Python is a dynamic, high-level language. Its design focuses on clear syntax, an intuitive approach to object-oriented programming, and making the right way to do things obvious. Python supports modules, exceptions, had an extensive standard module library. Python can also be embedded in other ...

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3
votes
1answer
91 views

Seeking Guidance on Thread Safe Scripting

I am trying to write a script that will take multiple paths to files on various servers, search them all simultaneously, and return a single list of results to a user. Initially, I was just using ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Advice on which approach to follow for sandboxing the input in an intentional “vulnerable” web app (sandbox in python) [duplicate]

my question is about which is the best approach/practice on building a "sandbox mechanism" in Python in a web application. The app will provide intentional vulnerable scenarios, and the user has to ...
4
votes
3answers
517 views

How to avoid large function arity / exposure of underlying implementation

Currently reading Clean Code, and the authors seem to imply that any function with an arity greater than 3 should be avoided at all costs. I am unfortunately running into an issue where I am faced ...
0
votes
2answers
94 views

Prime symbol in Python variable name

So I'm a terrible person and I want to name a variable in my mathy-python3 code s′ (that's a prime symbol). I was under the impression Unicode literals work as identifiers in Python 3, which is why ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Is there a cleaner way to test extras_require

I have code reviewed a piece of Python code, but to me it looks really ugly, hacky and complex for something that can be achieved very easily. The code looks something similar to the following: ...
1
vote
2answers
102 views

Function has two sets of arguments, the latter of which calls a nested function? [closed]

The function foo, has a nested function; bar. Calling foo with a second set of arguments feeds them into bar if bar is returned at the end of foo. How does this work and what is it called? Are there ...
0
votes
1answer
172 views

Is there a way to prevent variables from changing their type in Python?

It is useful to have the interpreter derive the type of a variable automatically. This on its own is similar to the auto keyword in C++11. However, in Python variables can change their type after ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Functional dependencies diagram

I'm searching for the correct type of diagram in which I can see all dependencies between the functions, classes and files of my Python program (multiple files). It's for cleaning purposes. So my ...
-2
votes
1answer
200 views

Base Class, with method that returns Derived Class. design flaw?

I'm writing a Math equation solver in python (for fun). The first design that came to my mind: Expression: base class for every item in an equation (maybe bad name). BinaryExpression extends ...
3
votes
3answers
130 views

Lambda expressions with no parameters in Haskell and / or lambda calculus

In eager languages like Scheme and Python, you can use a lambda expression without parameters to delay evaluation, e.g. in Scheme (Chicken Scheme): #;1> (define (make-thunk x) (lambda () (+ x 1))) ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Should instance variables be bound to the instance right in the beginning of the method they are created in?

A common problem for me - and it's not really a problem, but somehow I again and again ask myself, what is the normal way to handle this - is that there is a method and within this method a couple of ...
2
votes
2answers
136 views

Building a string parser for user command and control?

My goal is to build a command parser that has basic syntax and multiple possible branches at each point. These commands come from users of the system and are text input (no GUI). The basic syntax is ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Python property best practices [closed]

Is there any situation where it makes sense to define a python property, where getting (not setting) it would raise an exception? I don't think this ever happens for fields in classes, hence the ...
0
votes
3answers
152 views

Is this a pattern: stand-alone classes

Having recently discovered python, I attempted to write a simple logger. Data is read from a device, processes, displayed and stored on disc. Those different tasks belong to different modules, of ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

writing functional/integration tests for python

I am new to python and functional/integration tests as a whole. I know how to write unit tests, but in this case i do not need isolation for specific functions, rather i need my python script to be ...
3
votes
2answers
138 views

Is a bad practice create database structure on the runtime?

Im creating a crawler app that will always in the beggining, when the Class constructor, ensure that the basic database structure exists. Is this a bad practice? What is the advantage os creating the ...
-1
votes
1answer
108 views

Unevenly distributed random number generation [duplicate]

Let's say I have to generate random number from 1 to 100, however, the probability of each number is not 1/100, but a predefined probability. How to generate that number? I use Ruby/Python.
1
vote
4answers
118 views

Efficient “Object with weights” structure

I need to find an "efficient" data structure / set of algorithms to do the following things: I have a list of objects. I need to assign them weights and later on increase or decrease these weights. ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

Simple unicode application?

I want to create simple language learning applications to help friends in learning languages. A simple Java console application would do the trick, but the Windows console does not seem to handle ...
0
votes
2answers
129 views

At what point should you start putting functions in a new file? [closed]

I'm currently writing a python script. It's currently about 400 lines long, and it seems like it's getting a bit long, as when I'm trying to scroll through it with eclipse it takes a bit to get from ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

Should an object query its owner?

I have a World class World: def __init__(self): self.size = 10 self.n_busStops = 10 self.busStopMatrix = SpatialGraph(self.size, self.n_busStops, 1.0) self.buses ...
4
votes
6answers
210 views

Should I store x,y coordinates as an array, a class object, or two variables?

I have a MyObject which has an x and y coordinate. as far as I can see, I can store it in three ways: class MyObject: def __init__(self, x, y): self.x = x self.y = y class ...
13
votes
5answers
2k views

Is it a good practice to declare instance variables as None in a class in Python?

Consider the following class: class Person: def __init__(self, name, age): self.name = name self.age = age My coworkers tend to define it like this: class Person: name = ...
1
vote
2answers
139 views

Is creating and writing to one large file faster than creating and writing to many smaller files in Python on Linux?

If using Python on a Linux machine, which of the following would be faster? Why? Creating a file at the very beginning of the program, writing very large amounts of data (text), closing it, then ...
36
votes
2answers
4k views

How do I move away from the “for-loop” school of thought?

This is a rather conceptual question, but I was hoping I could get some good advice on this. A lot of the programming I do is with (NumPy) arrays; I often have to match items in two or more arrays ...
3
votes
2answers
206 views

Which programming idiom to choose for this open source library?

I have an interesting question about which programming idiom is easier to use for beginner developers writing concrete file parsing classes. I'm developing an open source library, which one of the ...
2
votes
2answers
480 views

Why doesn't Python have a “flatten” function for lists?

Erlang and Ruby both come with functions for flattening arrays. It seems like such a simple and useful tool to add to a language. One could do this: >>> mess = [[1, [2]], 3, [[[4, 5]], 6]] ...
4
votes
4answers
654 views

How does Python compile some its code in C?

I read that some constructs of Python are more efficient because they are compiled in C. https://wiki.python.org/moin/PythonSpeed/PerformanceTips Some of the examples used were map() and filter(). I ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

What is the right way to process inconsistent data files?

I'm working at a company that uses Excel files to store product data, specifically, test results from products before they are shipped out. There are a few thousand spreadsheets with anywhere from ...
2
votes
2answers
609 views

One boilerplate class or many similar classes?

Lets say I'm trying to model a variety of objects that are virtually identical, the only difference being their class variables. Am I better off creating one boilerplate class and just calling the ...
3
votes
2answers
108 views

Should I use nested matrices or dictionaries?

As per Should I ask my question about which data structure to use here? I'm asking this here. Hopefully this isn't too implementation specific. I'm currently developing a program that will represent ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Where to save something between invocations?

The 2nd time I run this program I'd like it to start in the same HDD location as the previous instance. How should I save, or remember, where I was so the program starts in the same place? I'd like ...
1
vote
3answers
174 views

How do I test my code in Python other than by doing it by hand?

I am used to user testing in Java, and I also manually test each section of code I write, but now, I want to automate it. There is no GUI for this project, so user testing is not required and I can ...
0
votes
1answer
151 views

Best Practices For Temporary Scripts (Python)

I am running two separate programs which are similar enough that they share a lot of code. I run these programs often and after I evaluate the output. This is a very fluid process and everytime is ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Python case statement? [duplicate]

I made a simple Python script that takes user input in order to generate a series of mathematical responses. In one part I did this: while True: And iterated through the loop until I used an if ...
0
votes
2answers
118 views

How to route messages between clients using a central server in Python

I've got three Raspberry Pis sitting around. I want 2 of them to be able to chat while the 3rd routes the messages (acts as a server between them). The general flow of events should be something like ...
2
votes
1answer
219 views

How do you make decorators as powerful as macros?

Quick background: I am designing a Pythonic language that I want to be as powerful as Lisp while remaining easy to use. And by "powerful", I mean "flexible and expressive". I've just been introduced ...
0
votes
3answers
106 views

How to convert this recursive problem to iterative? Line Simplification algorithm fails to run due to Maximum Recursion Depth being hit

I am implementing the Douglas, Peucker's Line Simplification algorithm in Python. I started with this implementation. However, it fails to run in Python due to Maximum Recursion Depth being hit. How ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

Running Python script in background on Mac

I have a Python script that counts the number of file in a folder, and if the number of files exceeds 10 then it creates a popup window to ask the user to clean up the folder (I use tkMessageBox). ...
1
vote
1answer
150 views

Is Lambda Still Supported In Python?

Only one or two years ago, I remember reading Python constructs that would be removed from Python -- reduce was one of them -- and other constructs that would be emphasized like comprehensions and ...
1
vote
1answer
148 views

Should I separate a web api from the webserver?

Lets say I'm building a site similar to this or Quora (or some arbitrary blog-like site). I need a real-time component that will be using web-sockets/long-polling to notify the user of new posts, ...
9
votes
5answers
944 views

Are there technical limitations or language features that prevent my Python script from being as fast as an equivalent C++ program?

I'm a long-time Python user. A few years ago, I started learning C++ to see what it could offer in terms of speed. During this time, I would continue to use Python as a tool for prototyping. This, it ...
2
votes
2answers
68 views

Django CBVs vs FBVs

For creating a large Django project with many apps, my first initial thought was to used Class Based Views (as the Django tutorials seem to emphasize). However, I noticed that due to a lot of the ...
3
votes
1answer
269 views

Good practice for returns in Python

I was recently working on some prototype code in Python. The code worked great, then I realized that I needed a little more feedback from one of my functions so I changed the return statement from ...
0
votes
2answers
113 views

the perils of using eval() for dynamic object creation — is this a valid argument in a consenting-adults culture?

I've read on stackoverflow explicit warnings against using eval() to create objects. The reason that seems to be given is that malicious code could be injected and blindly created objects could ...
0
votes
2answers
138 views

Need help understanding a recursion example in Python

Python is my first programming language, and I'm learning it from "How to Think Like a Computer Scientist". In Chapter 5 the author gives the following example on recursion: def factorial(n): if n ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Checking that a function is only run from __main__ in Python

I often end up with code files that can either be imported or run as __main__. It's easy to handle this by checking if __name__ == '__main__'. But sometimes if my main function gets too big I split ...
8
votes
2answers
307 views

Why don't Python and Ruby make a distinction between declaring and assigning a value to variables?

Two of the most popular dynamically typed scripting languages, Python and Ruby, do not make a distinction in syntax between the declaration of a variable and assignation of a value to it. That is in ...
4
votes
2answers
267 views

What are the key differences between Java's and Python's OOP support? [closed]

The only language I've ever used is Java. I like it a lot but decided it's time to learn another language :) . I'm interested in learning Python. It seems like a good choice because it's partly ...
0
votes
1answer
316 views

Javascript function should call python logic in django web development without additional triiger

I have been trying to solve this problem for sometime now. This is regarding django web development. I have an HTML page which has a Javascript function to upload an image file from the users local ...