Artificial languages for instructing computers to do steps of computation in order to complete tasks. They allow programmers to communicate with computers.

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2
votes
1answer
241 views

Why do class-based OO-languages always use the keyword `new` to create an object? [duplicate]

I do not know much about OO-languages, but from what I have seen, it seems most class-based OO-languages uses a keyword new (or something equivalent) to create an object. Prototype-based OO-languages ...
83
votes
9answers
10k views

Is there any “real” reason multiple inheritance is hated?

I've always liked the idea of having multiple inheritance supported in a language. Most often though it's intentionally forgone, and the supposed "replacement" is interfaces. Interfaces simply do ...
5
votes
8answers
4k views

How to abbreviate variable names [closed]

I always struggle in abbreviating variable names. Is there any standard for abbreviating variable names?
-2
votes
1answer
174 views

Why are mostly 9999, 99999… are used for making comparisons [closed]

I (I am sure everyone else also) have always seen comparisons of some value to 999 or 9999 .... etc. for e.g.: in CSS z-index: 9999 or some times str.length < 99999 I wonder if there is some ...
32
votes
16answers
9k views

Modern programming language with intuitive concurrent programming abstractions [closed]

I am interested in learning concurrent programming, focusing on the application/user level (not system programming). I am looking for a modern high level programming language that provides intuitive ...
0
votes
5answers
403 views

Is it difficult to develop a programming language which is closely related to human language? [closed]

Will it be difficult in developing a programming language which is much more closer to our language ? It was just to know the view of programmers across the globe towards the natural programming ...
1
vote
4answers
475 views

Why C language is taught as the basis of Computer Programming Languages? [duplicate]

I often wondered why C Language is taught as the basis of programming languages everywhere. There are a lot of modern languages like Java, Python etc. which makes the syntax and programming easier. ...
9
votes
7answers
2k views

How did OOP evolve to include the notion of Properties

I've come from a C++ background and am going all out C# in my current job and I've just been reading a lot of Q&A about what's the difference between public fields and properties and all the back ...
12
votes
3answers
3k views

Are there any statically-typed Web scripting languages?

There seems to be two major ways to set up a web server backend. You can use a LAMP stack, with the server-side code in something like PHP or Python (or Ruby or JavaScript, which don't start with a ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Returning the object/$this [duplicate]

A very general question. I was thinking about method chaining, which seems useful, and began wondering if there is a reason to not return the object in a class member, as a matter of course. For ...
2
votes
2answers
127 views

What is meant by “redundant, but not duplicative” in the Steelman language requirements?

The Steelman language requirements have this: The language shall require some redundant, but not duplicative, specifications in programs. I think I can see the underlying idea (that re-stating ...
2
votes
1answer
213 views

Modern OOP vs Alan Kays OOP [closed]

I've recently come to discover there's actually a strong amount of criticism towards what people refer to as "modern OOP" - often comparing it to either functional programming or Alan Kays' OOP. ...
-4
votes
2answers
178 views

Company decides standard language for all development, or coder can pick their own standard…so that is the standard? What is the norm? [closed]

Our company is moving from IBM mainframe environment and coding, to an OO environment. Is it possible...or is it correct/plausable to NOT have any standard whatsoever with regard to the server side ...
10
votes
4answers
974 views

Historical precedent for why Prolog is less popular than SQL in Imperative Programming? [closed]

It seems that writing Declarative SQL is very popular in Imperative Programming. However, it also seems that writing Declarative Prolog could save a lot of complexity but this is not very common. ...
4
votes
8answers
13k views

Why might an ASP.Net website load slowly? [closed]

Anecdotally, I've visited many .aspx website that require a significant amount of load time for each page. Is my experience unique? If not, why might an ASP.Net website load slowly?
2
votes
1answer
418 views

Is there a name for the 'break n' construct?

In a conversation earlier this week I was discussing certain language features, and I realized I don't have a good word / phrase to describe a particular feature. Some languages, such as PHP, have a ...
14
votes
7answers
3k views

A defense for boilerplate?

To me, boilerplate code is obviously bad. However I've met a developer who displays resistance in any attempt to reduce boilerplate. I realized I didn't have a readily formed, well thought out ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

False friends? Keyword “static” in C compared to C++, C# and Java

To me, the use of the keyword static in C and languages like C# and Java are "false friends" like "to become" in English and "bekommen" in German (= "to get" in English), because they mean different ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Pre-Compilation Processor:

What I want to do: Parse source code, search for a beginning and closing tag of my own definition (one that does not conflict with any defined patterns in the programming language), and then replace ...
5
votes
7answers
1k views

Why are self-hosting compilers considered a rite of passage for new languages?

I've heard in a number of places now that people expect languages to use, or at least have, a self-hosting compiler in order to deserve respect. I'm curious as to why this is. A compiler seems like a ...
1
vote
3answers
306 views

type infered statically typed languages?

are there any typeless typesafe languages? By typesafe I mean types are checked at compile time. By typeless I mean types are not declared. I know this is easier than it sounds, maybe even impossible ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

How would one allow a client to query a graph database in Smalltalk, without exposing all of Smalltalk? [closed]

Is there any example of Smalltalk being used as a query language? What I am looking for is: a system or an application where the Smalltalk nature of the application is hidden or irrelevant to the ...
8
votes
4answers
442 views

Use cases for “private” interfaces?

I was wondering if there was a valid use case for being able to properly define the specific internal properties and functions of a class in a way similar to how an interface defines the public ...
-4
votes
1answer
116 views

What is the purpose of Deprecation? [closed]

Is it just giving different names to previously named method? Does it change with the language you use? Is it essential? I have noticed different APIs having deprecated methods, which actually seem ...
-2
votes
4answers
262 views

Real AI in a compiled language [closed]

possibly a newbie question here. I heard that if a real AI were to exist it would have to evolve, by that I think it means it should be able to write new code then run itself with the new code. Could ...
0
votes
3answers
641 views

Using PHP or C++ for in real world electronic devices

I want to use my programing skills to make my day-to-day life easier, to do this I want to be able to program in my appliances like alarm clock or microwave or refrigerator, air conditioner etc, wish ...
13
votes
10answers
2k views

Can objects constructed from the same class have unique method definitions?

I know this seems like a weird question, since the point of two or more objects sharing the same class is that their behavior is the same, i.e. their methods are identical. However, I'm curious if ...
0
votes
3answers
279 views

Reference counting & GC in LISP [closed]

What is the main method for reclaiming the memory in LISP? Does LISP really need garbage collection? Would not reference counts suffice? I just wanted to know whether reference counts are enough ...
14
votes
3answers
433 views

Is there any mechanism to make programming language more stable(compatible) for changes?

There are a big number of programming languages. Some of them grow up and become very popular. People use such languages more and more often. The founder of such language (or founding ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

What constitutes a programming language and how does one copyright a programming language?

I've decided to create a programming language of my own, mostly just for fun. However, I got interested in the legal aspect of it all. You can, for example, licence specific programs under specific ...
18
votes
10answers
963 views

Is it reasonable to assume/require the .NET framework these days?

Background: I have a project where I need to provide the user a download package with some sensitive data in it. The data needs to be encrypted. After they download it, they need to be able to view ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Programming a chatterbot - understanding language [closed]

I hope this is an answerable question. Let me give it some context: I am a psychology student and a programmer. I'm going to look into creating a artificial intelligence in the form of a chatterbot. ...
-3
votes
3answers
151 views

What programming languages are most suitable for implementing design patterns? [closed]

What programming language is best for implementing design patterns, (Factory , etc) especially for example if I need to develop a engineer scheduling system in less than a month. Would Java be my ...
24
votes
11answers
10k views

Why aren't there automated translators from one programming language to another? [closed]

Most programming languages are Turing complete, which means that any task that can be solved in one language can be solved in another one, or even on Turing machine. Then why aren't there automatic ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Developing a “time scheduler” app [duplicate]

I need to develop an application to generate, given a set of preferences and constraints, a time schedule for employees. These tables can really get complex and they might need to take into account ...
-1
votes
3answers
1k views

What is meant by Open Source Programming Language? [closed]

What does it mean when we say that it is an open source programming language? I mean is it the implementation (compiler/runtime) of the language which can be open or close in nature or something else. ...
-4
votes
1answer
165 views

Eliminating choices of programming languages? [closed]

There are a number of programming languages available today. My question is given a specific job what is the criteria one should use to eliminate other programming language choices which serve the ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

What to do if a feature is not supported natively on a platform? [closed]

If a feature is not supported on a platform natively what would a programmer do? For example, when building an iphone app, if you are trying to slide a picture(just as an example- I know you can slide ...
7
votes
2answers
812 views

What is the relationship between lambda calculus and programming languages? [closed]

I am starting my first year (in college) in Computer Science next year and I write mostly in C (if that is to matter). I have tried searching but most of what I find assumes knowledge of lambda ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Programming language with pattern matching in trees [closed]

I'd like to prototype a computer algebra system. An equation would be represented by a tree and rules would be defined - similarly to mathematical axioms - by specifying a pattern (in the tree) and a ...
1
vote
3answers
556 views

Is it possible to have a dynamically typed language without duck typing? [closed]

This question has been asked here, but received poor answers and didn't clarify the issue. I believe it justifies asking it again. I understand that you can have duck typing with either dynamically ...
-5
votes
1answer
195 views

How can I start making a programming language? [duplicate]

my question is this; How do I start making a programming language? By this I mean not an interpreted language, but I want to know how do I start from the machine code and work up, like the first ...
0
votes
0answers
205 views

Best way to handle language interoperability

Background In a language like F#, direct interoperability with most other .NET languages is possible. For example, it is possible to use classes written in C# directly in F#, and it is possible to ...
10
votes
3answers
18k views

What are binaries? [closed]

I see very often people using term binaries in different context. What are binaries? Collection on binary files, installation files, .dll files or what? Or is it just an general term for some ...
0
votes
1answer
142 views

Order of Operations Annoyance [duplicate]

In most programming languages (C#, JavaScript, Java) the order of operations precedence has that equality comparison come BEFORE bitwise comparisons. This means that if you have a bit operation and ...
1
vote
3answers
225 views

How to abide the “allocate in caller” rule when the size is computed in the callee?

Let's say we have an opaque type handle_t that is managed through a simple interface with functions such as: handle_t *handle_init(void); int handle_do(handle_t *); void handle_free(handle_t *); ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views
1
vote
1answer
294 views

Which programming language first came up with the finally block?

Which programming language first came up with the finally block? I ask purely out of curiosity. It is a very useful piece of syntactic sugar, and whoever first created it surely has a very ...
20
votes
5answers
2k views

Why is type inference useful?

I read code way more often than I write code, and I'm assuming that most of the programmers working on industrial software do this. The advantage of type inference I assume is less verbosity and less ...
8
votes
5answers
678 views

Are there programming languages that allow you to do set arithmetic on types?

Out of curiosity, are there languages that allow you to do set arithmetic on types to create new types? Something like: interface A { void a(); void b(); } interface B { void b(); void ...