Programming Practices are the commonly or not so commonly used practices in development of software. These can include things like Agile Development, Kanban, Coding shortcuts, etc.

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1answer
533 views

How can I tell when a program argument should be a configuration variable?

In simple cases I can see right away which direction to go. If I'm passing a working directory to my program, and it's the same for the vast majority of the runs, make it a configuration variable. ...
54
votes
7answers
3k views

Code First vs. Database First

When I design and create the software I work on, I typically design and create the back-end SQL tables first and then move on to the actual programming. The project I'm currently working on has me ...
1
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1answer
59 views

Who is responsible for stream positioning?

The samples in question are c#, but it applies to any language. If you have a function which reads content from a stream. Who should be responsible for ensuring that the stream position is correct ...
0
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1answer
85 views

What are the key areas to evaluate software (codebase) on? [closed]

I have been asked to do a code review of about 50 applications over a period of 6 weeks. (Management has changed and the new CTO asked for an full internal software audit) I am wondering, what are ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Is console logging inappropriate for chatty applications?

12 Factor states that applications should log to the console, those console logs should should be unbuffered, and the logs should be redirected to someplace useful (file, database, whatever). But ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Under which circumstances does it make sense to lose track of where an exception was thrown from?

Is there any valid reason why a catch block on a lower layer would throw back an exception caused by a higher, unknown layer using the following syntax: throw ex; ... rather than: throw; ... ? ...
0
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1answer
66 views

Advice needed on rethrowing an exception

Consider the following c# code: public class ExceptionManager { public static void TreatException(Exception ex) { if (ShowAndContinue(ex)) // display a user-friendly ...
18
votes
8answers
2k views

Is it normal for a programmer to not have 100% clarity over their own code at times? [closed]

I'm not an expert programmer so this may be why, but I've come to notice that whenever I create complex code (like a Chess game I recently made), I am able to write the correct code to get the program ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Manual repetitive conversion between file types

Let's say i have an interest in file conversions, but everything should be made by hand and i have multiple output formats (say: csv and excel). Once i get contacted by a client, i have to link ...
4
votes
1answer
360 views

How to move php documentation closer to standards?

I have an large php project. I used to document it with NaturalDocs, but I didn't include the documentation generation in the build process for a long time ( years ). I recently started using ...
9
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4answers
752 views

How to do Test Driven Development

I have just 2+ years of experience in application development. In those two years my approach towards development was as following Analyze requirements Identity Core component/Objects, Required ...
3
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1answer
95 views

Bringing coding best practices for non programmers (economists) [closed]

I now work in a team of economists, many of them specializing in a branch known as econometrics, that is heavy on statistics. I am the sole engineer on the team. They make use of EViews(a ...
2
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1answer
223 views

Program Architecture: How to manage objects that are interdependent

Consider the following case, image I making a simple chat program; I want it to be extensible such that it would be fair easy to add add different scripting and user interfaces. I want the core ...
3
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2answers
195 views

How and Why should class modifiers enforce or prevent inheritance and the ability to override

This isn't really related to anything I am working on currently, its more of a question I really couldn't find an answer for. Class modifiers like MustInherit or NotOverridable to me, seem like they ...
3
votes
3answers
684 views

Should we add constructors to structs

We often use c++ structs to define data structure as opposed to class which can be a complete module with member methods. Now deep down, we know they both are the same (loosely speaking). The fact ...
2
votes
5answers
97 views

Using DDL commands in programming language [duplicate]

Hello I am a student with no industry experience. My question may sound dumb, but, me and my friends were having discussions on use of DDL directly in programming language (any language may be Java, ...
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2answers
240 views

Why doesn't array declaration guarantee proper memory allocation whereas malloc does? [closed]

In C++, when I declare an array like int array[10];, it sometimes uses memory assigned to other variable where as this problem is non-existent when I use an integer pointer and malloc to allocate ...
32
votes
6answers
6k views

Code that converts a value into a different representation, then converts it back to where it started is bad, but how? [closed]

I was reading an article about bad programming practices. It mentioned - "Yo-Yo code" that converts a value into a different representation, then converts it back to where it started (eg: ...
20
votes
5answers
629 views

Is staying implementation agnostic really worth it?

I have a project that I'm working on currently using Tomcat, Spring 4, Spring Security, MySQL, and JPA w/ Hibernate. I picked JPA from the standpoint that it's suppose to make swapping out the ...
0
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0answers
23 views

Add new/modify existing callback to/in API

I am working on a common API for a user interface. My colleagues use this framework in all their projects, but the UI is not our main aspect here, so the knowledge of the UI framework is somewhat ...
4
votes
1answer
502 views

How dangerous is it to take shortcuts when coding Web based applications? [closed]

I started working as a Web developer few months back. Previously, I had no prior professional experience in programming besides school classes and fun-side projects I did on my own. I am the only ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

Method Parameters Ordering [closed]

I was recently changing a method to add in an additional parameter, and I couldn't help but wonder if there were "best practices" or "generally accepted rules" in deciding what order parameters of a ...
3
votes
1answer
136 views

Difference between patterns: Specification, Guarding, Conditions, Monads, Validation,

I'm currently trying to get my head around a few patterns (especially the ones mentioned in the title above) that are made to address different problems and are being used in different parts of the ...
3
votes
9answers
734 views

Is it better to have separate functions or add more arguments to a function? [closed]

Which is the better style to follow for say, changing the voltage on a 4 channel PSU: setChannelOneVoltage(voltage) setChannelTwoVoltage(voltage) setChannelThreeVoltage(voltage) ...
36
votes
9answers
5k views

Is creating subclasses for specific instances a bad practice?

Consider the following design public class Person { public virtual string Name { get; } public Person (string name) { this.Name = name; } } public class Karl : Person { ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

translating a list of words (word1, word2 and word3) [closed]

We are trying to globalize an application and we have run into a situation where I'm not sure how (of if) we would go about formatting the string for globalization. It's a paragraph explaining ...
4
votes
2answers
255 views

@SuppressWarnings in coding test submission

I am working on a coding test for an employer. It is not a particularly hard question but I am trying to do it as well and technically correctly as possible for obvious reasons. I ran into a problem ...
0
votes
1answer
232 views

When should a class be final? [duplicate]

I've only really seen this on Java's wrapper classes (String, Integer, etc.), but never in open-source projects, and I was never taught about it in any books or classes. I know it means the class ...
0
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2answers
81 views

How to predict a future simulation state

We have a program that combines the simulation of an aircraft system and predefined pedagogical scenarios for trainee pilots to learn how to use this system. When we follow the normal scenario, ...
0
votes
5answers
266 views

Breaking a function into smaller ones is great… except for what about code-folding? [duplicate]

I'm currently reading Robert Martin's Clean Code book. So far I'm enjoying it. Martin talks a lot about separating long functions into short functions, each doing exactly one thing at one level of ...
28
votes
8answers
1k views

Is it okay to use exceptions as tools to “catch” errors early?

I use exceptions to catch problems early. For example: public int getAverageAge(Person p1, Person p2){ if(p1 == null || p2 == null) throw new IllegalArgumentException("One or more of ...
1
vote
5answers
123 views

Does it make sense to have a separate init function?

I'm created an opaque type and I have two options for its management. The first looks like this: type_t *a = type_init(); int err; err = type_do(a, "foo", "bar", FLAGBIT1|FLAGBIT2, NULL); if (!err) ...
0
votes
2answers
70 views

Should `setX(Object o)` methods perform deep or shallow copies of objects?

My particular situation is related to Java, but I believe this is a more general OOP question than just Java programming. The Question: Should "mutator" methods perform deep or shallow copies? An ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

Standardization and official guidelines for C++ template parameter naming [closed]

What are some explicit and official guidelines or standards for template parameter naming in C++? I've done something like this in the past: template<typename TContainer, typename TKey> void ...
1
vote
3answers
210 views

How to abide the “allocate in caller” rule when the size is computed in the callee?

Let's say we have an opaque type handle_t that is managed through a simple interface with functions such as: handle_t *handle_init(void); int handle_do(handle_t *); void handle_free(handle_t *); ...
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votes
1answer
373 views

Competitive Programming [closed]

I think this may just be one of the most frequently asked questions by a novice (like me) on this site. Please pardon me for that. My question is I wish to get better at solving the harder problems of ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

how to combine logs coming from multiple virtual machines for processing?

Scenario: Two virtual machines produce logs. I want these logs to be sent to a central server for processing (as soon as a line of these logs is generated-->streaming ). The condition here is that I ...
179
votes
16answers
30k views

What's wrong with comments that explain complex code?

A lot of people claim that "comments should explain 'why', but not 'how'". Others say that "code should be self-documenting" and comments should be scarce. Robert C. Martin claims that (rephrased to ...
2
votes
1answer
332 views

Best practice for unused inherited virtual functions (implementing superclass methods)

Let's assume I have a hierarchy of several classes each derived from each other using virtual functions. The base class acts as an interface and defines functions, which may not be required by all of ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Macro guard in Objective-C

I have noticed that many famous libraries written in Objective-C (eg. AFNetworking) use the macro guard inside their header files. Im aware that the #import directive, which works exactly like ...
0
votes
4answers
305 views

How can if (sscanf(buf, “%i”, &mode) != 1 || TRUE) be rewritten to if (TRUE)?

I got lost in the opening of this post on reddit. How can if (sscanf(buf, "%i", &mode) != 1 || TRUE) be rewritten to if (TRUE)? Does this assume that the sscanf never fails?
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Is there a pattern or best practice for passing a reference type to multiple classes vs a static class?

My .NET application creates HTML files, and as such, the structure looks like variable myData BuildHomePage() variable graph = new BuildGraphPage(myData) variable table = BuildTablePage(myData) ...
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votes
2answers
139 views

Data Access Objects old fashioned? [closed]

A couple of weeks ago I delivered some work for a university project. After a code review with some teachers I got some snarky remarks about the fact that I was (still) using Data Access Objects. The ...
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votes
1answer
577 views

CAPTCHA blocking for my scraping script? [closed]

I am working on a scraping project which involves getting web data and parsing them for further use. I have been working using PHP and CURL to make scraping scripts which crawls web data and I make ...
0
votes
1answer
195 views

Best Practices For Temporary Scripts (Python)

I am running two separate programs which are similar enough that they share a lot of code. I run these programs often and after I evaluate the output. This is a very fluid process and everytime is ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

MVC Controller - keeping methods small

I'm reading uncle Bob's Clean Code and it completely revolutionizes my programming style. In this book author claims that best methods are small methods. What about controller's action methods in ...
1
vote
2answers
327 views

How to approach program design with respect to data strucutres and algorimths - is there an equivelant of the OO design process for d.s.'s + algs? [closed]

My applogies for probably the worst written body of text I have produced in my life and many thanks to those willing to plough through it all. I was (and still am) not able to clearly express what I ...
0
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3answers
223 views

Is it a newbie mistake to avoid branching? [duplicate]

My team is new to versioning and we're trying to keep things simple, as to not overwhelm ourselves with tools-headaches. Also, our product can't be compiled and run locally, so our work is actually ...
0
votes
1answer
174 views

Python case statement? [duplicate]

I made a simple Python script that takes user input in order to generate a series of mathematical responses. In one part I did this: while True: And iterated through the loop until I used an if ...
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votes
1answer
325 views

Explain what this means, “Bulldozer Code” [closed]

I ran across an article on things programmers should avoid doing and came across this term: Bulldozer Code. The author defined it at as "giving the appearance of refactoring by breaking out chunks ...