand why they feel so. As ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Equivalent translation of Asynchronous behaviour in C

As a follow-up to my other question, if one were to build a general-purpose translator from a language that has support (be it with an external library or otherwise) for asynchronous behaviour to a ...